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[备考日记] G 阅读材料 [复制链接]

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发表于 2018-4-14 21:34:50 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 miracle010 于 2018-4-14 21:35 编辑

Scholars often fail to see that music played an important role in the preservation of African culture in the United States. They correctly note that slavery stripped some cultural elements from Black people—their political and economic systems—but they underestimate the significance of music in sustaining other African cultural values. African music, unlike the music of some other cultures, was based on a total vision of life in which music was not an isolated social domain. In African culture music was pervasive, serving not only religion, but all phases of life, including birth, death, work, and play. The methods that a community devises to perpetuate itself come into being to preserve aspects of the cultural legacy that that community perceives as essential. Music, like art in general, was so inextricably a part of African culture that it became a crucial means of preserving the culture during and after the dislocations of slavery.
17.        The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) Analyze the impact that slavery had on African political and economic systems
(B) Review the attempt of recent scholarship to study the influence of African music on other music
(C) Correct the failure of some scholars to appreciate the significance of music in African culture
(D) Survey the ways by which people attempt to preserve their culture against the effects of oppression
(E) Compare the relative importance of music with that of other art forms in culture
18.        In line 9, the phrase “isolated social domain” refers to
(A) African music in relation to contemporary culture as a whole
(B) a feature of African music that aided in transmitting African cultural values
(C) music as it may be perceived in non-African cultures
(D) an aspect of the African cultural legacy
(E) the influence of music on contemporary culture
19.        Which of the following statements concerning the function of African music can be inferred from the passage?
(A) It was more important in the development of African religious life than in other areas of culture.
(B) It was developed in response to the loss of political and economic systems.
(C) It preserved cultural values because it was thoroughly integrated into the lives of the people.
(D) Its pervasiveness in African culture hindered its effectiveness in minimizing the impact of slavery.
(E) Its isolation from the economic domains of life enabled it to survive the destructive impact of slavery.
20.        According to the author, scholars would err in drawing which of the following conclusions?
I.        Slavery stripped the slaves of their political and economic systems.
II.        African music was similar to all other traditions of music in that it originated in a total vision of life.
III.        Music was a crucial part of the African cultural legacy.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) II and III only
(D) I and II only
(E) I, II, and III
































1. Preservation:  保存,保留
2. Slavery:       奴隶制
3. Strip:         剥落,剥离
4. Underestimate: 低估
5. Significance:    重要性   significant: 重要的
6. Sustain:        维持,支撑
7. Vision:         视力,眼界
8. Isolate:         隔离
9. Domain:        领域,网域
10. Pervasive:      普遍的,无处不在的
11. Serve:          服务
12. Phase:          相位,阶段
13. Community:      社区,社会    communism
14. Devise:           设计,发明   device
15. Perpetuate:        保存,使不朽
16. Come into being:    逐渐形成
17. Preserve:          保存,保护,维持
18. Aspect:            方面
19. Legacy:            遗赠,遗产
20. Perceive:           感知,感觉   perceive quality
21. Essential:           基本的,必要的
22. Inextricably:         逃不掉的,不可避免的
23. Crucial:             重要的,决定性的
24. Dislocation:         错位,脱臼
25. Impact:             影响
26. Attempt:            试图,企图
27. Scholarship:          专家,学者
28. Influence:            影响,影响力
29. Failure:              失败
30. Appreciate:           欣赏,体会
31. Contemporary:        同时代的
32. Feature:             特征
33. Aid:                 帮助,援助
34. Concern:             设计,关系到。 关心的
35. Infer:                推断,推论
36. Thoroughly:           彻底的,完全的
37. Integrate:             集成,是完成
38. Religion:              宗教,宗教信仰
39. Destructive:            破坏性的
40. Err in:                 错误
41. Conclusion:             结论
42. Tradition:               传统,惯例,传说
43. Originate:               起源于

很多学者没有认识到在美国非洲音乐对于保存非洲文化的重要性。这些学者确实看到了奴隶制从在美国的黑人族群身上剥离了一些他们本来的文化元素—他们的政治和经济系统,但是这些学者严重低估了音乐在保持其他非洲文化价值方面的重要性。 非洲(黑人)音乐,不同于其他文化的音乐,是基于对生活的整体认识(眼界)的,而且美国的黑人族群认为音乐不是一个社会孤岛。在非洲文化中音乐是无处不在的,它不光可以服务宗教事务,而是贯穿并服务于生活的各个方面,包括生育,死亡,工作和娱乐等等。一个社会所创造出来藉以使其自身生生不息、恒久不衰的方法得以形成产生,以保存在这个社会看来具有本质意义的文化遗产的各个方面。音乐,就像艺术一样,在非洲文化中是如此的无处不在(不可避免),以至于它(音乐)在再奴隶制形成和衰亡的过程中成为了保持非洲文化的一个重要的工具。




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发表于 2018-4-14 21:41:58 |显示全部楼层
07年考的G, 08年出去美国。 在美帝呆了8年。
现在回来国内一家车企干着一个非技术类工作(真TMD 越干越虚) 。

工作之余 看看当年没看懂的这些题,搞懂后发到GT上 希望对大家有帮助

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