楼主: Julian2323

[问答] 请教一道填空题,谢谢 [复制链接]

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囧章 FALL祈福章

发表于 2019-6-4 21:27:02 |显示全部楼层
Julian2323 发表于 2019-6-2 16:08
非常感谢,看到你贴出来的原文我至少理解题目本身是什么意思了,之前后半句完全没有理清,谢谢大神

这题确实在逻辑上是有漏洞的。
首先这里的physical development在实验中特别指的是出生后的身体成长。
B取反,出生时不一样大,无法确认之后生长于BPA的关系,正确。
D从常识看,nurse影响physical development,但实际实验不是用母体nurse,默认这里母体nurse和physical development是不相关变量。这是这题出的不好的地方。


题目来自论文Developmental Exposure to Bisphenol A: Interaction with Endogenous Estradiol during Pregnancy in Mice, American Zoologist, Vol. 40, No. 3 (Jun., 2000), pp. 429-437.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/388 ... a_info_tab_contents)

1)论文P431讲了实验设计:所有的小鼠出生后,都立刻和亲生母亲隔离,由第三组处于哺乳期的母老鼠喂养。
2)论文P432在阐述results时说:“There were no significant differences in body weight at birth based on intrauterine position or prenatal treatment for either the male or female pups (data not shown).”

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发表于 2019-6-5 15:10:18 |显示全部楼层
以希 发表于 2019-6-4 21:27
这题确实在逻辑上是有漏洞的。
首先这里的physical development在实验中特别指的是出生后的身体成长。
...

多谢解答,同学你太给力了,还能找到文章的源文件仔细去看一下,加上这样的背景信息就能理解了, 非常感谢

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发表于 2019-6-9 17:55:45 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-3 23:52
我对这道题一直也有异议。

BPA怀孕老鼠 vs. 怀孕老鼠

大神能不能再帮忙分析下一道题:
In the late 1990s, the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft detected magnetized patches of terrain
near the north pole of Mars and also in the Terra Sirenum region, which is in the planet’s southern hemisphere. These magnetic features may be relics of a global magnetic field in the vicinity of several huge, ancient craters in the Terra Sirenum region, astronomers believe these craters were formed some 3.8 billion years ago from the impact of chunks of debris pelting the inner solar system, where Mars orbits the Sun. If a global magnetic field once existed on Mars, it must have vanished before these craters formed. Such large impacts beat rock to temperatures well above 600 degrees Celsius---high enough to erase any magnetic field that metallic particle within the rock strong at the time the craters formed, it would have realigned and remagnetized the articles as they cooled. The Surveyor findings thus suggest the magnetic field vanished early in the planet’s 4.5 billion year existence

3. The author of the passage mentions the “inner solar system” in the course of
A. explaining how Mars may have acquired a global magnetic field
B. explaining how scientists estimate the probable age of Mars
C. accounting for the size and location of magnetized patches of terrain detected on Mars
D. casting doubt on one possible explanation for the disappearance f a global magnetic field on
Mars
E. relating how features of the surfaces

这道题答案选择c。我理解的考点句意思是:天文学家认为这些弹坑是源于大块的碎片撞向太阳系内部的冲击产生的,在火星绕行太阳的位置。我觉得火星绕行太阳一直在转动,本身也在自转。当时碰撞的位置也应该一直在变化。size我完全没有看出来,所以做题时直接排除掉这个选项。是否我对题目本身理解有误?题目问的是:作者在解释。。。得过程中提到了inner solar system? 题目的意思是不是这个解释过程是个更大方面的范畴?只要inner solar system这句的信息和这个选项的范围相关就算对吗?
这道题迷迷糊糊的,大神可以指教下吗,谢谢。
无意与众不同

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发表于 2019-6-9 20:35:00 |显示全部楼层
这道题不论文章和选项似乎都有点问题。
总而言之不用太在意这样的题。

但是如果还是要探究一下的话,对这种很混淆的题目,一定要相信自己。
首先用自己的话去答题,然后再找最近似的答案。

问题问的是,当作者提到“inner solar system”的时候,ta正在干嘛?

These magnetic features may be relics of a global magnetic field in the vicinity of several huge, ancient craters in the Terra Sirenum region, astronomers believe these craters were formed some 3.8 billion years ago from the impact of chunks of debris pelting the inner solar system, where Mars orbits the Sun.

在这段话中他可能在做若干件事,以我个人观点,他在做的事有以下一个优先顺序(从具体到一般):
to explain:
the location of Mars
the cause of the impact
when and how the craters were formed
the location of the global magnetic field
the cause and location of those magnetic features

&

to introduce and focus on an aspect of the magnetic features of Mars, in which the author is particularly interested, and which is critical in judging the time when a possible global magnetic field might have vanished.

找答案的时候我会从上往下,由具体开始找一般。

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发表于 2019-6-9 21:00:52 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-9 20:35
这道题不论文章和选项似乎都有点问题。
总而言之不用太在意这样的题。

谢谢大神,感觉你逻辑和条理特别细致,这样看起来答案一目了然,做题正确率肯定很高,学习了。我做题速度不够快,所以读一遍文章就直接做了

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发表于 2019-6-17 20:51:39 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-9 20:35
这道题不论文章和选项似乎都有点问题。
总而言之不用太在意这样的题。

大神,想请教一道词汇题
Before feminist literary criticism emerged in the 1970s, the nineteenth-century United States writer Fanny Fern was regarded by most critics (when considered at all) as a prototype of weepy sentimentalism—a pious, insipid icon of conventional American culture. Feminist reclamations of Fern, by contrast, emphasize her nonsentimental qualities, particularly her sharply humorous social criticism. Most feminist scholars find it difficult to reconcile Fern’s sardonic social critiques with her effusive celebrations of many conventional values. Attempting to resolve this contradiction, Harris concludes that Fern employed flowery rhetoric strategically to disguise her subversive goals beneath apparent conventionality. However, Tompkins proposes an alternative view of sentimentality itself, suggesting that sentimental writing could serve radical, rather than only conservative ends by swaying readers emotionally, moving them to embrace social change
4. In the context in which it appears, “reclamations” most nearly means
A. reformations
B. rehabilitations
C. recapitulations
D. retractions
E. reiterations






这道题答案给的是b.我查了韦氏词典之后发现a b都是reclamation的同义词,不过A侧重改革;改进;b侧重复原;恢复,我觉得文章reclamation意思更靠近A选项一点,可以指教下吗,非常感谢

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发表于 2019-6-18 06:17:53 |显示全部楼层
RyanGT 发表于 2019-6-17 20:51
大神,想请教一道词汇题
Before feminist literary criticism emerged in the 1970s, the nineteenth-ce ...

抱歉,这种题我给不了什么帮助。

这个词放在这里于意义上就肯定选B。但是我没办法说出个所以然,因为在这里因为和所以是同一个东西(因为是这个意思所以选这个意思)。

建议不光查它的解释,并且搜索一些用这个意思的例句。

另外习惯用语里当reform-作为“改革”用时(而非“重新形成”),动词名词都用reform而非reformation。只有当“重新形成”用时,名词用reformation。当然这个只是习惯而已,并非所有情况都一定如此。

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发表于 2019-6-18 13:08:10 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-18 06:17
抱歉,这种题我给不了什么帮助。

这个词放在这里于意义上就肯定选B。但是我没办法说出个所以然,因为在 ...

谢谢大神,你提到的习惯用语很有启发性,我这方面很少注意到,感觉你词汇理解超强

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发表于 2019-6-25 20:58:27 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-18 06:17
抱歉,这种题我给不了什么帮助。

这个词放在这里于意义上就肯定选B。但是我没办法说出个所以然,因为在 ...

大神,我想在请教一道题:
Because the subject matter was so personal, the work of several prominent mid-twentieth century poets has been termed “confessional” poetry. But confession is a bad metaphor for what those poets did. The motive for confession is penitential or therapeutic—by speaking openly about personal guilt and suffering, the poet hopes to make them easier to bear. But these poets always approached their writing as artists, and their motive was aesthetic. Writing from experiences like madness, despair, and lust, their aim was to make effective art, not to cure themselves. To treat their poems mainly as documents of personal experience is not just to diminish the poets’ achievement, but to ignore their unanimous disdain for the idea of confessional poetry.
Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.
2. The passage implies that the poets discussed did NOT

A. think that a poet’s motivation for writing was relevant in evaluating that poet’s work
B. experience any relief of their personal suffering as a result of writing
C. apply to their own work the label by which it has subsequently been know





这道题有不同的答案,有的选bc,有的选c,可以分享下你的理解吗,这种题做着很费解,大神可以分享下你的解题思路吗,谢谢

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发表于 2019-6-25 23:34:07 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Orion_Chang 于 2019-6-25 23:36 编辑
RyanGT 发表于 2019-6-25 20:58
大神,我想在请教一道题:
Because the subject matter was so personal, the work of several prominen ...


哦,这道题的确有争议。甚至我自己和自己也有过争议。前几天也刚和别人讨论过。

我的最后意见是不选B,虽然之前两遍我自己做的时候都选了。

原因是虽然文章提到这些诗人并没有怀着得到relief的目的去写作,但是文章并没有提到诗人是否实际上得到了relief。
即目的和结果之间是不同的。
their MOTIVE was aesthetic  V.S.  as a RESULT of writing
故我们不知道B是否是事实,可能是,也可能不是。
即不能选B。

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发表于 2019-6-26 12:07:09 |显示全部楼层
Orion_Chang 发表于 2019-6-25 23:34
哦,这道题的确有争议。甚至我自己和自己也有过争议。前几天也刚和别人讨论过。

我的最后意见是不选 ...

好的,谢谢大神,这道题我想的比较简单,觉得前面加了个any,过于绝对所以不选,看了你的分析思路觉得逻辑性很强,谢谢

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