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签证中最常见被check的14个敏感专业 [复制链接]

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Aquarius水瓶座 Golden Apple VISA版特殊贡献 荣誉版主 寄托兑换店纪念章

发表于 2006-11-20 05:12:11 |显示全部楼层
这个是网上能查到的据说比较全面的敏感专业列表.
如果自己的专业或研究方向和这些相关.
尽量淡化,或者想好说明和做好被check的心理准备了.


1. CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS:
Technologies associated with warhead and other large caliber projectiles, reactive armor and
warhead defeat systems, fusing, and arming systems.

2. NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY:
This section covers technologies associated with the production and use of nuclear material for both peaceful and military applications. Included are technologies for enrichment of fissile material, for reprocessing irradiated nuclear fuel to recover produced platinum, production of heavy water for moderator material, plutonium and tritium handling, as well as certain associated technologies related to high energy physics. It includes research and poser reactors, breeder and production reactors, fissile or special nuclear materials; uranium enrichment, including gaseous diffusion, centrifuge, aerodynamics, chemical, electromagnetic isotopic separation (EMIS) laser, isotopic separation (LIS); spent fuel reprocessing, plutonium, mixed oxide nuclear research, inertial confinement fusion (ICF), magnetic confinement fusion, plasma, nuclear fuel fabrication including mixed oxide (uranium-plutonium) fuels (MOX), heavy water production, tritium production and sue, electromagnetic pulse (EMP); hardening technology.

3. MISSILE/MISSILE TECHNOLOGY:
Technologies associated with air vehicles and missile systems. The technology needed to develop a satellite launch vehicle is virtually identical to that needed to build a ballistic missile. Technologies include rocket systems, ballistic missiles, space launch vehicles and sounding rockets and unmanned air equipment and reentry vehicles.

4. AIRCRAFT AND MISSILE PROPULSION AND VEHICULAR SYSTEMS:  
The propulsion technologies included are associated with near-earth super and hypersonic flight propulsion systems for
aircraft and missiles. Many of these technologies are dual use. Technologies include liquid and solid rocket propulsion systems; missile propulsion and systems integration; individual rocket states or staging/separation mechanism; aerospace thermal and high-performance structures; propulsion systems test facilities.

5. NAVIGATION AND GUIDANCE CONTROL:  
These capabilities directly determine the delivery accuracy and lethality of both unguided and guided weapons. The long-term costs to design, build and apply these technologies have been a limiting proliferation factor. Technologies include those associated with internal navigation systems, tracking and terminal homing devices; accelerometers, vehicle and flight control systems.

6. CHEMICAL AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING:
Of specific concern is the ability to develop, produce, and disseminate toxic chemicals, biological and toxin agents. The technologies that could be applied to produce chemical and biological agents are used widely by civilian research laboratories and industry; these technologies are relatively common in many countries. Advanced biotechnology has the potential to support biological weapons research. Look for technologies associated with bacteriology (especially pathogenic), mutagens, mycology, neurotoxins, reconbiant technology, toxins, venoms, virology, precursor chemicals, toxicological research, chemical production equipment.

7. REMOTE IMAGING AND RECONNAISSANCE:  
Remote sensing technologies are inherently dual-use; technologies can be used for civilian imagery projects or for military reconnaissance efforts. Drones and remotely piloted vehicles enhance reconnaissance abilities. These are technologies associated with remote sensing satellites; imagery systems; high resolution cameras and optics; air vehicles; remotely-piloted vehicles, drones.

8. ADVANCED COMPUTER/MICROELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY:
Advance computers and software play a useful (but not necessarily critical) role in the development and deployment of missiles and missile systems, and in the development and production of nuclear weapons. Advance computer capabilities are also used in over-the- horizon targeting, airborne early warning targeting, electronic countermeasures (ECM) processors. These technologies are associated with supercomputing, hybrid computing; speech processing/recognition systems; neural networks; data fusion; quantum wells, resonant tunneling; superconductivity; advance optoeletronics, acoustic wave devices, superconducting electron devices, flash discharge type x-ray systems; frequency synthesizers; microcomputer compensated crystal oscillators.

9. MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY:  
The metallic, ceramic, and composite materials are primarily related to structural functions in aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, undersea vehicles, and propulsion devices. Polymers provide seals and sealants for containment of identified fluids and lubricants for various vehicles and devices. Selected specialty materials provide critical capabilities that exploit electromagnetic absorption, magnetic, or superconductivity characteristics.. These technologies are associated with advance metals and alloys; non-composite ceramic materials, ceramic, cermet, organic and carbon materials; polymeric materials; synthetic fluids; hot isostatic densifications; intermetallic; organometals; liquid and solid lubricant; magnetic metals and superconductive conductors.

10. INFORMATION SECURITY:  
Technologies associated with cryptography and cryptographic systems to ensure secrecy for communications, video, data and related software.

11. LASERS AND DIRECTED ENERGY SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY:
Lasers have critical military applications, including incorporation in guided ordnance such as laser guided bombs and ranging devices. Directed energy technologies are used to generate electromagnetic radiation or particle beams and to project that energy on a specific target. Kinetic energy technologies are those used to impart a high velocity to a mass and direct it to a target. Directed energy and kinetic energy technologies have potential utility in countering missiles and other applications. Look for technologies associated with atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS), molecular laser isotope separation (MLIS); high energy lasers (HEL), low energy lasers (LEL), semiconductor lasers, free electron lasers , directed energy (DE), kinetic energy (KE) systems, particle beam, beam rider, electromagnetic guns, optoelectronics, optical tracking, high energy density, high-speed pulse generation, pulsed power, hypersonic/hypervelocity, magnetohydronynamics.

12. SENSORS AND SENSOR TECHNOLOGY:  
Sensors provide real-time information and data; the side with superior sensors has a considerable advantage. Marina acoustics is critical in anti- submarine warfare; gravity meters are essential for missile launch calibration. Look for technologies associated with marine acoustics, optical sensors, night-visions devices, image intensification devices; gravity meters; high speed photographic equipment; magnetometers.

13. MARINE TECHNOLOGY:
Marine technologies are often associated with submarines and other deep submersible vessels; propulsion systems designed for undersea use and navigation and quieting systems are associated with reducing detectability and enhancing operations survivability. Look for technologies connected with submarines and submersibles, undersea robots, marine propulsion systems; signature recognition; acoustic and non-acoustic detection; acoustic, ware, radar and magnetic signature reduction, magnetohydrodynamics; stirring engines.

14. ROBOTICS:
Technologies associated with artificial intelligence, automation, computer-controlled machine tools; pattern recognition technologies.
佛曰:人在荆棘中,不动不刺。

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发表于 2006-11-20 10:56:01 |显示全部楼层
Pathology好像还没听说过不被check的。

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发表于 2006-11-20 11:08:11 |显示全部楼层
Computational Biology比较敏感,改称Parallel Computing,还是敏感,能不能改称Numerial Computing and Algorithm?

其实都是一样的,但是未来导师的主页上写的前两个。不知道可以不?
If you don't follow through on your dreams, you might as well be a vegetable

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发表于 2006-11-20 11:49:09 |显示全部楼层
哎...AI算敏感专业...

个郁闷类

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US Advisor Golden Apple

发表于 2006-11-20 11:54:53 |显示全部楼层
所谓的敏感专业也有相当的非敏感方向,大家只要“机灵点”,CHECK不是无法避免和控制的!
你能找到我,我就帮你哦!
→_→右边下划线—————---——-----—————!

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发表于 2006-11-20 12:14:32 |显示全部楼层
原帖由 天使守护神 于 2006-11-20 11:54 发表
所谓的敏感专业也有相当的非敏感方向,大家只要“机灵点”,CHECK不是无法避免和控制的!

在回答中,尽量避免敏感词汇,这样是不是好点?谢谢!:)
If you don't follow through on your dreams, you might as well be a vegetable

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US Advisor Golden Apple

发表于 2006-11-20 13:37:52 |显示全部楼层
原帖由 summerwu 于 2006-11-20 12:14 发表

在回答中,尽量避免敏感词汇,这样是不是好点?谢谢!:)




这是当然的,也是最基本的!


就像我之前给很多签友举过例子:比如学计算机安全相关的,如果你跟签证官举例说,我的研究方向最大的应用是比如目前国内网上银行的安全性监控。。。。。。。。。。一般VO都不会有任何你研究方向有多敏感的考虑。而如果你不说,或是说的太“专业”了,让VO搞不太懂,那么他认为你的研究方向可能设计军事系统安全,政府系统安全。。。方面,那么想CHECK你一下也无可厚非。对吗?!
你能找到我,我就帮你哦!
→_→右边下划线—————---——-----—————!

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发表于 2006-11-20 13:49:26 |显示全部楼层
原帖由 天使守护神 于 2006-11-20 13:37 发表




这是当然的,也是最基本的!


就像我之前给很多签友举过例子:比如学计算机安全相关的,如果你跟签证官举例说,我的研究方向最大的应用是比如目前国内网上银行的安全性监控。。。。。。。。。。 ...

恩,谢谢天使守护神,心里有底多了。呵呵:loveliness:
If you don't follow through on your dreams, you might as well be a vegetable

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发表于 2006-12-7 15:56:10 |显示全部楼层
thx

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发表于 2006-12-8 22:49:15 |显示全部楼层
我在国内的专业是生物医学工程,但我的研究方向是医学影像处理与分析,基本和生物扯不上关系。不知VO会不会仅评专业名称来判断是否敏感呢?

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Aquarius水瓶座 Golden Apple VISA版特殊贡献 荣誉版主 寄托兑换店纪念章

发表于 2006-12-9 00:39:46 |显示全部楼层
一般VO还是以具体研究方向来判定.
佛曰:人在荆棘中,不动不刺。

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发表于 2006-12-9 01:10:19 |显示全部楼层
哎,我学信息安全!!!

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发表于 2006-12-9 15:40:32 |显示全部楼层
原帖由 digispy 于 2006-12-9 01:10 发表
哎,我学信息安全!!!

check的可能性很大啊。

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发表于 2006-12-12 13:40:03 |显示全部楼层

EE呢

EE为什么有那么多CHECK呢?

比如说我, EE , electronics, 够普通把, 也CHECK 了.

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发表于 2006-12-16 19:13:01 |显示全部楼层

回复 #1 magic_zhao 的帖子

如果在准备的材料中回避了敏感词汇,但是还是被check了,会不会被认为是有意隐瞒,反而适得其反呢?

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