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[主题活动] 0910G【填空】讨论答疑汇总帖&填空资源汇集贴~ [复制链接]

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-10 18:03:13 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 草木也知愁 于 2009-8-15 11:58 编辑



0910G【类比反义】讨论答疑汇总帖&资源汇集贴~
0910G【填空】讨论答疑汇总帖&填空资源汇集贴~


前言

已经逐渐有版友结束了自己的AW备考阶段,转入了笔试单元的备考
因为对GRE还有些心得,而且背后有寄托近十年来无数前辈积累的经验资料做支撑
所以就作为0910GGRE综合版全版大备考的先头部队,提前做出这个类反答疑讨论帖
和在准备过程中遇到问题的同学们一起通过讨论的方式把难题解决,总结心得,共同进步,同时也为后面的人们留下些资料

介绍本贴功能

1、我和笔试精英组要共同完成的填空终结分析总结
2、转帖类反方面的经验资料
3、回答版友做题中遇到的困难

本贴提问规则(09.8.31以前)

1、遇到有疑问的类反题目,请先去查一下韦氏字典(M-W)的解释,去理解单词含义。本贴依旧贯彻我的一贯原则,授人以渔而非鱼,大家一定要先自己思考一下再提问,否则即使讨论完了效果也是不深刻的,对任何一类题目,反复的思考后会得到更大收获。

2、在贴问题的时候,请把自己有疑问的

3、发帖格式:(如下面这个例子)

【题目】The term “modern “has always been used broadly by historians, and recent reports indicate that its meaning has become more ____ than ever.

【选项】最好写全,至少也要写上你认为对的选项,和答案给的正确选项
(A) precise
(B) pejorative
(C) revisionist
(D) acceptable
(E) amorphous

【你选择选项的理由及疑惑】请写清楚,这样在回答问题的时候才可以更有针对性

【题目逻辑主词、答案单词、你认为对的选项的单词的M-W里的解释】这个是为了督促提问的同学进行第一步中所说的自己的思考,同时,即使我给你解答问题,我也会去查M-W原封不动的把解释给你搬上来,如果你提前做了,我就可以节省几分钟的时间,请大家稍微体谅我一下~

【题目位置】0904-4(题目所属试卷以及题号,或者题目是哪本书的第几页第几题)

4、因为我在8.10前有很多事情要做,每天只回答三个问题,如果精力允许会多回答几个,不过请不要太着急,毕竟大家都有自己的学习生活,相互关照呗~

5、欢迎同学们给出意见建议,只有通过你们的帮助我们才可以做的更好,同时也欢迎同学们积极参与进来,有神秘bonus啦~

总结

此贴2楼--全部真题下载
此贴4楼--填空-陈圣元
此贴5楼--填空复习范例
此贴6楼--填空单词大全(点点狗 制作)
此贴7楼--PP2review—填空150题涛涛整理
此贴8楼--PP2填空讲解



奖励
加GTB,加声望,表现突出者还可以加入我在八月底选拔的笔试备考精英组(DIES IN FLAMES组笔试升级版)~

特殊通知
(暂无)

附件内容

1、韦氏字典下载(测试可用,速度很好)http://xiazai.zol.com.cn/detail/16/158987.shtml#down

2、全部真题下载

日历




 
10-Jul-09Fri106 X
11-Jul-09Sat105 X
12-Jul-09Sun104 X
13-Jul-09Mon103 X
14-Jul-09Tue102 X
15-Jul-09Wed101 X
16-Jul-09Thu100 X
17-Jul-09Fri99 X
18-Jul-09Sat98 X
19-Jul-09Sun97 X
20-Jul-09Mon96 X
21-Jul-09Tue95 X
22-Jul-09Wed94 X
23-Jul-09Thu93 X
24-Jul-09Fri92 X
25-Jul-09Sat91 X
26-Jul-09Sun90 X
27-Jul-09Mon89 X
28-Jul-09Tue88 X
29-Jul-09Wed87 X
30-Jul-09Thu86 X
31-Jul-09Fri85 X
1-Aug-09Sat84 X
2-Aug-09Sun83 X
3-Aug-09Mon82 X
4-Aug-09Tue81 X
5-Aug-09Wed80 X
6-Aug-09Thu79 X
7-Aug-09Fri78 X
8-Aug-09Sat77 X
9-Aug-09Sun76 X
10-Aug-09Mon75 X
11-Aug-09Tue74 X
12-Aug-09Wed73 X
13-Aug-09Thu72 X
14-Aug-09Fri71 X
15-Aug-09Sat70 X
16-Aug-09Sun69 
17-Aug-09Mon68 
18-Aug-09Tue67 
19-Aug-09Wed66 
20-Aug-09Thu65 
21-Aug-09Fri64 
22-Aug-09Sat63 
23-Aug-09Sun62 
24-Aug-09Mon61 
25-Aug-09Tue60 
26-Aug-09Wed59 
27-Aug-09Thu58 
28-Aug-09Fri57 
29-Aug-09Sat56 
30-Aug-09Sun55 
31-Aug-09Mon54 
1-Sep-09Tue53 
2-Sep-09Wed52 
3-Sep-09Thu51 
4-Sep-09Fri50 
5-Sep-09Sat49 
6-Sep-09Sun48 
7-Sep-09Mon47 
8-Sep-09Tue46 
9-Sep-09Wed45 
10-Sep-09Thu44 
11-Sep-09Fri43 
12-Sep-09Sat42 
13-Sep-09Sun41 
14-Sep-09Mon40 
15-Sep-09Tue39 
16-Sep-09Wed38 
17-Sep-09Thu37 
18-Sep-09Fri36 
19-Sep-09Sat35 
20-Sep-09Sun34 
21-Sep-09Mon33 
22-Sep-09Tue32 
23-Sep-09Wed31 
24-Sep-09Thu30 
25-Sep-09Fri29 
26-Sep-09Sat28 
27-Sep-09Sun27 
28-Sep-09Mon26 
29-Sep-09Tue25 
30-Sep-09Wed24 
1-Oct-09Thu23 
2-Oct-09Fri22 
3-Oct-09Sat21 
4-Oct-09Sun20 
5-Oct-09Mon19 
6-Oct-09Tue18 
7-Oct-09Wed17 
8-Oct-09Thu16 
9-Oct-09Fri15 
10-Oct-09Sat14 
11-Oct-09Sun13 
12-Oct-09Mon12 
13-Oct-09Tue11 
14-Oct-09Wed10 
15-Oct-09Thu9 
16-Oct-09Fri8 
17-Oct-09Sat7 
18-Oct-09Sun6 
19-Oct-09Mon5 
20-Oct-09Tue4 
21-Oct-09Wed3 
22-Oct-09Thu2 
23-Oct-09Fri1 
24-Oct-09SatJudgment Day 



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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-10 18:03:40 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 草木也知愁 于 2009-7-12 11:25 编辑

历年真题
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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-10 18:03:42 |显示全部楼层
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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-13 22:23:28 |显示全部楼层

填空-陈圣元 (1-2 errors, 5-6 minutes per section)
法则:答案会在原句中重复。
重复的基本规则:点对点:空格与中心词对应重复。
注意:最难的词永远在不需要阅读的部分,只关心空格与中心词的逻辑关系。
解题策略:1.分析句子结构 3.选词。2.定位中心词和确知逻辑关系
读题策略:先读主干,再读分隔。分隔指主干之外的一切成分。
解题方法:分隔与粘连
一、分隔:重复信息出现在分隔成分和主干中。
分隔结构包括定语从句、同位语从句、分词结构、大的介词短语。
分隔结构通常是其前面空格的答案;
It has been argued that politics as ___, whatever its transcendental claims, has always been the systematic organization of common hatreds. (c)
(a)a theory(b)an ideal(c)a practice(d)a contest(e)an enigma
a practiceNote: transcendental claims
或者分隔中具有空格,则应从分隔前的结构中找寻信息。
In a most impressive demonstration, Pavarotti sailed through Verdi’s “Celeste Aida”, normally a tenor’s ___, with the casual enthusiasm of a folk singer performing one of his favorite ___. (C)
(a)pitfall..recitals(b)glory..chorals (c)nightmare..ballads (d)delight..chanteys (e)routine..composers
Note: a folkballadssinger
注意:1.无用分隔,分隔中或分隔前均无空格出现,不需阅读。
2.分隔结构出现在主从句中,则先跳过分隔,分析出真正的主从句关系。
二、粘连:重复信息出现在上下两句中,或是一个句子内部的直接、简单的重复。上下两句指用分号或冒号(及逗号)分开的两个完整的句子。句子内部的重复如指示代词和指代对象的重复。
上下两句:
1.双重否定句型:It's wrong/ foolish/ presumptuous to say/ suggest that..
The struggle of the generation is one of the obvious constants of human affairs; therefore, it may be presumptuous to suggest that the rivalry batten young and old in western society during the current decade is ___ critical. (C)
(a)perennially (b)disturbingly (c)uniquely (d)archetypal (e)cautiously
the rivalry betweenNote: the struggle of generation -- constantyoung and old -- uniquely (= not constantly)
by A.或 is the result/ outgrowth/ product B; B 2.主动句变被动句型:AofA.
An investigation that is __ can occasionally yield new facts, even notable ones; typically the appearance of such facts is the result of a research in a definite direction. (b)
(a)timely (b)unguided (c)consistent (d)uncomplicated (e)subjective
unguidedNote: in a definite direction
3.比较句:
1)上下两次比较句:比较双方不产生变化,同义重复。to the same degree, as...as,matter neither more nor less than
Although scientists claim that the seemingly ___ language of their reports is more precise than the figurative language of fiction, the language of science, like all language, is inherently ___. (d)
(a)ornamental..subtle(b)unidimensional..unintelligible(c)symbolic..complex(d)literal..allusive(e)subjective..metaphorical
Note: figurativeliteral
2)一次比较结构:比较双方构成反义重复。
In most native Amercian cultures, an article used in prayer or ritual is made with extraordinary attention to and richness of details: it is decorated more ___ than a similar article intended for ___ use. (e)
(a)delicately..vocational(b)colorfully..festive(c)creatively..religious(d)subtly..commercial(e)lavishly..everyday
article intended forNote: article used in prayer and ritualeveryday use
4.手段目的关系:by/ in term of...for/ by
1)选取词义的同义词或上义词。
Social tensions among adult faction can be ___ by politics, but adolescents and children have no such __ for resolving their conflict with the exclusive world of adults.
(a)intensified..attitude(b)complicated..relief(c)frustrated..justification(d)adjusted..mechanism(e)revealed..opportunity
Note: resolving their conflictSocial tensions can be adjusted
2)一次目的关系:手段动词与目的名词对应重复。
The natural balance between prey and predator is increasingly __ , most frequently by human intervention.
(a)celebrated(b)predicted(c)observed(d)disturbed(e)questioned
Note: natural balance is __ by human intervenetion.
5.特殊并列句:两个从句同时担当句子的一个成分。
解题在两个并列从句里推理。
The poet W.H.Auden believed that the greatest poets of his age were almost necessarily irresponsible, that the possession of great gifts __ the __ to abuse them.
(a)negate..temptation(b)controls..resolution(c)engenders..propensity(d)tempers..proclivity(e)obviates..inclination
Note: the greatest poets of his age – the possession of great gifts; irresponsible – to abuse them.
6.时间对比型:时间相反,则对称成分相反;时间相同,则对称成分相应。
once, formerly, initial, pristine, erstwhile, hereto, hithero, now, future, begin, start, create, until, no longer
注意:no longer,修饰限定的对象是过去的动作和状态。
 until强调之前之后的截然对比,即反义。
Before about 1960, virtually all accounts of evolution assumed most adaptation to be a product of selection at the level of populations; recent studies of evolution, however, have found no __ this __ view of selection.
(a)departures from..controversial(b)basis for..pervasive(c)bias toward..unchallenged(d)precursors of..innovative(e)criticism of..renowned
Note:recent studiesbefore about 1960
句子内部重复:
7.小连接:连词两端为对称的两个形容词、动词、副词或不定式结构。
小连接直接利用连词两端推理。
照应:句子中直接点明的重复手法,如人称代词,指示代词、定冠词。
选取重复部分的相同词。
主体词汇:一个句中起到题眼作用的词。
1)主体动词:continue, remain表递进;shift, oscillate, turn to, reconcile表反面转折
2)表人物身份的名词
3)描述人或事物性质或特征的词。
判断句,如“The minuet appeared simple”
 词组:regard...as或view/consider/label/portray...as
物主代词加特征性格或特征动作,如“his intransigence”
Of结构作后置定语,如“a critic of vanity”

http://bbs.gter.net/bbs/thread-467389-1-3.html
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Genev + 8 :)

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-14 09:31:32 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 草木也知愁 于 2009-7-14 09:47 编辑

http://bbs.gter.net/bbs/thread-878356-1-1.html


本文提供一种复习GRE句子填空的模板,包括解题步骤总结和19932月和4月国内题填空的复习范例。其中解题步骤总结主要来自陈圣元《句子填空》和新东方课堂笔记。复习填空时,先从文本文件格式的真题中将填空题在WORDCOPY到一起,然后再按本文方式复习。按这种方式复习虽然多耗一点时间,但通过强化却能够培养起对填空中信号词中心词的极度敏感,从而快速准确解题。本人通过试用,填空已从菜鸟水平提升至高手行列。若有错漏,敬请指正。希望对大家有所帮助。
一、
凡例
1.
粉红色:标示表逻辑关系或作者褒贬态度的信号词,以及标示大粘连和小粘连结构中表信息重复方式的信号词,还标示表分隔的信号词
2.
蓝色:标示与空格对应的中心词
3.
青色:标示句子中已出现的成对的对应词(同义或反义)
4.
“+”放在相应空格位置表示正或褒态度;“-” 放在相应空格位置表示负或贬态度
5.
红色:标示不认识的生词
6.
单箭头:由中心词指向相应空格
双箭头:指向两个空格表明两空应同时做

箭头为红色表示反义
箭头为黑色表示同义

7.
红色“*”号:放在题干后表明本题为错题或难题
8.
题干后也可简要注明解题要点
二、
句子填空解题步骤
1.
分析句子结构分隔粘连是主要的重复信息的方式
A.
分隔:句子中对主干进行修饰或补充的成分

定语从句:that
同位语:
that
who “

插入语:
  分词结构:分词
不定式结构:
to  介词短语:介词
B.
粘连:由分号或冒号分开的上下句结构(大粘连)和一个句子内部的直接简单重复(小粘连)

大粘连:直接同义重复:并列、因果关系词

双重否定与肯定句重复:1Anot A
2AIt's wrong/foolish/presumptuous to say A

主动句与被动句重复:is the result of
is the outgrowth of
is the product of
A
®BB®by A
逆否命题重复:A®B;非B® A(无被动句标志词)

比较句重复:to the same degree/extent
as…as
more/less
-er
better
than

手段目的句重复:by
for

in terms of

特殊并列句重复包含两个并列关系从句的句式
时间对比句重复:once
formerly
initial pristine
erstwhile
hereto
hitherto
now
future
before
recent
begin
start
create
until
no longer
previous

比喻句重复:like
as

小粘连:and
but
rather than
even
as…as
so…as to…

2.
判断句子逻辑关系:找出信号词,判断句子的并列、转折关系和正(+)、反(态度关系
A.
并列关系:并列
递进
条件
因果
分号、冒号、破折号
并列:and
also
or
just as
similarly
correspondingly
in the same way
indeed
accordingly

递进:even
因果:derive from
lead to
due to
because
cause
since
for
therefore
thus
hence
in that
so…that
so…as to
as a result
result in
result from
accordingly
consequently
give rise to

B.
让步、转折:
even
though
although
even…though
while
whereas
but
yet
however
nevertheless
notwithstanding
despite
in spite of
in contrast to
on the contrary
on the other hand
far from
rather than
whatever
otherwise
ironically
illogically
paradoxically
curiously
surprisingly
unfortunately

although…, remain/continue(两次转折,— + —
分号
C.
作者的正、反态度:态度语气词;在没有中心词时,特别要注意靠空格的正、反态度来解题
D.
强烈对比:时间强对比
人物强对比
对象强对比(句子叙述对象的转移)
E.
照应:人称代词:it
指示代词:
such
this
that
those
these

定冠词:
the
F.
主体词:主体动词:
continue
remain
shift from…to
oscillate between…and
turn…into
reconcile…and…
  人物身份名词
特征人物的特征性质或特征动作
3.
定位中心词:定位与空格对应的词汇或短语无中心词时一般要根据句子逻辑关系两空格同时做,两空格相隔很近时一般也要同时做
4.
解题:以上三步是做题的关键,体现了解题的思路流程,但并不是每题都必须完成这三步才能解题,这三步分别强调了解题的不同方面和角度,一般用两步或三步即可解题。
5.
四种错误原因:
A.
逻辑关系弄反

B.

因为句子复杂或含义晦涩, 找不到中心词

C.

没有中心词

D.
选项中的词义理解不到位


三、
T9302
1.
The corporation expects only
-

increases in sales

next year despite a yearlong effort to revive its retailing
business.

A.
unquestionable

B.
sequential

C.
modest

D.
exaggerated

E.
groundless


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

revive: v.1.苏醒,复苏 2.复原,恢复生机 3.复兴,重新流行
retailing: n.零售业
unquestionable: a.无可置疑的,无可争议的
sequential: a.1.相继连续的,按顺序的 2.作为结果而产生的,随之而来的
modest: a.不太大(或多)的,不过分的,适度的
exaggerated: a.夸张的,言过其实的
groundless: a.无根据的,无理由的,无基础的
 
尽管这个公司一年多以来致力于振兴其零售业务,但它只期望在来年中有一个适度的销售
增长。

2.
No computer system is immune to a virus, a particularly

malicious program that is designed to
-

and elec-

tronically
-

the disks on which data are stored.


A.
prepare.. improve

B.
restore.. disable

C.
infect.. damage

D.
preserve.. secure

E.
invade.. repair


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

be immune to: v.1.免除的,豁免的 2.可防止的,不受影响的 3.有免疫力的
virus: n.病毒
malicious: a.恶毒的,蓄意谋害的
disable: v.使丧失能力,使伤残
infect: v.侵染,感染,腐蚀
 
没有任何计算机系统能免受病毒的影响;所谓病毒,指的是一种用心极为歹毒的程序,旨
在侵染并通过电子的手段给储存有数据的磁盘带来损害。

3.
Recent research indicates that a system of particles
which has apparently decayed to randomness from
state can be returned to that state; thus the system
exhibits a kind of memory of its
condition.


A.

an equilibrium.. lesser

B.

an ordered.. earlier

C.

an unusual.. settled

D.

a chaotic.. last

E.

a higher.. present


————————————————————————
答案:(B)

decay: v.(放射性物质等)衰减,衰变
randomness: n.胡乱,任意,无定规,随机性
exhibit: v.展现,显示
equilibrium: n.1.平衡,均衡 2.(心情的)平静
lesser: a.较小的,更少的,次要的
ordered: a.1.有条理的,整齐的 2.〔数〕有次序的
chaotic: a.紊(杂)乱的,混沌的
 
最近的研究表明,某一系统的粒子,当它明显地自一种井然有序的状态衰变为无序状态之
后,依然能被恢复至那种状态;这样,该系统便展示出一种对其早期状况的记忆。

4.
A number of writers who once greatly
the

literary critic have recently recanted, substituting
       for their former criticism.


A.

lauded.. censure

B.

influenced.. analysis

C.

simulated.. ambivalence

D.

disparaged.. approbation

E.

honored.. adulation


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

recant: v.(正式并公开地)撤销,放弃,认错
laud: v.赞美,称赞
censure: n.指谪,责备,公开谴责
simulate: v.1.假装,冒充 2.模仿,模拟
ambivalence: n.1.矛盾情绪(或态度) 2.摇摆,举棋不定
disparage: v.1.贬低,轻视 2.诋毁
approbation: n.1.批(核)准,认可 2.赞成,满意
adulation: n.过分称赞,诌媚,奉承
 
许多作家过去曾不遗余力地诋毁过某位文学评论家,最近他们已摒弃原先的做法,对先前
的批评代诸以褒奖之辞。

5.
She writes across generational lines, making the past
so
that our belief that the present is the true

locus of experience is undermined.*

A.

complex

B.

distant

C.

vivid

D.

mysterious

E.

mundane


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

locus: n.地点,所在地,中心
undermine: v.1.下挖 2.侵蚀的基础 3.暗中破坏,逐渐损害(或削弱)
vivid: a.1.鲜明的,生气勃勃的 2.形象的,逼真的,栩栩如生的
mundane: a.1.尘世的,世俗的 2.单调的,平凡的
 
她的创作跨越了代与代之间的界限,将过去描绘得如此形象生动,以致于我们的信念——
即现在才是真正的经验之中心——倍遭削弱。

6.
Individual freedom of thought should be
more

absolutely than individual freedom of action, given that
the latter, though also desirable, must be
-

the

limits imposed by the rights and freedom of others.*

A.

protected.. subject to

B.

assessed.. measured by

C.

valued.. superior to

D.

exercised.. indifferent to

E.

curtailed.. conscious of


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

given that: conj.因为,以作为前提条件,只要
desirable: a.合意的,值得拥有的,可取的
be subject to: v.支配,倾向于,易于接受
exercise: v.1.履行,执行 2.行使,发挥
indifferent: a.1.不感兴趣的,冷淡的,淡漠的 2.不偏不倚的,中立的 3.不重要的
curtail: v.截短,削减
 
个人的思想自由比诸于个人的行动自由应受到更加绝对的保护,因为尽管后者亦甚为可
取,但它必须受制于他人的权利和自由所施加带来的限制。

7.
Their
was expressed in quotidian behavior
: they

worshipped regularly,
all the regenerative processes

of nature respect, and even awe.*

A.

selflessness.. reserving to

B.

moderation.. extending to

C.

reverence.. exacting from

D.

piety.. according

E.

serenity.. refusing


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

quotidian: a.每日(发生)的,日常平凡的,普通的
worship: v.1.崇拜,敬重 2.敬奉,信奉
regenerative: a.恢复的,新生的,复兴的
awe: n.敬畏,畏怯,惊奇,惊叹
moderation: n.1.温和,中庸 2.缓和,减轻 3.适度,节制 
reverence: n.1.尊敬,崇敬,敬畏 2.受尊敬,威望
exact from: v.强求,索取
piety: n.虔诚,虔敬
accord: v.授(赠)予,给予,赋予 accord B A = accord A to B
serenity: n.1.平静,安详,宁静 2.晴朗,清澈
 
他们的虔诚之心表现于他们的日常行为:他们定期举行拜神活动,并赋予自然界所有的再
生过程以敬仰甚至敬畏。
(句法解释:本题后半部分“according all the regenerative processes of nature
respect, and even awe”中,according是现在分词,是一个及物动词,即等于giving,后接
两个宾词,“all the regenerative processes of nature”为间接宾词,“respect, and even
awe”为直接宾词。按正常的句子成分的排序,这部分应该是“according respect, and even awe
to all the regenerative processes of nature.”

8.
My family often found others laughable, but I learned
quite early to be
while people were
present,

laughing only later at what was funny and mocking what
to us seemed

A.
polite.. bizarre

B.
impatient.. unfortunate

C.
facetious.. enviable

D.
wistful.. extraordinary

E.
superficial.. deplorable


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

mock: v.1.嘲笑,讥笑,嘲弄 2.使失望,欺骗 3.挫败,向挑战
bizarre: a.怪诞的,奇形怪状的,异乎寻常的
facetious: a.好开玩笑的,诙谐的,滑稽的
enviable: a.引起妒忌的,值得羡慕的
wistful: a.渴望,留恋的
superficial: a.1.面(积)的 2.表面的,外部的 3.草率的,粗略的,肤浅的
deplorable: a.可叹的,悲惨的
 
我们一家人常常觉得别人可笑,但我很早以前就懂得当着人们的面应客气有礼,仅在后来
才嘲笑那些滑稽的事情,讥讽那些在我们看来怪诞不经的事物。



9.
The technical know-how, if not the political
-

appears already at hand to feed the world's exploding
population and so to
+

at last the ancient scourges

of malnutrition and famine.*

A.
will.. weaken

B.
expertise.. articulate

C.
doubt.. banish

D.
power.. denounce

E.
commitment.. eradicate

————————————————————————
答案:(E)

know-how: n.技术,知识,技能
at hand: 1.近在手边,供使用 2.即将来到 3.被考虑中
scourge: n.1.鞭子 2.天谴,灾祸 3.严厉的斥责
malnutrition: n.营养不良 
famine: n.饥荒,饥饿,奇缺
expertise: n.专门知识(或技能)
articulate: v.清晰地吐字(或发音),明确有力地表达
banish: v.1.谴责,痛斥 2.告发,控告
commitment: n.1.托付,委任 2.承诺,保证 3.信奉,赞助,支持
eradicate: v.1.根除,杜绝,消灭 2.连根拔起,使断根
 
科技知识,即使不是政治承诺的话,似乎早已垂手可得,用来养活全世纪急剧膨胀的人口,
从而最终得以根除营养不良和饥荒这类由久已来的天灾人祸。

10.
In small farming communities, accident victims rarely
sue or demand compensation: transforming a personal injury
into a
someone else is viewed as an attempt to


-

responsibility for one's own actions.


A.
conspiracy against.. assume

B.
claim against.. elude

C.
boon for. .minimize

D.
distinction for.. shift

E.
trauma for.. proclaim


————————————————————————
答案:(B)

sue: v.控告,对提出诉讼
conspiracy: n.阴谋,密谋策划
elude: v.1.(机敏地)逃避,躲避,避开 2.不为所记得,把难倒
boon: n.恩惠,裨益
minimize: v.1.使减少(或缩小)到最低限度 2.极度轻视,小看
trauma: n.(心理或精神上的)创伤
proclaim: v.1.宣告,公布 2.表明,显示
 
在小规模的农业社会中,事故受害者很少进行诉讼或提出赔偿:将个人的伤残变做针对他
人的索赔要求,这种做法被视作是在企图逃脱对自身行为的责任。

11.
Dominant interests often benefit most from
of

governmental interference in business, since they are
able to take care of themselves if left alone.

A.
intensification

B.
authorization

C.
centralization

D.
improvisation

E.
elimination


————————————————————————
答案:(E)

interests: n.(复数)利益集团
authorization: n.1.授权,委托 2.批准,核定
centralization: n.集中,中央集权化
improvisation: n.即兴表演,临时凑成
 
那些主要的利益集团往往能最大程度上地受惠于商业活动中政府干预的消除,因为如果它
们被允许独行其事的话,它们定能照料好自己的事务。

12.
The "impostor syndrome" often afflicts those who fear

that true self-disclosure will lower them in others'
esteem; rightly handled, however,
may actually


+

one's standing.


A.
willfulness.. consolidate

B.
imposture.. undermine

C.
affectation.. jeopardize

D.
candor. .enhance

E.
mimicry.. efface


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

impostor: n.冒名顶替者,江湖骗子
syndrome: n.1.综合征,征群,综合症状 2.一组表现(或特征),同时存在的一组事物
afflict: v.使苦恼,折磨
esteem: n.1.尊重,敬重 2.看作,认为 3.评价
standing: n.级别,地位,身份,名声
willfulness: n.任性,固执
consolidate: v.1.统一,合并 2.巩固,加强 3.使结实 
imposture: n.1.冒名,欺骗 2.招摇撞骗
affectation: n.做作,假装
jeopardize: v.危及,损害
candor: n.1.直言,坦率,诚恳 2.公平,公正 3.洁白,光辉
mimicry: n.模仿,模拟
efface: v.擦(抹)去,消除
 

冒名顶替综合征经常使某些人痛苦不堪,这些人唯恐真正的自我暴露会降低他们在

他人心目中的位置;但是,如果处理得当,开诚布公实际上会提高一个人的声望。

13.
The pungent verbal give-and-take among the characters
makes the novel
reading, and
this very

suggests to me that some of the opinions voiced may be
the author's.*

A.
disturbing.. flatness

B.
tedious.. inventiveness

C.
lively.. spiritedness

D.
necessary.. steadiness

E.
rewarding.. frivolousness


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

pungent: a.1.有刺激性的,辣的 2.辛辣的,尖刻的,尖锐的 3.敏锐的,机智的 4.
强烈的
verbal: a.1.言辞的,文字的 2.口头的,非书面的 3.逐字的
give-and-take: n.1.公平交易,互让互谅 2.交谈
spirited: a.精神饱满的,生气勃勃,活泼的
rewarding: a.给予报偿的,有益的,值得的
frivolousness: n.1.轻薄,轻浮 2.琐屑,无意义
 
人物之间机智敏锐的言语交谈使得这部小说读上去生动轻快,正是这种活泼性向我表明,
所表述的某些观点很有可能是作者本人的。

14.
The fortresslike facade of the Museum of Cartoon Art
seems calculated to remind visitors that the comic strip is an art
form that has often been
by
critics.(
特征人物特征动作)

A.
charmed

B.
assailed

C.
unnoticed

D.
exhilarated

E.
overwhelmed


————————————————————————
答案:(B)

fortress: n.1.要塞,保垒 2.避难所,安全的地方
facade: n.建筑物的正面,临街正面,表面,外观
comic strip: n.(报刊上的)连环漫画
charm: v.使高兴,使陶醉,吸引,迷住,对施行魔法
assail: v.攻击,袭击,指责
exhilarate: v.使欢欣鼓舞,使兴奋,激励
overwhelm: v.1.征服,制伏,压倒,破坏,毁坏 2.使受不了,使不知所措

   3.淹没,覆盖


 

漫画艺术博物馆堡垒状的外观似乎是刻意打算用来提醒参观者,连环漫画这种艺术形式常
受到批评家们的评击责难。
四、
T9304

1.
The fact that a theory is
does not necessarily

         
its scientific truth, which must be
established

by unbiased controlled studies.*

A.

plausible.. ensure

B.

popular.. limit

C.

venerable.. override

D.

cohesive. undermine

E.

cumbersome.. alleviate


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

unbiased: a.不偏袒一方的,无偏见的,公正的
controlled: a(通过对照实验)得到检验的,得到核实的,被核对的
plausible: a.1.(论点等)貌似有理(真实)的 2.(人)貌似可信的
venerable: a.值得敬重的,令人崇敬的
override: v.1.(以更大的权力)撤销,推翻,使无效 2.优先于,压倒
cohesive: a.1.黏合在一起的 2.团结的,结合的 3.有内聚力的
cumbersome: a.笨重的,累赘的
alleviate: v.使(痛苦等)易于忍受,减轻,缓和
某一理论貌似有理,这一事实并不一定能保证其科学真理,而科学真理则必须通过不偏不
倚的、采用对照实验予以核实的研究来确立。

2.
It is difficult to distinguish between the things that
charismatic figures do
and those that are carefully

contrived for effect.

A.

formally

B.

publicly

C.

prolifically

D.

spontaneously

E.

willfully


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

charismatic: a.1.能吸引人们为之效忠的,极有性格魅力的 2.有神授超凡能力的
contrive: v.谋划,策划
prolific: a.富于创造力的,丰富的,多产的
spontaneous: a.自发的,自然的,无意识的,不由自主的
villfully: adv.1.任性地,执拗地 2.故意地,存心地
在极有性格魅力的人物自发而为的事情以及那些处心积虑为了表面效应而策划的事情之
间,很难作出区分。

3.
The development of containers, possibly made from bark
or the skins of animals, although this is a matter of

, allowed the extensive sharing of forage foods

in prehistoric human societies.*

A.

record

B.

fact

C.

degree

D.

importance

E.

conjecture


————————————————————————
答案:(E)

container: n.1.容器 2.容量 3.集装箱
bark: n.树皮
forage: n.草料,饲料
prehistoric: a.有文字记载的历史以前的,史前的
conjecture: n.推测,猜测,揣摩
在史前时期的人类社会中,容器很有可能是从树皮或动物的皮革制造而成的,尽管此事仅
是一种猜测,但容器的发展却使草料食物的大规模分享成为可能。

4.
Although the young violinist's
+

performance,

with the orchestra demonstrated his technical competence.
his uninspired style and lack of interpretive maturity
labeled him as a novice musician rather than as a truly



performer.


A.

spectacular.. conventional

B.

blundering.. artistic

C.

marginal.. inept

D.

steady.. .accomplished

E.

dazzling.. unskilled


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

demonstrate: v.1.论证,证明 2.说明,教 3.显示,表露
competence: n.能力,胜任,称职
uninspired: a.未得灵感启发的,缺乏创见的,单调乏味的
novice: n.新手,生手,初学者,新信徒,新皈依的教徒
conventional: a.常规的,惯例的,符合传统的,因循守旧的
blunder: v.笨拙地做,铸成大错
marginal: a.1.边缘的,勉强的 2.微不足道的
inept: a.1.不恰当的,不合适的 2.无能愚蠢的
accomplished: a.熟练的,有造诣的,有才艺的
dazzling: a.耀眼眩目的,非凡的
尽管这位年轻小提琴手与乐队平稳的合奏展示出他技术上的胜任,但他那全无灵气的风格
以及演绎成熟性的缺乏标志着他仅是个音乐新手,而非真正有造诣的演奏家。

5.
Even though political editorializing was not
under the new regime, journalists still experienced ,
though perceptible, governmental pressure to limit dissent.

A.

restricted.. clear

B.

encouraged.. strong

C.

forbidden.. discreet

D.

commended.. overt

E.

permitted.. regular


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

editorialize: v.发表社论,撰写社论
regime: n.政治制度,政体,政权
dissent: n.异议,不同意见
discreet: a.1.谨慎的,慎重的 2.朴素的,不显眼的
commend: v.1.表扬,称颂 2.推荐
overt: a.公开的,明显的
尽管在新政权统治下,政治社论的撰写发表未遭禁止,但新闻记者们仍然体验到了政府为
限制不同政见而施加的不显著的——尽管仍是可以觉察到的——压力。


6.
The trick for Michael was to
his son an illusory

orderliness; only alone at night, when the boy was asleep,
could Michael
the
chaos he kept hidden from his son.


A.

explore with.. demonstrate

B.

conjure for.. acknowledge

C.

conceal from.. dispel

D.

demystify for.. escape

E.

endure with.. abandon


————————————————————————
答案:(B)

illusory: a.虚幻的,迷惑人的
orderliness: n.1.整齐状态,条理性 2.遵守秩序
chaos: n.混乱,紊乱
conjure: v.1.念咒召唤(神灵等) 2.用魔术作成(或变出),魔术般地作出(或变出)
acknowledge: v.1.承认 2.告知,确认 3.表示谢忱,报偿
dispel: v.1.驱散 2.消除
demystify: v.使非神秘化,使不再迷惑不解
对于麦克尔来说,整个把戏就是给他儿子玩戏法似地营造某种虚幻的有条不紊的样子;只
有在夜晚,当他儿子入睡后他孑然一身时,麦克尔才能承认他对其儿子所隐瞒的那种杂乱无章。

7.
The
costumes of Renaissance Italy,
with their

gold and silver embroidery and figured brocades, were the
antithesis of Spanish , with its dark muted colors,
plain short capes, and high collars edged with small ruffs.

A.

striking.. obliqueness

B.

extravagant.. profligacy

C.

austere.. informality

D.

unpretentious.. asceticism

E.

sumptuous.. sobriety


————————————————————————
答案:(E)

embroidery: n.1.刺绣,绣花 2.润饰,渲染,夸张
figured: a.1.有形状的 2.用图形表示的 3.有花想方设法图案的 4.有文采的,词藻
富丽的
brocade: n.锦缎,织锦
antithesis: n.1.对照,对立 2.对立面,形成鲜明对照的事物 3.〔修辞〕对偶句
oblique: n.1.倾斜的 2.转弯抹角的,不光明正大的
extravagant: a.铺张的,侈奢的,挥霍浪费的
profligacy: n.1.放荡,荒淫,行为不检 2.挥霍浪费
austere: a.1.严峻的,严厉的,严酷的 2.禁欲的 3.朴素的,简朴的
informality: n.非正式,不拘礼节
unpretentious: a.不矫饰的,不夸耀的,朴实无华的
asceticism: n.1.禁欲(或苦行)主义 2.禁欲(或苦行)生涯
sumptuous: a.奢侈的,豪华的,昂贵的,华丽的
sobriety: n.1.冷静,清醒 2.适度,有节制 3.严肃,持重
文艺复兴时期,意大利那些奢华的服饰,以其金银绣品和提花锦缎,与西班牙服饰的朴实
无华构成了鲜明的对比,西班牙的服饰颜色暗淡柔和,斗篷短而朴素,高领圈边沿仅缀以小的
轮状皱领。

8.
According to the newspaper critic, the performances

at the talent contest last night
from acceptable

to excellent.

A.

varied

B.

receded

C.

swept

D.

averaged

E.

declined


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

talent contest: n.英才选拔赛
recede: v.1.后退,远去 2.下降,降低
sweep: v.1. 2.猛力移动,猛推 3.扫荡,肃清 4.环视
average: v.1.得出平均数 2.平均为 3.按比例分配
decline: v.1.使下倾,使下降 2.谢绝,拒绝
 
按照报刊评论家的评述,昨晚英才选拔赛上的表演,从尚可接受到优异出众,水准参差不
一。

9.
For more than a century, geologists have felt comfor-
table with the idea that geological processes, although
very
-
, are also
+

and so are capable of

shaping he Earth, given enough time.

A.

minute.. sporadic

B.

slow.. steady

C.

complex.. discernible

D.

unpredictable.. constant

E.

ponderous.. intermittent


————————————————————————
答案:(B)

feel comfortable with: v.感到欣慰舒适
geological process: n.地质进程
minute: a.1.微小的,微细的,不足道的 2.详细的,细致的,精密的
sporadic: a.单个发生,偶尔发生的,分散的,零星的
discernible: a.看得清的,辨认得出的 
ponderous: a.1.极重的,沉重的,笨重的

2.
(文章、谈话等)冗长的,沉闷的,平凡的

intermittent: a.间歇的,继继续续的,周期性的
 
一个多世纪以来,地质学家们欣然接受了这样一个思想,即地质地程虽然极为缓慢,但也
是持续稳定的,因此,如果给予充分时间的话,是能够影响地球的成形。

10.
While not
with the colorfully
obvious forms

of life that are found In a tropical rain forest, the
desert is
to a surprisingly
large number of

species.

A.

brimming.. foreign

B.

endowed.. detrimental

C.

imbued.. hostile

D.

teeming.. host

E.

confronted.. home


————————————————————————
答案:(D)

tropical rain forest: n.热带雨林
brim: v.1.注满(容器等) 2.满溢,充盈,充溢
endow: v.1.资助,损赠 2.赋予,给予,认为具有某种气质
detrimental: a.1.有害的,不利的 2.不受欢迎的
imbue: v.1.使浸透 2. 3.使充满,鼓舞
teem: v.1.充满 2.大量地出现,涌现,产生
host: n.1.〔生物〕寄主,宿主 2.〔物理〕基质
 
虽然沙漠并没有充斥着在热带雨林中所能发现的丰富多彩的各种显而易见的生命形态,但
它仍然是数量多得令人吃惊的物种的宿主。

11.
Speakers and listeners are often at odds: language
that is easy for the receiver to understand is often
difficult to ,and that which is easily formulated
can be hard to

A.

estimate.. confirm

B.

transmit. defend

C.

produce.. comprehend

D.

suppress.. ignore

E.

remember.. forget


————————————————————————
答案:(C)

at odds: prep.争执,不一致,冲突
formulate: v.1.使公式化 2.系统地阐述 3.规划,构想出 4.配制,制定
transmit: v.1.传达,发送 2.使(光、热、声)透过,传导 3.留传,遗传

 4.发射 5.传播

suppress: v.1.压制,镇压,禁止,废止 2.禁止发表,禁止披露,查禁 3.抑制,忍受
 
说者与听者常常处于矛盾之中:对于听者易于理解的语言常难以产生出来,而那种容易阐
述的语言却难以被人理解。

12.
The current demand for quality in the schools seems

to ask not for the development of
informed and active

citizens, but for disciplined and productive workers
with abilities that contribute to civic life only
-
,

if at all.

A.

indirectly

B.

politically

C.

intellectually

D.

sensibly

E.

sequentially


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

informed: a.1.有知识的,见闻广的,了解情况的 2.有教养的,明智的
active: a.积极的,主动的
disciplined: a.受过训练的,遵守纪律的
productive: a.1.多产的,富饶的,肥沃的 2.富有成效的 3.生产性的
civic life: n.城市生活,市民生活,公民生活,平民生活
sensibly: adv.1.到能感觉到的地步,显著地,明显地 2.明智地
sequentially: adv.连续地,相继地,按顺序地,随之而来地
 
目前对学校教学质量的要求,似乎并不需要培养见多识广和积极主动的公民,而是要培养
那种遵纪守法和富有成效的埋头干活的人,所培养的能力只能间接地对公众生活作出贡献——
假如说这些能力真的能够对公众生活作出贡献的话。

13.
Because of its lack of theaters, the city came,
ironically, to be viewed as an
-

theater town,

and that reputation led entrepreneurs to believe that
it would be
-

to build new theaters there.
*


A.

unprofitable.. risky

B.

untapped.. pointless

C.

unappreciated. difficult

D.

unlikely.. appropriate

E.

unimpressed.. shrewd


————————————————————————
答案:(A)

ironically: adv.1.冷嘲地,挖苦地 2.有讽刺意味,令人啼笑皆非地 3.用反语地,受
挖苦人地
reputation: n.1.名声 2.美名,声望,名誉
entrepreneur: n.1.企业家 2.主办者,倡导者 3.中间商,承包者
unprofitable: a.无利的,无用的,无益的,徒劳的
 
risky: a.1.危险的,有风险的 2.铤而走险的,大胆的
untapped: a.未利用的,未开发的
pointless: a.1.无尖头的,钝的 2.无意义的,不得要领的,没有目的 3.平淡乏味
shrewd: a.1.机灵的,敏锐的,精明的,伶俐的,狡猾的 2.锐利的,尖锐的,剧烈的
 
由于该城缺乏剧院,具有讽刺意味的是,该城逐渐被视作一个无利可图的戏剧城,而这一
声名导致企业家信以为真,以为在那里建造新剧院将会是极具风险的。

14.
He felt it would be
-
, in view of the intense


-

that would likely follow,
to make the sacrifice

required in order to gain such little advantage.

A.

charitable.. growth

B.

welcomed.. prejudice

C.

futile.. encouragement

D.

academic.. acclaim

E.

unrealistic.. turmoil


————————————————————————
答案:(E)

in view of: prep.考虑到,鉴于
sacrifice: n.1.献祭 2.祭品 3.基督的献身 4.牺牲
charitable: a.1.慈悲的 2.施舍慷慨的 
prejudice: n.1.先入之见 2.偏见,反感
futile: a.1.无益的,无效的 2.不重要的 3.缺乏目的的 4.愚蠢的
acclaim: n.1.欢声 2.喝彩 3.欢迎
turmoil: n.骚动,混乱

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-14 09:49:54 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 草木也知愁 于 2009-9-22 10:34 编辑

机考以来所有填空主考选项

by 点点狗

derivative / di5rivEtiv/ a. 引出的,系出的
Reductive / ri5dQktiv/ a. 减少的,还原的
SUBTLE / 5sQbtl/ a. 敏感的,精细的,狡猾的,微妙的,
hesitant / 5hezitEnt/ a. 迟疑的,踌躇的,犹豫不定的
believe / bi5li:v/ vt.vi. 相信
satiric / sE5tirik/ a. 讽刺的,挖苦的
mockery / 5mRkEri/ n. 嘲弄,笑柄,蔑视
confound / kEn5faund/ vt. 使混淆,使狼狈,挫败
enduring / in5djuEriN/ a. 持久的,忍耐的
novelty / 5nRvElti/ n. 新奇,新鲜,新奇的事物
persistent / pE(:)5sistEnt/ a. 固执的,坚持的,持续的
changeless / 5tFeindVlis/ a. 不变的,固定不变的,固定的
eerie / 5iEri/ a. 怪诞的,可怕的,奇异的,不安的
suspectable / sE5spektEbl/ a. 有嫌疑的,可疑的,值得怀疑的
convincing / kEn5vinsiN/ a. 使人信服的,有力的,令人心悦诚服的
incorporated / / adj. 1 结合 [合并,并入] 的
clarification / klArEfE5keiFEn/ n. 澄清,净化
envy / 5envi/ n. 羡慕,嫉妒
enmity / 5enmiti/ n. 敌意,憎恨
paramount / 5pArEmaunt/ n. 首长,最高当局
laudable / 5lR:dEbl/ a. 值得赞赏的,值得佩服的,动人的
negligible / 5neglidVEbl/ a. 可以忽略的,不足取的,无用的
impressive / im5presiv/ a. 给人深刻印象的,感人的
predisposition / / n. 易患病的体质
resistance / ri5zistEns/ n. 抵抗力,反抗,耐力,反抗行动,
malady / 5mAlEdi/ n. 病,疾病,弊病
easily / 5i:zili/ ad. 容易地,轻易地,流利地
difficult / 5difikElt/ a. 困难的
Actuate / 5AktFueit/ vt. 开动,促使,激励
disruptive / dis5rQptiv/ adj. 1 引起瓦解的,分裂 (性) 的; 引起混
trigger / 5trigE/ n. 触发器,板机,制滑机
criticize / 5kritisaiz/ vt.vi. 批评,吹毛求疵,非难
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
cutting / 5kQtiN/ n. 切断,切下,开凿
increasing / / vbl. 增加
harmful / 5ha:mful/ a. 有害的,伤害的
ossified / 5Rsifaid/ adj. 1 已硬化的; 已钙化的
originality / E5ridVi5nAliti/ n. 创意,新奇,原始
repudiate / ri5pjudieit/ vt. 离婚,抛弃,拒绝履行,拒付,
shape / Feip/ n. 形状,形态,外形,身材,形式
encomium / en5koumjEm/ n. 赞辞,称赞,赞美
flattering / 5flAtEriN/ a. 谄媚的,讨人欢喜的,有希望的
recapitulate / 5rikE5pitjuleit/ vt.vi. 重述要点,概括,摘要
forged / / adj. 伪造的
mirror / 5mirE/ n. 镜子,写真,典范
overshadow / 5EuvE5FAdEu/ vt. 遮阴,使阴暗,使失色
err / E:/ vi. 犯错,做错,犯罪
anticipate / An5tisipeit/ vt. 预期,占先,提前使用
precedent / 5presidEnt/ n. 先例,前例
caprice / kE5pri:s/ n. 反复无常,善变,任性
freedom / 5fri:dEm/ n. 自由,坦率,特权
restrain / ris5trein/ vt. 抑制,阻止,束缚
autonomy / R:5tRnEmi/ n. 自治
carpentry / 5kBintri/ n. 木匠业,木工,木器
challenge / 5tFAlEndV/ n. 挑战,盘问
maintenance / 5meintinEns/ n. 维护,保持,维修,生活费用,瞻养义务,
emerge / i5mE:dV/ vi. 浮现,形成,(由某种状态)脱出,
acute / E5kju:t/ a. 敏锐的,激烈的,尖锐的,严重的
trifling / 5traifliN/ a. 些许的,不足道的,不足取的
important / im5pR:tEnt/ a. 重要的,骄傲的,自大的,显要的,
petty / 5peti/ a. 琐碎的,小规模的,小气的
trivial / 5triviEl/ a. 琐细的,日常的,轻微的,平常的
small / smR:l/ a. 小的,少的,小型的,琐碎的,细微的,
deceptive / di5sZptiv/ a. 迷惑的,虚伪的,欺诈的
dissimilar / di5similE/ a. 不同的,相异的
obliterate / E5blitEreit/ vt. 涂去,擦去,删除,使湮没
antagonize / An5tAgEnaiz/ vt. 使成敌人,敌对,反对
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
aegis / 5i:dVis/ n. 盾,保护,庇护
incompatible / 5inkEm5pAtEbl/ a. 不相容的,不能并存的,矛盾的
notoriety / noutE5raiEti/ n. 恶名,丑名,声名狼藉
incompatible / 5inkEm5pAtEbl/ a. 不相容的,不能并存的,矛盾的
repudiate / ri5pjudieit/ vt. 离婚,抛弃,拒绝履行,拒付,
pretext / 5pri:tekst/ n. 借口,托辞
impetus / 5impitEs/ n. 动力,推动力,激励
reserve / ri5zE:v/ n. 预备品,贮存,预备舍,后备军,
extol / iks5tRl/ vt. 颂扬,称赞,吹捧
compensate / 5kRmpenseit/ vt.vi. 偿还,补偿,付报酬
diminished / / 减少了的,被贬低的
svelte / svelt/ adj. <女子>身材苗条的,修长的
incredible / in5kredEbl/ a. 难以置信的
unusual / Qn5ju:VuEl/ a. 不寻常的,罕见的,非常的
fluke / flu:k/ vt.vi. 侥幸成功
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
threaten / 5Wretn/ vt. 恐吓,威胁,预示...的凶兆
impact / 5impAkt/ n. 冲击,冲突,影响,效果
appearance / E5piErEns/ n. 外表,出现,登台
fact / fAkt/ n. 事实,真相,行为
contest / kEn5test, 5kRntest/ n. 竞赛,争论
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
derisive / di5raisiv/ a. 嘲笑的,嘲弄,值得嘲笑的
hyperbolic / haipE5bRlik/ adj. 亦作 hyperbolical
egalitarian / igAli5tZEriEn/ a. 平等主义的
impose / im5pEuz/ vt. 课征,强迫,以...欺骗
fight / fait/ n. 打架,战斗,斗志
rely / ri5lai/ vi. 信赖,依赖,信任
proclivity / prEu5klivEti/ n. 倾向,癖性,气质
derogate / 5derEgeit/ vt.vi. 贬损,毁损
content / 5kRntent, kEn5tent/ n. 内容,满足,意义,要旨
predominate / pri5dRmineit/ vt. 掌握,控制,支配
hyperbole / hai5pE:bEli/ n. 夸张法
simple / 5simpl/ a. 简单的,普通的,朴素的,坦率的,
paramount / 5pArEmaunt/ n. 首长,最高当局
laudable / 5lR:dEbl/ a. 值得赞赏的,值得佩服的,动人的
deceptive / di5sZptiv/ a. 迷惑的,虚伪的,欺诈的
dissimilar / di5similE/ a. 不同的,相异的
autonomy / R:5tRnEmi/ n. 自治
continue / kEn5tinju(:)/ vi. 继续,延续,延长
resigned / ri5zaind/ a. 认命的,服从的,听任的,已放弃的
embrace / im5breis/ n. 拥抱
naturalism / 5nAtFErElizEm/ n. 自然主义,本能行动
psychologically / / adv. 心理上地, 心理学地
correction / kE5rekFEn/ n. 订正,改正,改正的地方
inimical / i5nimikl/ a. 有敌意的,不友善的,抵触的
response / ris5pRns/ n. 反应,回答,响应
inspired / in5spaiEd/ a. 得到灵感的,有灵感的,受到指使而写的
indicator / 5indikeitE/ n. 指示器,指示剂
reflected / / 反射的
confound / kEn5faund/ vt. 使混淆,使狼狈,挫败
enduring / in5djuEriN/ a. 持久的,忍耐的
alienate / 5eiljEneit/ vt. 使疏远,离间,让与
propound / prE5paund/ vt. 提出,提议
represent / 5repri5zent/ vt. 表现,表示,描绘,讲述,声称,
lifeless / 5laiflis/ a. 无生命的,无趣味的,死气沉沉的
animation / AnE5meiFEn/ n. 活泼,生气,卡通制作
frenetic / fri5netik/ a. 发狂的,狂热的
cure / kjuE/ cure-all是完灵药
supernature / 5sju:pE5neitFE/ n. 超自然界
FANCIFUL / 5fAnsiful/ a. 奇怪的,稀奇的,想像的
mysterious / mis5tiEriEs/ a. 神秘的,难解的,不可思议的
supreme / sju:5pri:m/ n. 至高,霸权
dominant / 5dRminEnt/ a. 占优势的,支配的
counterpoise / 5kauntEpRiz/ vt. 平均,平衡,使平衡
aristocracy / 5Aris5tRkrEsi/ n. 贵族,贵族社会,高级知识份子
startling / 5sta:tliN/ a. 令人吃惊的
jettison / 5dVZtEsn/ n. 投弃,投弃货物
oppose / E5pEuz/ vt. 反对,以...对抗,抗争
altruism / 5Altru5izEm/ n. 利他主义,利他
ban / bAn/ n. 禁令
advocate / 5AdvEkit/ n. 提倡者,拥护者
substitute / 5sQbstitju:t/ n. 代理,代理人,代用品,代替物
purge / pE:dV/ n. 净化,清除,泻药
aversion / E5vE:FEn/ n. 厌恶,讨厌的事,讨厌的人
polemic / pR5lemik/ a. 论战的,好争论的
provocative / prE5vRkEtiv/ a. 气人的,挑拨的,刺激的
oversight / 5ouvEsait/ n. 勘漏,失察,失败
inadequacy / in5AdikwEsi/ n. 不适当,不十分,不完全
cursory / 5kE:sEri/ a. 匆匆忙忙的,草率的,粗略的
thorough / 5WQrE/ a. 十分的,彻底的
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
vindicate / 5vindikeit/ vt. 辩护,表白,维护
achievement / E5tFi:vmEnt/ n. 成就,完成,功业
fiction / 5fikFEn/ n. 小说,虚构的故事,法律的拟制
assumption / E5sQmpFEn/ n. 假定,假装,视为当然之事
comprehendingly / kRmpri5hendiNli/ ad. 具有理解地
devoid / di5vRid/ a. 全无的,缺乏的
frivolous / 5frivElEs/ a. 轻佻的,妄动的,琐碎的
candor / 5kAndE/ n. 坦白,直率
focus / 5fEukEs/ n. 焦点,焦距
militia / mi5liFE/ n. 义勇军,自卫队,国民军
simplistic / sim5plistik/ a. 过分单纯化的
nuance / nju:5B:ns/ n. 细微差别
compounded / / 混合的
norm / nR:m/ n. 基准,模范,平均数,智力水准,
behavior / bi5heivjE/ n. 行为,举止
property / 5prRpEti/ n. 财产,所有权,性质
scrutiny / 5skrutni/ n. 细看,仔细检查,监视,选票的复查
private / 5praivit/ a. 私人的,秘密的,私立的,隐蔽的
provocative / prE5vRkEtiv/ a. 气人的,挑拨的,刺激的
nostalgia / na5stAldViE/ n. 乡愁,乡往过去,怀旧之情
odds / Rdz/ n. 不平等,几率,机会,胜算
negligible / 5neglidVEbl/ a. 可以忽略的,不足取的,无用的
venerable / 5venErEbl/ a. 庄严的,值得尊敬的
inherently / / adv. 天生地; 本质上
calculated / 5kAlkjuleitid/ a. 有计划的,适当的,适合的,计算出的
cogent / 5kEudVEnt/ a. 使人首肯的,使人信服的,切实的
dogmatic / dRg5mAtik/ a. 教条的,独断的
burnishing / / 挤光; 擦亮; 磨光; 摩擦抛光
outdated / aut5deitid/ a. 旧式的,落伍的,过时的
recognized / 5rekEgnaizd/ adj. 公认的; 经过证明的; 普遍接受的
guess / ges/ n. 猜测,臆测
adaption / / n. 适应
unclear / Qn5kliE/ a. 不易了解的,不清楚的,含混的
familiar / fE5miljE/ a. 熟悉的,常见的,亲密的
partial / 5pa:FEl/ a. 部分的,偏袒的,偏爱的
mediocrity / mi:di5Rkriti/ n. 平常,平庸之才
credence / 5kri:dEns/ n. 信用,祭器台,供桌,凭证
ornamental / 5R:nE5mentl/ n. 装饰物
intricacy / 5intrikEsi/ n. 纷乱,复杂,错综
documentary / 5dRkju5mentEri/ n. 记录片
aesthetic / i:s5Wetik/ a. 美学的,审美的,有美感
recount / ri5kaunt/ vt. 详述,叙述,重新计算
loath / lEuW/ a. 不情愿的,勉强的
contravene / 5kRntrE5vi:n/ vt. 1 违反,违背,冒犯 <习惯、法律等>
abstract / 5AbstrAkt/ n. 摘要,抽象
helpful / 5helpful/ a. 有帮助的,有益的,有用的
beneficial / 5beni5fiFEl/ a. 有益的
rare / rZE/ a. 稀罕的,罕有的,珍贵的,非常的,
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
medium / 5mi:djEm/ n. 媒体,方法,媒介
proliferate / prou5lifEreit/ vi. 增殖,激增,扩散
expand / iks5pAnd/ vt. 使膨胀,详述,扩张
scarcely / 5skZEsli/ ad. 简直不,一定不,仅仅
insincere / insin5siE/ a. 不诚实的,无诚意的,伪善的
evince / i5vins/ vt. 表明,表示
benevolence / bi5nevElEns/ n. 善意,慈悲,善行
inconsistency / inkEn5sistEnsi/ n. 不一致,不调和,矛盾
disinterested / dis5intErEstid/ a. 无私欲的,廉洁的,公平的
hardly / 5ha:dli/ ad. 刚刚,几乎不,勉强是
conventional / kEn5venFEnl/ a. 传统的,习惯的,约定的
bromide / 5broumaid/ n. 溴化物,平凡的人,佣俗的人
superficial / 5sju:pE5fiFEl/ n. 表面,外表
expediency / iks5pi:djEnsi/ n. 权宜,方便,私利
specious / 5spi:FEs/ a. 徒有其表的,似是而非的,外表美观的
mundane / 5mQndein/ a. 现世的,世俗的,宇宙的
renowned / ri5naund/ a. 有名的,有声誉的
poetic / pEu5etik/ a. 诗的,诗意的,诗人的,理想化的
garrulous / 5gArulEs/ a. 饶舌的,多嘴的,啁啾不休的
hackneyed / 5hAknid/ a. 不新奇的,常见的,陈腐的
playwright / 5pleirait/ n. 剧作家
mean / mi:n/ a. 低劣的,卑贱的,卑鄙的,麻烦的,
vicious / 5viFEs/ a. 邪恶的,堕落的,品性不端的,
contemplable / kEn5templElb/ adj. 可注视的; 可考虑的
euphemize / 5ju:fEmaiz/ vt.vi. 委婉地说,用婉转的话说
scathing / 5skeiTiN/ a. 伤害的,损伤的,足致伤害的
suppress / sE5pres/ vt. 镇压,使止住,查禁,抑制,禁止
castigation / kAsti5geiFEn/ n. 惩罚,苛评,修订
resist / ri5zist/ vt.vi. 抵抗,耐得住,抵制,反抗
stagnant / 5stAgnEnt/ a. 不流动的,停滞的,不景气的,
awe / R:/ n. 敬畏
diminish / di5miniF/ vt.vi. (使)减少,(使)变小
magnify / 5mAgnifai/ vt. 放大,扩大,赞美,夸大
consensus / kEn5sensEs/ n. 一致,交感
disagreement / 5disE5gri:mEnt/ n. 不合,争论,不一致
chastise / tFAs5taiz/ vt. 笞责,惩罚
move / mu:v/ n. 移动,迁居,步骤
transition / trAn5siFEn/ n. 转变,转换,变调,过渡时期,跃迁
otherwise / 5QTEwaiz/ ad. 否则,不同地,别的方式
specious / 5spi:FEs/ a. 徒有其表的,似是而非的,外表美观的
ordinary / 5R:dinEri/ a. 平常的,普通的,平凡的
banal / bE5na:l/ a. 平凡的,陈腐的
RESTLESS / 5restlis/ a. 不安静的,慌张的,睡不着的
ENDURING / in5djuEriN/ a. 持久的,忍耐的
rationality / rAFEn5Aliti/ n. 合理性,纯理性,辨别道理
annoyed / / adj. 烦闷的
emotion / i5mEuFEn/ n. 情绪,激动,强烈的情感
agitated / / adj. 搅动的
prevention / pri5venFEn/ n. 阻止,妨碍,预防
rigorous / 5rigErEs/ a. 严厉的,严酷的,严格的,精确的,
determine / di5tE:min/ vt.vi. 决定,决心
addition / E5diFEn/ n. 附加,增加,加法
lambaste / lAm5beist/ vt. 痛打,严责
appalling / E5pR:liN/ a. 令人震惊的
ascending / E5sendiN/ a. 上,上升的,向上的
criticism / 5kritisizEm/ n. 批评,评论,非难
obfuscate / Rb5fQskeit/ vt. 弄暗,使模糊,使迷乱
jargon / 5dVa:gEn/ n. 专门术语,行话,梦话,土语
unproved / Qn5pru:vd/ adj. 尚未证实的; 尚证明的; 尚未检验的
efficient / i5fiFEnt/ a. 有效率的,能干的
synthesize / 5sinWEsaiz/ vt.vi. 综合,合成
interactive / / n. 相互作用,交谈式
envy / 5envi/ n. 羡慕,嫉妒
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
unimaginative / 5Qni5mAdVinEtiv/ a. 缺乏想象力的,无趣的
pedestrian / pi5destriEn/ n. 行人,步行者
quotidian / kwR5tidiEn/ a. 每日的,每日发作的,司空见惯的,
deviate / 5di:vieit/ vi. 脱离,出轨
MASTERY / 5ma:stEri/ n. 征服,统治权,精通,掌握
mirror / 5mirE/ n. 镜子,写真,典范
actually / 5AktjuEli/ ad. 事实上,如今,现在
fancily / 5fAnsili/ adv. 1 多幻想地; 多空想地; 做作地
indulge / in5dQldV/ vt. 纵情于,放任,迁就
uncompromising / Qn5kRmprEmaiziN/ a. 不让步的,不妥协的,强硬的
reprisal / ri5praizEl/ n. 报复,报仇,报复性劫掠
expedient / iks5pi:djEnt/ n. 权宜之计,临时手段
indispensable / 5indis5pensEbl/ n. 不可缺少之物
attack / E5tAk/ n. 攻击,抨击
criticism / 5kritisizEm/ n. 批评,评论,非难
recapitulate / 5rikE5pitjuleit/ vt.vi. 重述要点,概括,摘要
abstraction / Ab5strAkFEn/ n. 抽象化,心不在焉,提炼,抽象派作品
Puritan / 5pjuEritEn/ n. 清教徒
austere / Rs5tiE/ a. 严峻的,简朴的
sparsely / / adv. 稀疏地, 稀少地
passive / 5pAsiv/ a. 消极的,被动的,无源的
clam / klAm/ n. 蛤,沉默寡言的人,蛏子
melt / melt/ n. 熔化,熔化物,溶解
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
artlessness / 5a:tlisnis/ n. 朴质; 率直; 拙劣
frivolous / 5frivElEs/ a. 轻佻的,妄动的,琐碎的
gravity / 5grAviti/ n. 地心引力,重力
laughable / 5lB:fEbl/ a. 可笑的,有趣的
disordered / dis5R:dEd/ a. 混乱的,发狂的,害了病的
unmanageable / Qn5mAnidVEbl/ a. 难处理的,难操纵的,处理不了的
elite / ei5li:t/ n. 精华,精锐,中坚分子
faulted / 5fR:ltid/ adj. 有缺点的; 有毛病的
dilatoriness / 5dilEtErinis/ n. 迟缓,拖延
version / 5vE:FEn/ n. 版本,翻译
provoking / prE5voukiN/ a. 令人生气的,使人愤怒的,难熬的
polemic / pR5lemik/ a. 论战的,好争论的
aversion / E5vE:FEn/ n. 厌恶,讨厌的事,讨厌的人
innovation / 5inEu5veiFEn/ n. 改革,创新
vital / 5vaitl/ a. 重要的,生命的,致命的,生死攸关的
decline / di5klain/ n. 衰微,跌落,下降
commend / kE5mend/ vt. 委托给,推荐,嘉奖
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
compromise / 5kRmprEmaiz/ n. 妥协,折衷,折衷案,和解
conciliatory / kEn5siliEtEri/ a. 安抚的,怀柔的,融和的
skepticism / 5skeptisizm/ n. 怀疑论
extremity / iks5tremiti/ n. 极端,极点,临死,绝境,困境
credulity / kri5dju:liti/ n. 易信,轻信
invulnerable / in5vQlnErEbl/ adj. 1 不会受伤害的,刀枪不入的; 攻不
collision / kE5liV(E)n/ n. 碰撞,冲突,抵触
contravene / 5kRntrE5vi:n/ vt. 1 违反,违背,冒犯 <习惯、法律等>
acreage / 5eikEridV/ n. 英亩数,面积
dominant / 5dRminEnt/ a. 占优势的,支配的
camouflage / 5kAmuflRV/ vt. 伪装,欺瞒
censure / 5senFE/ n. 责难
complicate / 5kRmplikeit/ vt. 弄复杂,使错综,使起纠纷
simplicity / sim5plisiti/ n. 单纯,简朴,朴素,天真,无知,
IRONICAL / ai5rRnikl/ a. 讽刺的,用反语的
ridicule / 5ridikju:l/ n. 嘲笑,愚弄,笑柄
notorious / nEu5tR:riEs/ a. 声名狼藉的,恶名昭张的,众人皆知的
identified / / pp. 识别
decentralize / di:5sentrElaiz/ vt. 使分散,排除集中,使地方分权
preferable / 5prefErEbl/ a. 较好的,较喜爱的,较合宜的
local / 5lEukEl/ a. 地方性的,当地的,局部的,乡土的
provincial / prE5vinFEl/ n. 乡下人,地方人民
confidence / 5kRnfidEns/ n. 信心
daunt / dR:nt/ vt. 威吓,难倒,使气馁
polarize / 5poulEraiz/ vt.vi. (使)偏振,(使)极化,(使)两极分化
anecdotal / Anik5doutl/ a. 逸话的,多逸事趣闻的,轶事一样的
rigorous / 5rigErEs/ a. 严厉的,严酷的,严格的,精确的,
verified / 5verifaid/ adj. 已证实的
extinction / iks5tiNkFEn/ n. 消失,消灭,废止
permanent / 5pE:mEnEnt/ a. 永久的,不变的,固定的,持久的
latent / 5leitEnt/ a. 潜伏性的,隐藏的
appearance / E5piErEns/ n. 外表,出现,登台
acknowledge / Ek5nRlidV/ vt. 承认,答谢,认知
improperly / / adv. 不正确地, 不适当地
homogeneousness / / 均质性; 均质性
diversity / dai5vE:siti/ n. 差异,多样性
vulnerable / 5vQlnErEbl/ a. 易受伤害的,有弱点的,成局的,
challenge / 5tFAlEndV/ n. 挑战,盘问
superstition / 5sju:pE5stiFEn/ n. 迷信
science / 5saiEns/ n. 科学,学科,技术,自然科学
Bromide / 5broumaid/ n. 溴化物,平凡的人,佣俗的人
conservation / 5kRnsE(:)5veiFEn/ n. 保护,保存
conventionality / kEn5venFE5nAlEti/ n. ((文语))
banality / bE5nAliti/ n. 平凡,陈腐
harmonious / ha:5mEunjEs/ a. 和睦的,调和的,和谐的,协调的
chaos / 5keiRs/ n. 大混乱,混沌
recognize / 5rekEgnaiz/ vt. 认出,认可,赏识,公认
flaw / flR:/ n. 缺点,裂纹,瑕疵,一阵狂风
esteem / is5ti:m/ n. 尊敬,尊重
denigrate / 5denigreit/ vt. 使变黑,玷污,诋毁
rejection / ri5dVekFEn/ n. 拒绝,抛弃,驳回,呕出物,排泄物,
acceptance / Ek5septEns/ n. 接受,容纳,承诺
representation / 5reprizen5teiFEn/ n. 表示法,表现,陈述,请求,继承,
dining / 5dainiN/ n. 吃饭
forgo / fR:5gou/ vt. 摒绝,放弃
barrier / 5bAriE/ n. 障碍,栅栏
inhibiting / in5hibitiN/ adj. 抑制的; 约束的; 防止的
lose / lu:z/ vt. 遗失,损失,丢失,使失去,错过,
reveal / ri5vi:l/ vt. 露出,显示,透露,(神)启示,
candidacy / 5kAndidEsi/ n. 候选人的地位,候选资格
unimpressive / Qnim5presiv/ a. 无印象的,印象淡薄的
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
clarify / 5klArifai/ vi. 澄清,阐明
conceive / kEn5si:v/ vt. 构思,以为
tractable / / a. 易于管教的
deal / di:l/ n. 交易,协定,松木,买卖,份量
demonstrate / 5demEnstreit/ 证明, 示威
denigrate / 5denigreit/ vt. 使变黑,玷污,诋毁
polarize / 5poulEraiz/ vt.vi. (使)偏振,(使)极化,(使)两极分化
simplistic / sim5plistik/ a. 过分单纯化的
complexity / kEm5pleksiti/ n. 复杂,复杂性,复杂的事物
thoroughly / 5WQrEli/ adv. 1 完全地,彻底地
superfluous / sju(:)5pE:fluEs/ a. 多余的,过剩的
Remonstration / ri:mRn5streiFEn/ n. 抗议,忠告,规劝
deflect / di5flekt/ vt.z转向 打歪,使偏斜
significance / sig5nifikEns/ n. 重要性,意味深长,意义
echo / 5ekEu/ n. 回声,回音,回波
cherish / 5tFeriF/ vt. 珍爱,怀有,爱护
traditional / trE5diFEnl/ a. 传统的,惯例的
vogue / vEug/ n. 时尚,时髦,流行
cooperative / kEu5RpErEtiv/ a. 合作的,协力的
autonomy / R:5tRnEmi/ n. 自治
proximity / prak5simEti/ n. 接近,亲近
brook / bruk/ n. 小溪
acquiesce / 5Akwi5es/ vi. 默许,勉强同意
intellectual / 5inti5lektjuEl/ n. 有知识者,知识分子,凭理智做事者
elitist / ei5litist/ n. 优秀人材,杰出人材
undesirable / 5Qndi5zaiErEbl/ a. 不受欢迎的,不良的
supposed / sE5pouzd/ adj. 1 a. 想像的,假定的,
betray / bi5trei/ ,暴露
disparaging / dis5pAridViN/ a. 蔑视的,轻视的,毁谤的
disdain / dis5dein/ n. 轻蔑
Rhetoric / 5retErik/ n. 修辞,修辞学,华丽虚饰的语言
puffery / 5pQfEri/ n. 极力称赞,夸大广告,吹捧
distract / dis5trAkt/ vt. 转移,分心,使发狂
substantive / 5sQbstEntiv/ a. 表示实在的,有实质的,独立的
excoriate / eks5kR:rieit/ vt. 剥皮,擦破皮肤,严厉的责难
objectionable / Eb5dVZkFEnEbl/ a. 该反对的,有异议的,讨厌的
endorse / in5dR:s/ vt. 支持,赞同,背书于,签
repudiate / ri5pjudieit/ vt. 离婚,抛弃,拒绝履行,拒付,
forbear / fR:5bZE/ vt.vi. 忍耐,克制,容忍
impetuous / im5petjuEs/ a. 冲动的,猛烈的,轻率的,急躁的
patient / 5peiFEnt/ n. 病人
impatient / im5peiFEnt/ a. 不耐烦的,着急的,急切的
coherent / kEu5hiErEnt/ a. 互相密合着的,凝聚性的,连贯的
original / E5ridVEnEl/ a. 最初的,原始的,有创意的
pastiche / pA5sti:F/ n.混成 模仿
detailed / 5di:teild/ a. 详细的,逐条的
sketchy / 5sketFi/ a. 写生的,写生风格的,概略的
exceptional / ik5sepFEnl/ a. 例外的,异常的,特别的
suffer / 5sQfE/ vt. 遭受,经验,忍受
understated / / adj. 保守的说
temerity / ti5meriti/ n. 卤莽,蛮勇
timid / 5timid/ a. 胆小的,羞怯的
posthumous / 5pRsthjumEs/ a. 遗腹的,死后的
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
sporadic / spEu5rAdik/ a. 偶尔发生的,零星发生的,分散的
precise / pri5sais/ a. 精确的,严谨的,明白的
correlated / 5kB:Eleitid/ a. 有相互关系的
conflict / 5kRnflikt, kEn5flikt/ n. 冲突,矛盾,争执
contentious / kEn5tenFEs/ a. 好争吵的,爱争论的,有异议的
insightful / 5insaitfEl/ adj. 具洞察力的
polemic / pR5lemik/ a. 论战的,好争论的
outspoken / aut5spoukEn/ a. 直言无讳的,坦率的,坦白无隐的
politic / 5pRlitik/ a. 精明的,圆滑的,慎重的,策略的
albeit / R:l5bi:it/ conj. ((文语))纵令…,虽然…,虽则,即
relate / ri5leit/ vt. 讲,叙述,与...有关
different / 5difrEnt/ a. 不同的
state / steit/ 说明,陈述,规定
express / iks5pres/ 表达,表示
provoke / prE5vEuk/ vt. 激怒,惹起,驱使
disaster / di5za:stE/ n. 灾祸,不幸
inadvertence / 5inEd5vE:tns/ n. 1 (U)不注意,粗心
discount / 5diskaunt/ n. 折扣,贴现率
lacking / 5lAkiN/ a. 缺乏的,不足的
equipoise / 5ekwipRiz/ n. 平衡,均衡
fervor / 5fE:vE/ n. 热情,热心,炽热
concur / kEn5kE:/ vi. 意见相同,一致,互助
massive / 5mAsiv/ a. 大而重的,宽大的,宏伟的
variable / 5vZEriEbl/ n. 变数,可变物
hidebound / 5haidbaund/ 死板的,量小的
reactionary / ri:5AkFEnEri/ n. 反动者,反动主义者
imaginative / i5mAdVEnEtiv/ a. 想象的,虚构的
practical / 5prAktikEl/ a. 实际的,现实的,实用性的
unreliable / 5Qnri5laiEbl/ a. 不可靠的
fictitious / fik5tiFEs/ a. 假想的,编造的,虚伪的
dramatic / drE5mAtik/ a. 戏剧性的,生动的
compelling / kEm5peliN/ a. 强制的,强迫性的,令人注目的
seduce / si5dju:s/ vt. 怂恿,瞒骗,引诱,诱奸
recipient / ri5sipiEnt/ a. 领受的,容易接受的,感受性强的
prejudice / 5predVudis/ n. 偏见,成见,伤害
partiality / pB:Fi5Aliti/ n. 偏心,不公平,特别喜欢
defer / di5fE:/ vi. 推迟,延期,听从
ingratiate / in5greiFieit/ vt. 使迎合,使讨好
fulsome / 5fulsEm/ a. 过度的,过分的,令人生厌的
vaguely / 5veigli/ ad. 含糊地,暧昧地
question / 5kwestFEn/ n. 问题,疑问,疑问句
accessible / Ak5sesEbl/ a. 易接近的,可进入的,易受影响的,
nebulous / 5nebjulEs/ a. 星云的,星云状的,朦胧的
clearly / 5kliEli/ ad. 清楚地
lacking / 5lAkiN/ lackluster, 没有光彩
detest / di5test/ vt. 厌恶,憎恨
discommode / diskE5moud/ vt. 使不方便,使不自由,使为难
predictable / pri5diktEbl/ a. 可预言的
ineluctable / ini5lQktEbl/ a. 不可避免的,无法逃避的
arrogance / 5ArEgEns/ n. 傲慢态度,自大
modesty / 5mRdisti/ n. 谦逊,质朴,羞怯
soporific / sEupE5rifik/ a. 催眠的,想睡的
tedious / 5ti:diEs/ a. 沉闷的,冗长乏味的
subjugate / 5sQbdVugeit/ vt. 征服,使服从,抑制,克制
challenge / 5tFAlEndV/ n. 挑战,盘问
repeal / ri5pi:l/ n. 废止,撤消
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
dispassionate / dis5pAFEnit/ a. 冷静的,不带感情的
excoriate / eks5kR:rieit/ vt. 剥皮,擦破皮肤,严厉的责难
laud / lR:d/ n. 赞美,称赞
meticulous / mE5tikjulEs/ a. 一丝不苟的,精确的,过细的
render / 5rendE/ vt. 报答,归还,汇报,提出,放弃,
sociologist / 5sEusi5RlEdVist/ n. 社会学家
verisimilitude / verisi5militju:d/ n. 好象真实,似真,逼真
imaginary / i5mAdVinEri/ a. 想象的,虚构的,假想的
ambition / Am5biFEn/ n. 野心,志气
discerning / / adj. 1 有洞察力的,眼力好的,眼光敏锐
oblivion / E5bliviEn/ n. 遗忘,忘却,赦免,大赦,湮没
intrude / in5tru:d/ vi. 闯入,侵入
inconspicuous / inkEn5spikjuEs/ a. 不显眼的,不引人注意的
expansive / iks5pAnsiv/ a. 易膨胀的,易扩张的
indicate / 5indikeit/ vt. 显示,象征,指示,指出
inhibit / in5hibit/ vt. 禁止,抑制
foment / fEu5mZnt/ vt. 热罨,煽动
inactivate / in5Aktiveit/ vt. 1 使…不活动
advisement / Ed5vaizmEnt/ n. 熟思,劝告,考虑
stilted / / adj. 1 踩高跷的
sincere / sin5siE/ a. 诚实的,正直的,真挚的,纯净的
concede / kEn5si:d/ vt. 承认,退让
veritable / 5veritEbl/ a. 真实的,确实的,真的
antedate / 5Anti5deit/ vt. 1 <事件等>在时间上领先 [早于] …
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
impeccable / im5pekEbl/ a. 无懈可击的,无缺点的,无瑕疵的,
overwhelming / 5EuvE5hwelmiN/ a. 压倒性的,无法抵抗的
scandal / 5skAndl/ n. 丑闻,中伤,流言蜚语,反感,耻辱
disconformity / 5diskEn5fE:miti/ n. 1 『古』不一致; 矛盾
hierarchical / 5haiE5ra:kikl/ adj. 1 阶级组织的,阶级制的; 阶层的
continuing / / adj. 连续的
suspend / sEs5pend/ vt. 悬,吊,使悬浮,推迟,中止
salubrious / sE5lu:briEs/ a. 有益健康的,清爽的,健康的
spirituality / 5spiritju5AlEti/ (U) 灵性,属于心灵的事,精神 (性)
religiousness / / n. 笃信, 虔敬
procrastinator / / n. 拖延者, 拖拉者,因循者
irreconcilable / i5rekEnsailEbl/ a. 不能和解的,不能协调的,矛盾的
imaginary / i5mAdVinEri/ a. 想象的,虚构的,假想的
censorship / 5sensEFip/ n. 检查制度
originality / E5ridVi5nAliti/ n. 创意,新奇,原始
ossify / 5Rsifai/ vt. 使骨化,使硬化
critic / 5kritik/ n. 批评家,鉴定家
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ n. 通货,流通,通用
nonetheless / 5nQnTE5les/ adv. 尽管如此,然而 (nevertheless)
malice / 5mAlis/ n. 恶意,蓄意,怨恨
wounded / / adj. 负伤的
devoid / di5vRid/ a. 全无的,缺乏的
versed / vE:st/ a. 熟练的,精通的,造诣深的
inaccessible / inAk5sesEbl/ a. 难接近的,难达到的,难达成的
impenetrably / / adv. 无法通过地,冥顽不化地,顽固地
annotated / 5Anouteitid/ adj. 有注释的; 有注景的; 有评注的
esoteric / esEu5terik/ a. 秘教的,奥秘的,秘传的
celebrity / si5lebriti/ n. 名声,名人
encomium / en5koumjEm/ n. 赞辞,称赞,赞美
flattering / 5flAtEriN/ a. 谄媚的,讨人欢喜的,有希望的
terrestrial / ti5restriEl/ n. 地球上的人
Advantage / Ed5va:ntidV/ n. 优点,便利,好处,优势
deplore / di5plR:/ vt. 悲悼,哀叹,悔恨
impact / 5impAkt/ n. 冲击,冲突,影响,效果
oppugn / E5pju:n/ vt. 责难,反驳,质疑
mutiny / 5mju:tini/ n. 叛变,兵变
compliant / kEm5plaiEnt/ a. 顺从的,适应的
scandalous / 5skAndlEs/ a. 不体面的,可耻的,可恶的
negligible / 5neglidVEbl/ a. 可以忽略的,不足取的,无用的
potency / 5pEutEnsi/ n. 力量,权力,效力
protagonist / prEu5tAgEnist/ n. 主演,主角,主唱者
commonplace / 5kRmEnpleis/ n. 常事,老生常谈,普通的东西
pedestrian / pi5destriEn/ n. 行人,步行者
mediocre / 5midi5EukE/ a. 不好不坏的,通常,平凡的
credence / 5kri:dEns/ n. 信用,祭器台,供桌,凭证
unqualified / Qn5kwRlifaid/ a. 不合格的,无资格的,不适任的
emulate / 5emjuleit/ vt. 效法,尽力赶上,同...竞争
parallels / / 垫铁
apathetic / ApE5Wetik/ a. 缺乏感情的,缺乏兴趣的,无动于衷的
unsympathetic / 5Qn5simpE5Wetik/ a. 不表同情的,无情的,不共鸣的
adduce / E5dju:s/ vt. 引证,举出
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
opposition / 5RpE5ziFEn/ n. 反对,敌对,相反,在野党
inspired / in5spaiEd/ a. 得到灵感的,有灵感的,受到指使而写的
seemingly / / adv. 1 表面上,外表上
advanced / Ed5va:nst/ a. 高等的,在前的,年老的,先进的
convention / kEn5venFEn/ n. 大会,协定,惯例
preconceive / 5pri:kEn5si:v/ vt. 预想
contrivance / kEn5traivEns/ n. 发明,发明的才能,想出的办法,
claim / kleim/ n. 要求,要求权,断定
cater / 5keitE/ ,投合,迎合
disregard / 5disri5ga:d/ n. 忽视,漠视
exemplary / ig5zemplEri/ a. 可仿效的,可做模范的
blur / blE:/ vt. 使模糊,弄脏
familarity / / n. 亲密,精通,亲密的行为
inconspicuous / inkEn5spikjuEs/ a. 不显眼的,不引人注意的
deprecate / 5deprikeit/ self-deprecating,自我否定
gregarious / gre5gZEriEs/ a. 社交的,群居的
reserve / ri5zE:v/ n. 预备品,贮存,预备舍,后备军,
contact / 5kRntAkt, kEn5tAkt/ n. 互通信息,交际,互通意见,接触
speculative / 5spekjulEtiv/ a. 思索性的,投机的,推理的
introspective / introu5spektiv/ a. 内省的
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
eliminate / i5limineit/ vt. 除去,排除,剔除,消除
diminished / / 减少了的,被贬低的
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
MASK / ma:sk/ n. 面具,假面具,掩饰,石膏面像
Integrity / in5tegriti/ n. 正直,廉正,完整
opposition / 5RpE5ziFEn/ n. 反对,敌对,相反,在野党
lynch / lintF/ n. 私刑,私罚
clandestine / klAn5destin/ a. 秘密的
revoke / ri5vEuk/ vt. 撤回,废除
ennoble / i5nEubl/ vt. 授予爵位,使高贵
estrange / is5treindV/ vt. 使疏远,离间,使离开
bemoan / bi5moun/ vt. 惋惜,认为遗憾,哀叹
rejoice / ri5dVRis/ vt. 使欢喜
imprudent / im5pru:dnt/ a. 轻率的,鲁莽的
expediency / iks5pi:djEnsi/ n. 权宜,方便,私利
insincerity / insin5seriti/ n. 不诚实,无诚意,伪善
clandestine / klAn5destin/ a. 秘密的
indifferent / in5difrEnt/ a. 漠不关心的,无重要性的,中立的
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
teamwork / 5ti:mwE:k/ n. 联合作业,协力
specious / 5spi:FEs/ a. 徒有其表的,似是而非的,外表美观的
impeccable / im5pekEbl/ a. 无懈可击的,无缺点的,无瑕疵的,
ambition / Am5biFEn/ n. 野心,志气
diligent / 5dilidVEnt/ a. 勤勉的,用功的
amiss / E5mis/ a. 有毛病的,出差错的
illuminate / i5lju:mineit/ vt. 照明,阐明,用灯装饰,使灿烂,
plain / plein/ n. 平原,草原
ephemeral / i5femErEl/ a. 朝生暮死,短命,短暂的
original / E5ridVEnEl/ a. 最初的,原始的,有创意的
recycling / / 再循环; 重复利用; 重复循环
STRIATED / 5straieitid/ a. 层次化、有条纹的,有条痕的,有线纹的
boon / bu:n/ n. 恩惠
cataclysm / 5kAtE5klizEm/ n. 大洪水,地震,(社会政治的)大变动
yield / ji:ld/ n. 生产量,投资收益
tenuous / 5tenjuEs/ a. 稀薄的,微细的,纤细的,脆弱的
unsubstantial / QnsEb5stAnFEl/ a. 无实体的,不坚固的,薄弱的
fill / fil/ vt. 装满,填充,弥漫,供应,满足,
void / vRid/ n. 空虚,空间,空虚感,空隙,真空
instinct / 5instiNkt/ n. 本能,直觉
jarring / 5dVB:iN/ a. 辗轧的,刺耳的,不和谐的
topical / 5tRpikl/ a. 论题的,题目的时事问题的,局部的
exemplary / ig5zemplEri/ a. 可仿效的,可做模范的
impossible / im5pRsEbl/ a. 不可能的,不容易的,令人无法忍受的
significance / sig5nifikEns/ n. 重要性,意味深长,意义
obscurity / Eb5skjuEriti/ n. 阴暗,不分明,朦胧,含糊,晦涩,
indebtedness / / (U) 1 受恩; 负债
somber / 5sRmbE/ a. 昏暗的,阴天的,阴森的,忧郁的
disdain / dis5dein/ n. 轻蔑
freewheeling / / adj. <人>无拘无束的,随心所欲的
rare / rZE/ a. 稀罕的,罕有的,珍贵的,非常的,
prescriptive / pri:s5kriptiv/ a. 规定的,指示的,惯例的
uninitiated / 5Qni5niFieitid/ adj. 1 未受启蒙的,没有经验的,初学的
original / E5ridVEnEl/ a. 最初的,原始的,有创意的
pioneer / 5paiE5niE/ n. 先锋,拓荒者,开辟者
expansive / iks5pAnsiv/ a. 易膨胀的,易扩张的
intrusive / in5tru:siv/ a. 打扰的,插入的
resigned / ri5zaind/ a. 认命的,服从的,听任的,已放弃的
embrace / im5breis/ n. 拥抱
chatty / 5tFAti/ a. 绕舌的,爱讲闲话的
indicative / in5dikEtiv/ a. 指示的,象征的,表示...的
DEPICT / di5pikt/ vt. 描述,描写
AID / eid/ n. 帮助,有助之物,助手
prohibitory / prE5hibitEri, prou-/ adj. ((文语))禁止的
lose / lu:z/ vt. 遗失,损失,丢失,使失去,错过,
argument / 5a:gju:mEnt/ n. 争论,引数,要旨
indifference / in5difErEns/ n. 不重视,无兴趣,漠不关心
antipathy / An5tipEWi/ n. 憎恶,反感
midst / 5midst/ n. 中间
impartial / im5pa:FEl/ a. 公平的,不偏不倚的
biased / / adj. 偏颇
doubt / daut/ n. 怀疑,疑惑
utilize / 5ju:tilaiz/ vt. 利用
FUELED / / pp. 加燃料
BLEAK / bli:k/ a. 萧瑟的,苍白的,荒凉的,阴冷的
bewail / bi5weil/ vt.vi. 悲悼,哀泣,叹惜
despair / dis5pZE/ n. 绝望,失望
slake / sleik/ vt. 消除,平息,熄灭
persuasive / pE5sweisiv/ adj. 有说服力的,善于游说的,令人信服
melt / melt/ n. 熔化,熔化物,溶解
annex / E5neks/ n. 附属物,裙房附属建筑物
malign / mE5lain/ a. 有害的,恶性的,有恶意的
incompetent / in5kRmpitEnt/ a. 无能力的,无力的,不适当的,
introduce / 5intrE5dju:s/ vt. 介绍,引入,采用,输入
document / 5dRkjumEnt/ 证明,为...引证
conjecture / kEn5dVektFE/ n. 推测,猜想,揣摩
steady / 5stedi/ a. 稳定的,不动摇的,沉着的,可靠的,
modest / 5mRdist/ a. 谦逊的,羞怯的,端庄的,适度的
gradual / 5grAdjuEl/ a. 逐渐的,渐增的,徐徐的
stubborn / 5stQbEn/ a. 顽固的,不听话的,执拗的,棘手的
surmountable / sE:5mauntEbl/ a. 可战胜的,可克服的,可凌驾的
invalid / 5invEli:d, in5vAlid/ n. 病人,残废者
exaggerated / ig5zAdVEreitid/ a. 夸大的,夸张的,言过其实的
distinguish / dis5tiNgwiF/ vt.vi. 区别,辨别
prevent / pri5vent/ vt.vi. 预防,防止,妨碍,阻止,避免
conciliatory / kEn5siliEtEri/ a. 安抚的,怀柔的,融和的
commendable / kE5mendEbl/ a. 值得赞美,很好的,可钦佩的
compromise / 5kRmprEmaiz/ n. 妥协,折衷,折衷案,和解
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
unforeseen / 5QnfR:5si:n/ a. 无法预料的
Predict / pri5dikt/ vt.vi. 预知,预言,预报
profitability / prRfitE5biliti/ n. 收益性,利益率
incidence / 5insidEns/ n. 影响范围,发生,倾角,入射,影响
costly / 5kRstli/ a. 昂贵的,奢华的,费用大的
imprudent / im5pru:dnt/ a. 轻率的,鲁莽的
substance / 5sQbstEns/ n. 物质,实质,主旨,牢固,本质,
subject / 5sQbdVikt, sQb5dVekt/ n. 科目,主题,臣民,主语,题目,
temerity / ti5meriti/ n. 卤莽,蛮勇
Exceptional / ik5sepFEnl/ a. 例外的,异常的,特别的
unwilling / 5Qn5wiliN/ a. 不愿意的,勉强的
convention / kEn5venFEn/ n. 大会,协定,惯例
hamper / 5hAmpE/ 阻碍物
compelling / kEm5peliN/ a. 强制的,强迫性的,令人注目的
intriguing / in5tri:giN/ a. 吸引人的,有趣的
extremes / / n. 极端事物
equipoise / 5ekwipRiz/ n. 平衡,均衡
shallow / 5FAlEu/ n. 水浅的地方,浅滩
realization / 5riElai5zeiFEn/ n. 实现,领悟,实得
cautious / 5kR:FEs/ a. 谨慎的,小心的
wary / 5wZEri/ a. 小心的,机警的,周到的,唯恐的
belie / bi5lai/ vt. 掩饰,与...不符,使失望
questioning / / ing. 质疑
curtail / kE:5teil/ vt. 缩减,剥夺,简略
wan / wRn/ a. 苍白的,无血色的,病态的,暗淡的
disparate / 5dispErit/ a. 不同的,全异的,乖离的
even / 5i:vEn/ aeven-tempered….. mercurial
forceful / 5fR:sful/ a. 有力的,强烈的
tent / tent/ n. 帐篷,天幕,塞子,塞条,住处
erudite / 5eru5dait/ a. 博学的
accessible / Ak5sesEbl/ a. 易接近的,可进入的,易受影响的,
favor / 5feivE/ n. 好意,喜爱
sympathetic / 5simpE5Wetik/ a. 有同情心的,合意的,赞成的
slake / sleik/ vt. 消除,平息,熄灭
increase / in5kri:s, 5inkri:s/ n. 增加,增进,利益
exemplary / ig5zemplEri/ a. 可仿效的,可做模范的
benign / bi5nain/ a. 良性的
tenuous / 5tenjuEs/ tenuous...unsubstantial脆弱的
promising / 5prRmisiN/ a. 有希望的,前途有望的
exciting / ik5saitiN/ a. 令人兴奋的,刺激的
retreating / / 再加工; retreating...reactionary
comical / 5kRmikEl/ a. 好笑的,滑稽的
solemn / 5sRlEm/ a. 严肃的,郑重的,庄严的
incuriosity / inkjuri5Rsiti/ n. 无好奇心,无关心
accessorial / AksE5souriEl/ a. 附属的,从犯的
LIMITS / / n. 限度
INNOVATION / 5inEu5veiFEn/ n. 改革,创新
INHIBIT / in5hibit/ vt. 禁止,抑制
CREATIVITY / kri:ei5tiviti/ n. 创造力,创造
assertive / E5sE:tiv/ a. 断定的,过分自信的
diffident / 5difidEnt/ a. 无自信的,客客气气的,羞怯的
speedy / 5spi:di/ a. 快的,迅速的
premature / pri:mE5tjuE/ a. 早熟的,过早的,不按时的
understate / QndE5steit/ vt.vi. 打着折扣说,保守地说,少说
improve / im5pru:v/ vt. 改良,改善,利用
transmitted / / v. 传输,传送,传达,传送
triumphal / trai5QmfEl/ a. 胜利的,凯旋的
ascendancy / E5sendEnsi/ n. 优势,优越,权势
anomalous / E5namElEs/ a. 不规则的,反常的
illuminating / / adj. 1 照耀的,照亮的
pejorative / 5pi:dVEreitiv/ a. 退化的,轻蔑的
original / E5ridVEnEl/ a. 最初的,原始的,有创意的
recycling / / 再循环; 重复利用; 重复循环
indicative / in5dikEtiv/ a. 指示的,象征的,表示...的
prohibit / prE5hibit/ vt. 禁止,阻止
preservationist / 5prezE5veiFEnist/ n. 主张保存传统者
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
spirituality / 5spiritju5AlEti/ (U) 灵性,宗教、属于心灵的事,精神 (性)
empirism / 5empErizEm/ n. 『哲』经验论
discipline / 5disiplin/ n. 训练,纪律
anachronous / / adj. 时代错误的, 年代错误的
superficial / 5sju:pE5fiFEl/ n. 表面,外表
profound / prE5faund/ a. 极深的,深奥的,深厚的,极度的,
belie / bi5lai/ vt. 掩饰,与...不符,使失望
detached / di5tAtFt/ a. 超然的,分离的
discrete / di5skrit/ a. 不连续的
group / gru:p/ n. 团体,组,团,群
scandalous / 5skAndlEs/ a. 不体面的,可耻的,可恶的
neglectable / / adj. 可忽视的
sumptuous / 5sQmptjuEs/ a. 奢侈的,华丽的
investment / in5vestmEnt/ n. 投资,可获利的东西
anticipate / An5tisipeit/ vt. 预期,占先,提前使用
proceeding / prE5si:diN/ n. 进行,程序,事项,诉讼程序,行动
province / 5prRvins/ n.省,地方,职权,领域
empirism / 5empErizEm/ n. 『哲』经验论
anachronous / / adj. 时代错误的, 年代错误的
superficial / 5sju:pE5fiFEl/ n. 表面,外表
belie / bi5lai/ vt. 掩饰,与...不符,使失望
profound / prE5faund/ a. 极深的,深奥的,深厚的,极度的,
discrete / di5skrit/ a. 不连续的
group / gru:p/ n. 团体,组,团,群
detached / di5tAtFt/ a. 超然的,分离的
sumptuous / 5sQmptjuEs/ a. 奢侈的,华丽的
investment / in5vestmEnt/ n. 投资,可获利的东西
attempt / E5tempt/ n. 尝试,企图
accessible / Ak5sesEbl/ a. 易接近的,可进入的,易受影响的,
cursory / 5kE:sEri/ a. 匆匆忙忙的,草率的,粗略的
inadequate / in5Adikwit/ a. 不充分的,不适当的
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
ephemeral / i5femErEl/ a. 朝生暮死,短命,短暂的
HACKNEYED / 5hAknid/ a. 不新奇的,常见的,陈腐的
ASSIDUOUS / E5sidjuEs/ a. 勤勉的,刻苦的
provide / prE5vaid/ vt. 提供,供应,预备,装备
detailed / 5di:teild/ a. 详细的,逐条的
convincible / kEn5vinsEbl/ a. 可说服的,可使信服的
flit / flit/ n. 掠过,迁徙
assertive / E5sE:tiv/ a. 断定的,过分自信的
assess / E5ses/ vt. 估定,评定
evaluate / i5vAljueit/ vt. 评估,评价,赋值
visceral / 5visErEl/ a. 内心深处的,深奥的内脏的
deep / di:p/ a. 深的,非常的
cognitive / 5kRgnitiv/ a. 认知的,认识的,有认识力的
abstrusity / Ab5stru:siti/ n. 1 难解; 深奥
arcane / B:5kein/ a. 神秘的,不可思议的
passionate / 5pAFEnit/ a. 热情的,热烈的,易怒的
diversity / dai5vE:siti/ n. 差异,多样性
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
oligarchy / 5Rliga:ki/ n. 寡头政治,寡头政治的执政团
exemplary / ig5zemplEri/ a. 可仿效的,可做模范的
magnificient / / adj. 壮丽
relegate / 5religeit/ vt. 命令撤离,驱逐,把...委托给,
nefarious / ni5fVEriEs/ adj. 穷凶极恶的,无法无天的,残暴的
benign / bi5nain/ a. 良性的
practically / 5prAktikEli/ ad. 实际地,实用地,事实上
construct / kEn5strQkt/ vt. 构造,建造,想出,作图
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
compounded / / 混合的
contempt / kEn5tempt/ n. 轻视,轻蔑
allure / E5ljuE/ vt. 引诱,吸引
perfection / pE5fekFEn/ n. 完美,完成,极致
sensitive / 5sensitiv/ a. 敏感的,易感的,灵敏的,感光的
stylish / 5stailiF/ a. 现代风格的,流行的,潇洒的
ideology / aidi5RlEdVi/ n. 观念学,空论,意识形态,思想
intellectual / 5inti5lektjuEl/ n. 有知识者,知识分子,凭理智做事者
inaccurate / in5Akjurit/ a. 错误的,不准确的
perspective / pE:5spektiv/ n. 远景,看法,透视
preceptive / pri5septiv/ a. 教训性的,好教训人的
IDEALISM / -izEm/ (U) 1 理想主义 理想化的习性
questioner / 5kwestFEnE/ n. 质问者,发问者
reprimand / 5reprima:nd/ n. 谴责,惩戒,非难
inept / in5Zpt/ a. 不适当的,无能的,笨拙的
unimportant / 5Qnim5pR:tEnt/ a. 不重要的
incomprehensible / inkRmpri5hensEbl/ a. 不能理解,费解的,无限的
inimical / i5nimikl/ a. 有敌意的,不友善的,抵触的
envy / 5envi/ n. 羡慕,嫉妒
trust / trQst/ n. 信任,信赖,相信,信心,职责,
tortuous / 5tR:tjuEs/ a. 扭曲的,弯曲的,罗唆的,欺骗的
clear / kliE/ a. 清楚的,明确的,澄清的
subsume / sEb5sju:m/ vt. 把…包括 [在范围内] ,把…纳入 [规
aspiration / / n. 热望,渴望
rigorous / 5rigErEs/ a. 严厉的,严酷的,严格的,精确的,
stylish / 5stailiF/ a. 现代风格的,流行的,潇洒的
fashion / 5fAFEn/ n. 流行,风尚,时样
diminish / di5miniF/ vt.vi. (使)减少,(使)变小
distort / dis5tR:t/ vt. 扭曲,歪曲
skeptic / 5skeptik/ n. 怀疑者,怀疑论者,无神论者
scrutinize / 5skru:tinaiz/ vt. 1 细察,详审
adherent / Ed5hiErEnt/ a. 附着的,固守的
diffident / 5difidEnt/ a. 无自信的,客客气气的,羞怯的
assertive / E5sE:tiv/ a. 断定的,过分自信的
understandable / 5QndE5stAndEbl/ a. 可以理解的
unsuccessful / 5QnsEk5sesful/ a. 不成功的
insignificant / 5insig5nifikEnt/ a. 无关重要的,无意义的,琐碎的
abstrusity / Ab5stru:siti/ n. 1 难解; 深奥
Arcane / B:5kein/ a. 神秘的,不可思议的
perpetuate / pE5petjueit/ vt. 使永存,使不朽
insular / 5insjulE/ a. 岛的,岛民的,保守的,孤立的,
systematic / 5sisti5mAtik/ a. 有系统的,分类的,体系的
random / 5rAndEm/ n. 随意,任意
maintain / mein5tein/ vt. 维持,维修,保持,主张,供养,
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
mystify / 5mistifai/ vt. 使神秘化,使难解,迷惑
powerful / 5pauEful/ a. 有力的,有权力的,强大的
appropriate / E5prEupriit/ a. 适当的
license / 5laisEns/ n. 自由
unorthodox / Qn5R:WEdRks/ a. 非正统的,异教的
ambition / Am5biFEn/ n. 野心,志气
Aspiration / / n. 热望,渴望
exhaustive / ig5zR:stiv/ a. 无遗漏的,彻底的,详尽的
inadequate / in5Adikwit/ a. 不充分的,不适当的
mediocre / 5midi5EukE/ a. 不好不坏的,通常,平凡的
pompous / 5pRmpEs/ a. 傲慢的,自大的,夸大的,豪华的
Superfluous / sju(:)5pE:fluEs/ a. 多余的,过剩的
validate / 5vAlideit/ vt. 使有效,使生效,确认,证实
reproducible / ri:prE5dju:sEbl/ a. 可再生的,可复写的,能繁殖的
rational / 5rAFEnl/ a. 理性的,合理的,推理的
logical / 5lRdVikEl/ a. 合乎逻辑的,合理的
professional / prE5feFEnl/ n. 专业人才
personal / 5pE:sEnl/ a. 私人的,亲自的,身体的
unintentional / Qnin5tenFEnl/ a. 无心的,无意识的,不是故意的
preservationist / 5prezE5veiFEnist/ n. 主张保存传统者
EXAGGERATE / ig5zAdVEreit/ vt.vi. 夸大,夸张
repetitive / ri5petitiv/ a. 重复的,反复性的
relegate / 5religeit/ vt. 命令撤离,驱逐,把...委托给,
excoriate / eks5kR:rieit/ vt. 剥皮,擦破皮肤,严厉的责难
align / E5lain/ vi. 排列,排成一行,结盟
soporific / sEupE5rifik/ a. 催眠的,想睡的
tedious / 5ti:diEs/ a. 沉闷的,冗长乏味的
inconclusive / inkEn5klu:siv/ a. 非决定性,不确定的,不得要领的
trenchant / 5trentFEnt/ a. 锐利的,尖刻的,苛刻的,清晰的,
salience / 5seiliEns/ n. 显著,卓越,突出,突起
rigor / 5rigE/ n. 严格
polarity / pEu5lAriti/ n. 有两极,磁性引力,截然相反,
allocate / 5AlE5keit/ vt. 分派,分配
practical / 5prAktikEl/ a. 实际的,现实的,实用性的
compartmentalize / kRmpB:t5mentElaiz/ vt. 划分
term / tE:m/ n. 术语,名词,期限,学期,任期,
unlikely / Qn5laikli/ a. 不太可能的
monogamous / mR5nRgEmEs/ n. 一夫一妻的
vacancies / / 空缺额
unsuspecting / QnsE5spektiN/ a. 无怀疑的,无疑虑的,信任的
heritage / 5heritidV/ n. 遗产,祖先所留之物,继承物
community / kE5mju:niti/ n. 社区,公众,共有,共同体
inconsistent / inkEn5sistEnt/ a. 不一致的,不合理的,矛盾的
salient / 5seiljEnt/ a. 显著的,突出的,跳跃的
virtue / 5vE:tju:/ n. 德行,美德,优点,英勇,效力
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
rejuvenated / / 更生的
obligatory / E5bligE5tEuri/ a. 义不容辞的,义务的,必须的
sporadic / spEu5rAdik/ a. 偶尔发生的,零星发生的,分散的
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
fixate / 5fikseit/ vi. 视线移向,注视
contemporaries / / n. 时人
supposed / sE5pouzd/ adj. 1 a. 想像的,假定的,
correspondence / 5kRris5pRndEns/ n. 相符,通信,信件
contradict / 5kRntrE5dikt/ vt. 反驳,与...抵触,与...矛盾
superfluous / sju(:)5pE:fluEs/ a. 多余的,过剩的
resignation / 5rezig5neiFEn/ n. 辞职,辞呈,听从
rectitude / 5rektitju:d/ n. 正直,公正,清廉
exclusive / iks5klu:siv/ a. 独占的,唯一的,排外的
hindrance / 5hindrEns/ n. 妨害,障碍,阻碍物
linguistic / liN5gwistik/ adj. 1 语言的
suffuse / sE5fjuz/ vt. 遍布,弥漫,充满
overly / 5ouvEli/ ad. 过度地,极度地
impressions / / n. 观感
supposedly / -zidli/ adv. [修饰整句]臆测上系 (…) ,想像上
qualitative / 5kwRlitEtiv/ a. 性质上的,质的,定性的
criticism / 5kritisizEm/ n. 评论,批评,
Meanwhile / 5mi:n5wail/ n. 同时,此际
unprecedented / Qn5presidEntid/ a. 空前的
inconsequential / inkRnsi5kwenFEl/ a. 不合逻辑的,不合理的,不重要的
contemporary / kEn5tempErEri/ n. 同时代的人
disprove / dis5pru:v/ vt. 证明...是不对的,提出...的反证,
rigidly / 5ridVidli/ adv. 无可改变地; 严格地
status / 5steitEs/ n. 状态,情形,地位,重要身分
literally / 5litErEli/ ad. 逐字地,按照字面上地,不夸张地
rightly / 5raitli/ ad. 端正地,正当地,正确地
immense / i5mens/ a. 极广大的,无边的,非常好的
vertebrate / 5vE:tibrit/ n. 脊椎动物
circumvent / sE:kEm5vent/ vt. 绕行,陷害,包围,智取
formerly / 5fR:mEli/ ad. 从前,以前
abrade / E5breid/ vt. 擦伤,磨损,磨
presumably / pri5zju:mEbli/ ad. 推测上,假定上,大概
identical / ai5dentikEl/ a. 同一的,恒等的,完全相同的
Subsequent / 5sQbsikwEnt/ a. 后来的,并发的
undergo / 5QndE5gEu/ vt. 遭受,经历,忍受
confounding / / 混淆
revision / ri5viVEn/ n. 校订,修正,修订本
occasion / E5keiVEn/ n. 场合,时机,理由,诱因
inattentive / inE5tentiv/ a. 不注意的,怠慢的,疏忽的
gender / 5dVendE/ n. 性
approach / E5prEutF/ n. 接近,门径
archival / 5B:kaivEl/ a. 关于档案的
prescriptive / pri:s5kriptiv/ a. 规定的,指示的,惯例的
merchant / 5mE:tFEnt/ n. 商人,店主
advent / 5AdvEnt/ n. 来到,来临,耶稣降临时
revised / / adj. 改订的
prudent / 5pru:dEnt/ a. 审慎的,三思而后行的,精明的,
denote / di5nEut/ vt. 指示,表示
perceptual / pE5septFuEl/ a. 知觉的,有知觉的
identical / ai5dentikEl/ a. 同一的,恒等的,完全相同的
comparison / kEm5pArisn/ n. 比较,对照,比喻
discernible / / adj. 可分别的
eclipse / i5klips/ n. 日蚀,月蚀,衰落
occultation / RkQl5teiFEn/ n. 掩蔽,消失,躲藏
slake / sleik/ vt. 消除,平息,熄灭
distress / dis5tres/ n. 苦恼,贫困,痛苦
melt / melt/ n. 熔化,熔化物,溶解
repression / ri5preFEn/ n. 抑制,抑压,制止
terrestrial / ti5restriEl/ n. 地球上的人
annex / E5neks/ n. 附属物,裙房附属建筑物
ineluctable / ini5lQktEbl/ a. 不可避免的,无法逃避的
malign / mE5lain/ a. 有害的,恶性的,有恶意的
incompetent / in5kRmpitEnt/ a. 无能力的,无力的,不适当的,
introduce / 5intrE5dju:s/ vt. 介绍,引入,采用,输入
conjecture / kEn5dVektFE/ n. 推测,猜想,揣摩
document / 5dRkjumEnt/ n. 文件,公文
albeit / R:l5bi:it/ conj. ((文语))纵令…,虽然…,虽则,即
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
modest / 5mRdist/ a. 谦逊的,羞怯的,端庄的,适度的
gradual / 5grAdjuEl/ a. 逐渐的,渐增的,徐徐的
contemporaries / / n. 同时代的人
patron / 5peitrEn/ n. 赞助人,顾客,保护人
cultivate / 5kQltiveit/ vt. 培养,耕作
stubborn / 5stQbEn/ a. 顽固的,不听话的,执拗的,棘手的
accommodate / E5kRmEdeit/ vt. 使适应,调节,和解,容纳
surmountable / sE:5mauntEbl/ a. 可战胜的,可克服的,可凌驾的
invalid / 5invEli:d, in5vAlid/ n. 病人,残废者
hinder / 5hindE, 5haindE/ a. 后面的
indispensable / 5indis5pensEbl/ n. 不可缺少之物
concede / kEn5si:d/ vt. 承认,退让
conciliatory / kEn5siliEtEri/ a. 安抚的,怀柔的,融和的
commendable / kE5mendEbl/ a. 值得赞美,很好的,可钦佩的
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
demanding / di5mB:ndiN/ a. 要求多的,吃力的
exacting / ig5zAktiN/ a. 苛求的,吃力的
archaeologist / 5a:kiE5lRdVist/ n. 考古学家
predict / pri5dikt/ vt.vi. 预知,预言,预报
unforeseen / 5QnfR:5si:n/ a. 无法预料的
profitability / prRfitE5biliti/ n. 收益性,利益率
restrict / ris5trikt/ vt. 限制,限定,约束
incidence / 5insidEns/ n. 影响范围,发生,倾角,入射,影响
imprudent / im5pru:dnt/ a. 轻率的,鲁莽的
costly / 5kRstli/ a. 昂贵的,奢华的,费用大的
temerity / ti5meriti/ n. 卤莽,蛮勇
subject / 5sQbdVikt, sQb5dVekt/ n. 科目,主题,臣民,主语,题目,
substance / 5sQbstEns/ n. 物质,实质,主旨,牢固,本质,
content / 5kRntent, kEn5tent/ n. 内容,满足,意义,要旨
hereto / hiEr5tu:/ ad. 到此为止,关于这个
discount / 5diskaunt/ n. 折扣,贴现率
inadvertently / / adv. 不注意地,不经意的
exceptional / ik5sepFEnl/ a. 例外的,异常的,特别的
innovation / 5inEu5veiFEn/ n. 改革,创新
hamper / 5hAmpE/ n. 食盒,食篮,阻碍物
distinguish / dis5tiNgwiF/ vt.vi. 区别,辨别
prevent / pri5vent/ vt.vi. 预防,防止,妨碍,阻止,避免
intriguing / in5tri:giN/ a. 吸引人的,有趣的
compelling / kEm5peliN/ a. 强制的,强迫性的,令人注目的
argument / 5a:gju:mEnt/ n. 争论,引数,要旨
proposal / prE5pEuzEl/ n. 提议,计划,求婚
veto / 5vi:tEu/ n. 否决权
apathetic / ApE5Wetik/ a. 缺乏感情的,缺乏兴趣的,无动于衷的
expediency / iks5pi:djEnsi/ n. 权宜,,私利
moribund / 5mRribQnd/ a. 垂死的
current / 5kQrEnt/ n. 涌流,趋势,流
retain / ri5tein/ vt. 保持,保有,聘请,记得,留住
equipoise / 5ekwipRiz/ n. 平衡,均衡
imminent / 5iminEnt/ a. 即将来临的,逼近的
extremes / / n. 极端事物
fictitious / fik5tiFEs/ a. 假想的,编造的,虚伪的
correspondence / 5kRris5pRndEns/ n. 相符,通信,信件
unrealistic / 5QnriE5listik/ a. 不切实际的,不实在的
echo / 5ekEu/ n. 回声,回音,回波
permeable / 5pE:miEbl/ a. 有浸透性的,能透过的
vogue / vEug/ n. 时尚,时髦,流行
detached / di5tAtFt/ a. 超然的,分离的
group / gru:p/ n. 团体,组,团,群
discrete / di5skrit/ a. 不连续的
loath / lEuW/ a. 不情愿的,勉强的
reviewer / / (C) 评论家,批评家,书评家; 评论杂志
recount / ri5kaunt/ vt. 详述,叙述,重新计算
deliberately / di5libEritli/ ad. 故意地
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
fascinate / 5fAsineit/ vt. 令人入神,使着迷
dispassionately / dis5pAFEnitli/ adv. 不动感情地; 冷静地
perplexing / pE5pleksiN/ a. 复杂的,令人困惑的
discerning / / adj. 1 有洞察力的,眼力好的,眼光敏锐
definitive / di5finitiv/ n. 限定词
gap / gAp/ n. 缝隙,缺口,间断
employ / im5plRi/
nonetheless / 5nQnTE5les/ adv. 尽管如此,然而 (nevertheless)
unsympathetic / 5Qn5simpE5Wetik/ a. 不表同情的,无情的,不共鸣的
compete / kEm5pi:t/ vi. 竞争,对抗
Sentimental / 5senti5mentl/ a. 感伤性的,感情脆弱的
substitute / 5sQbstitju:t/ n. 代理,代理人,代用品,代替物
unimpressive / Qnim5presiv/ a. 无印象的,印象淡薄的
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
comedy / 5kRmidi/ n. 喜剧,有趣的事情
saddle / 5sAdl/ n. 鞍,马鞍,车座,拖具
rainstorm / 5reinstR:rm/ n. 暴风雨,,洪水泛滥
consequence / 5kRnsikwEns/ n. 结果,影响力
plausible / 5plR:zEbl/ a. 似真实的,似合理的,说得煞有其事的,
proclivity / prEu5klivEti/ n. 倾向,癖性,气质
swagger / 5swAgE/ n. 大摇大摆,吹牛
unassuming / 5QnE5sju:miN/ a. 谦逊的,不装腔作势的
virtually / 5vE:tjuEli/ ad. 事实上
sanguine / 5sANgwin/ a. 血红色的,满怀希望的,指望的
optimistic / 5Rptimistik/ a. 乐观的,乐观主义的,乐天的
annalistic / 5AnE5listik/ adj. 记录的; 年表的; 编年史的; 按年代
treasurer / treVErE/ n. 会计,出纳员,司库
anthology / An5WRlEdVi/ n. 诗选,文选
unqualified / Qn5kwRlifaid/ a. 不合格的,无资格的,不适任的
acquired / E5kwaird/ a. 已取得的,已获得的,已成习惯的,
inadvertently / / adv. 不注意地
devoid / di5vRid/ a. 全无的,缺乏的
reject / ri5dVekt/ n. 被拒之人,被弃之物,不合格品,
discount / 5diskaunt/ n. 折扣,贴现率
unware / / a. 不察觉的,不知道的
cognizant / 5kRnizEnt/ a. 已认识,既知道,晓得
unconcern / QnkEn5sE:n/ n. 漫不经心,不关心,冷淡
ironical / ai5rRnikl/ a. 讽刺的,用反语的
discriminability / dis5kriminE5biliti/ n. 1 可分别的; 可辨性
supernaturally / / adv. 超自然地
banal / bE5na:l/ a. 平凡的,陈腐的
referring / / vbl. 谈及,提交,谘询
empirical / im5pirikEl/ a. 完全跟据经验的,经验主义的
modest / 5mRdist/ a. 谦逊的,羞怯的,端庄的,适度的
ensuing / / adj. ((文语))
antithesis / An5tiWisis/ n. 对照,正相反,对比法
sedulity / si5dju:liti/ n. 勤勉,勤奋
inured / / v. 使...习惯;vbl. 使...习惯
cosset / 5kRsit/ n.亲手饲养的小动物,宠儿
collaborationist / kElAbE5reiFEnist/ n. 协助者
pathology / pA5WRlEdVi/ n. 病理学,病理,病状
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
divergent / dai5vE:dVEnt/ a. 分歧的
uphold / Qp5hEuld/ vt. 支撑,赞成,坚持,举起,鼓励
objective / Rb5dVektiv/ n. 目的,受格,实物
definitive / di5finitiv/ n. 限定词
insinuate / in5sinjueit/ vt. 巴结,暗示,使潜入
straightforward / streit5fR:wEd/ a. 笔直的,率直的,粗犷的,直接的,
differ / 5difE/ vi. 不一致,不同
brook / bruk/ .容忍 ,小溪
acquiescence / Akwi5esns/ n. 默许,默认,无可奈何的同意
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
prosperity / prRs5periti/ n. 繁荣,幸运,成功
favoring / 5feivEriN/ adj. 顺利的; 有帮助的
degrade / di5greid/ vt.vi. (使)降级,(使)堕落,(使)退化
inspiring / -5spaiEriN/ adj. 使人振奋的,鼓舞的,感激的
prompt / prRmpt/ n. 提示,提醒,提白,付款期限
Autonomy / R:5tRnEmi/ n. 自治
ambivalent / Am5bivElEnt/ a. 矛盾的,好恶相克的
clandestine / klAn5destin/ a. 秘密的
apathetic / ApE5Wetik/ a. 缺乏感情的,缺乏兴趣的,无动于衷的
persuasive / pE5sweisiv/ adj. 有说服力的,善于游说的,令人信服
nonetheless / 5nQnTE5les/ adv. 尽管如此,然而 (nevertheless)
intuitively / / adv. 直觉地, 直观地
pastiche / pA5sti:F/ n. 1 (C) (文学、美术等学他人的) 模仿
derivative / di5rivEtiv/ a. 引出的,系出的
grandiloquent / grAn5dilEkwEnt/ a. 夸张的,夸大的,浮夸的
verisimilar / veri5similE/ a. 好象真实的
idealistic / ai5diElistik/ a. 唯心论的,唯心主义的唯心主义者的
misnomer / 5mis5noumE/ n. 用词不当
resilience / ri5ziliEns/ n. 弹回,有弹力,恢复力
mellowing / / 柔和
superficial / 5sju:pE5fiFEl/ n. 表面,外表
mitigate / 5mitigeit/ vt. 镇静,缓和,减轻
hostility / hRs5tiliti/ n. 敌意,敌对,反对
distress / dis5tres/ n. 苦恼,贫困,痛苦
imminent / 5iminEnt/ a. 即将来临的,逼近的
extremes / / n. 极端事物
equipoise / 5ekwipRiz/ n. 平衡,均衡
distinction / dis5tiNkFEn/ n. 区别
teamwork / 5ti:mwE:k/ n. 联合作业,协力
participation / pa:5tisi5peiFEn/ n. 分享,参与
appreciate / E5pri:Fieit/ vt. 赏识,鉴赏,感激,欣赏
coherent / kEu5hiErEnt/ a. 互相密合着的,凝聚性的,连贯的
realistic / riE5listik/ a. 现实的,逼真的,现实主义的,
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
unscrupulous / Qn5skru:pjulEs/ a. 无道德的,不谨慎的,狂妄的
responsible / ris5pRnsEbl/ a. 有责任的,负责的,责任重大的,
reckless / 5reklis/ a. 不注意的,大意的,卤莽的,不顾后果的
despair / dis5pZE/ n. 绝望,失望
bewail / bi5weil/ vt.vi. 悲悼,哀泣,叹惜
suburb / 5sQbE:b/ n. 市郊,郊区,边缘
undermine / QndE5main/ vt. 渐渐破坏,挖掘地基,暗地里破坏
ineluctable / ini5lQktEbl/ a. 不可避免的,无法逃避的
foreseeable / 5fR:5si:Ebl/ a. 可预知的,能预测的,能看穿的
indicative / in5dikEtiv/ a. 指示的,象征的,表示...的
reflective / ri5flektiv/ a. 反射的,反映的,熟虑的
disparity / dis5pAriti/ n. 不一致
autobiography / R:tEbai5RgrEfi/ n. 自传
ghostwriter / / (C) 代笔人,捉刀人
adduce / E5dju:s/ vt. 引证,举出
proof / pru:f/ n. 证据,证明,考验,检验,试验
adhere / Ed5hiE/ vi. 依附,粘着,坚持,
decline / di5klain/ n. 衰微,跌落,下降
contemporaries / / n. 时人
disciple / di5saipl/ n. 弟子,门徒
denigrate / 5denigreit/ vt. 使变黑,玷污,诋毁
plausibility / plR:zi5biliti/ n. 似有道理,善装门面,善辩
correspondence / 5kRris5pRndEns/ n. 相符,通信,信件
largesse / 5lB:dVes/ n. 慷慨的赠与,慷慨,慷慨的赏钱,
authenticate / R:5Wentikeit/ vt. 证明,证实,鉴定
corroborative / kE5rRbErEtiv/ adj. <证据、证词,新事实等> 使 <信念、
identifying / / 标识; 识别
maverick / 5mAvErik/ n. 未烙饲主印记的小牛,不服从的人
unsettled / Qn5setld/ a. 未处理的,未决定的
predicate / 5predikit/ n. 谓语,本质
befit / bi5fit/ vt. 适合,适宜,合适
fantasy / 5fAntEsi/ n. 幻想,白日梦
impediment / im5pedimEnt/ n. 妨碍,阻碍,行李,口吃
eliminate / i5limineit/ vt. 除去,排除,剔除,消除
thwart / WwR:t/ a. 横放的
understate / QndE5steit/ vt.vi. 打着折扣说,保守地说,少说
rigor / 5rigE/ n. 严格,严厉,苛刻,精确,严密
scope / skEup/ n. 范围,机会,广度,导弹射程,观察仪器,
border / 5bR:dE/ n. 边缘,边境,花坛
assumed / E5sju:md/ a. 假装的,装的,假定的
polemic / pR5lemik/ a. 论战的,好争论的
provocative / prE5vRkEtiv/ a. 气人的,挑拨的,刺激的
aversion / E5vE:FEn/ n. 厌恶,讨厌的事,讨厌的人
privacy / 5praivEsi/ n. 隐私,隐居,秘密
anarchic / A5na:kik/ adj. 1 无政府 (状态) 的; 无秩序的
nebulous / 5nebjulEs/ a. 星云的,星云状的,朦胧的
preview / 5pri:vju:/ n. 事先查看
mirror / 5mirE/ n. 镜子,写真,典范
tantalizing / 5tAntlaiziN/ a. 难熬的,干着急的,使向往的
stilted / / adj. 1 踩高跷的
heartfelt / 5hB:tfelt/ a. 衷心的,真心真意的
diffuse / di5fju:z/ vt.vi. 散播,传播
aimless / 5eimlis/ a. 无目的的,没有目标的
delay / di5lei/ n. 耽搁,迟滞
reflect / ri5flekt/ vt. 反射,反映,招致,想到,思考
disdain / dis5dein/ n. 轻蔑
awe / R:/ n. 敬畏
erode / i5rEud/ vt. 腐蚀,侵蚀
indiscriminatingly / / adv. 不区别地, 无差别地
ADVOCATE / 5AdvEkit/ n. 提倡者,拥护者
FLATTERING / 5flAtEriN/ a. 谄媚的,讨人欢喜的,有希望的
reluctant / ri5lQktEnt/ a. 不情愿的,勉强的,厌恶的
convinced / kEn5vinst/ a. 确信的,深信的
compromise / 5kRmprEmaiz/ vt. 危害
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
proliferate / prou5lifEreit/ vi. 增殖,激增,扩散
RUMOR / 5ru:mE/ n. 谣言,传闻
notwithstanding / 5nRtwiW5stAndiN/ ad. 虽然,尽管
heretofore / 5hiEtE5fR:/ ad. 直到此时,此时以前,迄今
accusation / 5Akju(:)5zeiFEn/ n. 控告,指控,非难
negligible / 5neglidVEbl/ a. 可以忽略的,不足取的,无用的
scandalous / 5skAndlEs/ a. 不体面的,可耻的,可恶的
MORAL / 5mRrEl/ n. 道德,品行,寓意
MATERIAL / mE5tiEriEl/ n. 材料,物资,资料,布料,素材
readily / 5redili/ ad. 不迟疑地,迅速地,轻易地
apply / E5plai/ vt. 应用
compelling / kEm5peliN/ a. 强制的,强迫性的,令人注目的
intriguing / in5tri:giN/ a. 吸引人的,有趣的
accessible / Ak5sesEbl/ a. 易接近的,可进入的,易受影响的,
recondite / 5rekEndait/ a. 深奥的,难解的,隐藏的
verisimilitude / verisi5militju:d/ n. 好象真实,似真,逼真
cursory / 5kE:sEri/ a. 匆匆忙忙的,草率的,粗略的
indebted / in5detid/ a. 负债的,受惠的
painstaking / 5peinzteikiN/ n. 辛苦,苦心,工夫
consensus / kEn5sensEs/ n. 一致认为,达成共识
disagreement / 5disE5gri:mEnt/ n. 不合,争论,不一致
diminished / / 减少了的,被贬低的
unorthodox / Qn5R:WEdRks/ a. 非正统的,异教的
license / 5laisEns/ n. 执照,许可证,特许
correlate / 5kRrileit/ n.有相互关系的东西,相关物
TRANSCEND / trAn5send/ vt. 超越,胜过
awkward / 5R:kwEd/ a. 笨拙的
recognize / 5rekEgnaiz/ vt. 认出,认可,赏识,公认
reserve / ri5zE:v/ n. 预备品,贮存,预备舍,后备军,
methanol / 5meWEnoul/ n. 甲醇
lose / lu:z/ vt. 遗失,损失,丢失,使失去,错过,
prohibitory / prE5hibitEri, prou-/ adj. ((文语))禁止的
perplexing / pE5pleksiN/ a. 复杂的,令人困惑的
opaque / Eu5peik/ n. 不透明物
definitive / di5finitiv/ n. 限定词
gap / gAp/ n. 缝隙,缺口,间断
discerning / / adj. 1 有洞察力的,眼力好的,眼光敏锐
insightful / 5insaitfEl/ adj. 具洞察力的
reviewer / / (C) 评论家,批评家,书评家; 评论杂志
defend / di5fend/ vt. 辩护,
shiftless / 5Fiftlis/ a. 无计谋的,偷懒的,不中用的,
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
sedimentary / sedi5mentEri/ a. 沉渣的,沉淀物的,由沉淀物所生成的
deposit / di5pRzit/ n. 存款,定金,堆积物
untenable / Qn5tenEbl/ a. 不能防守的,不能维持的,支持不住的
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ n. 通货,流通,通用
counterbalance / kauntE5bAlEns/ vt. 使平均,使平衡,使弥补
illustrate / 5ilEstreit/ vt. 举例说明,作图解,阐明
transcend / trAn5send/ vt. 超越,胜过
mushroom / 5mQFrum/ n. 草,蘑菇,暴发户
slaking / / 消散; 潮解
misnomer / 5mis5noumE/ n. 用词不当
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
rare / rZE/ a. 稀罕的,罕有的,珍贵的,非常的,
reckless / 5reklis/ a. 不注意的,大意的,卤莽的,不顾后果的
cautious / 5kR:FEs/ a. 谨慎的,小心的
coherent / kEu5hiErEnt/ a. 互相密合着的,凝聚性的,连贯的
accessible / Ak5sesEbl/ a. 易接近的,可进入的,易受影响的,
discontinuity / diskRntE5nju:iti/ n. 断绝,中断,不连续
separate / 5sepEreit, 5sepErit/ n. 分开,抽印本
subsume / sEb5sju:m/ vt. 把…包括 [在范围内] ,把…纳入 [规
aspiration / / n. 热望,渴望
latency / 5leitnsi/ n. 潜伏,潜在
exposure / iks5pEuVE/ n. 暴露,揭发,揭露
elitism / ei5litizm/ n. 精英主义
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ 流通,通用
sumptuous / 5sQmptjuEs/ a. 奢侈的,华丽的
investment / in5vestmEnt/ n. 投资,可获利的东西
Derivative / di5rivEtiv/ a. 引出的,系出的
pastiche / pA5sti:F/ n. 1 (C) (文学、美术等学他人的) 模仿
ossify / 5Rsifai/ vt. 使骨化,使硬化
original / E5ridVEnEl/ a. 最初的,原始的,有创意的
obstacle / 5RbstEkl/ n. 障碍,妨害物,阻碍
diffusion / di5fjuVEn/ n. 散布,传播,蔓延
bilious / 5biljEs/ a. 胆汁质的,坏脾气的
retain / ri5tein/ vt. 保持,保有,聘请,记得,留住
scathing / 5skeiTiN/ a. 伤害的,损伤的,足致伤害的
suppress / sE5pres/ vt. 镇压,使止住,查禁,抑制,禁止
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
jargon / 5dVa:gEn/ n. 专门术语,行话,梦话,土语
invalidate / in5vAlideit/ vt. 使无效
extend / iks5tend/ vt.vi. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩大
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
accepted / Ek5septid/ a. 一般承认的,公认的
abjure / Eb5dVuE/ vt. 发誓放弃
absence / 5AbsEns/ n. 缺乏,没有,缺席
psychological / 5saikE5lRdVikEl/ a. 心理学的,精神上的,心灵的
naturalism / 5nAtFErElizEm/ n. 自然主义,本能行动
abrupt / E5brQpt/ a. 突然的,唐突的,无礼的,不连贯的
rattle / 5rAtl/ vt.使紊乱 使嘎嘎响,喋喋不休地说,急促地谈
elucidatory / i5lu:sideitEri/ adj. 阐明的,说明的
notwithstanding / 5nRtwiW5stAndiN/ ad. 虽然,尽管
scandalous / 5skAndlEs/ a. 不体面的,可耻的,可恶的
unconsciousness / Qn5kRnFEsnis/ n. 无意识,意识不清,人事不省
sluggish / 5slQgiF/ a. 偷懒的,懒惰的,迟钝的
seemingly / / adv. 1 表面上,外表上
flourish / 5flQriF/ vi. 繁荣,茂盛,活跃,手舞足蹈
vulnerable / 5vQlnErEbl/ a. 易受伤害的,有弱点的,成局的,
unbenighted / 5Qnbi5naitid/ adj. 无黑暗的; 无夜晚的
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ n. 通货,流通,通用
moribund / 5mRribQnd/ a. 垂死的
albeit / R:l5bi:it/ conj. ((文语))纵令…,虽然…,虽则,即
steady / 5stedi/ a. 稳定的,不动摇的,沉着的,可靠的,
modest / 5mRdist/ a. 谦逊的,羞怯的,端庄的,适度的
depleted / / 废弃的
encouraging / in5kQridViN/ a. 奖励的,可奖励的
encomium / en5koumjEm/ n. 赞辞,称赞,赞美
counterbalance / kauntE5bAlEns/ vt. 使平均,使平衡,使弥补
practicable / 5prAktikEbl/ a. 可实行的,可做的,可用的
benign / bi5nain/ a. 良性的
attained / / v. 达到,获得;vbl. 达到,获得
scrutiny / 5skrutni/ n. 细看,仔细检查,监视,选票的复查
indispensable / 5indis5pensEbl/ n. 不可缺少之物
absent / 5AbsEnt, Eb5sent/ a. 缺席的,不在的,缺乏的,漫不经心的
scandal / 5skAndl/ n. 丑闻,中伤,流言蜚语,反感,耻辱
unwittingly / / adv. 不自觉地,非故意地,不经心地
unwitnessed / Qn5witnist/ adj. 1 未注意到的; 未觉察到的
informed / in5fR:md/ a. 见多识广的
tainted / 5teintid/ adj. 染污的; 有污点的; 感染的; 腐败的
apportionment / E5pR:FEnmEnt/ n. 分配,分摊,分派
demographic / di:mEgrAfik/ a. 人口统计学的
sheer / FiE/ a. 绝对的,全然的,彻底的,峻峭的,
coverage / 5kQvEridV/ n. 覆盖的范围,保险总额,新闻报导
jolt / dVEult/ n. 震摇,摇动,颠簸
demise / di5maiz/ n. 崩,薨,死亡
disillusionment / -mEnt/ n. 理想破灭 (感)
apocalypse / E5pRkElips/ n. 启示,天启
abolitionist / AbE5liFEn/ n. 废除主义者,废奴主义者
conundrum / kE5nQndrEm/ n. 谜,难题,谜样的人
exhibit / ig5zibit/ n. 展览品,陈列品,展览
discontinuity / diskRntE5nju:iti/ n. 断绝,中断,不连续
separate / 5sepEreit, 5sepErit/ n. 分开,抽印本
subsume / sEb5sju:m/ vt. 把…包括 [在范围内] ,把…纳入 [规
aspiration / / n. 热望,渴望
clinical / 5klinikl/ a. 临床的,病房用的
latency / 5leitnsi/ n. 潜伏,潜在
exposure / iks5pEuVE/ n. 暴露,揭发,揭露
sumptuous / 5sQmptjuEs/ a. 奢侈的,华丽的
investment / in5vestmEnt/ n. 投资,可获利的东西
distortion / dis5tR:FEn/ n. 扭曲,变形,曲解、光的折射
diminish / di5miniF/ vt.vi. (使)减少,(使)变小
trove / trouv/ n. 被发现的东西,收藏的东西
disparage / dis5pAridV/ vt. 蔑视,贬损
resist / ri5zist/ vt.vi. 抵抗,耐得住,抵制,反抗
pedestrian / pi5destriEn/ n. 行人,步行者
sensational / sen5seiFEnl/ a. 使人感动的,非常好的
harden / 5ha:dn/ vt. 使变硬,使坚强,使冷酷
unfeigned / Qn5feind/ a. 不虚伪的,真实的,诚实的
intensify / in5tensifai/ vt. 加强
disarming / dis5B:miN/ a. 似消除的,似解除警戒心的
slight / slait/ n. 轻蔑,怠慢
different / 5difrEnt/ a. 不同的
albeit / R:l5bi:it/ conj. ((文语))纵令…,虽然…,虽则,即
relate / ri5leit/ vt. 讲,叙述,与...有关
relate / ri5leit/ vt. 讲,叙述,与...有关
permeable / 5pE:miEbl/ a. 有浸透性的,能透过的
absorb / Eb5sR:b/ vt. 吸收,并吞,全神贯注,同化
pedestrian / pi5destriEn/ n. 行人,步行者
imagination / i5mAdVi5neiFEn/ n. 想象,听觉,想象力
fashionable / 5fAFEnEbl/ a. 时髦的,上流社会的,流行的
disinterested / dis5intErEstid/ a. 无私欲的,廉洁的,公平的
reserve / ri5zE:v/ n. 预备品,贮存,预备舍,后备军,
mysterious / mis5tiEriEs/ a. 神秘的,难解的,不可思议的
massive / 5mAsiv/ a. 大而重的,宽大的,宏伟的
variance / 5vZEriEns/ n. 不一致,变化,不和,分歧,变异
disassociate / disE5souFieit/ vt.vi. (使)分离
loud / laud/ a. 大声的,不断的,喧吵的
condemn / kEn5dem/ vt. 判刑,责备,谴责,声讨,处刑
massive / 5mAsiv/ a. 大而重的,宽大的,宏伟的
Variable / 5vZEriEbl/ n. 变数,可变物
synthesis / 5sinWisis/ n. 综合,组织,综合体
reconcile / 5rekEnsail/ vt. 使和解,调停,使和谐,使听从,
fixed / fikst/ a. 固定的,不变的,准备好的
nebulous / 5nebjulEs/ a. 星云的,星云状的,朦胧的
unpromising / 5Qn5prRmisiN/ adj. 看来没有希望的, (前途) 无望的
reprisal / ri5praizEl/ n. 报复,报仇,报复性劫掠
imprison / im5prizn/ vt. 使下狱,关闭,拘禁,限制
reportage / repR:5tB:V/ n. 新闻报道,报告文学
realistic / riE5listik/ a. 现实的,逼真的,现实主义的,
abstract / 5AbstrAkt/ n. 摘要,抽象
reject / ri5dVekt/ n. 被拒之人,被弃之物,不合格品,
oblivious / E5bliviEs/ a. 易忘的,遗忘的,忘却的,健忘的
tenable / 5tenEbl/ a. 可守的,可主张的,有条理的,
implementation / implimen5teiFEn/ n. 安装启用,实行,履行
reservation / 5rezE5veiFEn/ n. 保留,预定,保留品,保留地
follow / 5fRlEu/ vt. 跟随,沿行,遵循,追求
objection / Eb5dVekFEn/ n. 异议,反对,缺点,拒绝之理由,
praise / preiz/ n. 赞美,称赞,崇拜
Dedicate / 5dedikeit/ vt. 献出,贡献
reflect / ri5flekt/ vt. 反射,反映,招致,想到,思考
catastrophic / kAtE5strRfik/ a. 悲惨的,灾难的
impact / 5impAkt/ n. 冲击,冲突,影响,效果
modern / 5mRdEn/ n. 现代人,有思想的人
antedate / 5Anti5deit/ vt. 1 <事件等>在时间上领先 [早于] …
overlook / 5EuvE5luk/ vt忽略、. 俯瞰,远眺,没注意到
inconspicuous / inkEn5spikjuEs/ a. 不显眼的,不引人注意的
destory / / v. 消灭
splendid / 5splendid/ a. 光亮的,了不起的,灿烂的,杰出的,
account / E5kaunt/ n. 原因
disparaging / dis5pAridViN/ a. 蔑视的,轻视的,毁谤的
disdain / dis5dein/ n. 轻蔑
vogue / vEug/ n. 时尚,时髦,流行
retrograde / 5retrEugreid/ a. 后退的,倒退的,退步的
indulge / in5dQldV/ vt. 纵情于,放任,迁就
fancily / 5fAnsili/ adv. 1 多幻想地; 多空想地; 做作地
Rhetoric / 5retErik/ n. 修辞,修辞学,华丽虚饰的语言
appealing / E5pi:liN/ a. 引起兴趣的,动人的,恳求的
emotions / / n. 情感
puffery / 5pQfEri/ n. 极力称赞,夸大广告,吹捧
discourse / dis5kR:s/ n. 谈话,演讲
distract / dis5trAkt/ vt. 转移,分心,使发狂
substantive / 5sQbstEntiv/ a. 表示实在的,有实质的,独立的
discussion / dis5kQFEn/ n. 讨论
reasoning / 5ri:zEniN/ n. 推论,推理,论证
repudiate / ri5pjudieit/ vt. 离婚,抛弃,拒绝履行,拒付,
endorse / in5dR:s/ vt. 支持,赞同,背书于,签
dilatoriness / 5dilEtErinis/ n. 迟缓,拖延
inefficiency / ini5fiFEnsi/ n. 无效率,无能
specious / 5spi:FEs/ a. 徒有其表的,似是而非的,外表美观的
impeccable / im5pekEbl/ a. 无懈可击的,无缺点的,无瑕疵的,
precise / pri5sais/ a. 精确的,严谨的,明白的
sporadic / spEu5rAdik/ a. 偶尔发生的,零星发生的,分散的
sketchy / 5sketFi/ a. 写生的,写生风格的,概略的
elicit / i5lisit/ vt. 引出,抽出,引起
different / 5difrEnt/ a. 不同的
incompatible / 5inkEm5pAtEbl/ a. 不相容的,不能并存的,矛盾的
unreliable / 5Qnri5laiEbl/ a. 不可靠的
distorted / / adj. 扭曲的
sentimentality / 5sentimen5tAliti/ n. 多感情,多愁善感,感伤癖
identifying / / 标识; 识别
staid / steid/ a. 认真的,沉着的,固定的
versed / vE:st/ a. 熟练的,精通的,造诣深的
inaccessible / inAk5sesEbl/ a. 难接近的,难达到的,难达成的
odds / Rdz/ n. 不平等,几率,机会,胜算
eliminate / i5limineit/ vt. 除去,排除,剔除,消除
chastise / tFAs5taiz/ vt. 笞责,惩罚
triumph / 5traiEmf/ n. 凯旋,胜利,欢欣
anomalous / E5namElEs/ a. 不规则的,反常的
resilient / ri5ziliEnt/ a. 弹回的,有弹力的,愉快的
recover / ri5kQvE/ vt. 重新获得,恢复,复原,使改过
obfuscate / Rb5fQskeit/ vt. 弄暗,使模糊,使迷乱
jargon / 5dVa:gEn/ n. 专门术语,行话,梦话,土语
absent / 5AbsEnt, Eb5sent/ a. 缺席的,不在的,缺乏的,漫不经心的
reckless / 5reklis/ a. 不注意的,大意的,卤莽的,不顾后果的
cautious / 5kR:FEs/ a. 谨慎的,小心的
disregard / 5disri5ga:d/ n. 忽视,漠视
ignore / ig5nR:/ vt.不理睬,忽视,驳回
approach / E5prEutF/ n. 接近,门径
distinguish / dis5tiNgwiF/ vt.vi. 区别,辨别
disparate / 5dispErit/ a. 不同的,全异的,乖离的
synthesize / 5sinWEsaiz/ vt.vi. 综合,合成
irreconcilable / i5rekEnsailEbl/ a. 不能和解的,不能协调的,矛盾的
weather / 5weTE/ n. 天气,气候,气象,处境
weather / 5weTE/ 预测
diligence / 5dilidVEns/ n. 勤奋
subdue / sQb5dju:/ vt. 使服从,压制,克制,抑制
faction / 5fAkFEn/ n. 小派系,内讧
augur / 5R:gE/ n. 占兆官,占卜师,相命者
facade / fE5sB:d/ n. 建筑物的正面,外观,表面
incongruity / 5inkaN5gruEti/ n. 不调和,不一致,不配合
subject / 5sQbdVikt, sQb5dVekt/ n. 服从的使隶属,使受到受支配的
undertaking / 5QndE5teikiN/ n. 事业,企业,保证
solemn / 5sRlEm/ a. 严肃的,郑重的,庄严的
ethical / 5eWikl/ a. 伦理的,民族的,民族特有的
humiliation / hju:5mili5eiFEn/ n. 耻辱,丢脸,谦卑
embarrassment / im5bArEsmEnt/ n. 困难,阻碍,困窘
INIMITABLE / i5nimitEbl/ a. 无法仿效的,独特的,无比的
opportunistic / RpEtju:5nistik/ a. 机会主义的,投机取巧的
seasoned / 5si:znd/ a. 经验丰富的,老练的
naive / na:5i:v/ a. 天真的,纯真的,朴素的
shrewd / Fru:d/ a. 精明的,锐利的,厉害的,机灵的,
pragmatic / prAg5mAtik/ a. 忙碌的,活跃的,实用主义的,
efficient / i5fiFEnt/ a. 有效率的,能干的
sketchy / 5sketFi/ a. 写生的,写生风格的,概略的
detailed / 5di:teild/ a. 详细的,逐条的
reprisal / ri5praizEl/ n. 报复,报仇,报复性劫掠
discriminate / dis5krimineit/ vt.vi. 区别,差别待遇
unprecedented / Qn5presidEntid/ a. 空前的
explicit / iks5plisit/ a. 外在的,清楚的
imaginatively / / adv. 想象上地
promote / prE5mEut/ vt. 促进,升迁,创办
enhance / in5ha:ns/ vt. 提高,加强,增加
commentator / 5kRmenteitE, -mEn-/ (C) 1 注解者
affect / E5fekt/ vt.,假装, 影响倾向于,感动
accountability / EkauntE5biliti/ n. 有责任,有义务
skepticism / 5skeptisizm/ n. 怀疑论
detractor / -tE/ (C) (毁损名誉的) 诽谤者,恶意批评者
diffident / 5difidEnt/ a. 无自信的,客客气气的,羞怯的
assertive / E5sE:tiv/ a. 断定的,过分自信的
nonetheless / 5nQnTE5les/ adv. 尽管如此,然而 (nevertheless)
complex / 5kRmpleks/ n. 合成物,情结,复杂
impede / im5pi:d/ vt. 妨碍,阻碍,阻止
adoption / E5dRpFEn/ n. 采用,采纳,收养
obviate / 5Rbvieit/ vt. 除去,排除,避免,预防
popularity / 5pRpju5lAriti/ n. 名声,受大众欢迎,流行
exhaustive / ig5zR:stiv/ a. 无遗漏的,彻底的,详尽的
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
contemplative / 5kRntempleitiv/ a. 沉思的,爱默想的,冥想的
introspective / introu5spektiv/ a. 内省的
devoid / di5vRid/ a. 全无的,缺乏的
pompous / 5pRmpEs/ a. 傲慢的,自大的,夸大的,豪华的
purposeless / 5pE:pEslis/ a. 无目的的,无意义的,无益的
opposition / 5RpE5ziFEn/ n. 反对,敌对,相反,在野党
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
aggressive / E5gresiv/ a. 侵略的,攻击性的
intruder / in5tru:dE/ n. 侵入者,干扰者,妨碍者
dehumanize / 5di:5hju:mEnaiz/ vt. 剥夺…的人性,使…无人性
sought / sR:t/ vbl. seek的过去式和过去分词
estrange / is5treindV/ vt. 使疏远,离间,使离开
notoriety / noutE5raiEti/ n. 恶名,丑名,声名狼藉
associate / E5sEuFieit/ n. 同伴,伙伴
onslaught / 5RnslR:t/ n. 突击,猛击,猛攻
incompatible / 5inkEm5pAtEbl/ a. 不相容的,不能并存的,矛盾的
simple / 5simpl/ a. 简单的,普通的,朴素的,坦率的,
elaborate / i5lAbErit/ a. 精细的,详尽的,精心的
scorn / skR:n/ n. 轻蔑,藐视,嘲笑,被叱责的人
redeem / ri5di:m/ vt. 赎回,挽回,恢复,补偿,履行,
spotlight / 5spRtlait/ n. 公众注意中心、照明灯,车头灯,聚光灯
eschew / Zs5tFu/ vt. 避开,远避
reserve / ri5zE:v/ n. 预备品,贮存,预备舍,后备军,
diatribe / 5daiEtraib/ n. 恶骂,诽谤
censorious / sen5sR:riEs/ a. 受批判的,挑剔的
inherent / in5hiErEnt/ a. 固有的,与生俱来的
prerogative / pri5rRgEtiv/ n. 特权,大权
peremptory / pE5remptEri/ a. 断然的,俨然的,强制的
elitism / ei5litizm/ n. 精英主义
confine / kEn5fain/ vt. 限制,闭居,禁闭
ecosystem / 5i:kousistEm/ n. 生态系统
unanimous / ju(:)5nAnimEs/ a. 意见一致的,无异议的
portentous / pR:5tentEs/ a. 前兆的,不吉的,自大的,奇怪的,
axiomatic / AksiE5mAtik/ a. 自明的
diagnose / 5daiEgnEuz/ vt.vi. 诊断
counter / 5kauntE/ n. 计算器,计算者,柜台,筹码
whereby / / adv. (关系副词) ((文语))用以…,借以
differentiated / / 分化型
limited / 5limitid/ a. 有限制的,有限的,少的
trappings / 5trApiNz/ n. pl
seduce / si5dju:s/ vt. 怂恿,瞒骗,引诱,诱奸
entice / in5tais/ vt. 诱骗,引诱,怂恿
benevolence / bi5nevElEns/ n. 善意,慈悲,善行
evince / i5vins/ vt. 表明,表示
provocative / prE5vRkEtiv/ a. 气人的,挑拨的,刺激的
polemic / pR5lemik/ a. 论战的,好争论的
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
description / dis5kripFEn/ n. 描述,说明,种类
disdain / dis5dein/ n. 轻蔑
reject / ri5dVekt/ n. 被拒之人,被弃之物,不合格品,
adventurous / Ed5ventFErEs/ a. 喜欢冒险的,大胆的,惊险的
experimental / iks5peri5mentl/ a. 实验的,根据实验的
deviation / 5di:vi5eiFEn/ n. 背离
mastery / 5ma:stEri/ n. 征服,统治权,精通,掌握
scandalous / 5skAndlEs/ a. 不体面的,可耻的,可恶的
negligible / 5neglidVEbl/ a. 可以忽略的,不足取的,无用的
invalid / 5invEli:d, in5vAlid/ n. 病人,残废者
valid / 5vAlid/ a. 有确实根据的,有效的,正当的,
dominant / 5dRminEnt/ a. 占优势的,支配的
significance / sig5nifikEns/ n. 重要性,意味深长,意义
abstruse / Ab5stru:s/ a. 难解的,深奥的
inconspicuous / inkEn5spikjuEs/ a. 不显眼的,不引人注意的
illusion / i5lju:VEn/ n. 幻影,错觉,幻想
appropriate / E5prEupriit/ a. 适当的
rigor / 5rigE/ n. 严格,严厉,苛刻,精确,严密
exacting / ig5zAktiN/ a. 苛求的,吃力的
demanding / di5mB:ndiN/ a. 要求多的,吃力的
introspect / 5intrE5spekt/ vi. vt. 内省,自省,反省
Understand / 5QndE5stAnd/ vt. 了解,领会,理解,懂,闻知
cater / 5keitE/ vi.vt. 备办食物,投合,迎合
apathy / 5ApEWi/ n. 缺乏感情或兴趣,冷漠
approbation / AprE5beiFEn/ n. 认可,嘉许
pander / pAndE/ vi. 勾引,怂恿
emulate / 5emjuleit/ vt. 效法,尽力赶上,同...竞争
parallel / 5pArElel/ n. 平行,对比,相匹敌之物
paucity / 5pR:siti/ n. 少数,少量,缺乏
diminish / di5miniF/ vt.vi. (使)减少,(使)变小
depletion / di5pli:FEn/ n. 消耗,耗尽,放血
inspired / in5spaiEd/ a. 得到灵感的,有灵感的,受到指使而写的
misuse / 5mis5ju:z/ n. 误用,滥用
metabolic / metE5bRlik/ 新陈代谢的,a. 变化的,变形的,
counteract / 5kauntE5rAkt/ vt. 抵消,阻碍,中和
digression / dai5greFEn/ n. 离题,扯到枝节上,脱轨
indirection / indi5rekFEn/ n. 间接手段,迂回,不诚实
hesitant / 5hezitEnt/ a. 迟疑的,踌躇的,犹豫不定的
believe / bi5li:v/ vt.vi. 相信
propound / prE5paund/ vt. 提出,提议
represent / 5repri5zent/ vt. 表现,表示,描绘,讲述,声称,
genuine / 5dVenjuin/ a. 真正的,真实的,诚恳的
hasten / 5heisn/ vt. 催促,促进
impetuous / im5petjuEs/ a. 冲动的,猛烈的,轻率的,急躁的
superficial / 5sju:pE5fiFEl/ n. 表面,外表
obscure / Eb5skjuE/ a. 微暗的,难解的,含糊的,不著名的,
disgruntled / dis5grQntld/ adj. 1 不满的,不平的; 不高兴的,生气的
stellar / 5stelE/ a. 稳定的、星的,似星的,恒星的,主要的
alienate / 5eiljEneit/ vt. 使疏远,离间,让与
irate / 5aireit/ a. 发怒的,生气
Optimism / 5Rptimizm/ n. 乐观主义,乐观,乐天
reject / ri5dVekt/ n. 被拒之人,被弃之物,不合格品,
inimical / i5nimikl/ a. 有敌意的,不友善的,抵触的
depict / di5pikt/ vt. 描述,描写
details / / n. 详细资料
intentional / in5tenFEnl/ a. 企图的,策划的,故意的
impute / im5pju:t/ vt. 归罪,使负责,嫁祸于
contrivance / kEn5traivEns/ n. 发明,发明的才能,想出的办法,
preconceive / 5pri:kEn5si:v/ vt. 预想
blurred / / adj. 模糊
distinction / dis5tiNkFEn/ n. 区别
familiar / fE5miljE/ a. 熟悉的,常见的,亲密的
false / fR:ls/ a. 错误的,虚伪的,假的,不老实的
predict / pri5dikt/ vt.vi. 预知,预言,预报
depleted / / 耗尽、废弃的
encouraging / in5kQridViN/ a.有保证 奖励的,可奖励的
contemplative / 5kRntempleitiv/ a. 沉思的,爱默想的,冥想的
introspective / introu5spektiv/ a. 内省的
populate / 5pRpjuleit/ vt. 1 居住于 <国家、城市等>
outlaw / 5autlR:/ n. 罪犯,被剥夺法律保护的人,罪犯
impugn / im5pju:n/ vt. 责难,抨击,攻击
protection / prE5tekFEn/ n. 保护,防卫,保护制度
deny / di5nai/ vt.vi. 否认,拒绝
brook / bruk/ vt. 容忍n. 小溪
silence / 5sailEns/ n. 沉默,无声,无声息,湮没,静寂
focus / 5fEukEs/ n. 焦点,焦距
background / 5bAkgraund/ n. 背景
lifeless / 5laiflis/ a. 无生命的,无趣味的,死气沉沉的
animate / 5Animeit/ vt. 使有生气,赋予生命
provincial / prE5vinFEl/ n. 乡下人,地方人民
international / 5intE(:)5nAFEnl/ a. 国际的
propound / prE5paund/ vt. 提出,提议
represent / 5repri5zent/ vt. 表现,表示,描绘,讲述,声称,
mystify / 5mistifai/ vt. 使神秘化,使难解,迷惑
unrealistic / 5QnriE5listik/ a. 不切实际的,不实在的
obligation / 5Rbli5geiFEn/ n. 义务,责任,恩惠,契约,约束
facility / fE5siliti/ n. 设备,容易,灵巧
prospect / 5prRspekt, prEs5pekt/ n. 景色,希望,展望
daunting / / a. 使人畏缩的
ornamental / 5R:nE5mentl/ n. 装饰物
provisional / prE5viVEnl/ a. 暂时的,暂定的,临时的
opposed / E5pEuzd/ a. 反对的,敌对的,对抗的
conservative / kEn5sE:vEtiv/ a. 保守的,守旧的,有保存力的
similar / 5similE/ a. 相似的,类似的
coastal / 5koustl/ a. 海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
inland / 5inlEnd, in5lAnd/ a. 内陆的,国内的
adaptability / E5dAptE5biliti/ n. 适应性
underestimate / 5QndEr5estimeit/ n. 低估
surrealistic / sEriE5listik/ a. 超现实主义的
unreality / Qnri5Aliti/ a. 非现实,不存在之物
mitigate / 5mitigeit/ vt. 镇静,缓和,减轻
injury / 5indVEri/ n. 伤害,侮辱
routine / ru:5ti:n/ n. 常式,日常工作,惯例,例行公事
occurrence / E5kQrEns/ n. 发生,事件,发现
philistine / fE5listin/ n.俗气的人 非利士人,仇敌,
intellectual / 5inti5lektjuEl/ n. 有知识者,知识分子,凭理智做事者
change / tFeindV/ n. 变化,找回的零钱,找头,更换
stasis / 5steisis/ n. 停滞,郁积
spareness / 5spZEnis/ n. 缺乏,贫乏,瘦弱
laconic / lE5kRnik/ a. 简洁的,简明的
SPARSE / 5spB:s/ a. 稀疏的,稀稀落落的,薄的
IMPECCABLE / im5pekEbl/ a. 无懈可击的,无缺点的,无瑕疵的,
expressive / iks5presiv/ a生动. 表达的
reliable / ri5laiEbl/ a. 可靠的,可信赖的
repute / ri5pju:t/ n. 名望,名气,声望
intemperate / in5tempErit/ a. 不节制的,过度的,饮酒过度的
damaged / / a. 被损坏的
inflatable / in5fleitEbl/ a. 膨胀的,得意的,通货膨胀
controversy / 5kRntrEvE:si/ n. 论争,辩论,论战,争论
aggressive / E5gresiv/ a. 侵略的,攻击性的
intruder / in5tru:dE/ n. 侵入者,干扰者,妨碍者
salubrious / sE5lu:briEs/ a. 有益健康的,清爽的,健康的
documentary / 5dRkju5mentEri/ n. 记录片
respect / ris5pekt/ n. 尊敬,尊重,关心
inimical / i5nimikl/ a. 有敌意的,不友善的,抵触的
Whimsy / 5hwimzi/ n. 怪念头,心情浮动,反复无常
infallible / in5fAlEbl/ a. 绝无错误的,绝对可靠的
vagary / 5veigEri/ n. 奇特,好奇,奇特行为,奇想
Definite / 5definit/ a. 明确的,一定的
content / 5kRntent, kEn5tent/ n. 内容,满足,意义,要旨
ATTACK / E5tAk/ n. 攻击,抨击
CREDIBLE / 5kredEbl/ a. 可信的,可靠的
autobiography / R:tEbai5RgrEfi/ n. 自传
iconoclastic / aikRnE5klAstik/ a. 偶像破坏的,打破旧习的
dissipation / disi5peiFEn/ n. 消散,分散,浪费
prim / prim/ a. 规规矩矩的,呆板的,拘谨的
hint / hint/ n. 暗示,提示
explore / iks5plR:/ vt.vi. 探险,探测,探究
compound / 5kRmpaund, kEm5paund/ n. 混合物,复合字,院子,复方
ascendancy / E5sendEnsi/ n. 优势,优越,权势
criticism / 5kritisizEm/ n. 批评,评论,非难
overwhelming / 5EuvE5hwelmiN/ a. 压倒性的,无法抵抗的
increase / in5kri:s, 5inkri:s/ n. 增加,增进,利益
development / di5velEpmEnt/ n.开发, 发展
betray / bi5trei/ vt. 出卖,背叛,辜负,暴露
parsimonious / 5pa:si5mouniEs/ adj. 极度节俭的,吝啬的,小气的
largesse / 5lB:dVes/ n. 慷慨的赠与,慷慨,慷慨的赏钱,
betray / bi5trei/ vt. 暴露出
tacit / 5tAsit/ a. 沉默寡言的,心照不宣的,缄默的
provider / / (C) 1 供应 [供给] 者; 准备者
established / / adj. 1 已确立的; 确定的
dissenter / di5sentE/ n. 不同意者,反对者,非国教派的人
alternation / R:ltE5neiFEn/ n. 交互,轮流,隔一个
impersonal / im5pE:sEnl/ a. 客观的,和个人无关的,非人称的
overturn / 5EuvE5tE:n/ n. 倾覆,破灭,革命
soporific / sEupE5rifik/ a. 催眠的,想睡的
sensational / sen5seiFEnl/ a. 使人感动的,非常好的
pension / 5penFEn/ n. 退休金,年金,抚恤金,膳宿学校
miscomprehend / 5miskRmpri5hend/ vt. 误解
misconstruction / 5miskEns5trQkFEn/ n. 误解
distort / dis5tR:t/ vt. 扭曲,歪曲
controversial / 5kRntrE5vE:FEl/ a. 争论的,论争的,被议论的
alternately / R:l5tE:nitli/ ad. 交替地,隔一个地
praise / preiz/ n. 赞美,称赞,崇拜
revile / ri5vail/ vt.vi. 辱骂,斥责
agree / E5gri:/ vi. 同意,赞成,承认适合
consistent / kEn5sistEnt/ a. 一致的,调和的,并立的,坚固的
agree / E5gri:/ vi. 同意,赞成,承认适合
accede / Ak5si:d/ vi. 同意,就任,继承
concurrence / kEn5kQrEns/ n. 赞同,意见一致,协力
struggle / 5strQgl/ n. 竞争,努力,奋斗
raw / rR:/ n. 生肉,擦伤处,身上的痛处
rigorous / 5rigErEs/ a. 严厉的,严酷的,严格的,精确的,
diligent / 5dilidVEnt/ a. 勤勉的,用功的
comment / 5kRment/ n. 注解,批评,评论
waterborne / / a. 水上的,水运的
expedition / 5ekspi5diFEn/ n. 远征,探险队,迅速
maintain / mein5tein/ vt. 维持,维修,保持,主张,供养,
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
Ironically / ai5rRnikEli/ adv. 1 讥讽地,反讽地
realistic / riE5listik/ a. 现实的,逼真的,现实主义的,
truth / tru:W/ n. 事实,确实
spoiled / / pp. 腐烂、弄坏
spoilage / 5spRilidV/ n. 掠夺,糟蹋,损耗,弄坏或变成无用之物
dedicate / 5dedikeit/ vt. 献出,贡献
reflect / ri5flekt/ vt. 反射,反映,招致,想到,思考
reject / ri5dVekt/ n. 被拒之人,被弃之物,不合格品,
malice / 5mAlis/ n. 恶意,蓄意,怨恨
wounded / / adj. 负伤的
meaning / 5mi:niN/ n. 意义,含意,目的,意图
confused / kEn5fju:zd/ a. 困惑的,烦恼的
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
paramount / 5pArEmaunt/ n. 首长,最高当局
laudable / 5lR:dEbl/ a. 值得赞赏的,值得佩服的,动人的
pander / pAndE/ vi. 迎合、勾引,怂恿
propensity / prE5pensiti/ n. 倾向,爱好,习性
counteract / 5kauntE5rAkt/ vt. 抵消,阻碍,中和
posthumous / 5pRsthjumEs/ a. 遗腹的,死后的
effusive / i5fju:siv/ a. 感情横溢的,流出的
unbind / Qn5baind/ vt. 解,解开,解放
limited / 5limitid/ a. 有限制的,有限的,少的
posthumous / 5pRsthjumEs/ a. 遗腹的,死后的
effusive / i5fju:siv/ a. 感情横溢的,流出的
correction / kE5rekFEn/ n. 订正,改正,改正的地方
inimical / i5nimikl/ a. 有敌意的,不友善的,抵触的
approach / E5prEutF/ n. 接近,门径
ATTACK / E5tAk/ n. 攻击,抨击
CREDIBLE / 5kredEbl/ a. 可信的,可靠的
challenge / 5tFAlEndV/ n. 挑战,盘问
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
generalization / 5dVenErElai5zeiFEn/ n. 一般化,普遍化,概括
graphic / 5grAfik/ a. 绘画似的,图解的
content / 5kRntent, kEn5tent/ n. 内容,满足,意义,要旨
depict / di5pikt/ vt. 描述,描写
medium / 5mi:djEm/ n. 媒体,方法,媒介
naivete / nB:5i:vtei/ n. 天真烂漫,无邪,纯真
contradict / 5kRntrE5dikt/ vt. 反驳,与...抵触,与...矛盾
inherent / in5hiErEnt/ a. 固有的,与生俱来的
sublimity / sQb5limiti/ n. 庄严,崇高,气质高尚
dissipation / disi5peiFEn/ n. 消散,分散,浪费
prim / prim/ a. 规规矩矩的,呆板的,拘谨的
hint / hint/ n. 暗示,提示
diversity / dai5vE:siti/ n. 差异,多样性
redeemed / / 债券收回溢价
offset / 5R:fset/ n. 抵销,支派,旁支,平版印刷
undermine / QndE5main/ vt. 渐渐破坏,挖掘地基,暗地里破坏
dehumanize / 5di:5hju:mEnaiz/ vt. 剥夺…的人性,使…无人性
estrangement / is5treindVmEnt/ n. 疏远
contemplative / 5kRntempleitiv/ a. 沉思的,爱默想的,冥想的
introspective / introu5spektiv/ a. 内省的
popular / 5pRpjulE/ a. 通俗的,流行的,受欢迎的,普及的,
important / im5pR:tEnt/ a. 重要的,骄傲的,自大的,显要的,
perception / pE5sepFEn/ n. 知觉,感觉,领悟力
square / skwZE/ 使成方形,使平方自乘,使一致,
ESOTERIC / esEu5terik/ a. 秘教的,奥秘的,秘传的
diatribe / 5daiEtraib/ n. 恶骂,诽谤
censorious / sen5sR:riEs/ a. 受批判的,挑剔的
suspicious / sEs5piFEs/ a. 可疑的,疑惧的,怀疑的
colorless / 5kQlErlis/ a. 无色的
imagination / i5mAdVi5neiFEn/ n. 想象,听觉,想象力
sedimentary / sedi5mentEri/ a. 沉渣的,沉淀物的,由沉淀物所生成的
deposit / di5pRzit/ n. 存款,定金,堆积物
despair / dis5pZE/ n. 绝望,失望
bewail / bi5weil/ vt.vi. 悲悼,哀泣,叹惜
controversy / 5kRntrEvE:si/ n. 论争,辩论,论战,争论
contemporary / kEn5tempErEri/ n. 同时代的人
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ n. 通货,流通,通用
untenable / Qn5tenEbl/ a. 不能防守的,不能维持的,支持不住的
unprecedented / Qn5presidEntid/ a. 空前的
intrinsic / in5trinsik/ a. 本质的,原有的,真正的
privilege / 5privilidV/ n. 特权,特别恩典,基本人权,特免
interest / 5intrist/ n. 兴趣,嗜好,利息,利益,势力,
transcend / trAn5send/ vt. 超越,胜过
bemoan / bi5moun/ vt. 惋惜,认为遗憾,哀叹
currency / 5kQrEnsi/ n. 通货,流通,通用
obtrude / Eb5tru:d/ vt. 逼使,强迫,冲出
expansiveness / / 膨胀性; 夸张性
intimate / 5intimit/ a. 亲密的,私人的,秘密的
frivolity / fri5vRliti/ n. 轻薄,轻率,不足取的事
adolescent / AdE5lesEnt/ a. 青春期的,青年的
paradoxical / 5pArE5dRksikEl/ a. 似非而是的,矛盾的,诡论的
subvert / sEb5vE:t/ vt. 推翻,颠覆,毁灭
stasis / 5steisis/ n. 停滞,郁积
change / tFeindV/ n. 变化,找回的零钱,找头,更换
cope / kEup/ vi. 竞争,对抗,克服
coastal / 5koustl/ a. 海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
inland / 5inlEnd, in5lAnd/ a. 内陆的,国内的
underestimate / 5QndEr5estimeit/ n. 低估
adaptability / E5dAptE5biliti/ n. 适应性
disbelieve / 5disbi5li:v/ vt.vi. 不信,怀疑
desirable / di5zaiErEbl/ a. 令人想要的
isotopes / / n. 同位素
distinctive / dis5tiNktiv/ a. 有特色的,出众的
fingerprint / 5fiNgEprint/ n. 指纹
unimpressive / Qnim5presiv/ a. 无印象的,印象淡薄的
dismiss / dis5mis/ vt. 解散,开除,解职
complexity / kEm5pleksiti/ n. 复杂,复杂性,复杂的事物
crude / kru:d/ 粗糙的,粗鲁的
restrict / ris5trikt/ vt. 限制,限定,约束
incidence / 5insidEns/ n. 影响范围,发生,倾角,入射,影响
incumbent / in5kQmbEnt/ 在职者
naive / na:5i:v/ a. 天真的,纯真的,朴素的
shrewd / Fru:d/ a. 精明的,锐利的,厉害的,机灵的,
opponent / E5pEunEnt/ n. 对手,敌手,反对者
assessor / / n. 辅佐人,顾问,估税员
CONDEMN / kEn5dem/ vt. 判刑,责备,谴责,声讨,处刑
LOSE / lu:z/ vt. 遗失,损失,丢失,使失去,错过,
trifling / 5traifliN/ a. 些许的,不足道的,不足取的
insist / in5sist/ vi.vt. 坚持,强调
propound / prE5paund/ vt. 提出,提议
represent / 5repri5zent/ vt. 表现,表示,描绘,讲述,声称,
dispassion / dis5pAFEn/ n. 冷静,公平
intent / in5tent/ n. 意图,目的,意向
subtly / 5sQtli/ ad. 敏锐地,巧妙地,精细地
infallible / in5fAlEbl/ a. 绝无错误的,绝对可靠的
vagary / 5veigEri/ n. 奇特,好奇,奇特行为,奇想
Whimsy / 5hwimzi/ n. 怪念头,心情浮动,反复无常
copy / 5kRpi/ n. 副本,摹仿,一册
originality / E5ridVi5nAliti/ n. 创意,新奇,原始
percussion / pE5kQFn/ n. 1 a. (常指两个坚硬物体的) 撞击,碰
exuberant / ig5zju:bErEnt/ a. 繁茂的,丰富的,非凡的
disguise / dis5gaiz/ n. 假面目,假装
accentuate / Ak5sentFueit/ vt. 以重音念,强调,重读
focus / 5fEukEs/ n. 焦点,焦距
background / 5bAkgraund/ n. 背景
deny / di5nai/ vt.vi. 否认,拒绝
belie / bi5lai/ vt. 掩饰,与...不符,使失望
indifference / in5difErEns/ n. 不重视,无兴趣,漠不关心
antipathy / An5tipEWi/ n. 憎恶,反感
avant-courier / / n. 先驱,前卫,先锋
conventional / kEn5venFEnl/ a. 传统的,习惯的,约定的
fallacy / 5fAlEsi/ n. 错误的观念或信念,谬见,谬论
error / 5erE/ n. 错误,过失,失误,误差
coin / kRin/ n. 硬币,金钱,货币
compromise / 5kRmprEmaiz/ n. 妥协,折衷,折衷案,和解
incorporate / in5kR:pEreit/ a. 合并的,公司组织的,一体化的
nationalism / 5nAFEnElizm/ n. 民族主义,民族之特性
chauvinism / 5Fouvinizm/ n. 盲目的爱国心,沙文主义
motherland / 5mQTElAnd/ n. 祖国
objective / Rb5dVektiv/ n. 目的,受格,实物
rare / rZE/ a. 稀罕的,罕有的,珍贵的,非常的,
ubiquitous / ju5bikwitEs/ a. 到处存在的,遍在的
helpful / 5helpful/ a. 有帮助的,有益的,有用的
beneficial / 5beni5fiFEl/ a. 有益的
equally / 5i:kwEli/ ad. 相等地,同样地,平等地
resurgence / ri5sE:dVEns/ n. 再起,复活,再现
scorn / skR:n/ n. 轻蔑,藐视,嘲笑,被叱责的人
autonomy / R:5tRnEmi/ n. 自治
derivative / di5rivEtiv/ a. 引出的,系出的
impersonal / im5pE:sEnl/ a. 客观的,和个人无关的,非人称的
verisimilitude / verisi5militju:d/ n. 好象真实,似真,逼真
imaginary / i5mAdVinEri/ a. 想象的,虚构的,假想的
realistic / riE5listik/ a. 现实的,逼真的,现实主义的,
description / dis5kripFEn/ n. 描述,说明,种类
detailed / 5di:teild/ a. 详细的,逐条的
meticulous / mE5tikjulEs/ a. 一丝不苟的,精确的,过细的
abstraction / Ab5strAkFEn/ n. 抽象化,心不在焉,提炼,抽象派作品
eschew / Zs5tFu/ vt. 避开,远避
oblivion / E5bliviEn/ n. 遗忘,忘却,赦免,大赦,湮没
intrude / in5tru:d/ vi. 闯入,侵入
expansiveness / / 膨胀性; 夸张性
inconspicuous / inkEn5spikjuEs/ a. 不显眼的,不引人注意的
obtrude / Eb5tru:d/ vt. 逼使,强迫,冲出
preconceive / 5pri:kEn5si:v/ vt. 预想
contrivance / kEn5traivEns/ n. 发明,发明的才能,想出的办法,
hasten / 5heisn/ vt. 催促,促进
impetuous / im5petjuEs/ a. 冲动的,猛烈的,轻率的,急躁的
indicate / 5indikeit/ vt. 显示,象征,指示,指出
dissolve / di5zRlv/ vt.vi. 溶解,解散
predictable / pri5diktEbl/ a. 可预言的
ineluctable / ini5lQktEbl/ a. 不可避免的,无法逃避的
outcome / 5autkEm/ n. 结果,出口,演变
predominate / pri5dRmineit/ vt. 掌握,控制,支配
procrastinator / / n. 拖延者, 拖拉者,因循者
disingenuous / disin5dVenjuEs/ a. 不老实的,不诚实的,虚伪的
PUBLIC / 5pQblik/ n. 公众,民众
decrease / di5kri:s, 5di:kri:s/ n. 减少,减少之量
rainstorm / 5reinstR:rm/ n. 暴风雨
irreconcilable / i5rekEnsailEbl/ a. 不能和解的,不能协调的,矛盾的
triumph / 5traiEmf/ n. 凯旋,胜利,欢欣
ineptitude / i5neptitju:d/ n. 不适当,愚笨,愚昧的言行
vacillation / 5vAsE5leFEn/ n. 游移不定,踌躇,不果断
accomplishment / E5kRmpliFmEnt/ n. 成就,完成
enhance / in5ha:ns/ vt. 提高,加强,增加
pointless / 5pRintlis/ a. 不尖的,钝的,不得要领的
psychology / sai5kRlEdVi/ n. 心理学,心理状态
melodrama / 5melEdrRmE/ n. 音乐剧,通俗剧,戏剧似的事件
precocity / pri5kRsiti/ n. 早熟,早成
birthright / 5bE:Wrait/ n. 生来就有的权利,长子继承权
recurrence / ri5kQrEns/ n. 再现,再发生,反复,循环
wisest / / a. 聪明的,贤明的
scorn / skR:n/ n. 轻蔑,藐视,嘲笑,被叱责的人
pejorative / 5pi:dVEreitiv/ a. 退化的,轻蔑的
actuate / 5AktFueit/ vt. 开动,促使,激励
motivation / 5mEuti5veiFEn/ n. 动机,刺激,推动
rival / 5raivEl/ n. 对手,竞争者
indebted / in5detid/ a. 负债的,受惠的
trivially / 5triviEli/ ad. 琐细地,无能地,平凡地

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-14 09:51:46 |显示全部楼层
PP2review—填空150题涛涛整理

1. In scientific studies, supporting evidence is much more satisfying
to report than are discredited hypotheses, but, in fact, the__________
of errors is more likely to be_______ than is the establishment of
probable truth.
formulation . . permitted
correction . . ignored
detection . . useful
accumulation . . agreeable
refinement . . conditional
2.Although skeptics say financial problems will prob-
ably ________our establishing a base on the Moon,
supporters of the project remain _______, saying
that human curiosity should overcome such pragmatic
constraints.
beset . . disillusioned
hasten . . hopeful
postpone . . pessimistic
prevent . . enthusiastic
allow . . unconvinced
3.The state of a nation's science determines its prosperity
and political power, and scientists should not_______ this
relationship even if their own interest in science is of a less
practical nature.
overlook
consider
overestimate
rely on
notice
4.All_______ biological traits fall into one of two
categories: those giving their possessors greater
________the environment and those rendering them
more independent of it.
widespread . . detachment from
beneficial . . control over
successful . . freedom from
neutral . . compatibility with
harmful . . advantage in
5.Most histories of science are success stories that
conclude on_______ note with the fin_______ of a
theory that is the basis of subsequent inquiries by
later researchers.
a retrospective . .extrapolation
an analytic . . rebuttal
an objective . . rationalization
a positive . . refutation
a triumphal . . ascendancy
6.Whereas the Elizabethans struggled with the transition from
medieval________ experience to modern individualism, we
confront an electronic technology that seems likely to reverse
the trend, rendering individualism obsolete and interdepen-
dence mandatory.
literary
intuitive
corporate
heroic
spiritual
7.The a tempt to breed suitable varieties of jojoba by using
hybridization to_______ favorable traits was finally aban-
doned in favor of a simpler and much faster________:the
domestication of flourishing wild strains.
eliminate . . alternative
reinforce . . method
allow . . creation
reduce . . idea
concentrate . . theory
8. In spite of the increasing_______ of their opinions, the group
knew they had to arrive at a consensus so that the award could
be presented.
impartiality
consistency
judiciousness
incisiveness
polarity
9. Supporters praised the mayor's aaction as a speedy and judicious
solution, but critics condemned it as _______ and unfairly influenced
by recent events.
innocuous
fortuitous
beguiling
discreet
premature
10. Although frequent air travelers remain unconvinced, researchers
have found that, paradoxically, the_______ disorientation inherent
in jet lag also may yield some mental health _______.__
temporal . . benefits
acquired . . hazards
somatic . . disorders
random . . deficiencies
typical . . standards
11. Some artists immodestly idealize or exaggerate the significance
of their work; yet others________ to exalt the role of the artist, re-
ject a transcendent view of art.
appearing
disdaining
seeking
failing
tending
12. Calculus, though still indispensable to
science and technology, is no longer
_______; it has an equal partner called
discrete mathematics.
preeminent
pertinent
beneficial
essential
pragmatic
13. Usually the first to spot data that were inconsistent
with other findings, in this particular experiment she
let a number of _______ results slip by.
inaccurate
verifiable
redundant
salient
anomalous
14.Despite its________, the book deals _______ with a number
of crucial issues.
optimism . . cursorily
importance . . needlessly
virtues . . inadequately
novelty . . strangely
completeness . . thoroughly
15.Because the most recent research has _______ earlier criticism
of her work, one has to conclude that scientists who persist in
dismissing her contribution are either________ the latest findings
or simply obstinate.
disparaged . . satisfied with
refined . . preoccupied with
rejuvenated . . unmoved by
confirmed . . opposed to
invalidated . . ignorant of
16.Babcock's criticism of the business practices of
fellow merchants was colored by _______:the
more successful the other entrepreneurs, the
more bitterly they were _______.__
sensitivity . . courted
jealousy . . castigated
admiration . . admonished
ambivalence . . dismissed
blame . . exonerated
17. Though his contemporaries tended to fixate
on the politician's supposed _______, his
personal correspondence_______ a
surprising largesse.
charity . . confirms
parsimony . . contradicts
avarice . . betrays
integrity . . reveals
generosity . . bespeaks
18.In contrast to more _______ publications of ever narrower
purview, the journal Antiquityhas remained as __________
as it was when it began, continuing to serve the broader
interests of the discipline of archaeology.
atypical . . anomalous
specialized . . eclectic
diverse . . idiosyncratic
irrelevant . . superfluous
authoritative . . autocratic
19.If the theory is self-evidently true, as its proponents
assert, then why does _______ it still exist among
well-informed people?
support for
excitement about
regret for
resignation about
opposition to
20.Religious philosopher that he was, Henry More
derived his conception of an infinite universe
from the Infinite God in whom he believed, a
benevolent God of _______ whose nature was
to create _______.__
plenitude . . abundance
vengeance . . justice
indifference . . suffering
indulgence . . temperance
rectitude . . havoc
21. According to some experts, modern science as it
emerged in the seventeenth century was essentially
a _______ calling:the culture of science was more a
_______ than a departure from ecclesiastical traditions.
scholarly . . recapitulation of
skeptical . . return to
religious . . continuation of
solemn . . recantation of
technical . . modification of
22.We first became aware that his support for the new
program was less than _______ when he declined
to make a speech in its favor.
qualified
haphazard
fleeting
unwarranted
wholehearted
23. Because of the excellent preservation of the fossil, anatomical
details of early horseshoe crabs were ________ for the first
time, enabling experts to_______ the evolution of the horse-
shoe crab.
scrutinized . . ensure
verified . . advance
identified . . dirt
obscured . . illustrate
clarified . . reassess
24.Nothing _______ his irresponsibility better than his__________
delay in sending us the items he promised weeks ago.
justifies . . conspicuous
characterizes . . timely
epitomizes . . unnecessary
reveals . . conscientious
conceals . . inexplicable
25. The few dozen gray seals that have thus far died of canine
distemper can, at least for now, be considered _______, since
most of the remaining 200,000 gray seals appear uninfected
by the disease.
unexceptional
immune
anomalous
endangered
contagious
26. A century ago the physician's word was _______:to
doubt it was considered almost sacrilegious.
inevitable
intractable
incontrovertible
objective
respectable
27.So much of modern fiction in the United States is autobiographical,
and so much of the autobiography fictionalized, that the__________
sometimes seem largely_______.__
authors . . ignored
needs . . unrecognized
genres . . interchangeable
intentions . . misunderstood
misapprehensions . . uncorrected
28. Prior to the work of Heckel, illustrations of fish were
often beautiful but rarely_______ ; this cat, combined
with the________ nature of most nineteenth-century
taxonomic descriptions, often kept scientists from
recognizing differences between species.
impressive . . inaccurate
realistic . . detailed
traditional . . progressive
precise . . inexact
distinctive . . sophisticated
29. Because modern scientists find the ancient Greek view of
the cosmos outdated and irrelevant, they now perceive it
as only of _______ interest.
historical
intrinsic
astronomical
experimental
superfluous
30.The challenge of interpreting fictional works written
under politically repressive regimes lies in distin-
guishing what is _______ to an author's beliefs, as
opposed to what is_______ by political coercion.
innate . . understood
organic . . imposed
contradictory . . conveyed
oblique . . captured
peripheral . . demanded
31. Although the intellectual and artistic achievements
of this ancient civilization were, even by modern
standards, extraordinarily _______, its level of
technical and mechanical development was by no
means _______ to that of modern technology.
primitive . . superior
diverse . . inimical
sophisticated . . comparable
primeval . . equivalent
influential . . subordinate
32.Although the genetic explanation of why some
people are right-handed whereas others are le ft-
handed is plausible, it has been effectively__________
by experiments in which genetically _______ mice
showed different paw preferences.
verified . . related
challenged . . indistinguishable
tested . . altered
proven . . identical
destroyed . . complex
33. While T.S. Eliot maintained that poets themselves
were the best _______ of _______, C.S. Lewis
opposed this view, declaring that one did not have
to be a trained chef to be a discriminating gourmet.
mimics . . life
constructors . . rhyme
critics . . verse
conservators . . aesthetics
interpreters . . sensation
34.Paradoxically, altruism may in fact be _______ if it
aids only one's c lose relatives.
stalwart
beneficent
rancorous
selfish
censorious
35. The discipline of sociology has finally achieved a
degree of consensus:however _______ their indi-
vidual interpretations and emphases might be, most
sociologists now________ a single broad conception
of the field.
different . . share
uncontroversial . . champion
limited . . reject
divergent . . dispute
concordant . . acknowledge
36. By forcing our surrender to the authority of the
clock, systematic timekeeping has imposed a
form of _______ on society.
anarchy
permanence
provincialism
tyranny
autonomy
37. The meeting seemed _______, not just because deci-
sions were made with excessive deliberation, but also
because the director was so ________ as to provoke
extremely lengthy debate.
abbreviated . . distracted
interminable . . tendentious
methodical . . persuasive
endless . . amenable
overwhelming . . withdrawn
38. The reception given to Kimura's radical theory of
molecular evolution shows that when _______ fights
orthodoxy to a draw, then novelty has seized a good
chunk of space from convention.
imitation
reaction
dogmatism
invention
caution
39. Although they were not direct _______, the new a
arts of the Classical period were clearly created
in the spirit of older Roman models and thus
_______ many features of the older style.
impressions… introduced
translations . . accentuated
copies . . maintained
masterpieces . . depicted
borrowings . . improvised
40. Overall, the evidence was inconclusive as to whether
the adjustment to the inflated estimates would __________
their accuracy or instead________ the actual amount.
compromise . . magnify
confirm . . validate
disprove . . pinpoint
verify . . distort
improve . . understate
41.Perhaps there is a shortcoming in the script, but the
film's poor reviews may also be a function of one
or two_______ casting decisions in an otherwise
_______ production.
fitting . . magnificent
faulty . . solid
deliberate . . cautious
has y . . mediocre
confusing . . perplexing
42.As a means of _______ a tempestuous confrontation,
the labor arbitrator advised the opposing parties to
_______ their positions.
promoting . . qualify
calming . . reinforce
neglecting . clarity
appraising . . soften
defusing . . moderate
43.One of archaeology's central dilemmas is how to
reconstruct the_______ of complex ancient societies
from meager and often _______ physical evidence.
riddles . . obsolete
details . . irrefutable
intricacies . . equivocal
patterns . . flawless
configurations . . explicit
44. That she seemed to prefer_______ to concentrated
e fort is undeniable; nevertheless, the impressive
quality of her finished paintings suggests that her
actual relationship to her art was anything but _______.__
preparation . . passionate
artfulness . . disengaged
dabbling . . superficial
caprice . . considered
indecision . . lighthearted
45. Unenlightened authoritarian managers rarely recognize a crucial
reason for the low levels of serious conflict among members of
democratically run work groups:a modicum of tolerance for
dissent often prevents_______.__
demur
schism
cooperation
compliance
shortsightedness
46.The natures of social history and lyric poetry are _______, social history always
recounting the __________ and lyric poetry speaking for unchanging human
nature,that timeless essence beyond fashion andeconomics.
predetermined . . bygone
antithetical . . evanescent
interdependent . . unnoticed
irreconcilable . . unalterable
indistinguishable . . transitory
47. Despite the fact that it is almost universally _______, the practice
of indentured servitude still_______ in many parts of the world.
condemned . . abates
tolerated . . survives
proscribed . . persists
mandated . . lingers
disdained . . intervenes
48. Ironically, the proper use of figurative language
must be based on the denotative meaning of the
words, because it is the failure to recognize this
_____ meaning that leads to mixed metaphors
and their attendant incongruity.
esoteric
literal
latent
allusive
symbolic
49. Having sufficient income of her own constituted for
Alice _______ independence that made possible
a degree of_______ in her emotional life as well.
a material . . security
a profound . . conformity
a financial . . economy
a psychological . . extravagance
an unexpected . . uncertainty
50. The credibility of her _______ description of the
conflicts experienced by many contemporary
women in their everyday lives was undermined by
her _______ conclusions.
even-handed . . partisan
biased . . lopsided
detailed . . careful
general . . far-reaching
realistic . . valid
51.Her tone of voice_______ him:he could not tell
whether she was being ________ or whether he was
to take her comment literally.
offended . . genuine
puzzled . . direct
comforted . . kind
reassured . . condescending
perplexed . . sarcastic
52. Mathematics consists of a group of languages
that are more stable than any_______ language;
mathematical symbols do not_______ their
meanings as words do.
developed . . substitute
written . . translate
traditional . . require
verbal . . change
explicit . . conceal
53.While many people utilize homeopathic
remedies to treat health problems, other
people do not_______ such alternative
treatments, _______ conventional medical
treatments instead.
distrust . . employing
embrace . . eschewing
reject . . envisioning
countenance . . relying on
recommend . . turning from
54.From Neolithic pottery to twentieth-century posters, the
extent and variety of the arts in China_______ those
who search for continuity; nonetheless, certain __________
values are reflected in China's artistic traditions.
confound . . enduring
abet . . pervasive
inform . . intangible
entice . . diverse
alienate . . distinctive
55. Paleontologists' assumptions about the equable nature of
the climate on the primeval island of Pangaea are __________
computer simulations indicating that the island's temperatures
tended to_______ during the course of a year.
based on . . cool
confirmed by . . vary
challenged by . . stabilize
bolstered by . . soar
undermined by . . fluctuate
56. Whereas historians once maintained that science is
________ other enterprises, they have come to realize
that science is actually_______ the values, social
assumptions, and intellectual traditions of a particular
historical period.
related to . . informed by
ancillary to . . secondary to
tantamount to . . equivalent to
distinct from . . intertwined with
dependent on . . influenced by
57. Chinese art has no _______ the powerfully explicit
antiwar paintings of the West, but_______ subtlety
and indirection to express political thought.
panacea for . . passes by
diversion from . . defers to
counterpart for . . relies on
intimation of . . alludes to
derivative of . . refrains from
58.Breakdowns in communication between intimates
may occur because the_______ of the relationship,
ironically, may________ openness.
depth . . necessitate
closeness . . discourage
reciprocity . . foster
juxtaposition . . offset
precariousness . . facilitate
59. Often the argument against philanthropy has the
effect of_______ the character of philanthropists but
not necessarily_______ their work:they may have
done good in spite of themselves.
describing . . explaining
aggrandizing . . acknowledging
emphasizing . . citing
impugning . . discrediting
obscuring . . attacking
60. The novelist devotes so much time to avid descriptions
of his characters' clothes that the reader soon feels that
such ________ concerns, although worthy of attention,
have superseded any more directly literary aims.
didactic
syntactical
belletristic
sartorial
frivolous
61.Ecologists who believe that naturally occurring fires
can o ten _______ an ecosystem are worried by calls
for a policy of _______ all forest fires.
alter . . investigating
damage . . fighting
benefit . . suppressing
unbalance . . extinguishing
rejuvenate . . studying
62. Mathematicians have a distinctive sense of beau y:
they strive to present their ideas and results in a
clear and compelling fashion, dictated by __________
as well as by logic.
caprice
aesthetics
obligation
methodologies
intellect
63.Carruthers' latest literary criticism_______ her reputation
for trenchant commentary; despite its intriguing title and the
fulsome praise on its dust jacket, it is nothingmore than a
collection of _______.
reinforces . . pronouncements
belies . . platitudes
prejudices . . insights
advances . . aphorisms
undermines . . judgments
64.The ________ of gamblers' unsuccessful
decision strategies is one _______ of
the illusions built into games of chance
in order to misguide players and take
their money.
distortion . . outcome
restriction . . result
maintenance . . function
prediction . . accomplishment
demonstration . . prerequisite
65. That the new group was unable to weather its first staff
meeting without evidence of the same _______ that its
creation was intended to abolish did not ________ future
harmony among coworkers.
cooperation . . ensure
facade . . realize
factions . . augur
diligence . . subdue
ventures . . suggest
66. The prevailing union of passionate interest in detailed
facts with equal devotion to abstract_______ is a
hallmark of our present society; in the past this union
appeared, at best,_______ and as if by chance.
data . .extensively
philosophy . .cyclically
generalization . . sporadically
evaluation . . opportunely
intuition . . selectively
67.The author did not see the _______ inherent
in her scathing criticism of writing style so
similar to her own.
disinterest
incongruity
pessimism
compliment
symbolism
68.The author is_______ to identify any particular prin-
ciple as fundamental, insisting instead that it is only
when viewed within specific contexts that principles
can be_______.__
reluctant . . modified
unable . . relinquished
loathe . . assessed
unlikely . . violated
wrong . . justified
69. As_______ as she was to the widespread dissatisfaction
with her performance on the job, it is no wonder that she
greeted the news of her dismissal with_______.__
receptive . . disdain
acquiescent . . temerity
oblivious . . astonishment
vulnerable . . uncertainty
responsive . . apathy
70. The scientist found it puzzling that his
rival's theory retained its_______ despite
widespread suggestions that it was now _______.__
perspective . . dated
currency . . moribund
appeal . . accepted
complexity . . unfathomable
credibility . . recognized
71. In keeping with the well-established custom that
even the most favorable review should include
some_______, the reviewer follows her _______ the
book's prose with some objections to its
implementations of theory.
equivocations . . quibbles with
accolades . . attack on
reservations . . praise of
disparagements . . criticism of
compliments . . consideration of
72. Even among those findings in the field of
nuclear physics that have _______, many
have been subject to repeated challenges
on the basis of new evidence.
arisen
survived
declined
been proposed
been questioned
73.The economists were_______ to find that the
theory that they had considered __________
crumbled when modern techniques for
economic modeling made it possible to make
new kinds of observation that contradicted its
fundamental assumptions.
surprised . . problematic
overjoyed . . useful
stunned . . invulnerable
disappointed . . faulty
astonished . . suspect
74.One reason for the development of junior high
schools in the United States was_______:
these schools provided an efficient and
inexpensive way to avoid overcrowding in the
high schools.
inequality
parity
expediency
ineptitude
instability
75. Even though some of the variables identified
in Chang's study of personality types are
inherently _______, the application of that
study's results predicts human behavior with
considerable_______.__
reliable . . accuracy
common . . universality
nebulous . . specificity
abstruse . . error
interesting . . sophistication
76.Just as the authors' book on eels is often a key text
for courses in marine vertebrate zoology, their ideas
on animal development and phylogeny _______ teach-
ing in this area.
prevent
defy
replicate
inform
use
77. Many more eighteenth-century novels werewritten by
women than by men, but this dominance has, until very
recently, been regarded merely as ________ fact, a bit
of arcane knowledge noted only by bibliographers.
a controversial
a statistical
an analytical
an explicit
an unimpeachable
78. Often the difficulties of growing up in the public eye cause
child prodigies to_______ the world of achievement before
reaching adulthood; happily, they sometimes later return to
competition and succeed brilliantly.
ridicule
conquer
retire from
antagonize
examine
79. That many lawyers have acquired a reputation
for________ even the most solemn and binding
undertakings does not_______ discovery of
attorneys devoted to both legal and ethical right.
enforcing . . promote
articulating . . ensure
repudiating . . permit
disapproving . . produce
subverting . . preclude
80. While some argue that imposing tolls on highway
users circumvents the need to raise public t axes
for road maintenance, the phenomenal expense
of maintaining a vast network of roads__________
reliance on these general taxes.
avoids
diminishes
necessitates
discourages
ameliorates
81.The skeleton of ________ bird that was recently discovered
indicated that this ancient creature________ today's birds
in that, unlike earlier birds and unlike reptilian ancestors, it
had not a tooth in its head.
a primeval . . obscured
a unique . . preempted
a primitive . . anticipated
a contemporary . . foreshadowed
an advanced . . differed from
82.According to one political theorist, a regime that has as
its goal absolute ______, without any_______ law or
principle, has declared war on justice.
respectability . . codification of
supremacy . . suppression of
autonomy . . accountability to
fairness . . deviation from
responsibility . . prioritization of
83. The remark was only slightly_______, inviting a chuckle,
perhaps, but certainly not a_______.__
audible . . reward
hostile . . shrug
amusing . . rebuke
coherent . . reaction
humorous . . guffaw
84. Estimating the risks of radiation escaping from a nuclear
power plant is _______ question, but one whose answer
then becomes part of a value-laden, emotionally charged
policy debate about whether to construct such a plant.
an incomprehensible
an undefined
an irresponsible
a divisive
a technical
85.Our highly _______ vocabulary for street crime contrasts sharply to
our _______ vocabulary for corporate crime, a fact that corresponds
to the general public's unawareness of the extent of corporate crime.
nuanced . . subtle
uninformative . . misleading
euphemistic . . abstract
differentiated . . limited
technical . . jargon-laden
86. In modern English very few verb forms can be surely
identified as subjunctives, and the use of those few is
so irregular that_______ criteria for appropriate usage
are hard to infer.
obscure
irrelevant
alternative
definite
independent
87. Professional photographers generally regard inadvertent
surrealism in a photograph as a curse rather than a
blessing; magazine photographers, in particular, consider
themselves_______ to the extent that they ca__________
its presence in their photographs.
skillful . . enhance
inadequate . . eliminate
original . . demonstrate
fortunate . . minimize
conventional . . highlight
88.Doors were closing on our past, and soon the values we
had lived by would become so obsolete that we would seem
to people of the new age as _______ as travelers from an
ancient land.
elegant
ambitious
interesting
comfortable
quaint
89. Mechanisms develop whereby every successful
species can _______ its innate capacity for population
growth with the constraints that arise through its
interactions with the natural environment.
enhance
replace
produce
surpass
reconcile
90.It was not the _______ of great wealth--jewels,
limousines, palatial houses --that enticed him; rather,
he was________ by the illusion of complete freedom
that unlimited financial resources created.
grandeur . . unconvinced
responsibilities . . intimidated
trappings . . seduced
pageant . . appalled
rewards . . distressed
91. Ability to _______ is the test of the perceptive historian;
a history, after all, consists not only of what the historian
has included, but also, in some sense, of what has been
left out.
defer
select
confer
devise
reflect
92.Although the _______ of cases of measles has_______, _
researchers fear that eradication of the disease, once
believed to be imminent, may not come soon.
occurrence . . continued
incidence . . declined
prediction . . resumed
number . . increased
study . . begun
93.Although it seems_______ that there would be a greater
risk of serious automobile accidents in densely populated
areas, such accidents are more likely to occur in sparsely
populated regions.
paradoxical
axiomatic
anomalous
irrelevant
portentous
94. Because art is a_______ form of human expression,
the artist's approach to creation is_______ personal
experience.
dispassionate . . influenced by
typical . . detached from
unique . . detrimental to
subjective . . colored by
figurative . . irrelevant to
95. When a person suddenly loses consciousness,
a bystander is not expected to _______ the problem
but to attempt to _______ its effects by starting vital
functions if they are absent.
cure . . precipitate
minimize . . predict
determine . . detect
diagnose . . counter
magnify . . evaluate
96. To label the 1950's in the United States a “golden age”
is somewhat _______; general prosperity increased
but the gains made by women in the workplace during
the Second World War were _______.
nostalgic . . perpetuated
facetious . . substantiated
disingenuous . . modified
misleading . . eroded
hyperbolic . . distributed
97.Many of the towns that have voted to keep incinerators
in the county's solid waste plan have done so not
because they necessarily_______ incinerators, but
because they are _______ to narrow their waste-
disposal options.
disdain . . expecting
favor . . inclined
dote on . . eager
approve of . . loath
deplore . . unwilling
98.It was lack of ecological awareness
that initially allowed physicians to view
the new “miracle-cure” antibiotics as
a permanent_______ to bacterial infections
rather than_______ victory over such diseases.
alternative . . a major
solution . . an interim
reaction . . a strategic
answer . . a hard-won
stimulus . . an ephemeral
99. The senator's attempt to convince the public that he is not
interested in running for a second term is _______ given
the extremely _______ fund-raising activities of his
campaign committee.
futile .clandestine
sincere . . visible
specious . . apathetic
disingenuous . . public
straightforward . . dubious
100.The essays gathered in the volume are characterized
by ________ that________ their disparate origins.
a standard . . undermines
a permanence . . distorts
a similarity . . reinforces
a unity . . belies
an incompatibility . . disguises
101.Though he refused any responsibility for the
failure of the negotiations, Stevenson had no
right t_______ himself:it was his__________
that had caused the debacle.
blame . . skill
congratulate . . modes y
berate . . largesse
accuse . . obstinacy
absolve . . acrimony
102.To this reviewer, Esterman's play was a thoroughly
_______ exercise:both its laughter and its tears
seemed equally _______.
plausible . . improbable
trivial . . solemn
sentimental . . understated
artificial . . specious
creative . . stilted
103. Although a change in management may appear
to________ a shift in a company's fortunes,
more often than not its impact is _______.__
hinder . . measurable
promote . . demonstrable
accelerate . . profound
betray . . fundamental
augur . . inconsiderable
104.Journalists often described the incumbent
senator as politically _______, despite the fact
that his record had established him as a more
_______ assessor of political possibilities and
personalities than either of his opponents had
shown themselves to be.
pragmatic . . efficient
opportunistic . . seasoned
naive . . shrewd
inept . . inexperienced
astute . . reliable
105. During a period of protracted illness, people who are sick
can become infirm,_______ both the strength to work and
many of the specific skills they once possessed.
regaining
denying
pursuing
insuring
losing
106.For centuries animals have been used as__________for
people in experiments to assess the effects oftherapeutic
and other agents that might later be used in humans.
benefactors
companions
examples
precedents
surrogates
107. Candidates who oppose the present state income t ax
must be able to propose ________ ways to __________
the financing of state operations.
intelligent . . initiate
individual . . diversify
innovative . . alleviate
arbitrary . . maintain
alternate . . continue
108. Social tensions among adult factions canbe__________
by politics, but adolescents and children have no such
_______ for resolving their conflict with the exclusive
world of adults.
intensified . attitude
complicated . . relief
frustrated . . justification
adjusted . . mechanism
revealed . . opportunity
109. Exposure to low-intensity gamma radiation slows
the rate of growth of the spoilage microorganisms
in food in much the same way that the low heat
used in pasteurization _______ the spoilage action
of the microorganisms in milk.
precludes
initiates
inhibits
isolates
purifies
110.In some cultures the essence of magic is its
traditional integrity:it can be efficient only if it
has been _______ without loss from primeval
times to the present practitioner.
conventionalized
realized
transmitted
manipulated
aggrandized
111.Kagan maintains that an infant's reactions to its
first stressful experiences are part of a natural
process of development, not harbingers of child-
hood unhappiness or _______ signs of adolescent
anxiety.
prophetic
normal
monotonous
virtual
typical
112.Physicists rejected the innovative experimental
technique because, although it_______ some
problems, it also produced new ________._
clarified . . data
eased . . interpretations
resolved . . complications
caused . . hypotheses
revealed . . inconsistencies
113.Marison was a scientist of unusual________ and imagination
who had startling success in_______ new and fundamental
principles well in advance of their general recognition.
restiveness . . acknowledging
precision . . coordinating
aggression . . resisting
candor . . dispelling
insight . . discerning
114.Documenting science's ________ philosophy would be
____,since it is almost axiomatic that many philosophers use scientific
concepts as the foundations for their speculations.
distrust of . . elementary
influence on . . superfluous
reliance on . . inappropriate
dependence on . . difficult
differences from . . impossible
115.Her ________ should not be confused with miserliness; as
long as I have known her, she has always been willing to
assist those who are in need.
intemperance
intolerance
apprehension
diffidence
frugality
116.Although ancient tools were_______ preserved,
enough have survived to allow us to demonstrate
an occasionally interrupted but generally __________
progress through prehistory.
partially . . noticeable
superficially . . necessary
unwittingly . . documented
rarely . . continual
needlessly . . incessant
117. In parts of the Arctic, the land grades into the
landfast ice so _______ that you can walk off the
coast and not know you are over the hidden sea.
permanently
imperceptibly
irregularly
precariously
slightly
118.It is puzzling to observe that Jones's novel has recently been
criticized for its________ structure, since commentators have
traditionally argued that its most obvious_______ is its
relentlessly rigid, indeed schematic, framework.
attention to . . preoccupation
speculation about . . characteristic
parody of . . disparity
violation of . . contradiction
lack of . . flaw
119. The spellings of many Old English words have
been_______ in the living language, although
their pronunciations have changed.
preserved
shortened
preempted
revised
improved
120.In the machinelike world of classical physics,
the human intellect appears_______, since the mechanical
nature of classical physics does not_______ creative
reasoning, the very ability that had made the formulation ofclassical
principles possible.
anomalous . . allow for
abstract . . speak to
anachronistic . . deny
enduring . . value
contradictory . . exclude
121.For some time now, _______ has been presumed not to
exist:thc cynical conviction that everybody has an angle
is considered wisdom.
rationality
flexibility
diffidence
disinterestedness
insincerity
122.Unfortunately, his damaging attacks on the ramifications of
the economic policy have been_______ by his wholehearted
acceptance of that policy's underlying assumptions.
supplemented
undermined
wasted
diverted
redeemed
123.The characterization of historical analysis as a form of fiction is
not likely to be received_______ by either historians or literary
critics, who agree that history and fiction deal wit__________
orders of experience.
quietly . . significant
enthusiastically . . sting
passively . . unusual
sympathetically . . distinct
contentiously . . realistic
124. The state is a network of exchanged benefits and
beliefs, _______ between rulers and citizens
based on those laws and procedures that are
________ to the maintenance of community.
a compromise . . inimical
an interdependence . . subsidiary
a counterpoint . . incidental
an equivalence . . prerequisite
a reciprocity . . conducive
125. An investigation that is_______ can occasionally
yield new facts, even notable ones, buttypically
the appearance of such facts is the result of a
search in a definite direction.
timely
unguided
consistent
uncomplicated
subjective
126.It comes as no surprise that societies have codes
of behavior; the character of the codes, on the other
hand, can often be _______.__
predictable
unexpected
admirable
explicit
confusing
127. In a _______ society that worships efficiency, it is
difficult for a sensitive and idealistic person to make
the kinds of _______ decisions that alone spell
success as it is defined by such a society.
bureaucratic . . edifying
pragmatic . . hardheaded
rational . . well-intentioned
competitive . . evenhanded
modern . . dysfunctional
128. During the 1960's assessments of the family shifted
remarkably, from general endorsement of it as a
worthwhile, stable institution to widespread__________
it as an oppressive and bankrupt one whose
_______ was both imminent and welcome.
flight from . . restitution
fascination with . . corruption
rejection of . . vogue
censure of . . dissolution
relinquishment of . . ascent
129. The_______ of mass literacy coincided with
the first industrial revolution; in turn, the new
expansion in literacy, as well as cheaper
printing, helped to nurture the_______ of
popular literature.
building . . mistrust
reappearance . . display
receipt . . source
selection . . influence
emergence . . rise
130. The pressure of population on available resources is the key to
understanding history; consequently, any historical writing that
takes no cognizance of________ facts is_______ flawed.
demographic . . intrinsically
ecological . . marginally
cultural . . substantively
psychological . . philosophically
political . . demonstratively
131.Like many eighteenth-century scholars who lived
by cultivating those in power, Winckelmann
neglected to neutralize, by some ________ gesture
of comradeship, the resentment his peers were bound
to feel because of his _______ the high and mighty.
quixotic . . intrigue with
enigmatic . . familiarity with
propitiatory . . involvement with
salutary . . questioning of
unfeigned . . sympathy for
132. During the opera's most famous aria the tempo chosen by the
orchestra's conductor seemed _______, without necessary
relation to what had gone before.
tedious
melodious
capricious
compelling
cautious
133. The sheer diversity of tropical plants represents a
seemingly _______ source of raw materials, of which
only a few have been utilized.
exploited
quantifiable
controversial
inexhaustible
remarkable
134. Far from viewing Jefferson as a skeptical but enlightened
intellectual, historians of th1960's portrayed him as__________
thinker, eager to fill the young with his political orthodoxy while
censuring ideas he did not like.
an adventurous
a doctrinaire
an eclectic
a judicious
a cynical
135. Natural selection tends to eliminate genes that cause
inherited diseases, acting most strongly against
the most severe diseases; consequently, hereditary
diseases that are _______ would be expected to be very _______,
but, surprisingly, they are not.
lethal . . rare
untreated . . dangerous
unusual . . refractory
new . . perplexing
widespread . . acute
136. To have true disciples, a thinker must not be too _______:
any effective intellectual leader depends on the
ability of other people to _______ thought processes that
did not originate with them.
popular . . dismiss
methodical . . interpret
idiosyncratic . . reenact
self-confident . . revitalize
pragmatic . . discourage
137. In the midst of so many evasive comments, this
forthright statement, whatever its intrinsic merit,
plainly stands out as _______.__
a paradigm
a misnomer
a profundity
an inaccuracy
an anomaly
138. Our biological uniqueness requires that the effects of a
substance must be verified by________ experiments, even
after thousands of tests of the effects of that substance
on animals.
controlled
random
replicated
human
evolutionary
139. For years manufacturers have tried to make chocolate
synthetically, wit_______ success, because chocolate
contains hundreds of substances and no one knows
which are responsible for its _______ flavor.
commercial . . special
average . . true
little . . distinctive
meager . . artificial
considerable . . specific
140.Mathematics consists of a group of languages
that are more stable than any_______ language;
mathematical symbols do not_______ their
meanings as words do.
developed . . substitute
written . . translate
traditional . . require
verbal . . change
explicit . . conceal
141.While many people utilize homeopathic
remedies to treat health problems, other
people do not_______ such alternative
treatments, _______ conventional medical
treatments instead.
distrust . . employing
embrace . . eschewing
reject . . envisioning
countenance . . relying on
recommend . . turning from
142. From Neolithic pottery to twentieth-century posters, the
extent and variety of the arts in China_______ those
who search for continuity; nonetheless, certain __________
values are reflected in China's artistic traditions.
confound . . enduring
abet . . pervasive
inform . . intangible
entice . . diverse
alienate . . distinctive
143.Paleontologists' assumptions about the equable nature of
the climate on the primeval island of Pangaea are __________
computer simulations indicating that the island's temperatures
tended to_______ during the course of a year.
based on . . cool
confirmed by . . vary
challenged by . . stabilize
bolstered by . . soar
undermined by . . fluctuate
144. Whereas historians once maintained that science is
________ other enterprises, they have come to realize
that science is actually_______ the values, social
assumptions, and intellectual traditions of a particular
historical period.
related to . . informed by
ancillary to . . secondary to
tantamount to . . equivalent to
distinct from . . intertwined with
dependent on . . influenced by
145.Before the Second World War, academics still ques-
tioned whether the body of literature produced in the
United States truly _______ a________ literature, or
whether such literature was only a provincial branch
of English literature.
symbolized . . local
constituted . . national
defined . . historical
outlined . . good
captured . . meaningful
146.In today's world, manufacturers' innovations are easily
copied and thus differences between products are
usually ________; advertisers, therefore, are forced
to _______ these differences in order to suggest the
uniqueness of their clients' products.
crucial . . downplay
minimal . . reduce
slight . . exaggerate
common . . emphasize
intrinsic . . create
147.The critics' evident_______ the new production
was somewhat_______ by their high regard for
the playwright's previous work.
admiration for . .offset
curiosity about . . dampened
hostility toward . . tempered
disappointment in . . disguised
awareness of . . frustrated
148. There is hardly a generalization that can be made about
people's social behavior and the values informing it that
cannot be_______ from one or another point of view,
or even ________ as simplistic or vapid.
accepted . . praised
intuited . . exposed
harangued . . retracted
defended . . glorified
challenged . . dismissed
149.What these people were waiting for would not have been apparent
to others and was perhaps not very _______ their own minds.
obscure to
intimate to
illusory to
difficult for
definite in
150. Today water is more _______ in landscape architecture
than ever before, because technological advances have
made it easy, in some instances even_______, to install
water features in public places.
conspicuous . . prohibitive
sporadic . . effortless
indispensable . . intricate
ubiquitous . . obligatory
controversial . . unnecessary

Answer:
C D A B EC B E E AB A E C EB C B E AC E E C CC C D A BC B C D A
D B D C EB E C C BB C B A AE D D A ED C B D DC B B C CC B C C B
C B C C CD B C E CC C E E DD D E E CB B B D DD D B D DE D E C E
E E D C CA C E B ED B E A AD B D E BB B D E AC C D B AC E D C D
D A E D BC C E E D

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-7-14 09:59:15 |显示全部楼层
Pp2填空讲解
  
1.The philosopher claimed that a person who must consciously _____ his or her own indifference before helping another is behaving more nobly than one whose basic disposition allows such an act to be performed without _____.
feign...enthusiasm
censure...comment
embrace...duplicity
suffer...effort
overcome. deliberation(key)
哲学家宣称:在帮助一个人之前,有意放弃他自己的漠然心态的人将比没有经过思考,而允许这样的行为被执行的人要做得好。
第一个空格肯定是放弃,克服之类的意思,因为后面说这样将more nobly。后一个空格 without deliberation和consciously相对。More…than是GRE填空中典型的对应结构,注意体会一下其中的关系。
2.In scientific studies, supporting evidence is much more satisfying to report than are discredited hypotheses, but, in fact, the ____ of errors is more likely to be _____ than is the establishment of probable truth.
formulation.. permitted
correction..ingnored
detection..useful(key)
accumulation..agreeable
refinement..conditional
在科学研究中,支持一个现象比丢弃一个假设更加让人满意。但实际上,发现一个错误
比建立一个真确的理论更加有用。but引起的前后意思相反
3.Although skeptics say financial problems will probably ___ our establishing a base on the Moon, supporters of the project remain ___, saying that human curiosity should overcome such pragmatic constraints.
beset..disillusioned
hasten..hopeful
postpone..pessimistic
prevent..enthusiastic(key)
allow..unconvinced
尽管反对者说财政问题将阻止我们在月球上建立一个基地,这个计划的支持者仍然保持
热情,说人们的好奇心会克服这样一个现实存在的限制。although引起的前后反义
4.The state of a nation's science determines its prosperity and political power, and scientists should not ___ this relationship even if their own interest in science is of a less practical nature.
Overlook(key)
consider
overestimate
rely on
notice
一个国家的科学状态决定了它的繁荣和政治力量,甚至在他们自己的科学兴趣是没有多
少实际用途的,科学家们也不应该忽略两者间的关系。and前后同义,even if 引出一个转折。
5.All ____ biological traits fall into one of two categories: those giving their possessors greater ___ the environment and those rendering them more in dependent of it.
widespread..detachment from
beneficial..control over(key)
successful..freedom from
neutral..compatibility with
harmful..advantage in
所有有益的生物特性都属于两个范畴:一个是给所有者更大的控制环境的能力,另一个
促使他们更加依赖环境。第一空beneficial和successful好一点;分号后面的句子由and引起相对结构。(见真题 )
6.Most histories of science are success stories that conclude on ____ note with the final ___ of a theory that is the basis of subsequent inquiries by later researchers.
a retrospective..extrapolation
an analytic.. rebuttal
an objective..rationalization
a positive.. refutation
a triumphal.. ascendancy(key)
大多数科学的历史纪录是成功的历史故事,这样的历史故事是关于一个优势理论的获胜
的纪录,这个理论是后来研究者调查研究的基础。success表明全文褒扬的意思。
7.Whereas the Elizabethans struggled with the transition from medieval _____
_ experience to modern individualism, we confront an electronic technology t
hat seems likely to reverse the trend, rendering individualism obsolete and
interdependence mandatory.
literary
intuitive
corporate(key)
heroic
spiritual
伊丽莎白时代的人努力从中世纪的团结合作的经历转变到现代的个人独立主义,然而,
我们面临这样一个电子科技,这个科技看起来要改变这个趋势,使个人主义显得过时而
互相依靠显得是必须的。
很简单,transition sth to sth;显然是转折;whereas也引起一个转折
8.Before the Second World War, academics still questioned whether the body of literature produced in the United States truly ___ a ____ literature, or whether such literature was only a provincial branch of English literature.
symbolized..local
constituted..national(key)
defined..historical
outlined..good
captured..meaningful
二次世界大战之前,艺术理论仍然存在一个疑问,即文学体裁是真正的建立了一个全国
性的文学,还是这样的文学只不过是英国文学的一个狭隘的分支。
or引起一个转折。A national literature 和a provincial branch 相对
9.In today's world, manufacturer' innovations are easily copied and thus dif
ferences between products are usually _____; advertisers, therefore, are for
ced to ____ these differences in order to suggest the uniqueness of their' p
roducts.
crucial..downplay
minimal.. reduce
slght..exaggerate(key)
common..emphasize
intrinsic..create
当今世界,制造商的创新很容易被复制,因此产品之间的差别通常很小;所以,广告者
为了说明他们客户产品的独特性,被迫夸大这些区别。
easily copied因此differences minimal,因此advertisers不得不exaggerate
10.The critics' evident _____ the new production was somewhat ____ by their
high regard for the playwright's previous work.
admiration for .. offset
curiosity about.. dampened
hostility toward.. tempered(key)
disappointment in disguised
awareness of frustrated
批评家们对于这新作品明显得敌意被他们对这个剧作家以前作品的高度评价所缓和。
high regard高度评价,第一个空格要么同义,要么反以,A or C, 第一个显然不对,o
ffset为抵消的意思。
11.There is hardly a generalization that can be made about people's social b
ehavior and the values informing it that cannot be_____ from one or another
point of view, or even ___ as simplistic or vapid.
accepted..praised
intuited..exposed
harangued..retracted
defended..glorified
challenged..dismissed(key)
仅供参考:
既然对于人的社会行为和价值并没有一个统一的说法,所以人的行为和价值就不能被其他
人从另外的角度进行challenges甚至于只是简单的把它说成simplistic或vapid也不行!
  ??
even表示前后两句话的意思程度不同,注意。
12.What these people were waiting for would not have been apparent to others
and was perhaps not very ___ their own minds.
obscure to
intimate to
illusory to
difficult for
definite in(key)
这些人在等待的东西对其它人来说不是很明显,而且或许对他们自己的想法来说也不是
很明确。
and引起的并列。
13.The attempt to breed suitable varieties of jojoba by using hybridization
to ____ favorable traits was finally abandoned in favor of a simpler and muc
h faster ____: the domestication of flourishing wild strains.
eliminate.. alternative
reinforce.. method(key)
allow..creation
reduce..idea
concentrate..theory
通过杂交来加强一些人们想得到的特征的培育jojoba(一种灌木)的尝试被放弃了,取而
代之的是一种更简单更快的方法:繁荣的野生品种驯化。
第一个因为有favorable所以应该选加强,第二空格method更合适一些和attempt对应。
  
14.In spite of the increasing ____ of their opinions, the group knew they ha
d to arrive at a consensus so that the award could be presented.
impartiality
consistency
judiciousness
incisiveness
polarity(key)
尽管他们观念的不断分化,这个团体知道他们不得不达成一致意见以便作出决定。
in spite of引起反义,polarity和consensus相对
15.Supporters praised the mayor's action as a speedy and judicious solution,
but critics condemned it as ___ and unfairly influenced by recent events.
innocuous
fortuitous
beguiling
discreet
premature(key)
支持者赞扬市长的行动是一个迅捷而且公平的决定,但是批评家谴责这个决定,从目前
的情况来看是早熟的,不公平的。
but引起前后相反,supporters赞扬,critics当然贬抑
又因为和speedy相对,或者by recent events,选premature比较合适。
16.Although frequent air travelers remain unconvinced, researchers have foun
d that,  paradoxically, the __ disorientation inherent in jet lag also may y
ield some mental health ___ .
temporal...benefits(key)
acquired..hazards
somatic...disorders
random..deficiencies
typical..standards
尽管经常乘飞机的旅行者仍然不确信,而相矛盾的是,研究者发现(人)因为发动机减
速内部短暂的失去方向感可能产生一些对精神健康的好处。
因为although,paradoxically存在,disorientation必然是产生好处,temporal可能是
与jet lag有关。
17.Some artists immodestly idealize or exaggerate the significance of their
work; yet others, ____ to exalt the role of the artist, reject a transcenden
t view of art.
appearing
disdaining(key)
seeking
failing
tending
一些艺术家不谦虚的把他们的作品理想化,或者夸大其重要性;然而,其他一些人,鄙
视提高艺术作品角色的做法,抛弃艺术强势的观点。
结构很明显,分号前后相对,画线处和reject应该同意。
18. Calculus, though still indispensable to science and technology, is no lo
nger _____; it has an equal partner called discrete mathematics.
Preeminent(key)
pertinent
beneficial
essential
pragmatic
尽管微积分对于科学技术来说仍然势必不可少的,但已经不在象以前那么卓越了。和它
同等的有离散数学。
though产生一个转折关系,且no longer使画线处应该和indispensable同义。
19.Usually the first to spot data that were inconsistent with other findings
, in this particular experiment she let a number ___ results slip by.
inaccurate
verifiable
redundant
salient
anomalous(key)
通常,第一次确定的数据和其它发现使不一致的,在这个特定的实验中,她抛弃了一些反常的结果。前后同义,题中没有提到accurate,所以inaccurate也不正确。是否多余也没有提到,redundant也不对。
20.Despite its ____, the book deals ____ with a number of crucial issues.
optimism.. cursority
importance.. needlessly
virtues..inadequatedly(key)
novelty..strangely
completeness.. thoroughly
尽管一些优点是存在的,这本书对于一些重大问题的讨论是不充分的。
despite前后转折,同时前面一个空格应该是crucial issues的评价。所以选virtues..
inadequately
  
--
  
y(key)
novelty..strangely
completeness.. thoroughly
尽管一些优点是存在的,这本书对于一些重大问题的讨论是不充分的。
despite前后转折,同时前面一个空格应该是crucial issues的评价。所以选virtues..
inadequately
  
son (son)整理
  
21.Because the most recent research has ____ earlier criticism of her work,
one has to conclude that scientists who persist in dismissing her contribut
ion are either ____ the latest findings or simply obstinate.
disparaged.. satisfied with
refined.. preoccupied with
rejuvenated.. unmoved by
confirmed.. opposed to
invalidated..ignorant of(key)
因为最新的研究证明早期对他工作的批评是无效的,有人下结论说,那些坚持轻视她的
贡献的科学家们是对最新发现无知或者仅仅是固执。
persist说明科学家没有改变,而且是obstinate说明recent research是支持her work,
说明scients是ignorant最新的发现。
22.Today water is more ____ in landscape architecture than ever before, beca
use technological advances have made it easy, in some instance even _____, t
o install water features in public places.
conspicuous..prohibitive
sporadic..effortless
indispensable.. intricate
ubiquitous..obligatory(key)
controversial..unnecessary
当今,水在风景建筑中比起以前变得更加无所不在,因为技术的进步使在公共场所安装
水具变得很容易,某种程度上看起来像是必须要安装。
in some instances引起一个递进关系,所以选obligatory前面一个空格就选ubiquitou
s符合全局意思。
23.Babcock's criticism of the business practices of fellow merchants was col
ored by ____: the more successful the other entrepreneurs, the more bitterly
they were ____.
sensitivity..courted
jealousy..castigated(key)
admiration..admonished
ambivalence..dismissed
blame..exonerated
Babcock对于同道商人的商业实践的批评被妒忌所变色(掩盖):其它企业家越是成功,
他们将被更加严厉的批评。
冒号是一个递进关系,criticism所以后一个空格必然使和criticize同义的一个贬抑词
,前面空格是表明一个特征即babcock jealousy
24.Though his contemporaries tended to fixate on the politician's supposed _
___, his personal correspondence ___ a surprising largess.
charity.. confirms
parsimony.. contradicts
avarice..betrays(key)
integrity.. reveals
generosity.. bespeaks
尽管时人倾向于这个政客被假想的贪财,他的个人通信揭示了他令人吃惊的慷慨。
Though转折,第一个空格和largess反义,第二个空格有揭示的意思。
25.In contrast to more ____ publications of ever narrower purview, the journ
al Antiquity has remained as ____ as it was when it began, continuing to ser
ve the broader interests of the discipline of archaeology.
atypical.. anomalous
specialized..idiosyncratic(key)
diverse .. idiosyncratic
irrelevant.. superfluous
authoritative..autocratic
和永远有很窄的视界,更专业的出版物相比较,杂志《古代》还是保持它刚开始的一样
折衷,继续服务于考古学原理的更加宽的兴趣。
in contrast to,前后对应,且ever narrower,所以前一空选specialized;又broader
interests of the discipline of archaeology本身就是eclectic。
26.If the theory is self-evidently true, as its proponents assert, then why
does ____ it still exist among well-informed people?
support for
excitement about
regret for
resignation about
opposition to(key)
如果和它支持者所说的,这个理论视不言自明的正确的,那么在知识广博的人们中间为
什么还存在反对意见呢?
27.Religious philosopher that he was, Henry More derived his conception of a
n infinite universe from the Infinite God in whom he believed, a benevolent
God of ___ whose nature was to create ___.
plenitude..abundance(key)
vengeance..justice
indifference..suffering
indulgence.. temperance
rectitude..havoc
见国内题或最新题:(以下做参考)
像他这样的宗教哲学家,HenryMore从他所信仰的无穷的上帝得到宇宙无穷的概念;这是
一个有创造富足自然能力的上帝。
Infinite后面应该选plenitude..abundance
28.According to some experts, modern science as it emerged in the seventeent
h century was essentially a ____ calling: the culture of science was more a
____ than a departure from ecclesiastical traditions.
scholarly..recapitulation of
skeptical.. return to
religious.. continuation of(Key)
solemn.. recantation of
technical.. modification of
由一些专家所知,现代科学,当它出现在17世纪本质上是宗教上的呼唤:科学文化是一
个教会传统的延续而不是背离。
ecclesiatical教会的,所以第一个孔应该和宗教有关系,第二空格和departure相对应

29.We first became aware that his support for the new program was less than
____ when he declined to make a speech in its favor.
qualified
haphazard
fleeting
unwarranted
wholehearted(key)
当他拒绝作一个赞扬这个新计划的演讲的时候,我们头一次意识到,他对于这个新计划
的支持不是全心全意的。
因为declined to...所以less than whole hearted.
30.Because of the excellent preservation of the fossil, anatomical details o
f early horseshoe crabs were __ for the first time, enabling experts to ____
the evolution of the horseshoe crab.
scrutinized..ensure
verified.. advance
identified.. distort
obscured.. illustrate
clarified.. reassess(key)
因为有化石的完好的保存,早期horseshoe crabs(一种海洋节肢动物)的构造上的细节
第一次被弄清楚,从而使专家重新评估horseshoe crab的进化。
本题A和E不好区分,ensure不能跟the evolution,并且reassess更加通顺一些。
31.Nothing ____ his irresponsibility better than his ____ delay in sending u
s the items he promised weeks ago.
justifies..conspicuous
characterizes..timely
epitomizes..unnecessary(key)
reveals..conscientious
conceals..inexplicable
没有什么能比他几个星期前答应送给我们东西,却故意拖延,更加能够体现他的不负责
任。
justifie证明..正确,褒义部队,无责任心,用unnecessary表示很好,别的不像。
32.The few dozen gray seals that have thus far died of canine distemper can,
at least for now, be considered ___, since most of the remaining 200,000 gr
ay seals appear uninfected by the disease.
unexceptional
immune
anomalous(key)
endangered
contagious
既然大多数剩下200,000灰海豹看起来没有被这种病毒感染,少量灰海豹死于canine di
stemper can,至少在目前,被认为使反常的。
前后截然不同,since,表示反常;反常这个答案ETS常出。
33.A century ago the physician's word was ____: to doubt it was considered a
lmost sacrilegious.
inevitable
intractable
incontrovertible(key)
objective
respectable
一个实际以前,内科医生的话是无可争辩的:怀疑这些话将被认为会遭受天谴。
因为doubt,所以空格出填doubt的同义或反义词,根据句子意思,应该是反义词。
34.So much of modern fiction in the United Stated is autobiographical, and s
o much of the autobiography fictionalized, that the ___ sometimes seem large
ly ___.
authors.. ignored
needs..unrecognized
genres..interchangeable(key)
intentions..misunderstood
misapprehensions..uncorrected
在美国,如此多的现代小说是自传体的,如此多的自传是虚构的,以致两个体裁看起来
大部分可以互换的。
由全句意思,fiction和autobiography有关系,所以是interchangeable,并且它们都是
一种genre
35.Prior to the work of Heckel, illustrations of fish were often beautiful b
ut rarely ____; this fact, combined with the ____ nature of most nineteenth-
century taxonomic descriptions, often kept scientists from recognizing diffe
rences between species
impressive..inaccurate
realistic..detailed
traditional..progressive
precise..inexact(key)
distinctive.. sophisticated
在Heckel的工作之前,对于鱼的描述是美丽的但是很少是精确的;这个事实,和大多数
19世纪分类描述的不精确的本质相结合,经常使科学家们无法区分不同的品种。
两个空格应该同义,而且,keep ..from recognizing differences所以应该是不精确。
  
36.Because modern scientists find the ancient Greek view of the cosmos outda
ted and irrelevant, they now perceive it as only of ____ interest.
historical(key)
intrinsic
astronomical
experimental
superfluous
因为现代科学家发现古稀拉关于宇宙的观点是过时的不重要的,所以他们仅仅把它看作
是一个历史的兴趣。
modern, 看ancient显然是historical interest
37.The challenge of interpreting fictional works written under politically r
epressive regimes lies in distinguishing what is ____ to an author's beliefs
, as opposed to what is _____ by political coercion.
innate .. understood
organic..imposed(key)
contradictory.. conveyed
oblique.. captured
peripheral.. demanded
翻译在压制政体下所写的小说作品的挑战来自于区分那些是作者本来的信仰,哪些是被
政治压迫所强加的,这两者正好相对。
Opposed to引起一个对应,作者的本意和政治压迫对应。
38.Although the intellectual and artistic achievements of this ancient civil
ization were, even by modern standards, extraordinarily ____, its level of t
echnical and mechanical development was by no means ___ to that of modern te
chnology.
primitive.. superior
diverse.. inimical
sophisticated .. comparable(key)
primeval.. equivalent
influential.. subordinate
尽管这古文明的智力和艺术成就,从现代的标准来看,也是特别精细的,它的技术机械
发展水平绝对不能和现代科技想比较。
by no means,绝对不能,第一个空填褒扬的话,第二个空就by no means comparable
39.Although the genetic explanation of why some people are right-handed wher
eas others are left-handed is plausible, it has been effectively ___ by expe
riments in which genetically ____ mice showed different paw preferences.
verified..related
challenged..indistinguishable(key)
tested.. altered
proven.. identical
destroyed..complex
尽管遗传学上的解释一些人右手性的而另一些人是左手性的是合理的,该解释已经被试
验所合理的怀疑,在这个试验中,遗传上没有区别的老鼠表现出不同的爪子趋向。
前面说explanation合理后面就应该是反对..反对就是indistinguishable mice也是dif
ferent的。
40.While T.S.Eliot maintained that poets themselves were the best _____ of _
___, C.S.Lewis opposed this view, declaring that one did not have to be a tr
ained chef to be a discriminating gourmet.
mimics ..life
constructors ..rhyme
critics ..verse(key)
conservators ..aesthetics
interpreters ..sensation
T.S.Eliot说使人本身是最好的评论家,而C.S.Lewis反对这个观点,宣称(一个人)不
必被从一个厨师训练成一个有区别能力的美食家。
C.S反对的是一个比喻,所反对的内容就是T.S坚持的观点。Ets出的阅读中有时候也喜欢
用比喻,难。
  
--
  
liot说使人本身是最好的评论家,而C.S.Lewis反对这个观点,宣称(一个人)不
必被从一个厨师训练成一个有区别能力的美食家。
C.S反对的是一个比喻,所反对的内容就是T.S坚持的观点。Ets出的阅读中有时候也喜欢
用比喻,难。
  
--
  son (son)整理
  
41.Paradoxically, altruism may in fact be ____ if it aids only one's close
relatives.
stalwart
beneficent
rancorous
selfish(key)
censorious
相矛盾的是,利他主义如果仅仅只是帮助亲密的亲属的话,实际上是一种自私的行为。
  
altruism<>selfish
42.The discipline of sociology has finally achieved a degree of consensus: h
owever ____ their individual interpretations and emphases might be, most soc
iologists now ____ a single broad conception of the field.
different .. share(key)
uncontroversial.. champion
limited.. reject
divergent.. dispute
concordant .. acknowlege
社会学的信徒最后到达这么一个程度的一致意见:无论他们的解释和强调是多么的不同
,现在大多数社会学家有一个共同的单一的宽广的这个领域的概念。
冒号后面是对前面的注释,however引起一个转折,different转折之后就是share
43.Chinese art has no ___ the powerful explicit anti war paintings of the We
st, but _____ subtlety and indirection to express political thought.
panacea for..passes by
diversion from defers to
counterpart for .. relies on(key)
intimation of ..alludes to
derivative of .. refrains from
中国的艺术品没有这样一个西方的画的对应,这个对应是强有力的清楚的反战的,但是
只依赖于微妙的不直接的表达政治思想。
Chinese art和 paintings of the West相对,显然就应该选counterpart,前面说no e
xplicit antiwar,后面就应该indirection表达political thought
44.Breakdowns in communication between intimates may occur because the ____
of the relationship, ironically, may ____ openness.
depth..necessitate
closeness..discourage(key)
reciprocity..foster
juxtaposition..offset
precariousness..facilitate
密友之间交流的崩溃可能是因为亲密的关系,讽刺的是,可能阻碍坦诚。
ironically, 就应该是反对openness,前面就应该是closeness导致intimates breakdo
wns in communication;ironically引起全句前后对应。
45.Often the argument against philanthropy has the effect of ____ the charac
ter of philanthropists but not necessarily ____ their work: they may have do
ne good in spite of themselves.
describing..explaining
aggrandizing ..acknowledging
emphasizing ..citing
impugning ..discrediting(key)
obscuring ..attacking
通常反对仁爱的言论有指责慈善家的效果,但是不必要鄙视他们的工作:(工作)尽管
..已经产生了好处。
they done good,所以not discredit,转折之前就应该是impugn
46.The novelist devotes so much time to avid descriptions of his characters'
clothes that the reader soon feels that such ____ concerns, although worthy
of attention, have superseded any more directly literary aims.
didactic
syntactical
belletristic
sartorial(key)
frivolous
这个小说家花了如此多的时间致力于生动的描述他的角色的衣服,以至于读者很快感觉
到这样一个裁缝的关心,尽管值得注意,已经部分替代了直接的文学目的。
sartorial: 梅旖车模 认识这个单词就可以了
47.Ecologists who believe that naturally occurring fires can often ____ an e
cosystem are worried by calls for a policy of ____ all forest fires.
alter .. investigating
damage .. fighting
benefit.. suppressing(Key)
unbalance.. extinguishing
rejuvenate.. studying
一些生态学家相信自然产生的或在通常能对一个生态系统产生好处,一个关于消灭所有
森林火灾的呼吁是他们感到担忧。
worried所以前后意思相反,fire benefit所以suppress all fire 是不对的。
48.Mathematicians have a distinctive sense of beauty: they strive to present
their ideas and results in a clear and compelling fashion, dictated by ____
as well as by logic.
caprice
aesthetics(key)
obligation
methodologies
intellect
数学家们有截然不同的美感:他们努力表达他们的想法和结果,清楚的,吸引人的式样
,被美学同样也被逻辑所决定。
前面出现beauty,且和logic想对,所以选aesthetic
49.Carruthers' latest literary criticism ____ her reputation for trenchant c
ommentary; despite its intriguing title and the fulsome praise on its dust j
acket, it is nothing more than a collection of ____.
reinforces..pronouncements
belies.. platitudes(key)
prejudices..insights
advances..aphorisms
undermines..judgments
Carruthers最近的文学评论和她锐利评论的名声不相符合;尽管在封皮上有诱人的标题
和过度的赞扬,它只不过是一些陈词滥调的集合。
后半句很明显是贬义,despite.....所以前半句该选belie,prejudice,or undermine,从
后半句看则应该platitude为贬义。
50.The ___ of gambler' unsuccessful decision strategies is one ____ of the i
llusions built into games of chance in order to misguide players and take th
eir money.
distortion .. outcome
restriction.. result
maintenance.. function(key)
prediction.. accomplishment
demonstration..prerequisite
赌徒的不成功的战略的保持起一种暗示的功能,这种暗示的建立是为了误导参与者并且
骗走他们的钱。
In order to misguide players和illusions是一种同义对应,所以节后unsuccessful
decision,选择maintenance ..function比较好。
51.That the new group was unable to weather its first staff meeting without
evidence of the same ____ that its creation was intended to abolish did not
___future harmony among coworkers.
cooperation .. ensure
facade.. realize
factions..augur(key)
diligence.. subdue
ventures..suggest
这个新团体不能预测他们第一次全体会议,没有证据表明分歧的建立是为了废止分歧,因
此, 将不能预测到将来的共同工作中的和谐。
that引起长长的从句做主语,绕了好多圈
unable to weather后面也应该是did not augur既然不能harmony所以是factions abol
ish without evidence
51.The prevailing union of passionate interest in detailed facts with equal
devotion to abstract ____ is a hallmark of our present society; in the past
this union appeared, at best , ____ and as if by chance.
data.. extensively
philosophy..cyclically
generalization..sporadically(key)
evaluation..opportunely
intuition..selectively
目前流行的联合会,是一些关于细节事实的热情的兴趣,这些事实都被同等的致力于抽
象概括,这些联合会使我们现代社会的象征;在过去,这些联合会看起来,最多是零星
的,就像偶然的出现。
现在与过去比较:现在prevailing,过去就是sporadically and by chance;第一个空a
bstract generalization很好
53.The author did not see the ___ inherent in her scathing criticism of a wr
iting style so similar to her own.
disinterest
incongruity(key)
pessimism
compliment
symbolism
作家没有看出内在的不同,在他对一个和她自己的很相似的风格的伤害性的批评。
有人模仿他的风格,他就骂,实际上incongruity inherent
54.The author is ____ to identify any particular principle as fundamental, i
nsisting instead that it is only when viewed within specific contexts that p
rinciples can be ____.
Reluctant ..modified
unable.. relinquished
loathe .. assessed(key)
unlikely ..violated
wrong ..justified
作家憎恨把所有特别的原理认为是基本的,作为代替的是,他坚持仅仅当在特定的上下
文时被考虑,原理才能被评定。
前一空无论选什么都有反对的意思,所以转折之后,就是特定情况specific can be as
sessed;而且前者显然是表现主语的主观状态,应该选reluctant或者loathe这样的词
55.As ___ as she was to the widespread dissatisfaction with her performance
on the job, it is no wonder that she greeted the news of her dismissal with
____.
receptive..disdain
acquiescent..temerity
oblivious..astonishment(key)
vulnerable..uncertainty
responsive..apathy
就像她对广泛得对她在工作中的表现不满不知晓的情况一样,她对她被解职的消息表现
的震惊就一点也不奇怪了。
As ___ as,前后必然同义,只有oblivious ..astonishment能表示同一个意思。
56.The scientist found it puzzling that his rival's theory retained its ____
_ despite widespread suggestions that it was now ____.
perspective.. dated
currency..moribund(key)
appeal..accepted
complexity..unfathomable
credibility.. recognized
该科学家奇怪的发现她对手的理论仍然保持流行,尽管流行的说法说它是垂死的。
显然应该是相反的意思.
57.I n keeping with the well-established custom that even the most favorable
review should include some ____, the reviewer follows her _____ the book's
prose with some objections to its implementations of theory.
equivocations..quibbles with
accolades.. attack on
reservations .. praise of(key)
disparagements.. criticism of
compliments..consideration of
为了和建立的很好的习惯保持一致,最好的评论也该保持一些节制,这个评论家在批评
了该散文集的一些理论的实施之后,又赞扬了它。
praise和objection相对,所以是reservation
58.Even among those findings in the field of nuclear physics that have ___,
many have been subject to repeated challenges on the basis of new evidence.
arisen
survived(key)
declined
been proposed
been questioned
甚至在那些发现当中,这些发现是在存在很久的核科学领域中,许多人已经确定的在一
些新证据的基础上不断地提出挑战。
new对survived
59.The economists were ____ to find that the theory that they had considered
_____ crumbled when modern techniques for economic modeling made it possibl
e to make new kinds of observation that contradicted its fundamental assumpt
ions
surprised..problematic
overjoyed..useful
stunned..invulnerable(key)
disappointed..faulty
astonished..suspect
经济学家吃惊的发现这样一个理论,当现代对经济模型的技术使得建立一个和原来基本
的假设相矛盾的新的观察成为可能的时候,他们原来认为坚不可摧的理论,事实是脆弱
的。
invulnerable和crumbled相对,所以吃惊
60.One reason for the development of junior high schools in the United State
s was ____: these schools provided an efficient and inexpensive way to avoid
overcrowding in the high schools.
inequality
parity
expediency(key)
ineptitude
instability
在美国,低级高中的发展的一个原因是方便:这些学校提供一个有效的便宜的方法,从
而避免高中的人口爆满。
Expediency 和 efficient ,inexpensive对应。
  
--
  
lity
parity
expediency(key)
ineptitude
instability
在美国,低级高中的发展的一个原因是方便:这些学校提供一个有效的便宜的方法,从
而避免高中的人口爆满。
Expediency 和 efficient ,inexpensive对应。
  
--
  son (son)整理
  
61.Even though some of the variables identified in Chang's study of persona
lity types are inherently ____, the application of that study's results pred
icts human behavior with considerable ____.
reliable..accuracy
common..universality
nebulous..specificity(key)
abstruse..error
interesting..sophistication
尽管一些辨别chang对于人格类型的研究的参数从本质上是模糊的,这个研究结果的对于
人类行为预测的采用被认为是明确的。
两个空填反义词。
62.Just as the author' book on eels is often a key text for courses in marin
e vertebrate zoology, their ideas on animal development and phylogeny ___ te
aching in this area
prevent
defy
replicate
inform(key)
use
就像这些作者关于鳗鱼的书通常是关于海洋脊椎动物学的关键的课本,他们关于动物发
展和发展史的观点为这个领域提供了教学。
just as并列
63. Many more eighteenth-century novels were written by women than by men, b
ut this dominance has, until very recently, been regarded merely as ___ fact
, a bit of arcane knowledge noted only by bibliographers.
a controversial
a statistical
an analytical
an explicit
an unimpeachable
18世纪的小说女作家写的比男作家多,但是直到最近,这些优势才被认为仅仅是统计学
上的事实,一种有点神秘的指导仅仅被书志学家所记载。
bibliographer当然选statistical
64.Often the difficulties of growing up in the public eye cause child prodig
ies to ____ the world of achievement before reaching adulthood; happily, the
y sometimes later return to competition and succeed brilliantly.
redicule
conquer
retire from(key)
antagonize
examine
通常在公众眼中成长的困难使少年天才在成年之前原理这个世界的成就;让人高兴的是
,他们后来又回到了竞争并且取得 曰偷 陈功。
return to 和retire from 相对应。
65.That many lawyers have acquired a reputation for ____ even the most solem
n and binding undertakings does not ____ discovery of attorneys devoted to b
oth legal and ethical right.
enforcing.. promote
articulating ..ensure
repudiating..permit
disapproving.. produce
subverting..preclude(key)
许多律师因为推翻了最神圣和相结合的重压,赢得了一个名声,这些并不能排除这样一
个发现,律师致力于法律和伦理两个方面的合理性。
律师致力于legal使显然的,是否致力于ethical,前后意思相反
66.While some argue that imposing tolls on highway users circumvents the nee
d to raise public taxes for road maintenance, the phenomenal expense of main
taining a vast net work of roads ____reliance on these general taxes.
avoids
diminishes
necessitates(key)
discourages
ameliorates
有些认证论说对高速公路的用于征加费用将避免提高关于公路维护的公众税收的需要,
然而,保持一个庞大的公路网的明显的化肥使得依赖于一个通常的税收是必须的。
while转折,前面说circumvent后面就是necessitate
67.The skeleton of ____ bird that was recently discovered indicated that thi
s ancient creature ____ today's birds in that, unlike earlier birds and unli
ke reptilian ancestors, it had not a tooth in its head
a primeval.. obscured(key)
a unique.. preempted
a primitive.. anticipated
a contemporary..foreshadowed
an advanced..differed from
早期鸟的骨架的最近被发现,指出古代生物预示了今天的鸟类,和更加早的鸟类和爬虫
类的祖先不同,它头部没有牙齿。
ancient后者modern,第一个空显然选择primeval,或者primitive,看后面这个鸟和ear
lier birds不同,和today的相同了
68.According to one political theorist, a regime that has as its goal absolu
te ____, without any ____ law or principle, has declared war on justice.
respectability..codification of
supremacy..suppression of
autonomy..accountability to(key)
fairness..deviation from
responsibility..prioritization of
通过一个政治理论家可以知道,一个政体如果以它自己的目的为绝对权威,而不服从于
法律或者准则,就已经在像正义宣战了。
That引出一个分句,后面还有一个without应该意思一样的;declare war on justice必
然是没有服从法律和准则
69.The remark was only slightly ____, inviting a chuckle, perhaps, but certa
inly not a ____.
audible..reward
hostile..shrug
amusing..rebuke
coherent..reaction
humorous..guffaw(key)
这些话仅仅有一点点幽默,或许导致了一些轻笑,但肯定不是哄堂大笑。
chuckle前面就是slightly humor,后面not guffaw
70.Estimating the risks of radiation escaping from a nuclear power plant is
___ question, but one whose answer then becomes part of a value-laden, emoti
onally charged policy debate about whether to construct such a plant.
an incomprehensible
an undefined
an irresponsible
a divisive
a technical(key)
估计从一个核电厂逸出的辐射的危险是一个技术问题,但是一个答案变成了部分价值负担
,感情上提出政策的关于是否修建这样一个点场的讨论。
technical和emotionally相对。
71.Our highly ____ vocabulary for street crime contrasts sharply to our ____
vocabulary for corporate crime, a fact that corresponds to the general publ
ic's unawareness of the extent of corporate crime.
nuanced..subtle
uninformative..misleading
euphemistic..abstract
differentiated..limited(key)
technical..jargon-laden
我们高度丰富的关于街道犯罪的词汇,和我们十分有限的法人词汇相对照,是一个和普
通大众对法人犯罪的程度的不关心的事实。
contrast to前后相对,从后面句子看出,corporte crime应该是limited
72.In modern English very few verb forms can be surely identified as subjunc
tives, and the use of those few is so irregular that ____ criteria for appro
priate usage are hard to infer.
obscure
irrelevant
alternative
definite(key)
independent
在现代英语中,很少有动词形式能被肯定的用作虚拟语态,如此少的用途是如此的不规
则以至于确定的合适用途的标准是很难被推断的。
irregular和definite相对,so … that 结构
73.Professional photographers generally regard inadvertent surrealism in a p
hotograph as a curse rather than a blessing; magazine photographers, in part
icular, consider themselves ____ to the extent that they can ____ its presen
ce in their photographs.
Skillful .. enhance
Inadequate .. eliminate
Original .. demonstrate
Fortunate .. minimize(key)
Conventional .. highlight
专业摄影师一般把想偏重不谨慎的超现实主义看作是一个诅咒而不是一个祝福;特别是
杂志摄影师,认为在他们的摄影中能够尽可能减少超现实主义的存在时非常的幸运的。
  
magazine是一种professional photographer,所以他们的态度是一样的。
74.Doors were closing on our past, and soon the values we had lived by would
become so obsolete that we would seem to people of the new age as ___ as tr
avelers from an ancient land.
elegant
ambitious
interesting
comfortable
quaint(key)
关于我们过去的门正在被关闭,不久我们曾经所习惯的价值观将变得如此过时,以至于
我们被新时代的人看作是古代来的古怪的旅行者。
obsolete, ancient对于new age选quaint比较合适
75.Mechanisms develop whereby every successful species can ____ its innate c
apacity for population growth with the constraints that arise through its in
teractions with the natural environment.
enhance
replace
produce
surpass
reconcile(key)
机制的发展使得每一个品种能够调和它内在的人口增长的容量和来自于它和自然环境之
间的相互作用的限制之间的矛盾。
reconcile ...with....
76.It was not the ___ of great wealth-jewels, limousines, palatial houses-th
at enticed him; rather, he was ___ by the illusion of complete freedom that
unlimited financial resources created.
grandeur..unconvinced
responsibilities..intimidated
trappings..seduced(key)
pageant..appalled
rewards..distressed
并不是那些巨大的财富,比如珠宝,汽车,洋房吸引了他;然而,他是被完全的无限的
财政资源的创造所吸引。
entice显然前后都应该是吸引。
77.Ability to ___ is the test of the perceptive historian; a history , after
all, consists not only of what the historian has included, but also,in some
sense, of what has been left out.
defer
select(key)
confer
devise
reflect
选择的能力是历史学家洞察力的检测;一段历史毕竟不仅仅包括历史学家所需要的,而
且,某种意义上来说是要被抛弃的。
not only ..but also的意思既是select
78.Although the ____ of cases of measles has ___, researchers fear that erad
ication of the disease, once believed to be imminent, may not come soon.
occurrence..continued
incidence..declined(key)
prediction..resumed
number..increased
study..begun
尽管麻疹病例的一项范围已经减小,研究者害怕这种疾病的消灭,曾经被相信是即将来
临的,可能不会那么快到来。
后半句说说may not come soon, 前半句就应该是incidence decline
79.Although it seems ____ that there would be a greater risk of serious auto
mobile accidents in densely populated areas, such accidents are more likely
to occur in sparsely populated regions.
paradoxical
axiomatic(Key)
anomalous
irrelevant
portentous
尽管看起来是显而易见的,在人口稠密的地区将会有更大的严重的汽车事故的危险,然
而,这样的事故更容易在人口稀疏的地方发生。
转折: axiomatic greater in densely area然而, more likely occur in sparsely
80.Because art is a ____ form of human expression,the artist's approach to c
reation is ____ personal experience.
dispassionate.. influenced by
typical.. detached from
unique..detrimental to
subjective..colored by
figurative..irrelevant to
因为艺术是人类感情的主观形式,艺术家创作的入口时受到个人经历的影响的。
art和personal experience有关,所以是subjective
  
※ 修改:•son 於 Mar 20 18:00:49 修改本文•[FROM: 166.111.170.126]
urative..irrelevant to
因为艺术是人类感情的主观形式,艺术家创作的入口时受到个人经历的影响的。
art和personal experience有关,所以是subjective
  
※ 修改:•son 於 Mar 20 18:00:49 修改本文•[FROM: 166.111.170.126]
※ son (son)整理
※   
※ 81.When a person suddenly loses consciousness, a bystander is not expected
※ to ___ the problem but to attempt to ____ its effects by starting vital func
※ tions if they are absent.
※ cure..precipitate
※ minimize..predict
※ determine..detect
※ diagnose..counter(key)
※ magnify..evaluate
※ 一个人突然失去知觉时,旁观者并没有被指望来诊断问题但是如果他们在场,就要努力
※ 通过激起生命活动来消减它的效果。
※ But引起的一个转折对应;starting vital functions是counter consciousness的作用
※   
※ 82.To label the 1950's in the United States a "golden age" is somewhat ____;
※  general prosperity increased but the gains made by women in the workplace d
※ uring the Second World War were ____.
※ nostalgic.. perpetuated
※ facetious.. substantiated
※ disingenuous..modified
※ misleading..eroded(key)
※ hyperbolic..distributed
※ 把50年代的美国标记成黄金时代稍微有点错误;大众繁荣增长了,但是二战中妇女在工
※ 作岗位中获得的利益削弱了。
※ golden age somewhat 应该和负词;后半句本身有个转折
※ 83.Many of the towns that have voted to keep incinerators in the county's so
※ lid waste plan have done so not because they necessarily ____ incinerators,
※ but because they are ____ to narrow their waste-disposal options.
※ disdain..expecting
※ favor..inclined
※ dote on ..eager
※ approve of .. loath(key)
※ deplore..unwilling
※ 这个镇支持保持县处理垃圾计划中的焚烧场的很多人这么做,并不是他们必须赞成焚烧
※ 场,而是因为他们不愿意削减他们的垃圾处理的信念。
※ vote所以loath to narrow,but引起一个转折,意思较为明显
※ 84.It was lack of ecological awareness that initially allowed physicians to
※ view the new "miracle-cure" antibiotics as a permanent ___ to bacterial infe
※ ctions rather than ____ victory over such diseases.
※ alternative.. a major
※ solution .. an interim(key)
※ reaction.. a strategic
※ answer.. a hard-won
※ stimulus.. an ephemeral
※ 最初医师们把新的奇迹般医疗效果的抗生素看作使细菌感染的运就解决方案,而不是再
※ 这样的疾病上的阶段性胜利,这样做是缺乏生态学警惕性的。
※ permanent对interim;solution对应victory
※ 85.The senator's attempt to convince the public that he is not interested in
※  running for a second term is ____ given the extremely ___ fund-raising acti
※ vities of his campaign committee.
※ futile..clandestine
※ sincere..visible
※ specious..apathetic
※ disingenuous..public(key)
※ straightforward..dubious
※ 该参议员企图使公众相信他对在任一期不感兴趣使虚伪的,特别是他的竞选委员会公开
※ 的筹募资金活动说明了这一点。
※ 从第一个空上来讲,futile和disingenuous都可以;只是第二空选clandestine使得逻辑
※ 上稍微不合理了。
※ 86.The essays gathered in the volume are characterized by ___ that ____ thei
※ r disparate origins.
※ a standard.. undermines
※ a permanence..distorts
※ a similarity..reinforces
※ a unity..belies(key)
※ an incompatibility..disguises
※ 收集在这一册中的文章被赋予一致特性的,这一点说明他们分散的来源使部队的。
※ 或者同义,或者反义,这儿是反义。
※ 87.Though he refused any responsibility for the failure of the negotiations,
※  Stevenson had no right to ____ himself: it was his ____ that had caused the
※  debacle.
※ blame..skill
※ congratulate..modesty
※ berate..largesse
※ accuse..obstinacy
※ absolve..acrimony(key)
※ 尽管Stevenson拒绝承担任何关于这次协商失败的责任,他没有权力赦免他自己;就是因
※ 为它的尖刻导致了这次协商崩溃。
※ Though引起一个转折,所以应该选absolve;后面好选。
※ 88.To this reviewer, Esterman's play was a thoroughly ____ exercise: both it
※ s laughter and its tears seemed equally ___.
※ plausible.. improbable
※ trivial..solemn
※ sentimental..understated
※ artificial..specious(key)
※ creative..stilted
※ 对于这个评论家来说,Esterman's的剧本一个彻底的虚伪的练习:它欢乐和它的眼泪两
※ 者都同样的表面上的。
※ 前后同意,而且seemed的意思就是表示不是原来那个意思。
※ 89.Although a change in management may appear to ____ a shift in a company's
※  fortunes, more often than not its impact is _____.
※ hinder measurable
※ promote demonstrate
※ accelerate profound
※ betray fundamental
※ augur inconsiderable
※ augur inconsiderable(key)
※ although引起前后意思转折
※ 尽管在管理上的一个改革可能会预测到公司命运的转变, 它的冲击是不值得考虑的
※ more often than not = more often;although转折
※ 90.Journalists often described the incumbent senator as politically ____, de
※ spite the fact that his record had established him as a more ____ assessor o
※ f political possibilities and personalities than either of his opponents had
※  shown themselves to be.
※ pragmatic..efficient
※ opportunistic..seasoned
※ naive..shrewd(key)
※ inept..inexperienced
※ astute..reliable
※ 新闻记者经常把在位的议员描述成政治上的新手,尽管这样一个事实存在,他的档案已
※ 经使他成为一个政治事件和人格特征上的精明的顾问,而不是像他的反对者们所显示的
※ 一样。
※ 前后反义,naive<>shrewd
※ 91.During a period of protracted illness, people who are sick can become inf
※ irm, ____ both the strength to work and many of the specific skills they onc
※ e possessed
※ regaining
※ denying
※ pursuing
※ insuring
※ losing(key)
※ 在一段长期的病痛中,病人变得很虚弱,失去了原来具有的工作能力和很多特别的技能
※ 。
※ Become infirm,losing ……一个意思。
※ 92.For centuries animals have been used as ___ for people in experiments to
※ assess the effects of therapeutic and other agents that might later be used
※ in humans.
※ benefactors
※ companions
※ examples
※ precedents
※ surrogates(key)
※ 几个世纪以来,动物在试验中被作为人的替代者来评估医疗措施和其他方法的有效性,
※ 这些有可能以后被用在人的身上。
※ 动物代替人。
※ 93.Candidates who oppose the present state income tax must be able to propos
※ e ____ ways to ____ the financing of state operations.
※ intelligent..initiate
※ individual..diversify
※ innovative..alleviate
※ arbitrary..maintain
※ alternate..continue(key)
※ 那些反对现在的州立税收收入的候选人,必须能够挤出一个替代的方法来维持现在的政
※ 府的经济运行。
※ 主干: Candidates()must be able to propose()
※ 94.Social tensions among adult factions can be ____ by politics, but adolesc
※ ents and children have no such ____ for resolving their conflict with the ex
※ clusive world of adults.
※ intensified .. attitude
※ complicated..relief
※ frustrated..justification
※ adjusted..mechanism(Key)
※ revealed opportunity
※ 在成人派系种的紧张压力可以被政治所调节,但是青少年们没有这样的机制来解决他们
※ 与排外的成人世界的冲突。
※ But转折,adult和adolescents对应,adjusted和resolving对应
※ 95.Exposure to low-intensity gamma radiation slows the rate of growth of the
※  spoilage microorganisms in food in much the same way that the low heat used
※  in pasteurization ____ the spoilage action of the microorganisms in milk.
※ precludes
※ initiates
※ inhibits(key)
※ isolates
※ purifies
※ 暴露在低密度的嘎玛射线中,减缓了在食品中起腐蚀作用的微生物的生长速度,这和在
※ 巴氏杀菌法中用较低的热量来阻止在牛奶中微生物的破坏活动,基本上是一样的。
※ The same way所以slow和inhibit对应
※ 96.In some cultures the essence of magic is its traditional integrity: it ca
※ n be efficient only if it has been ___ without loss from primeval times to t
※ he present practitioner.
※ conventionalized
※ realized
※ transmitted(key)
※ manipulated
※ aggrandized
※ 在一些文化中,魔术的精华来自于他传统的完整性:仅仅在从古代到现代的从业者的传
※ 送中没有损失的条件下,才能有效。
※ Transmit from … Too…冒号之后对前面的解释
※ 97.Kagan maintains that an infant's rgeactions to its first stressful experi
※ ences are part of a natural process of development, not harbingers of childh
※ ood unhappiness or ____ signs of adolescent anxiety.
※ Prophetic(key)
※ normal
※ monotonous
※ virtual
※ typical
※ Kagan坚持说婴儿对于首次压力的反映部分来自于自然的发展过程,而并不是童年痛苦的
※ 预兆,也不是青春期焦虑的预兆。
※ Harbinger = prophetic signs关系简单
※ 98.Physicists rejected the innovative experimental technique because, althou
※ gh it ____ some problems, it also produced new ____.
※ clarified..data
※ eased..interpretations
※ resolved..complications
※ caused..hypotheses
※ revealed..inconsistencies(key)
※ 物理学家丢弃了这种新颖的试验技术,因为尽管它解决了一些问题,它也执照了一些新
※ 的麻烦。
※ Although引起转折,句子总的意思是rejected …
※ 99.Marison was a scientist of unusual ____ and imagination who had startling
※  success in ____ new and fundamental principles well in advance of their gen
※ eral recognition.
※ restiveness..acknowledging
※ precision..coordinating
※ aggression..resisting
※ candor..dispelling
※ insight..discerning(key)
※ Marison是一个有非凡洞察力和想象力的科学家,他在辨别一些新的和基础的理论并且推
※ 动了他们的一般认识上取得了惊人的成就。
※ Insight,imagination大大赞扬的意思,简单。
※ 100.Documenting science's ____ philosophy would be ____, since it is almost
※ axiomatic that many philosophers use scientific concepts as the foundations
※ for their speculations.
※ distrust of .. elementary
※ influence on ..superfluous(key)
※ reliance on ..inappropriate
※ dependence on ..difficult
※ differences from ..impossible

※ 印证科学对于哲学的影响是多余的,因为很多哲学家采用科学概念作为他们研究的基础
※ 是显而易见的。
※ Axiomatic和superfluous对应
※   
※ --
※   
※ ce on ..inappropriate
※ dependence on ..difficult
※ differences from ..impossible

※ 印证科学对于哲学的影响是多余的,因为很多哲学家采用科学概念作为他们研究的基础
※ 是显而易见的。
※ Axiomatic和superfluous对应
※   
※ --
※   son (son)整理
※   
※ 101.Her ____ should not be confused with miserliness; as long as I have kno
※ wn her, she has always been willing to assist those who are in need.
※ intemperance
※ intolerance
※ apprehension
※ diffidence
※ frugality(key)
※ 她的节俭不能和吝啬混淆起来;据我我知,她一直很愿意帮助那些需要帮助的人。
※ Frugality和miserliness褒贬相对应,as long as 是一个注释
※ 102.Although ancient tools were ___ preserved, enough have survived to allow
※  us to demonstrate an occasionally interrupted but generally ____ progress t
※ hrough prehistory
※ partially..noticeable
※ superficially..necessary
※ unwittingly..documented
※ rarely..continual(key)
※ needlessly..incessant
※ 尽管古代的工具很少被保存下来,足够的工具已经保存下来使我们能够证实史前是时代
※ 一个偶尔的中断但是一般是连续的过程。
※ although,引起一个转折,后面but又是一个转折
※ 103.In parts of the Arctic, the land grades into the land fast ice so ____ t
※ hat you can walk off the coast and not know you are over the hidden sea.
※ permanently
※ imperceptibly(key)
※ irregularly
※ precariously
※ slightly
※ 在北极的部分地区,陆地逐渐变化成和陆地一样坚硬的冰是如此的不能被察觉到,以至
※ 于你能够沿着海滩走,但是不知道你已经在隐藏的海上了。
※ So… that : not know 所以前面选择so imperceptibly
※ 104.It is puzzling to observe that Jones's novel has recently been criticize
※ d for its _____ structure, since commentators have traditionally argued that
※  its most obvious ____ is its relentlessly rigid, indeed schematic, framewor
※ k.
※ attention to.. preoccupation
※ speculation about.. characteristic
※ parody of ..disparity
※ violation of ..contradiction
※ lack of ..flaw(key)
※ 令人吃惊的是,约翰的小说最近被批评说缺乏结构,然而,评论者传统的认为它最明显
※ 的错误是无情的僵化,真正有系统的,有结构的。
※ Traditionally认为是rigid,令人吃惊的是现在lack of structure
※ 105.The spellings of many Old English words have been ____ in the living lan
※ guage, although their pronunciations have changed.
※ Preserved(key)
※ shortened
※ preempted
※ revised
※ improved
※ 许多旧英语中的词汇的拼写在现存的语言中被保留了下来,尽管他们的发音已经改变了
※ 。
※ 保留和改变相对应
※ 106.In the machinelike world of classical physics, the human intellect appea
※ rs ____, since the mechanical nature of classical physics does not ____ crea
※ tive reasoning, the very ability that had made the formulation of classical
※ principles possible.
※ anomalous..allow for(key)
※ abstract..speak to
※ anachronistic..deny
※ enduring..value
※ contradictory..exclude
※ 在经典物理像机器一样的世界中,人类智慧显得如此反常,因为经典物理的自然机制不
※ 允许创造性的推理,这是一种使经典原理可能性系统化的能力。
※ Classical和anomalous对应,machinelike一样的经典物理,所以dose not allow for
※ creative reasoning
※ 107.For some time now, _____ has been presumed not to exist: the cynical con
※ viction that every body has an angle is considered wisdom.
※ rationality
※ flexibility
※ diffidence
※ disinterestedness(key)
※ insincerity
※ 对现代来说,无私被认为是不存在的:最疯世疾俗的想法认为没一个人都有一个角度被
※ 认为是聪明的。
※ 每个人都有angle,所以disinterestedness不存在
※ 108.Unfortunately, his damaging attacks on the ramifications of the economic
※  policy have been ____ by his wholehearted acceptance of that policy's under
※ lying assumptions.
※ supplemented
※ undermined(key)
※ wasted
※ diverted
※ redeemed
※ 不幸的是,他对于经济政策的分歧的毁灭性的攻击被他对该政策基本假设的全心全意的
※ 接受推翻了。
※ 前后意思相反,加上unfortunately的提示,选择undermined比较好!
※ 109.The characterization of historical analysis as a form of fiction is not
※ likely to be received ____ by either historians or literary critics, who agr
※ ee that history and fiction deal with ____ orders of experience.
※ quietly.. significant
※ enthusiastically..shifting
※ passively..unusual
※ sympathetically..distinct(key)
※ contentiously..realistic
※ 把历史分析描述成一种小说虚构将不会被历史学家和文学评论家同情的接受,他们都同
※ 意历史和小说处理完全不同的经验规则。
※ XXX不能被接受,也就是XX和XX是distinct的!
※ 110.The state is a network of exchanged benefits and beliefs, ____ between r
※ ulers and citizens based on those laws and procedures that are ____ to the m
※ aintenance of community.
※ a compromise..inimical
※ an interdependence..subsidiary
※ a counterpoin..incidental
※ an equivalenc..prerequisite
※ a reciprocity..conducive(key)
※ 政府是一个利益和思想的交换网络机构,在那些有利于维持这个社会的法律和程序的基
※ 础上的一种互惠主义。
※ Network of exchanged benefits和reciprocity对应,而且是conducive(有益于)
※ 111.An investigation that is ____ can occasionally yield new facts, even not
※ able ones , but typically the appearance of such facts is the result of a se
※ arch in a definite direction.
※ timely
※ unguided(key)
※ consistent
※ uncomplicated
※ subjective
※ 一个没有指导的调查偶尔也能够产生新的事实,甚至是一些著名的事实,但是这些事实
※ 的出现典型的是一个明确方向的研究的结构。
※ Unguided和definite direction对应
※ 112.In come as no surprise that societies have codes of behavior; the charac
※ ter of the codes, on the other hand, can often be ____.
※ predictable
※ unexpected(key)
※ admirable
※ explicit
※ confusing
※ 社会有行为准则并不让人吃惊;另外一个方面,这些行为的特征通常可能是不被期望的
※ 。
※ No surprise和unexpected对应,注意到on the other hand就ok
※ 113.In a ____ society that worships efficiency, it is difficult for a sensit
※ ive and idealistic person to make the kinds of ____ decisions that alone spe
※ ll success as it is defined by such a society.
※ bureaucratic..edifying
※ pragmatic..hardheaded(key)
※ rational..well-intentioned
※ competitive..evenhanded
※ modern..dysfunctional
※ 在一个崇尚效率的实际的社会中,对于一个敏感而且又理想化的人来时做出一个能够保
※ 证想这个社会所定义的那样的成功的精明的决定是不可能的。
※ Worship efficiency既是pragmatic,alone spell success是个hardheaded decisions
※   
※ 114.During the 1960's assessments of the family shifted remarkably,
※ from general endorsement of it as a worthwhile, stable institution
※ to widespread ____ it as an oppressive and bankrupt one whose _____
※ was both imminent and welcome.
※ flight from..restitution
※ fascination with..corruption
※ rejection of ..vogue
※ censure of ... dissolution      (key)
※ relinquishment of ..ascent
※ 60年代,对家庭评价改变的非常显著,从普遍的认为其是一个有价值,稳定的机够
※ 到广为传播的将其责难为一个令人压抑的,毫无价值的机构,并且家庭的解体被认为
※ 迫在眉睫而且大受欢迎
※ shift from .... to
※ dissolution从oppressive ,bankrupt可以得到
※ 115.The ___ of mass literacy coincided with the first industrial revolution;
※  in turn, the new expansion in literacy, as well as cheaper printing, helped
※  to nurture the ___ of popular literature.
※ building .. mistrust
※ reappearance..display
※ receipt..source
※ selection..influence
※ emergence..rise(key)
※ 大众文学出现和第一次工业革命时间上是一致的;在顺序上,在文学上新的膨胀,就像
※ 更加便宜的印刷一样,帮助支持了流行文学的增长。
※ 分号前后两个句子是一个意思.
※ 116.The pressure of population on available resources is the key to understa
※ nding history; consequently, any historical writing that takes no cognizance
※  of ___ facts is ___ flawed
※ demographic..intrinsically(key)
※ ecological..marginally
※ cultural..substantively
※ psychological..philosophicall
※ political..demonstratively
※ 在可利用资源上的人类的压力是理解历史的关键;结果是,一些历史做品没有认识到人
※ 口现象本质上是错误的。
※ Population对应demographic,关系明确
※ 117.Like many eighteenth-century scholars who lived by cultivating those in
※ power, Winckelmann neglected to neutralize, by some ____ gesture of comrades
※ hip, the resentment his peers were bound to feel because of his ____ the hig
※ h and mighty.
※ quixotic..intrigue with
※ enigmatic..familiariy with
※ propitiatory..involvement with(key)
※ salutary..questioning of
※ unfeigned..sympathy for
※ 像很多18世纪通过排那些有权力的人马屁的学者一样,Winckelmann通过一些同志般的,
※ 和解的姿态,忘记了调和因为他和高层有权力的人纠缠而他的同僚产生的怨恨。
※ Neutralize the resentment既是propitiatory
※ 118.During the opera's most famous aria the tempo chosen by the orchestra's
※ conductor seemed ____, without necessary relation to what had gone before
※ tedious
※ melodious
※ capricious(key)
※ compelling
※ cautious
※ 在这个歌剧大多数著名的唱腔中,被这个乐队指挥家所选的调子,因为没有那些必要的
※ 和以前的联系,看来来很古怪。
※ Without relation所以capricious
※ 119.The sheer diversity of tropical plants represents a seemingly ____ sourc
※ e of raw materials, of which only a few have been utilized.
※ exploited
※ quantifiable
※ controversial
※ inexhaustible(key)
※ remarkable
※ 热带雨林绝对的种类繁多,代表了一个诱人的取之不尽的未加工资源,仅仅一部分已经
※ 被利用了。
※ A seemingly inexhaustible 和 a few相对应
※ 120.Far from viewing Jefferson as a skeptical but enlightened intellectual,
※ historians of the 1960's portrayed him as ____ thinker, eager to fill the yo
※ ung with his political orthodoxy while censuring ideas he did not like.
※ an adventurous
※ a doctrinaire(key)
※ an eclectic
※ a judicious

※ a cynical
※ 和把Jefferson看作是怀疑的但是进步的知识分子不同,60年的的历史学家把他描述成一
※ 个教条主义的思想家,喜欢把他的政治上正统的观点灌输给青年们,而谴责那些他不喜
※ 欢的思想。
※ Fill … with …orthodoxy说明选择doctrinaire好一些
※   
※ --
※   
※ on看作是怀疑的但是进步的知识分子不同,60年的的历史学家把他描述成一
※ 个教条主义的思想家,喜欢把他的政治上正统的观点灌输给青年们,而谴责那些他不喜
※ 欢的思想。
※ Fill … with …orthodoxy说明选择doctrinaire好一些
※   
※ --
※   
※ son (son)整理
※   
※ 121.Natural selection tends to eliminate genes that cause inherited disease
※ s, acting most strongly against the most severe diseases; consequently, here
※ ditary diseases that are ____ would be expected to be very ____, but, surpri
※ singly, they are not.
※ lethal..rare(Key)
※ untreated..dangerous
※ unusual..refractory
※ new..perplexing
※ widespread..acute
※ 自然选择看起来要消灭那些引起遗传疾病的遗传因子,在最大程度上抵抗那些严重的疾
※ 病;结果是,那些致命遗传病,被认为是很少的,但是,令人吃惊的是,却不是这样的
※ 。
※ Natural selection使得lethal diseases expected to be rare..
※ 122.To have true disciples, a thinker must not be too _______: any effective
※  intellectual leader depends on the ability of other people to _______ thoug
※ ht processes that did not originate with them.
※ popular .. dismiss
※ methodical .. interpret
※ idiosyncratic .. reenact(key)
※ self-confident .. revitalize
※ pragmatic .. discourage
※ 为了有真正的信徒,思想家不能太古怪了:任何有效的聪明的领导人依赖于其他人的重
※ 组那些不属于他们的思想过程的能力。
※ Not originate with them所以reenact,总之选别的都不是很好!
※ 123.In the midst of so many evasive comments, this forthright statement, wha
※ tever, its intrinsic merit, plainly stands out as ____.
※ a paradigm
※ a misnomer
※ a profundity
※ an inaccuracy
※ an anomaly(key)
※ 在中世纪如此多的普遍的评论中间,这个直接的评论,无论他的内在价值如何,很清楚
※ 的展现出一个反常的现象。
※ Whatever引出一个转折,forthright和anomaly相对应
※ 124.Our biological uniqueness requires that the effects of a substance must
※ be verified by ____ experiments, even after thousands of tests of the effect
※ s of that substance on animals.
※ controlled
※ random
※ replicated
※ human(human)
※ evolutionary
※ 我们的生物唯一性要求一种物质的效用必须被人类实验所证明,甚至是再经过的对该物
※ 质在动物身上千万次的试验以后。
※ Human和animals对应
※ 125.For years manufacturers have tried to make chocolate synthetically, with
※  ____ success, because chocolate contains hundreds of substances and no one
※ knows which are responsible for its ____ flavor.
※ commercial..special
※ average..true
※ little..distinctive(key)
※ meager..artificial
※ considerable..specific
※ 多少年以来,制造商已经努力综合巧克力,但是取得的成功不大,因为巧克力含有千百
※ 种的物质,没人知道那一种对他独特的味道起作用。
※ No one knows说明little success,而且have tried也暗示了little success
※ 126.By forcing our surrender to the authority of the clock, systematic timek
※ eeping has imposed a form of ____ on society
※ anarchy
※ permanence
※ provincialism
※ tyranny(key)
※ autonomy
※ 通过强迫我们屈从于时钟的权威,系统时间保持法已经把一种压迫强加给了社会。
※ Authority和tyranny对应
※ 127.The meeting seemed ____, not just because decisions were made with exces
※ sive deliberation, but also because the director was so ____ as to provoke e
※ xtremely lengthy debate.
※ abbreviated..distracted
※ interminable..tendentious(key)
※ methodical..persuasive
※ endless..amenable
※ overwhelming..withdrawn
※ 该会议看起来没有尽头了,不仅仅是因为制定决定需要通过额外的考虑,而且是因为指
※ 导者是如此想激发特别长的争论。
※ Not just ,but also并列,同时指出前一个空是interminable
※ 128.The reception given to Kimura's radical theory of molecular evolution sh
※ ows that when ____ fights orthodoxy to a draw, then novelty has seized a goo
※ d chunk of space from convention.
※ imitation
※ reaction
※ dogmatism
※ invention(key)
※ caution
※ 对于Kimura激进的分子演化理论的态度表明,当创新和正统斗争到一个结论,创新就从
※ 传统中得到了大块的空间。
※ Invention fights orthodoxy
※ 129.Although they were not direct ___, the new arts of the Classical period
※ were clearly created in the spirit of older Roman models and thus ____ many
※ features of the older style.
※ impressions ..introduced
※ translations..accentuated
※ copies..maintained(key)
※ masterpieces..depicted
※ borrowing..improvised
※ 尽管他们不是直接的拷贝,这个经典时期的新的艺术很明显的在古老的罗马精神基础上
※ 创造的,因此保留了很多旧时代风格的特征。
※ Although引起一个递进,不是直接的copies就是间接的拷贝,还是maintain了原来的很
※ 多特征。
※ 130.Overall, the evidence was inconclusive as to whether the adjustment to t
※ he inflated estimates would ____ their accuracy or instead ____ the actual a
※ mount.
※ compromise..magnify
※ confirm..validate
※ disprove..pinpoint
※ verify..distort
※ improve..understate(key)
※ 总的来说,该证据是不完整的因为这个夸张评估的调节是是提高了他们的精确性,还是
※ 低估了事实的数据。
※ Instead前后意思相反!
※ 131.Perhaps there is a shortcoming in the script, but the film's poor review
※ s may also be a function of one or two _____ casting decisions in an other w
※ ise ____ production.
※ fitting..magnificent
※ faulty..solid(key)
※ deliberate..cautious
※ hasty..mediocre
※ confusing..perplexing
※ 在剧本上可能有一个错误,这个电影的可怜的评论也能也起到了一两个错误的作用,导
※ 致了在某种意义上僵化生产的决定。
※ Shortcoming和faulty对应,后面就应该是贬义的词
※ 132.As a means of ____ a tempestuous confrontation, the labor arbitrator adv
※ ised the opposing parties to ____ their positions.
※ promoting..qualify
※ calming..reinforce
※ neglecting..clarify
※ appraising..soften
※ defusing..moderate(key)
※ 作为一种缓和暴乱冲突的的方法,劳工仲裁者建议反对党节制一下他们的立场。
※ Defuse a tempestuous confrontation既是moderate positions
※ 133.One of archaeology's central dilemmas is how to reconstruct the ___ of c
※ omplex ancient societies from meager and often _____ physical evidence.
※ riddles..obsolete
※ detals..irrefutable
※ intricacies..equivocal(key)
※ patterns..flawless
※ configurations..explicit
※ 一个考古学上的中心困境是如何从少量而且经常模糊不清的物质证据上来重建复杂的古
※ 代社会的精细之处。
※ Dilemmas,所以后面的intricacies和meager and often equivocal对应
※ 134.That she seemed to prefer ____ to concentrated effort is undeniable; nev
※ ertheless, the impressive quality of her finished paintings suggests that he
※ r actual relationship to her art was anything but ____.
※ preparation..passionate
※ artfulness..disengaged
※ dabbling..superficial(key)
※ caprice..considered
※ indecision..lighthearted
※ 她简单努力的倾向是不可否认的,然而,它所完成作品的动人的质量暗示她真正的艺术
※ 关系不是肤浅的。
※ 前后意思一致,都是说明浅尝则止的意思
※ 135.Unenlightened authoritarian managers rarely recognize a crucial reason f
※ or the low levels of serious conflict among members of democratically run wo
※ rk groups: a modicum of tolerance for dissent of ten prevents ____.
※ demur
※ schism(key)
※ cooperation
※ compliance
※ shortsightedness
※ 落后的独裁的经历很少认识到这样一个关键性的原因,在被民主运行的工作组里严重的
※ 冲突在低的水平之上:稍微容忍一下不同一下将会防止严重分歧。
※ Schism是一个严重的conflict
※ 136.The natures of social history and lyric poetry are ____, social history
※ always recounting the ____ and lyric poetry speaking for unchanging human na
※ ture, that timeless essence beyond fashion and economics.
※ predetermined..bygone
※ antithetical..evanescent(key)
※ interdependent..unnoticed
※ irreconcilable..unalterable
※ indistinguishable..transitory
※ 社会历史学家和抒情诗人本质上是对立的,社会历史学家一致详细描述短暂光阴,而抒
※ 情诗人赞同不便的人类自然特性,那些超处于流行和经济的永恒的精华。
※ Unchanging和evanescent对应,所以是antithetical
※ 137.Despite the fact that it is almost universally ____: the practice of ind
※ entured servitude still ____ in many parts of the world.
※ condemned..abates
※ tolerated..survives
※ proscribed..persists(key)
※ mandated..lingers
※ disdained..intervenes
※ 尽管这个已经被全世界禁止的事实:契约奴隶活动仍然在世界的各个部分所保留。
※ Despite引起一个转折
※ 138.Ironically, the proper use of figurative language must be based on the d
※ enotative meaning of the words, because it is the failure to recognize this
※ ____ meaning that leads to mixed metaphors and their attendant incongruity.
※ esoteric
※ literal(key)
※ latent
※ allusive
※ symbolic
※ 具有讽刺意义的是,图画语言的确切应用必须建立在文字描述的意义的基础上,因为认
※ 识到这个文字的意义导致了混淆的隐喻和随后的不一致是错误的。
※ Words和literal对应
※ 139.Having sufficient income of her own constituted for Alice ____ independe
※ nce that made possible a degree of ____ in her emotional life as well.
※ a material .. security(key)
※ a profound ..conformity
※ a financial..economy
※ a psychological..extravagance
※ an unexpected ..uncertainty
※ 她自己足够的收入为Alice建立了物质上的独立,也使得某种程度上的精神生活上的安全
※ 也有了可能。
※ Material和emotional对应
※ 140.The credibility of her ____ description of the conflicts experienced by
※ many contemporary women in their every day lives was undermined by her ____
※ conclusions.
※ even-handed..partisan(key)
※ biased..lopsided
※ detailed..careful
※ general..far-reaching
※ realistic..valid
※ 对她的被许多同时代的妇女日常生活中所经历的冲突的公正的描述的信任被她的偏见的
※ 结论所推翻。
※ 公正和偏见对应
※ 141.Her tone of voice ____ him: he could not tell whether she was being ____
※  or whether he was to take her comment literally.
※ offended .. genuine
※ puzzled..direct
※ comforted..kind
※ reassured..condescending
※ perplexed..sarcastic
※ 她说话的语调使她感到困惑:他不能辨别这是他是在讽刺还是他字面上的理解了他的意
※ 思?
※ Could not tell既是perplexed,后面是太精明和蠢笨对应
※ 142.Mathematics consists of a group of languages that are more stable than a
※ ny ____ language; mathematical symbols do not ____ their meanings as words d
※ o.
※ developed..substitute
※ written..translate
※ traditional..require
※ verbal..change(key)
※ explicit..conceal
※ 数学包含了大量比文字语言更为稳定的语言;数学符号不想文字一样改变他们的意思。
※   
※ Verbal和words对应,stable和change对应
※ 143.While many people utilize homeopathic remedies to treat health problems,
※ other people do not _____ such alternative treatments, ____ conventional med
※ ical treatments instead.
※ distrust..employing
※ embrace..eschewing
※ reject..envisioning
※ countenance..relying on(key)
※ recommend ..turning from
※ 很多人利用同样的疗法来治疗健康问题,而另外一些人并不支持这样的替代疗法,而是
※ 依赖于传统的医学疗程。
※ Do not countenance和rely对应,while转折
※ 144.From Neolithic pottery to twentieth-century posters, the extent and vari
※ ety of the arts in China ____ those who search for continuity; nonetheless,
※ certain ____ values are reflected in China's artistic traditions.
※ confound..enduring(key)
※ abet..pervasive
※ inform..intangible
※ entice..diverse
※ alienate..distinctive
※ 从新石器时代的陶器到二十世纪的海报,中国艺术的范围和种类使那些学找一致性的感
※ 到困惑;然而,一些永久的价值观念在中国艺术传统上被体现了。
※ 没有明确的词会上的对应,nonetheless前后的句子意思是转折的
※ 145.Paleontologists' assumptions about the equable nature of the climate on
※ the primeval island of Pangaea are ____ computer simulations indicating that
※  the island's temperatures tended to ____ during the course of a year.
※ based on .. cool
※ confirmed by.. vary
※ challenged by ..stabilize
※ bolstered by..soar
※ undermined by ..fluctuate(key)
※ 古生物学者关于Pangaea远古岛屿气候稳定本质的假设被计算机仿真所指出的该岛屿的持
※ 续多年的保持变化的气温所推翻。
※ Equable nature和fluctuate对应,
※ 146.Whereas historians once maintained that science is ____ other enterprise
※ s, they have come to realize that science is actually ____ the values, socia
※ l assumptions, and intellectual traditions of a particular historical period
※ .
※ related to ..informed by
※ ancillary to ..secondary to
※ tantamount to ..equivalent to
※ distinct from ..intertwined with(key)
※ dependent on ..influence by
※ 历史学家曾经坚持科学是不同于其他事业的,然而,他们开始认识到科学是和价值观,
※ 社会假设,以及一个特定历史时期的智慧传统相联系的。
※ Distinct from 和intertwined with相反!
※   
※ --

※   
※ mount to ..equivalent to
※ distinct from ..intertwined with(key)
※ dependent on ..influence by
※ 历史学家曾经坚持科学是不同于其他事业的,然而,他们开始认识到科学是和价值观,
※ 社会假设,以及一个特定历史时期的智慧传统相联系的。
※ Distinct from 和intertwined with相反!
※   
※ --

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GRE梦想之帆

发表于 2009-8-27 23:29:29 |显示全部楼层
楼上的居然敢在这发广告
已有 1 人评分寄托币 收起 理由
草木也知愁 + 1 抹掉了~谢谢~

总评分: 寄托币 + 1   查看全部评分

If you fall off a building it dosen't matter if you're a good or a bad person, you're going to hit the ground

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发表于 2009-9-1 20:54:21 |显示全部楼层
Up
~~!
AW~!~!~!~!~!~!~!
记忆像是倒在掌心的水,不论你摊开还是紧握,终究还是会从指缝中一滴一滴流淌干净。

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发表于 2009-9-4 16:36:32 |显示全部楼层
感谢分享!!

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发表于 2009-9-12 09:47:26 |显示全部楼层
感谢分享,有没有真题的翻译

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-9-21 21:00:24 |显示全部楼层
小议GRE填空的思维方法 by 黑狐狸

这是偶写的老贴了,重贴出来大家分享一下:
在看本文之前请大家做三道题。
To believe that a culture's achievement can be measured by the ------- of its written material requires one to accept that a page of junk mail is as ------- as a page of great literature.
nature.. readable
quality.. prevalent
timelessness.. understandable
applicability.. eloquent
volume.. valuable
  It is no accident that most people find Davis' book disturbing, for it is ------ to undermine a number beliefs they have long -------
calculated..cherished
annotated..assimilated
intended..denied
anxious..misunderstood
reputed.. anticipated
  Given the failure of independent laboratories to replicate the results of Dr. Johnson's experiment, only the most ------- supporters of her hypothesis would be foolish enough to claim that it had been adequately -------
fastidious.. defined
partisan.. verified
vigilant.. publicized
enlightened.. researched
fervent.. undermined
   下面进入正文,答案是EAB。
  黑狐狸小议填空的思维方法
  做填空题的过程中,我们经常会遇到一些混不可解的词汇障碍。怎么办。本文想跟大家探讨一下怎样去蒙答案。

如这道题:To believe that a culture's achievement can be measured by the ------- of its written material requires one to accept that a page of junk mail is as ------- as a page of great literature.
nature.. readable
quality.. prevalent
timelessness.. understandable
applicability.. eloquent
volume.. valuable
这个空的第二个选valuable是我比较确定的。比readable和其他的要好,但是第一个空对volume想不通,但是又不能说这个词肯定错,只能说不懂。这个nature看来好象有点通,但是又不是最好的,因为这个nature是万能词汇,很多地方可用。怎么办,许多时候我们的思维便开始保守。这个volume不懂什么意思,干脆就选a吧。Readable似乎也通。而且煞有介事的给readable找了一些成立的理由。
这是一个思维的误区。一定要记住。对valuable这样几乎必对的词要优先选择。除非在你把整个句子透彻理解的情况下完全排除了他的搭档的可能性。否则在句意一团模糊的情况下,优先选择自己还比较拿得准的。这样赌成功率大。
It is no accident that most people find Davis' book disturbing, for it is ------ to undermine a number beliefs they have long -------
calculated..cherished
annotated..assimilated
intended..denied
anxious..misunderstood
reputed.. anticipated
这个空也一样,只有cherished比较肯定,逻辑和语感都符合,但是第一个空不知所云,这里的calculated的意思绝非计算这么简单,自己的功力不能解出,那么,放弃这个空吗?这么好的cherished难道就放弃了吗?看看其他的,CE肯定不对,因为意思不对。B这个词由于自己不太理解所以显得似乎可能正确,而前面的annotated也让我糊涂;D的anxious似乎有点门道,但是misunderstood不是特别通,但是如果勉强可能有点点通。
怎么办,肯定要蒙了。这时候最怕思维方式就是为这个misunderstood存在找理由,从而迎合前面的anxious,于是似乎很完美的解决了这个空,这其实是人的一种本能的完型心理,或者说溺水人要抓救命稻草的心理,尤其是那些不太自信的应试者。这时往往是阵脚大乱,完全不是凭理性而是凭自己的想象力来作题。所以克服了这种心理,你遇到摸棱两可的题目答对的几率会猛长。
这时你面临的情况是这样的,cherished是完美的。但是calculated死活想不通是什么意思。而那个misunderstood加入自己的一些想入非非后竟然显得有些象正确答案。这时,一定要沉住气,大胆选cherished。记住,ets的思维是简单直接力求完美的,有cherished在,除非有和cherished一样完美的答案,否则就不会象许多中国老师一样故意找一些似是而非的东西迷惑你,我们受这些老师的影响太深,所以在考虑问题的时候免不了要多绕一个弯。一定要克服这个误区。希望大家多找些类似的例句,看看这个规律是不是存在。Given the failure of independent laboratories to replicate the results of Dr. Johnson's experiment, only the most ------- supporters of her hypothesis would be foolish enough to claim that it had been adequately -------
fastidious.. defined
partisan.. verified
vigilant.. publicized
enlightened.. researched
fervent.. undermined
语感的作用:adequately这样的副词如果大家积累多的话就会知道,多跟正面动作有关,充分的证明,充分的考虑,有没有这样的说法,充分的破坏呢?这种写法是不是显得有些残忍的幽默,是一个美丽的错误呢?ets好象是一群比较刻板的人,他们不会在题目中用这种矛盾修饰法的。注意积累一下这些内容。
本文只是偶的一点心得体会,大家可在平时的实战中揣摩。希望听到大家的反馈意见。
  

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-9-21 21:03:09 |显示全部楼层
(不屈不挠,寄托精神,从绝望中再来)GRE填空最新题解(02.11\03.3)

by silentwings


02.11
1.        Although she gives badly ____ titles to her musical compositions, they ____ unusual combinations of materials including Gregorian chant, Asian scale patterns and rhythms, electronic sounds, and bird songs.
A.        exotic… belie
B.        eccentric…deploy
C.        traditional…exclude
D.        imaginative…disguise
E.        conventional… incorporate                 
Answer: E
Analysis: The sentence itself is an “Although……” one meaning that the former part standing at the opposite side of the latter part, especially embodying on the object “musical compositions”, thus no difficulty and hesitation can we make to discern the comparison established between the characteristic endowed with the “titles” and the one with the combination of materials indicated in the latter part of the sentence. Thereby we only need to put the opposite feature of the latter one describing the style of combinations, i.e. the word opposite to “unusual” back to the first vacancy, which can help us to shrink the range to the two choices, C and E. How can we decide which is the right to pick up. We find that the second word of the alternative choice is entirely controversial. To have the sentence made sense, we can use no effort to choose E is the right answer, which attaches to the relationship between the two separate parts.
2.        Even though the folktales Partout collected and retold were not solely French in origin, his versions of then were so decidedly French in style that later anthologizers of French folktales have never ____ them.
A.        excluded
B.        admired
C.        collected
D.        promoted
E.        comprehended                           
Answer: A
Analysis: The problem is obviously so easy to handle for the phrase “Even though” help us to grasp the paramount information that the two parts are standing on the antithetic side, and what’s more, the former part is integral offering us such a wholesome body that what we need to cope with the blank is to choose an apropos word revealing the connotation of the attitude “acceptance”. As a result of the existence of qualified word “never”, we should pick up a word near to the meaning of “disregard” or “discard” to fulfill the whole sentence.
3.        In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent, her book does not ridicule all predictions of doom but rather claims that the risks of harm have in many cases been ____.
A.        exaggerated
B.        ignored
C.        scrutinized
D.        derided
E.        increased                                
Answer: A
Analysis: The standard of sentence fulfillment is to make the meaning of sentence into a properly logical chain, briefly, trying your best to let the sentence express a non-paradoxical issue. This is just one of the classical example displayed here waiting for our response. From the first scan we can have no hardness to understand the purpose of the heroine’s book, to argue against the apocalyptic assertions, then the alternative answer cannot subvert this prerequisite, although someone may presumptuously make up his or her mind to choose an antonym constituting an antithetic meaning of the “ridiculous” for the structure of “but rather”. Then the only choice is nothing but A, satisfying both the precondition of the book’s pith and the fundamental structure, and B is short in the attachment with the clause structure, C and E cannot constitute a watershed of the sentence meaning, and D, which no one would choose I think, bespeaks the same meaning of the “ridicule”, which strike against the accordance with the structure.
4.        There seems to be no ____ the reading public’s thirst for books about the 1960’s: indeed, the normal level of interest has ____ recently because of aspiration of popular television documentaries.
A.        quenching… moderated
B.        whetting… mushroomed
C.        curtailing… waned
D.        ignoring… transformed
E.        slaking… increased                       
Answer: C
Analysis: A sentence uses semicolon to weld two independent clauses, which equals with the intention implicitly showing to us that the two are formally equivalent. The first clause tells us the public’s thirst is no what”, mirroring the second one, the normal level of interest has what recently. Then we have two ways to deal with this problem. One is judge the relationship of the two parts according to the word “indeed”, which tells us that the “no what” and “has what” is opposite, further put, the two blanks are congruous, which leads our mind to fix on the choice C. Pay attention, moderated cannot exactly express the explicit reverse dimension of the tarnishing of the resplendence of books’ thirst, but instead at most a trend of tranquility. The other approach is resorting to the comparison made between two different time stages, the former part of the time and the session of “recently”, which alludes us appearance of a classic paradigm of “time contrast”.
5.        Despite a tendency to be overtly ____, the poetry of the Middle Ages often sparks the imagination and provides lively entertainment, as well as pious sentiments.
A.        diverting
B.        emotional
C.        didactic
D.        romantic
E.        whimsical                              
Answer: C
Analysis: Another instance for training us the judgment of the relationship between the former clause and the latter one. “Despite” tells us we ought to choose a word denying the latter allowance, and we read to know that the element permitted to express is personal feeling and thinking, which must have constituted a contrary meaning with the former part. And only the didactic behavior we can prejudge in our mind before our eyes scanning to the item C.
6.        One of the first ____ of reduced burning in Amazon rain forests was the chestnut industry: smoke tends to drive out the insects that, by pollinating chestnut tree, allow chestnuts to develop.
A.        reformers
B.        discoveries
C.        casualties
D.        critics
E.        beneficiaries                           
Answer: E
Analysis: Due to the disabled ingredient dispersed in the first half part of the sentence, and the semicolon alludes us to catch the hidden clues from the given part of the latter clause, we should at once search for the hope of solution in there. As we can see, the latter part imparts us the knowledge of the jeopardy of the smoke threatening the survival of the chestnuts, and the subjects of the former part put into discussion is the result of “reduced smoke”. Oh, that’s an idea not bad for the salvage of chestnut industry, then E precisely bespeaks this layer of meaning.
7.        The research committee urged the archaeologist to ____ her claim that the tomb she has discovered was that of Alexander the Great since her initial report has been based only on ____.
A.        disseminate… supposition
B.        withdraw… evidence
C.        undercut… caprice
D.        document… conjecture
E.        downplay… facts                        
Answer: C
Analysis: The sentence seems obscure for the two blanks being so tightly reciprocal that we cannot rely on any evidence exhibited on the surface to deduce either one of them. However, have you noticed the seemly subtle word “only”? If yes, then you have succeed half of the sentence completion, since you at least have concluded that the attitude the research committee taken towards the report of the female archaeologist is “negative”. Then the first blank should belong to a verb standing for denial, which one can be preserved for this sifting? Yes, B, C and E. Then we should take a consideration of the second blank revealing the shortage of her evidence or cogency. Only on what? Evidence is cogent, as we know, at least for objective ones, and facts are too. But caprice is excluded for the hegemony of personal will involving imagination, prejudice, or the like. Hence no hesitation shall we make to choose C and go on to the next section.
03.3
1. The scientist found it puzzling that his theory encountered ______ despite widespread agreement that it was _______
A.        respect … crucial
B.        dismissal…simplistic
C.        skepticism…unfathomable
D.        opposition…indisputable
E.        acceptance…comprehensive                     
Answer: D
Analysis: This sentence is arranged by the utility of the conjunction “despite” telling us the fact that the content waiting for our supplement is going contrarily in contrast with the latter part, the “widespread agreement”, thus we can cross out immediately the choice A and E. And then no vacillation shall we expect to conjecture the second blank is used to support the anterior “agreement”, which “simplistic” and “unfathomable” all cannot exactly confess. Thereby the answer should belong to the panoply of choice D.
2. The rate at which soil can absorb water ______ with continuous wetting, so the longer a ______ lasts, or the greater the rate of precipitation, the higher the percentage of water that will flow across the ground as runoff and enter stream channels.
A.        rises… deluge
B.        diminishes… drought
C.        increases… shower
D.        decreases… rainstorm
E.        stabilizes…thaw                              
Answer: D
Analysis: Thank goodness! The crucial breakthrough can easily be made from the second blank, followed which is an apposition precisely indicating us the word necessary to fulfill this situation is the synonym of “precipitation” under the control of “longer” and “greater”. Then which one of the choices can supplant the “precipitation”. Right! Rainstorm can do it, and pick up D at ease!
3. The ideas expressed in the art historian’s book are more_____ than one would expect on the basis of her rather _____ treatment of her subject in the opening pages.
A.        compelling… intriguing
B.        accessible… recondite
C.        hidebound… reactionary
D.        insightful… innovative
E.        dispassionate… evenhanded                    
Answer: B
Analysis: The structure of the sentence is facilitated to grasp under the clues of “more than”, which intimates us the first blank and the second one constitute a pair of antonym, only then can we understand the particularly surprising tone of the writer tending to express. Hence let us give up the na&iuml;ve intention like before to infer further to fix on a narrower range to make up our sensible choice but to begin to scan each of the five choices, searching for a pair of conspicuous antonyms. And B is perfect. The other four is easily to exclude for their attributes of synonyms.
4 The meeting on environmental issues produced ____ discussion but no commitment on a plan of action: the many uncertainties surrounding global climatic change and the huge cost of efforts to limit it made the policymakers ____.
A.        little… voluble
B.        heated… contentious
C.        cordial… quarrelsome
D.        frustrating… affable
E.        interminable… businesslike                    
Answer: B
Analysis: First, let us to primarily consider the first blank from the foothold of the tightly followed ingredient “but no commitment”, which help us to narrow the packet of possible choices in the realm of B, C and E. A and D cannot construct the atmosphere of “but” transition. Next, we read through the concomitant explanation of the acerbic fruit of “no commitment”, and the second blank requires our resonance with the policymakers restricted by the regulations listed above. Let us sift the three alternatives. The word “quarrelsome” is improper here for describing the controversial views harbored by different persons but emphasizes the shadow of anger and aggression gratuitous in this sentence. And too “businesslike” is entirely contrary to what the author intends to tell us, the couples of limitations enforced these policymakers to astray into a deadlock. So “contentious” in the choice B best to portray the picture of heated discussion and the dilemma lay in front of them, thus comes the right response.
5.Art that endures often makes an initially disturbing impact: the profound experience that such art seeks to provoke necessarily engenders a certain____.
A.        familiarity
B.        ennui
C.        upheaval
D.        intimacy
E.        tranquility                                 
Answer: C
Analysis: Another example to reveal the exact principle prevalent in sentence completion----“echo”. Vividly speaking, the sparkled word in the first part of this sentence, “disturbing” will lead us to the plinth of the correct response, under the game rule of “echo” for maintaining the integrity of the uniform meaning a single sentence can express. C is the proper one equivalent with the adjective of “disturbing”.
6. The history of film reflects the ____ inherent in the medium itself: film combines still photographs to represent continuous motion and, while seeming to present life itself, can also offer impossible and dreamlike unrealities.
A.        trivialities
B.        biases
C.        constraints
D.        paradoxes
E.        liabilities                              
Answer: D
Analysis: An apropos noun is demanded for our dealing to caulk the hiatus in this sentence. To ease our workload and enlighten the sensible direction, the next part of the sentence all focus their limited energy onto the elucidation of this particular noun. The purpose and meaning of the latter part is patent, film mirrors a continuous picture of life simultaneously contravening the fundamental principles of real life, then what the characteristic the author tends to intimate us? Think about it! Yeah, the condition of paradox, and D is attached to the essence of the sentence.
7. The ____ with which the politician peppers her speeches are so memorable that many people think of her as being far more ____ than she in fact is.
A.        superlatives… egalitarian
B.        pejoratives…optimistic
C.        examples… soporific
D.        diatribes… censorious
E.        malapropisms… straightforward              
Answer: D
Analysis: The two blanks here have the relationship of collocation, which can be concocted into a couple of analogy. The very finesse the speaker used in her talk makes it what far more than it really is. Then A, B and E is essentially opposite, which cannot be correct. And C, the word “soporific” is gratuitous out of any form of clues’ support. Thereby D is the right answer, “censorious” is reasonably in accordance with the object “diatribes”.

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Sagittarius射手座 AW活动特殊奖 AW作文修改奖 IBT Elegance 挑战ETS奖章 US Advisor US Assistant 荣誉版主

发表于 2009-9-21 21:07:26 |显示全部楼层
[周年征文]DriverEntry2004年6G总结之填空篇

by DriverEntry

本文为寄托天下作者原创,转载请保持文章完整,并请务必注明原作者和出处。

一、        前言:

这次6G考试感觉填空还是比较难的,很多人都浪费了大量时间在填空上。其实我自己填空部分做完之后感觉也不是很好,好几道题目都没有把握。另外从最近几次考试的趋势来看,填空似乎越来越难。因此在这里向后来的GTER们提个醒,不要忽视填空!

二、        我的填空的复习过程及经验教训:

填空在我的复习过程中相对来说是一个比较薄弱的环节。因为首先从思想上就不够重视,另外在各种各样前人经验的总结中,对词汇和阅读的讨论占了大量的内容,而对填空则少了很多。对于词汇,我每天都花大量的时间进行复习,阅读也是早晚各看一篇LSAT的文章,而填空似乎还没找到什么有效提高或者强化训练的办法。也许可以参考老陈(陈圣元)说的,把填空至少做上5、6遍。

废话少说,下面介绍一下我填空的复习过程:

我正式开始复习填空是在3月底,考完作文以后。一开始把老陈的那本《句子填空》看了看。我觉得这本书总的来说还是不错的,但是前面部分写的不是很清楚,比如“分割”,“粘连”的概念没有介绍的很详细,所以看完之后印象并不是很深。

直到后来听了老陈的网络课堂之后,我才对所谓的“分割”有了一个比较清楚的认识,可惜这时已经做过了很多题目了。建议后来的同学们复习时,可以在做题目前先把老陈的网络课堂的前几部分听一下。不过有一点要注意:老陈在网络课堂里主要是通过题目来讲他那些技巧和方法,所以大家在听到一个题目后,最好先暂停,然后把他要讲的题目自己先花1,2分钟做一下,这样再听他的讲解就会有深刻的体会。关于网络课堂的讲义,在寄托天下的GRE版里有下载,大家可以找一下。

好,接着说我的复习过程,由于开始对老陈的那些技巧和方法没搞的很明白,我在做题目的前面阶段基本上就是靠着阅读的功底的做题。这样基本上也能做对题目,但比较花时间,所以效果不是很好。

到了复习的中后期,在把老陈的网络课堂听完,并且看了chqt老大的“GRE实战技巧句子填空” 以后,掌握了填空的一些基本技巧,做题目的正确率也有了一个比较大的提高。在做国内题的填空时,两个SEC的填空加起来不会超过3个。

三、        新笔考时代填空和老填空的区别:

本来在模考的阶段,我感觉填空做的还是比较好的,但到了真正的考场上之后,填空做的还是吃力。我觉得新的填空的题目和老的题目感觉差别主要有以下几点:

1、        逻辑推理更加复杂,句子更长,难度也更大。在老的笔考题目中,每次考试里一般都有几句话是比较短的,而且很容易理解的。但是在新的考试中,我记得几乎每个填空句子都很长,读起来都不是很轻松。

2、        另外在最近的考试中,句子难度的排列也和以前不一样,以前前面几个填空往往是比较容易的,然后逐渐变难。但现在的考试是,一上来的句子就比较难,感觉反而是后面的句子相对来说容易些。所以在考场上大家要有这么一个思想准备。

3、        新的考试中,选词的难度也在加大。在老的题目中,有时只要看出褒义还是贬义之后,再选词就已经比较简单了。但是在新的题目中,有时在看出褒贬之后还是会剩下多于一个的选项需要你进行区分。另外选项之间的相似程度也在增大,要求大家对单词的精细含义了解的十分清楚。

四、        填空复习的一些体会:

1、        做好填空的一个先决条件就是要会文字推理,要能够找到空白的地方和其他地方的联系,或者是2个空白处的逻辑关系(比如是一组近义词还是一组反义词等)。具体找重复和对应以及推理的方法可以看老陈的那本书。其基本思路在新的题目中依然是适用的,但是新的题目要求你对这些重复以及推理的关系掌握的更加熟练。

2、        在做推理时避免发散性思维。这点也是初练GRE填空的人容易犯的毛病之一,有时有些选项在带入到原句后也许并不是完全说不通,但是这些不是最好的,最直接和必然的选项,因此也不能选。

3、        区分褒贬义在填空中也是一个很重要的解题方法。这点在chqt老大的书中有详细的介绍。这就要求我们在背单词的时候,对词汇的感情色彩也要留心。

4、        学会辨析精细词义。有的时候,某个空格处应该填的单词的大概意思你已经推断出来,但是在选词时会碰到很大的障碍。填空选项里对词汇的含义要求也是比较高的,如果对词汇意思含混不清的话,就十分容易选错。

5、        提高阅读能力。虽然说完全凭借阅读能力解题并不是一个最好的办法,但是良好的阅读能力对解题有莫大的帮助。

最后需要说明的是:我在考试中填空做的感觉也不是很好,另外最后的成绩也还不知道,所以以上的感想难免有不当之处,也请其他最近考过G的,或对填空有更深感触的网友指正!总的来说一句话,希望后来的GRER们对填空也给予足够的重视,不要认为填空的分很好拿。

PS: 感觉这篇写得不如“词汇”和“阅读”那2篇充实,因为填空下的功夫比那两个也要少些。就当抛砖引玉吧,希望大家有意见多讨论!

DriverEntry
2004-6-19 于天津

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