tesolchina_RA 发表于 2015-12-9 11:21:18

issue 50 示范

本帖最后由 tesolchina_RA 于 2016-8-8 03:10 编辑

issue 16/50/86/114/115/139

issue 50: Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people they serve.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.


In democratic society, government officials are often held responsible for their decisions related to their office duty.  If they failed to perform their duties and satisfy their constituencies, they may lose the next election.  Therefore, some people believe that government officials should make their decisions according to the will of the people instead of making their own judgements over different issues.  In my opinion, government officials should always consult the public opinions when formulating important policies.  Nevertheless, it is not reasonable to carry people’s will unquestioningly because over important issues people are often divided and poorly informed.  Therefore, government officials should do their jobs by taking into account various factors and let the people decide if they did a satisfactory job overall in the next election.  

To begin with, I strongly believe that government officials should consult the public frequently and systematically before introducing important policies.  For one thing, the government officials should always take into account the people’s opinions when developing relevant policies in order to better meet the needs of the people.  For example, before the Hong Kong government decides to tighten the ban on smoking in public space, it has run a public consultation for over 3 months to collect people’s opinions on this issue.  A better understanding of what people think about the issue can inform the policy-making process.  In addition, hearing people’s voices on the proposed policy will further legitimize the policy and make it easy for the government to later enforce the policy.  The ban of smoking, for example, would be much easier if the society has reached a consensus about the issue.  

Nevertheless, it is unrealistic to expect the government officials to follow people’s will blindly because people are often divided over important social issues.  For example, gay and lesbian marriage has been a hot issue in the United States in recent years.  While more and more Americans have become tolerant of homosexual couples, there are still a significant group of conservatives who oppose fiercely the idea of gay and lesbian marriage.  Given the deep disputes over the issue, it is not possible for the government to “carry out people’s will” because there is no consensus in the society on this issue.  The government will always be against certain people’s will no matter what it does.  Ultimately, the government officials have to make their own judgments taking into the account the public opinions, the laws as well as the overall public interests.  

Another reason why the government officials should not make decisions solely based on people’s will is that the members of the public are often notoriously ill-informed on some important issues, especially when it comes to science and technology.  For example, despite the advance of genetic  engineering in the past decades, the public has harbored a general fear of genetically modified food.  If policies are to be made according to people’s opinions, no GM food would be allowed in the market in order to please the people who are ignorant of the science behind GM food.  But GM food is arguably one of the most important inventions in late 20th century, which has to the potential to address many problems such as environemental pollution, food crisis in the developing world and energy crisis.  Prohibiting GM food would be a grave mistake of any governments despite the public skepticism and misgivings.  

In conclusion, while the government officials should always take into account public opinions when making decisions, they should not carry out people’s will unquestioningly because the public is often divided and ill-informed over different issues. The government officials should ultimately rely on their own judgements when developing the policies and let the public to decide if they have done a good overall job in the next election.  


issue 16) Some people believe that in order to be effective, political leaders must yield to public opinion and abandon principle for the sake of compromise. Others believe that the most essential quality of an effective leader is the ability to remain consistently committed to particular principles and objectives.
Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.


issue 86) Some people believe that government officials must carry out the will of the people they serve. Others believe that officials should base their decisions on their own judgment.
Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.

issue 114) Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little.
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.


issue 115) Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people whom they serve.
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.


issue 139) Claim: Major policy decisions should always be left to politicians and other government experts.
Reason: Politicians and other government experts are more informed and thus have better judgment and perspective than do members of the general public.
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based

issue范文与提纲目录(tesolchina)
http://bbs.gter.net/forum.php?mo ... 270&fromuid=3675555


Honig 发表于 2018-2-11 21:20:53

thx!

ba1a糖儿 发表于 2019-5-13 23:25:34

例子太赞啦

容颜殆尽 发表于 2019-5-14 14:47:15

给你点个赞

呆鹿 发表于 2019-10-27 15:17:15

谢谢!!
页: [1]
查看完整版本: issue 50 示范