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[主题活动] Argument写作入门-开头段第二步:根据题目要求写主旨句 [复制链接]

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发表于 2015-11-3 19:15:55 |显示全部楼层
zsczsl 发表于 2015-1-8 07:21
王老师好,我做了三个梳理结论、论据练习,链接如下,敬请点评,多谢!

http://bbs.gter.net/thread-179 ...

受教

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发表于 2016-5-1 21:42:46 |显示全部楼层
666666

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2015 US-applicant

发表于 2016-6-20 20:10:00 |显示全部楼层
请问大家 本帖后面楼主有写到 questions explanation的例子吗.?谢谢😊

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发表于 2016-7-9 15:52:22 |显示全部楼层
thx

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发表于 2016-7-9 16:04:22 |显示全部楼层
1111111

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发表于 2016-7-12 22:36:39 |显示全部楼层
To evaluate the argument, we need to collect more evidences about these issues above.

In order to assess the recommendation, we need to ask following questions, xxxxxxxxxx

The argument is shaky and full of unwarranted stated or unstated assumptions aboutxxxxxxx

the argument suffers a number of logic flaws, and have several alternative explanations that could result in the facts in the argument

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2016 US-applicant

发表于 2016-8-10 23:32:12 |显示全部楼层
第一步连接:http://bbs.gter.net/forum.php?mo ... xtra=#pid1780758144

练习一:The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.

"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted."

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寄托兑换店纪念章 寄托16周年纪念勋章 2016 US-applicant

发表于 2017-4-25 23:01:31 |显示全部楼层
Argument 4
The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.

"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted."

结论:
Adams selling house's speed more quickly than Fitch

论据:
Adams more agents than F

Adams averaged income were $168,000, compared to F $144,000 last year.

Ten years ago the homeowner used F to sold his home and it took more than 4 months, compare to last year, he used Adams and it took only one month.

开头:
According to the view of the homeowner to a friend, Adams Realty is better than Fitch Realty. Because of the employee in the Adams more than Fitch,
Adams averaged income were $168,000, compared to F $144,000 last year , and ten years ago the homeowner used F to sold his home and it took more than 4 months,
compare to last year, he used Adams and it took only one month. To assess this argument, we need to investigate the employee's quality both in the Adams and Fitch,
the economics since ten years ago, and the housing conditions.

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发表于 2017-5-16 00:32:51 |显示全部楼层
谢谢老师!

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发表于 2017-5-26 18:14:33 |显示全部楼层
good

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发表于 2017-6-30 18:45:08 |显示全部楼层
2017.6.29/30
题目8:
The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College.
"To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham."
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

结论:
To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories.

论据:
1.Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate.
2.Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years.Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing.
3.Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham.

首段第一部分:
The director recommends the college to build new dormitories based on the following arguments. Firstly,the number of students is arising and will possibly burgeon to twice of its original number in the next 5 decades, which he believes, nessacitates the building of new dormitories.Secondly, Off-campus housing would become unaffordable given the increasing average rent.Thirdly,new dormitories would attract prospective students.
主旨句:
In order to evaluate the recommendation, we require more evidence about the exact number of the students from all grades who need to live on campus, the income survey of the students, the financial statements of building the new dormitaries, the interests of students when it comes to college selection.

6.30
原文
"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted."

结论:
Adam real estate firm is superior to Fitch.

论据:
Adam has nearly twice as much real estate agents than that of fitch.
Last year,it's revenue was twice as high as that of fitch with a higher averaged home sale price.
Adams sell the writer's house faster last year than the speed of Fitch ten years ago.

开头段和主旨句
The home owner concludes that Adam real estate firm is superior to Fitch.The arguments are presented as follows.Fistly,Adam has more real estate agents with 40 compared to Fitch's 25.Secondly,based on the sales from last year, Adam's revenue was twice as high as that of fitch's with a higher averaged home sale price.Finally,Adams sold the writer's house faster last year than the speed of Fitch ten years ago.
The conclusion of the writer is based on the following assumptions.First,the superiority can be partly revealed by the scale of the company.Second,last year's revenue represents all the performances of the company.Thirdly,the sales condition for different houses are the same in the past 10 years.

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发表于 2017-7-28 15:26:16 |显示全部楼层
原题

The following appeared as part of an article in a business magazine.

"A recent study rating 300 male and female Mentian advertising executives according to the average number of hours they sleep per night showed an association between the amount of sleep the executives need and the success of their firms. Of the advertising firms studied, those whose executives reported needing no more than 6 hours of sleep per night had higher profit margins and faster growth. These results suggest that if a business wants to prosper, it should hire only people who need less than 6 hours of sleep per night."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

观点
These results suggest that if a business wants to prosper, it should hire only people who need less than 6 hours of sleep per night."


论据
1.A recent study rating 300 male and female Mentian advertising executives according to the average number of hours they sleep per night showed an association between the amount of sleep the executives need and the success of their firms.
2.Of the advertising firms studied, those whose executives reported needing no more than 6 hours of sleep per night had higher profit margins and faster growth.

Grounded on the recent investigation of the advertising executives about their sleeping hours and the success of their firms, the arguer purports that ambitious business desires to pursue prosperity should hire employees sleeping less than 6 hours per night. A number of assumptions that the study could apply to the whole business industry, the executives' individual success is solely linked to sleeping hours and the individual success could represent the whole business's prosperity was proposed; however, these ostensible credible assumptions need to be meticulously examed to evaluate this argument's soundness.

摘抄原题
Arctic deer live on islands in Canada's arctic regions.  They search for food by moving
over ice from island to island during the course of the year. Their habitat is limited to areas
warm enough to sustain the plants on which they feed and cold enough, at least some of
the year, for the ice to cover the sea separating the islands, allowing the deer to travel
over it. Unfortunately, according to reports from local hunters, the deer populations are
declining. Since these reports coincide with recent global warming trends that have
caused the sea ice to melt, we can conclude that the purported decline in deer
populations is the result of the deer's being unable to follow their age-old migration
patterns across the frozen sea.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

结论
Since these reports coincide with recent global warming trends that have
caused the sea ice to melt, we can conclude that the purported decline in deer
populations is the result of the deer being unable to follow their age-old migration
patterns across the frozen sea.

证据
1.Arctic deer live on islands in Canada's arctic regions.
2.They search for food by moving over ice from island to island during the course of the year.
3.Their habitat is limited to areas warm enough to sustain the plants on which they feed and cold enough, at least some of the year, for the ice to cover the sea separating the islands, allowing the deer to travel over it.
4.Unfortunately, according to reports from local hunters, the deer populations are declining.

首段
According to the arguer, rumor has it that the declination in the deer populations ascribes to the disappearance of inveterate migration route triggered by global warming. Living in artic regions, the deers' habitat is limited and they have to migrate itinerantly and their migration was hindered by climate change.In order to assess this argument, more evidence about the reliability of the report, the comprehensive investigation about the deer's populational declination and the virtual impact about global warming should be added.

练习一 argument 4

抄写完整原题
The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.
"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

列出结论
Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior.
Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.

列出论据
1.Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time.
2. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000.
3. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well.

写出开头段的第一部分,概括原题中的结论和主要论据。
The homeowner suggests that his friends should use Adams Realty to sell his or her house for its superiority when compared with Fitch: Adams has more fixed agents, earns more revenue and home sales and sells estates faster. Several assumptions have been proposed in this argument: more full-time agents,  higher revenues, and average home sales corroborate Adam's superiority, along with the owner's onetime personal experience could indicate the future condition. To assess the validity of the recommendation, these assumptions should be examed prudentlly.

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发表于 2018-5-19 02:44:35 |显示全部楼层
感谢,非常有帮助!

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