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发表于 2013-6-10 16:34:03
本帖最后由 crazyrobin 于 2013-6-10 21:36 编辑 |
Task 4 & Task 6 - Academic Lecture
① 概念定义，用自己的话说明某个概念，技巧：看到诸如 “this is known as”, “this is referred to as”, “this is called”, “people call this”, “people refer to this as”等类似表达的时候 , 此表达的前边一句话 , 很可能便是阅读中概念的定义句 .
① 概念只需要一句话就可以， 用时保证在10-15s
④ 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达 , 不会说专有名词不会造成扣分
How an object affects our senses depends in part on external conditions, and these conditions are always changing. An object viewed from one angle presents a different shape to our eyes than when viewed from another angle; similarly, as the distance from which we view an object changes, the object will appear larger or smaller. In spite of this, even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same. This is what is known as perceptual constancy. If not for perceptual constancy, we might have difficulty recognizing familiar objects if we viewed them in a new and different context.
从 This is what is known as perceptual constancy.我们知道前面一句话就是 Perceptual constancy的定义， even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same
1) kitchen plate角度不同，一个circle, 一个 oval
1)The first example shows that the shape of the plate changes, but because of the concept of perceptual constancy, we don’t think we have two plates
2) The second example shows that although the professor seems to have different sizes in the two situations, again, because of perceptual constancy, we know he’s the same person.
Task 6 - Academic Lecture
② 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以使用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达
下面以 TPO 2 Task 6为例
1.The professor is discussing two different definitions of money.
2.A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with.
3.For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills, or even vegetables for a ride.
4.A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, legal tender.
5.For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills, but he does not have to accept vegetables, because vegetables are not legal tender in the U.S.
The professor is talking about two different definitions of money. A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with. For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills for a ride. If they don’t have coins or bills, they may even use vegetables as a form of money to purchase the service, I mean, the ride. A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, in a more formal way, legal tender. For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills because they are legal tender in the U.S., however, he does not have to accept vegetables, because he is not required by the law to do this.
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