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[资料分享] SAT语法高分解题四大绝招 [复制链接]

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发表于 2012-8-21 22:24:45 |显示全部楼层

SAT语法高分解题四大绝招

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题目说明The Directions% G# z6 o" d- U6 |8 e  M

3 O0 A& J# n9 IYou know the drill. Learn the directions now so you don’t have to waste time reading them when you take the actual SAT.
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, r# c/ H+ c; W* I# x2 MDirections: The following sentences test correctness and effectiveness of expression. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, sentence construction, and punctuation.
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) z# i+ r5 K. a3 }4 J1 ?( RIn each of the following sentences, part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choice A repeats the original; the other four are different.
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Choose the answer that best expresses the meaning of the original sentence. If you think the original is better than any of the alternatives, choose it; otherwise choose one of the others. Your choice should produce the most effective sentence—clear and precise, without awkwardness or ambiguity.
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Notice that once again, the SAT wants you to follow the rules of standard written English when you’re answering these questions. The rules of standard spoken English aren’t accepted here, so a lot of English that’s passable in speech will be considered incorrect on Improving Sentences questions.
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( o7 R8 e1 R5 q7 b% d- Y8 Z- A3 f; GAlso notice that because answer choice A is always the same as the original sentence, you never need to waste time reading answer choice A. So, unless$ N4 P! D2 l6 s9 ?7 ^" g9 Y

: r8 _# ^: w; _& oyou think the sentence contains no error, skip directly to B.
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Cheap Trick 1: Go with the shortest answer.
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We’ll make this quick. When you find yourself staring blankly at two or three answer choices, go with the shorter answer choice. The SAT likes to keep the right answers concise. In the example about Brent’s goofy cowboy hat, B is notonly the right answer, it’s nice and short: since he lives in New York City.: K$ c/ ~0 d7 R. N2 A6 J+ q6 N
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Cheap Trick 2: Cut answer choices that change the meaning of the sentence.
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Be suspicious of answer choices that tweak the meaning of the sentence. E is the obvious suspect in the sample question: after all he doesn’t live in the West.Sure, there’s a better reason than the Cheap Trick to eliminate E: If you substitute E into the original sentence, you get Brent’s cowboy hat looks prettysilly, after all he doesn’t live in the West, which is a run-on sentence. But if youdidn’t spot the run-on, and were in a panic, you could have eliminated E anyway, thanks to Cheap Trick 2. The sentence initially had to do with New York, and how ridiculous one looks sporting a cowboy hat there. E brings up theWest—new territory. Remember, the directions explicitly instruct you to choosethe answer that best expresses the meaning of the original sentence, so an answer choice that messes with the original meaning should be eliminated.
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Cheap Trick 3: Cut answer choices that begin with words ending in –ing.
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More often than not, gerunds (words ending in –ing) do not appear in correct answer choices. If you apply this trick to the goofy hat example, you can eliminate answer C considering him living in New York CIty. In cases like this one, -ing words are often awkward. If you read the sentence and have no ideawhich answer choice is right, get rid of the one with a word like considering.5 f. q  g! D/ u: w" H

3 d' v! U: F0 V# QCheap Trick 4: Get your A in gear
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$ O8 q1 h# r( S" ~- B& @  _# e  vIt’s worth reiterating that about one-fifth of the answers on this section will beA—“no error.” Students tend to freak out when they can’t find errors, and theypick some random B, C, D, or E rather than go with A. A is not your enemy. Infact, A can be very helpful when you’re in a bind on Improving Sentences questions. Here’s why: Cutting A tips the guessing odds in your favor. That means if you’re unsure how to fix the error in a sentence, but you’re certain it contains some error, you can always cu A and guess with confidence.( P7 v# [5 G! {* u+ M
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通过上面的这四点我们就可以看到,解答SAT语法题目的时候,大家最重要的是要掌握核心的知识点和灵活的解题要领。如果在这两个方面有更多的收获,大家的备考就会更加的有效率了,对相关的语法题目也就能够解答了。# w6 G- ^# T% [6 m

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