查看: 1188|回复: 2

[问题求助] 对一篇北美范文的评价 [复制链接]

Rank: 3Rank: 3

声望
62
寄托币
221
注册时间
2015-8-12
精华
0
帖子
34
发表于 2016-8-10 00:01:45 |显示全部楼层
今天读了一篇北美范文,虽然是老G的题目,但是和新G的一道题目类似。
文章的结构很清晰,首先承认反对意见会阻碍学习,然后说另一方面我们可以从争论中学到更多,主体部分也是从这两个方向发展的。
总是觉得他的position不够insightful,只是简单地说一方面同意,一方面不同意。大家觉得这篇范文可以得几分?

"We can usually learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own"


Do we learn more from people whose ideas we share in common than from those whose ideas contradict ours? The speaker daims so, for the reason that disagreement can cause stress and inhibit learning. I concede that undue discord can impede learning. Otherwise, in my view we learn far more from discourse and debate with those whose ideas we oppose than from people whose ideas are in accord with our own.

Admittedly, under some circumstances disagreement with others can be counterproductive to learning. For supporting examples one need look no further than a television set. On today's typical television or radio talk show, disagreement usually manifests itself in meaningless rhetorical bouts and shouting matches, during which opponents vie to have their own message heard, but have little interest either in finding common ground with or in acknowledging the merits of the opponent's viewpoint. Understandably, neither the combatants nor the viewers learn anything meaningful. In fact, these battles only serve to reinforce the predispositions and biases of all concerned. The end result is that learning is impeded.

Disagreement can also inhibit learning when two opponents disagree on fundamental assumptions needed for meaningful discourse and debate. For example, a student of paleontology learns little about the evolution of an animal species under current study by debating with an individual whose religious belief system precludes the possibility of evolution to begin with. And, economics and finance students learn little about the dynamics of a laissez-faire system by debating with a socialist whose view is that a centrv2ized power should control all economic activity.

Aside from the foregoing two provisos, however, I fundamentally disagree with the speaker's claim. Assuming common ground between two rational and reasonable opponents willing to debate on intellectual merits, both opponents stand to gain much from that debate. Indeed it is primarily through such debate that human knowledge advances, whether at the personal, community, or global level.

At the personal level, by listening to their parents' rationale for their seemingly oppressive rules and policies teenagers can learn how certain behaviors naturally carry certain undesirable consequences. At the same time, by listening to their teenagers concerns about autonomy and about peer pressures parents can learn the valuable lesson that effective parenting and control are two different things. At the community level, through dispassionate dialogue an environmental activist can come to understand the legitimate economic concerns of those whose jobs depend on the continued profitable operation of a factory. Conversely, the latter might stand to learn much about the potential public health price to be paid by ensuring job growth and a low unemployment rate. Finally, at the global level, two nations with opposing political or economic interests can reach mutually beneficial agreements by striving to understand the other's legitimate concerns for its national security, its political sovereignty, the stability of its economy and currency, and so forth.

In sum, unless two opponents in a debate are each willing to play on the same field and by the same rules, I concede that disagreement can impede learning. Otherwise, reasoned discourse and debate between people with opposing viewpoints is the very foundation upon which human knowledge advances. Accordingly, on balance the speaker is fundamentally correct.
打标签
×
关联院校库
{{ s['type'] }}
院校{{i>0 ? (i+1):''}}名称
{{ item.name + '(' + item.enname + ')' }}
项目名称
-
{{ item.chinesename + '(' + item.name + ')' }}
+ 新增项目
录取专业
-
{{ item.chinesename + '(' + item.name + ')' }}
+ 新增专业
+ 新增院校
提示
{{ msg }}

使用道具 举报

Rank: 8Rank: 8

声望
911
寄托币
6209
注册时间
2006-2-26
精华
6
帖子
2160

寄托兑换店纪念章 US-applicant 19周年勋章

发表于 2016-8-10 16:00:48 |显示全部楼层
关键是老G没有写作指引  

使用道具 举报

Rank: 3Rank: 3

声望
62
寄托币
221
注册时间
2015-8-12
精华
0
帖子
34
发表于 2016-8-10 17:14:18 |显示全部楼层
新G中对应题目的写作指引是第一类:
Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.
这篇文章也符合该指引,
I concede that undue discord can impede learning. Otherwise, in my view we learn far more from discourse and debate with those whose ideas we oppose than from people whose ideas are in accord with our own.
和老师的1+3框架也比较相似,只不过他是1+2,每个观点用了2段

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

报offer 祈福 爆照
回顶部 我要纠错