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[GRE单项资料] 一些单词分类总结 重复确认 by imong [复制链接]

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Economist 寄托与我

发表于 2004-4-15 07:01:28 |显示全部楼层
以下内容 来自网络
切勿舍本逐末 红宝书才是重中之重
这些补充内容 仅供调剂情绪 查漏补缺只用
gre考试切忌猎奇心理!!!!!


蓝宝书同义、形近词归纳
  by  future
首先向大家说明一下,由于前一段时间外出,未能给各位来信朋友回信,实在抱歉!在此
将把新近整理出的同义、形近归纳一并贴出。也望各位朋友提出意见与要求。
在此将形近词说明书一下。如下例,
toxic
detoxicate vt.除毒,解毒
intoxicate v.使醉,陶醉
intoxicant adj.醉人的
toxic adj.有毒的,中毒的
其中,’toxic’标题表示在下面列出的几个单词中都含有这个部分,而不论它位于单词
的什么位置。
如下例:
port^
comport v.举止,行为
disport v.玩耍、嬉戏
purport n.意义,涵义
rapport n.和睦,意见一致
sport v.炫耀,卖弄
其中,’^’表示以下列出的单词都以’port’结尾。若’^’在标题在前面,则表示列出
的单词都以标题的部分开头,如下例:
^dict
dictate v.口述、命令
dictator n.独裁者
dictum n.格言、声明
若是标题中含有’*’,则它的意思和DOS命令里的通配符是一个意思。如下例:
^f*ble^
foible n.小缺点,小毛病
fumble v.摸索,搜寻
finable adj.应罚款的
friable a.易碎的
至于上面的几种情况的组合,我想小学生都明白是什么概念。
形近词
bble^
babble v.说蠢话,牙牙学语
bubble v.起泡n.气泡,水泡
dabble v.涉足,浅赏
dribble v.(液体)往下滴,淌
gabble v.急促而不清楚地说
gobble v.贪婪地吃,吞没
hobble v.蹒跚,跛行
nibble v.一点点地咬,慢慢啃
pebble n.小卵石,石子
quibble n.遁词,吹毛求疵的反对意见
rabble n.乌合之众,暴民,下等人
rubble n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
scribble v.乱写、乱涂
ddle^
addle v.使腐坏,使昏乱
cuddle v.n.搂抱,拥抱
huddle v.挤成一堆n.一堆人(杂物)
mollycoddle v.过份爱惜,娇惯
n.娇生惯养的人
muddle n.混乱,迷惑
puddle n.水坑,洼
saddle n.鞍,马鞍
twaddle n.胡说八道,瞎扯
waddle v.(鸭子等)摇摇摆摆地走
doddle n.轻而易举之事
pple^
cripple n.跛子v.(使)残废
stipple v.点画,点描
supple adj伸屈自如的,灵活的
topple v.倾覆,推倒
ttle^
belittle v.轻视,贬抑
guttle v.狼吞虎咽
mettle n.勇气,斗志
nettle n.荨麻v.烦忧,激恼
prattle v.闲聊,空谈
scuttle v.急赶、疾走,逃辟
scuttle n.舷窗、舱口盖
throttle v.掐脖子,扼杀n.节流阀
whittle v.削(木头),削减
tattle v.闲谈,泄密
zzle^
drizzle v.n.下毛毛雨,毛毛雨
embezzle v.盗用,侵吞
guzzle v.大吃大喝
jigsaw puzzle n.拼图游戏
nuzzle v.用鼻擦,触,紧挨
razzle n.狂欢聚会
ee^
apogee n.远地点(太阳等距离地球最远的点)
decree n.命令,法令v.颁布命令,公告
filigree n.金银丝做的工艺品
glee n.欢喜,高兴
jamboree n.快乐,喧闹的集会
lessee n.(房地产的)租户
levee n.防洪堤,堤岸
perigee n.近地点
referee n.裁判员,仲裁者
repartee n.机灵的回答
toupee n.男用假发
pedigree n.家谱,纯种系谱
puttee n.绑腿,裹腿
scree n.山坡上的碎石堆
twee adj.脆弱的,故作多情的
grand
aggrandize v.增大,扩张
grandeur n.壮丽,伟大
grandiloquent adj(语言等)夸张的,夸大的
grandiose adj.浮夸的,夸大的
grandstand n.正面看台,哗众取宠的表演
grav
aggravate v.加重,恶化
gravel n.碎石,砂砾
gravity n.严肃,一本正经
f_ ck
feckless adj.无目标无计划的
fickle adj.(爱情或友谊上)易变的,不坚定的
fore
forebode v.预兆,凶兆
foreboding n.预感,预兆
foreclose v.排除,取消抵押品的赎回权
forensic adj.法庭的,辩论的
forerunner n.预兆,前兆,先驱
forestall v.先发制人,预先阻止
foreordain v.预先注定
tilit
fertility n.肥沃,丰饶
futility n.无用,无益
hostility n.敌对状态,敌意
utilitarian adj.功利的,实利的
germ
germane adj.有密切关系的,贴切的
germinate v.发芽,发展
gest(管道,带来)
congest v.充血,使拥挤
congestion n.充血,拥挤
gestation n.怀孕,孕育时期
gesticulate v.做手势表达
ingest v.咽下,吞下
suggestible adj.易受影响的
norm(标准,规范)
abnormal adj.不正常的,变态的
enormity n.极恶,暴行,巨大
enormous adj.极大的,巨大的
norm n.规范,准则
normative adj.规范的,惯常的
 
同义词
毗连
abut v.接界,毗连
adjacent adj.接近的,毗连的
coterminous adj.毗连的,有共同边界的
无知
gosling n.小鹅,年轻无知的人
ignoramus n.无知者,笨蛋
ignorance n.无知
胆汁
bile n.胆汁
bilious adj.多胆汁的,坏脾气的
gall n.胆汁(bile),怨恨(hatred)

barbecue n.烤肉架,烤肉
baste v.倒脂油于(烤肉上,以防烤干)
gridiron n.烤架,橄榄球场
grill v.烤,烤问n.烤架
parch v.烘烤,干热
scorch v.烤焦,烧焦
skewer n.(烤肉用的)串肉杆v.用杆串好
broil v.烤,烧
散漫
amorphous adj.无定形的,散漫的
desultory adj.不连贯的,散漫的
diffuse v.散布,(光等)漫射
dj.漫射的,散漫的
discursive adj.散漫的,无层次的
放荡
debauch v.使放荡,堕落
debauchery n.放荡,沉缅酒色
dissipated adj.浪费的,放荡的
dissolute adj.放荡的,无节制的
raffish adj.轻浮的,放荡的
主义
altruism n.利他主义,不自私
asceticism n.禁欲主义
celibacy n.独身(主义)
chauvinism n.沙文主义,盲目爱国主义
cynicism n.愤世嫉俗,犬儒主义
eclecticism n.折衷主义
empiricism n.经验主义
epicurean adj.好享乐的,享乐主义的
exhibitionism n.风头主义
hedonism n.享乐主义,享乐
jingoism n.沙文主义,侵略主义
monasticism n.修道生活,禁欲主义
nihilism n.虚无主义,无政府主义
optimism n.乐观主义
patriotism n.爱国主义,爱国心
pragmatic adj.实际的,实用主义的
pragmatism n.实用主义
reciprocity n.互惠主义,相互利益

totalitarian adj.极权主义的
autism n.孤独症,自我中心主义
  
格言
adage            n.格言,古训
aphorism         n.格言(maxim)
dictum           n.格言、声明
gnome            n.地下宝藏的守护神,地精,格言
gnomic           adj.格言的,精辟的
maxim            n.格言,普遍真理
precept          n.箴言,格言
吹毛求疵
captious         adj.吹毛求疵的
cavil            v.挑毛病,吹毛求疵
censorious       adj.吹毛求疵的,苛求的
hypercritical    adj.苛求的,吹毛求疵的
nitpick          v.挑剔,吹毛求疵
perfectionist    n.力求完美者,吹毛求疵者
quibble          n.遁词,吹毛求疵的反对意见
niggle           v.挑剔,吹毛求疵
诽谤
calumny          n.诽谤,中伤
calumniate       v.诽谤,中伤
defame           v.诽谤,中伤
defamatory       adj.诽谤的
denigrate        v.污蔑,诽谤
derogate         v.贬低,诽谤
derogatory       adj.不敬的,诽谤的
libel            v.n.(文字)诽谤,中伤
libellous        adj.诽谤的
malign           v.诽谤,中伤  adj.邪恶的
personalities    n.诽谤
scandal          n.丑闻,恶意诽谤

scandalous       adj.丢脸的,诽谤性的
slanderous       adj.诽谤的,中伤的
traduce          v.中伤,诽谤
vilify           v.辱骂,诽谤
besmirch         v.诽谤,玷污
aspersion        n.诽谤,中伤
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Economist 寄托与我

发表于 2004-4-15 07:04:39 |显示全部楼层

一些词汇记忆小技巧

一. 前缀+词根+后缀  记忆法

二.减词/词中词      记忆法

scramble(攀登)--scale(攀登)              
wastrel(败家子)------waste 浪费
trawl   (拖网)-------law理解为"法网"[如记得"法网柔情"此电视剧则更易记]
travail(艰苦劳动,痛苦)---ail  疾病
tribunal(法庭,裁判所)---trial  审判  bun有馒头之义,形状象个屋子
wrath(愤怒,大怒)---rat 人们都愤怒的打过街老鼠(俗语)
umbrage(愤怒)-----rage发怒
vehement(powerful,forceful energy)-----he他表男人,男人应powerful,forceful energy

三. 加词 记忆法

tyro(新手)----tyrold   原词无old,说明不老
prodigy(非凡之人,天才)---prodigyou  前来(pro前缀表前)挖(dig)你(you)因为你有才华,其他公司才来挖你,推出前意。
psephology(选举学)----People  Select   People  人与人中选  hology做为词尾不必考虑
ostrich(鸵鸟)-----costrich  驼绒(鸵鸟的绒)很贵
psalm(赞美诗,圣诗)-----People Sing   我们会有这种印象,教堂中教徒每人抱一本书唱诗的情景,alm不必考虑
wallop(重击,猛打)----wallopposite  以重击,猛打的方式反对
waft(漂浮)---ft=float漂浮
vernacular(本国语,地方语)----ver窝+native本土的=窝在本土说本国语
waive(放弃,推迟考虑)-----wai=wait老等[推迟考虑],ive=give up[放弃]
usurp(篡位)-----usurpower 此词定于权利有关,同时可于usury(放高利贷)相区别
ale(酒)----sale 买酒
tranquil(平静)----quiet

四. 逆序重排记忆法

yaw(船,飞机等偏航)------way   与正常路相反
yarn(纱线)------ ray    光线
salacious(好色的)----lasa    拉萨人好色
turgid(浮肿的,浮夸的)----big   大[浮肿的,浮夸的都有大之义]
vagabond(浪荡子,流浪者)----bag  浪荡子背着包四处流浪
valediction(告别演说)----leave 离开+dict 词根说=离开时说的话
vile(可恨的)----evil

五. 倒置记忆法

turpitude(邪恶,卑鄙)-----pi---- bi(汉拼鄙)
wile(诡计)----mile   著名琵琶曲"十里埋伏"描述的是策略
vista(远景,展望)---visit(加词推出看)+ ta变为fa(far协音,远)=-朝远看
shoddy(劣质的,冒充好货的)----shop(商店,现在人们去商店总会想到假货)
wan(衰弱)------man 人正常时不衰弱,不成个人样时才衰弱

六.汉拼记忆法

twinge(剧痛,刺痛)---ge 刀割推出痛
tumult(吵闹)---tumu  土木工程,想象建筑工地上又吵又闹
puissance(权利)---pu+I  中国末代皇帝,皇帝有权
virtuosity(精悍技巧,高超)----tu(突出)  精悍技巧,高超当然突出啦!
Venal(惟利是图的,贪赃王法的)-----v(希腊字母表五协音同无,无王法)+nal 重排后汉拼为lan(烂)na(拿)=无王法烂拿 由此推出前义 ADDING:有一词vernal(春季的)仅多一个r,好记因为spring中含r
Uncanny(神秘的)----un表否定不+can协音同看=不能看到的肯定是神秘的

七.中英结合记忆法

tribulation(苦难,灾难)----tri(前缀表三)+bu(汉拼表不)=六零年为三年自然灾害,人们吃不上,喝不上,推出灾难之义,lation为名词词尾不必考虑
tresses(女人的长发)---tree树+sses丝=树干象人的躯干,由树干向下垂下来的枝条就象女人的头发丝,比如柳树
vaunt(吹嘘,炫耀)----v(希腊字母表五)+ aunt(姨)=五姨(同中国前外交部长wuyi协音,搞外交的都能吹嘛!)
daunt(使胆怯,使畏缩)----d(third) 中国传奇人物黄飞鸿和十三姨的故事大家皆知,十三姨很勇敢,而原词不含三,只含三的尾巴d,推出不够勇敢,故取反义胆怯。
Gaunt (憔悴的,消瘦的)-----从读音与高协音,联想高姨病入膏肓
Whine(哀哭)----h喝 + wine酒=我们有这样的印象,酒喝多的人会醉的又哭又闹
Voluptuous(沉迷酒色的)-----up表上+ tu表吐=指这样的人天天喝的上吐下泻,其他字母元素不必考虑
Welsh(赖债不还,失信)-----welsh读音协同wealth,而sh音同失,联想由于赖债不还,而使我失去财富,同时对方也失去信义
Wallow(沉溺于)---low协音同搂,搂着不放表沉溺于
Valetudinarian(体弱的人)----ale酒+tu吐=一喝酒就吐只有体弱的人才这样


八.象形记忆法

votex(旋涡)----     词中o形状象旋涡,同时易于vetex(顶点)相区别
pulley(滑轮,滑车)-----pulleye(加词记忆法)眼睛形状圆形如轮子
vitriolic(尖酸,尖刻的)----tri(前缀表三,此处表三角形)   三角形的每一角都为尖的,突出尖
woo(向女人求爱,争取---的支持)----o o 代表两张嘴,原词两义均需用嘴说
wiggle(扭动,蠕动)-----g 形状弯曲的样子
vent(发泄情绪,开孔)------ten(10 倒序法)10中0表孔,发泄情绪也需要有孔喷发

九.近似字母转换记忆法

translucent(半透明)-----        luc=look 正常为look,而此处为luc,说明看不清
lucubration(刻苦研究)-----lucu=luuc(look)刻苦研究需认真看
turmoil(混乱)-----turm(turn)+ oil = 将油搅拌(turn)推出混乱

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Economist 寄托与我

发表于 2004-4-15 07:07:04 |显示全部楼层
GRE&GMAT数学部分术语总汇



代数部分

1. 有关数学运算

add,plus 加? subtract 减? difference 差?? multiply, times 乘? product 积? divide 除? divisible 可被整除的? divided evenly 被整除? dividend 被除数,红利? divisor 因子,除数? quotient 商? remainder 余数?? factorial 阶乘? power 乘方? radical sign, root sign 根号? round to 四舍五入? to the nearest 四舍五入

2. 有关集合

union 并集? proper subset 真子集? solution set 解集??

3.?有关代数式、方程和不等式

algebraic term 代数项? like terms, similar terms 同类项? numerical coefficient 数字系数? literal coefficient 字母系数?? inequality 不等式? triangle inequality 三角不等式?? range 值域?? original equation 原方程? equivalent equation 同解方程,等价方程? linear equation 线性方程(e.g. 5x+6=22)?

4.?有关分数和小数

proper fraction 真分数? improper fraction 假分数? mixed number 带分数? vulgar fraction,common fraction 普通分数? simple fraction 简分数? complex fraction 繁分数?? numerator 分子? denominator 分母? (least) common denominator (最小)公分母? quarter 四分之一? decimal fraction 纯小数? infinite decimal 无穷小数? recurring decimal 循环小数? tenths unit 十分位??

5. 基本数学概念??

arithmetic mean 算术平均值? weighted average 加权平均值? geometric mean 几何平均数?? exponent 指数,幂? base 乘幂的底数,底边? cube 立方数,立方体? square root 平方根? cube root 立方根?? common logarithm 常用对数?? digit 数字? constant 常数? variable 变量?? inverse function 反函数? complementary function 余函数? linear 一次的,线性的? factorization 因式分解? absolute value 绝对值,e.g.|-32|=32? round off 四舍五入 ?

6.?有关数论?

natural number 自然数? positive number 正数? negative number 负数? odd integer, odd number 奇数? even integer, even number 偶数? integer, whole number 整数? positive whole number 正整数? negative whole number 负整数?? consecutive number 连续整数? real number, rational number 实数,有理数? irrational(number) 无理数?? inverse 倒数? composite number 合数 e.g. 4,6,8,9,10,12,14,15……? prime number 质数 e.g. 2,3,5,7,11,13,15…… 注意:所有的质数(2除外)都是奇数,但奇数不一定是质数 reciprocal 倒数?? common divisor 公约数? multiple 倍数? (least)common multiple (最小)公倍数?? (prime) factor (质)因子? common factor 公因子?? ordinary scale, decimal scale 十进制? nonnegative 非负的?? tens 十位? units 个位?? mode 众数? median 中数?? common ratio 公比??

7.?数列

arithmetic progression(sequence) 等差数列? geometric progression(sequence) 等比数列??

8.?其它
approximate 近似? (anti)clockwise (逆) 顺时针方向? cardinal 基数? ordinal 序数? direct proportion 正比? distinct 不同的? estimation 估计,近似? parentheses 括号? proportion 比例? permutation 排列? combination 组合? table 表格? trigonometric function 三角函数? unit 单位,位?

几何部分

1. 所有的角

alternate angle 内错角? corresponding angle 同位角? vertical angle 对顶角? central angle 圆心角? interior angle 内角? exterior angle 外角? supplementary angles 补角? complementary angle 余角? adjacent angle 邻角? acute angle 锐角? obtuse angle 钝角? right angle 直角? round angle 周角? straight angle 平角? included angle 夹角

2.?所有的三角形

equilateral triangle 等边三角形? scalene triangle 不等边三角形? isosceles triangle 等腰三角形? right triangle 直角三角形? oblique 斜三角形? inscribed triangle 内接三角形??

3.?有关收敛的平面图形,除三角形外?

semicircle 半圆? concentric circles 同心圆? quadrilateral 四边形? pentagon 五边形? hexagon 六边形? heptagon 七边形? octagon 八边形? nonagon 九边形? decagon 十边形? polygon 多边形? parallelogram 平行四边形? equilateral 等边形? plane 平面? square 正方形,平方? rectangle 长方形? regular polygon 正多边形? rhombus 菱形? trapezoid 梯形??

4.?其它平面图形

arc 弧? line, straight line 直线? line segment 线段? parallel lines 平行线? segment of a circle 弧形??

5.?有关立体图形

cube 立方体,立方数? rectangular solid 长方体? regular solid/regular polyhedron 正多面体? circular cylinder 圆柱体? cone 圆锥? sphere 球体? solid 立体的??

6.?有关图形上的附属物

altitude 高? depth 深度? side 边长? circumference, perimeter 周长? radian 弧度? surface area 表面积? volume 体积? arm 直角三角形的股? cross section 横截面? center of a circle 圆心? chord 弦? radius 半径? angle bisector 角平分线? diagonal 对角线? diameter 直径? edge 棱? face of a solid 立体的面? hypotenuse 斜边? included side 夹边? leg 三角形的直角边? median of a triangle 三角形的中线? base 底边,底数(e.g. 2的5次方,2就是底数)? opposite 直角三角形中的对边? midpoint 中点? endpoint 端点? vertex (复数形式vertices)顶点? tangent 切线的? transversal 截线? intercept 截距??

7.?有关坐标??

coordinate system 坐标系? rectangular coordinate 直角坐标系? origin 原点? abscissa 横坐标? ordinate 纵坐标? number line 数轴? quadrant 象限? slope 斜率? complex plane 复平面??

8.?其它

plane geometry 平面几何? trigonometry 三角学? bisect 平分? circumscribe 外切? inscribe 内切? intersect 相交? perpendicular 垂直? pythagorean theorem 勾股定理? congruent 全等的? multilateral 多边的?




其它??



1.?单位类?

cent 美分? penny 一美分硬币 ? nickel 5美分硬币? dime 一角硬币? dozen 打(12个)? score 廿(20个)? Centigrade 摄氏? Fahrenheit 华氏? quart 夸脱? gallon 加仑(1 gallon = 4 quart)? yard 码? meter 米? micron 微米? inch 英寸? foot 英尺? minute 分(角度的度量单位,60分=1度)? square measure 平方单位制? cubic meter 立方米? pint 品脱(干量或液量的单位)??

2.?有关文字叙述题,主要是有关商业

intercalary year(leap year) 闰年(366天)? common year 平年(365天)? depreciation 折旧? down payment 直接付款? discount 打折? margin 利润? profit 利润? interest 利息? simple interest 单利? compounded interest 复利? dividend 红利? decrease to 减少到? decrease by 减少了        increase to 增加到? increase by 增加了? denote 表示? list price 标价? markup 涨价? per capita 每人? ratio 比率? retail price 零售价? tie 打平

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Economist 寄托与我

发表于 2004-4-15 07:08:52 |显示全部楼层

多义词

abandon              v. 放弃 n. 放肆,放纵
   abject               adj. ①凄惨的 ②怯懦的
   abrupt               adj. 突然的 n. (文章等)不连贯的
   abstract             adj. 抽象的 n. 摘要
   abuse                v. ①误用,滥用 ②辱骂
   accede               v. ①同意 ②就任
   accent               v. ①强调 ②使显著
   accord               v. ①一致 ②同意
   ace                  n. ①(纸牌上的)幺点 ②优秀选手
   acquittal            n. 偿债(负债),无罪开释
   admission            n. 入场(入学等),承认,自白
   advance              v. ①前进 ②(物价)上涨
   aerial               adj. 空气的 n. 天线
   affect               v. ①冒充,假装 ②使感动,影响
   affluent             adj. 富裕的 n. 支流
   alert                adj. 警觉的 n. 警报
   allay                v. ①平息(愤怒等) ②缩小
   allergy              n. ①过敏 ②反感
   alloy                n. 合金 v. 损坏,混杂
   ally                 n. ①同盟 ②弹珠
   amiss                adj. ①错误的 ②不顺利的
   anchor               n. 锚 v. 抛错,固立
   angle                n. 角,角度 v. 钓鱼,用平段获取
   annoy                v. 使苦恼 n. 难对付的人
   antedate             v. ①提早日期 ②预期
   ape                  n. 类人猿,模仿者
   apology              n. ①赔罪 ②辩解
   appeal               v. 恳求 n. 魅力,吸引力
   application          n. ①应用,申请 ②勤奋,专心一致
   appointment          n. ①约定,职务 ②家具,装备
   appreciate           v. ①正确地评价,赏识  ②提高价格
   apprehend            v. ①逮捕 ②理解 ③担心
   appropriate          adj. 适当的 v. 拨款,占用
   arabesque            n. 蔓藤图式 adj. 奇特的
   arbor                n. ①车轴 ②凉亭
   arise                产生,起源,arisings 废物,残存物
   arrest               v. ①逮捕 ②惹人注目  ③制止,阻挡
   article              n. 文章,(注解等)条文
   associate            v. 联合,结合 n. 同事
   assume               v. ①承担 ②假装  ③认为 assuming 傲慢的
   attend               v. ①出席 ②照顾 ,侍候
   attest               v. ①证明 ②使…宣誓
   back                 v. (以金钱)资助
   badger               n. 獾,v. 烦扰
   baffle               v. 使困惑,n. 隔扳(控制声音 等通过)
   bag                  v. 占(位置),猎获
   bags                 n. ①许多②宽松的裤子
   bait                 v. ①激怒 n. 鱼饵
   ballon               n. 气球 v. 膨胀
   bang                 v. 猛撞n. 刘海
   bank                 v. (车或飞机)倾斜转变n. 岸
   bankrupt             v. 破产adj. 无用的
   bar                  n. ①门闩,障碍②律师业
   barge                n. 驳船v. 磁撞
   bark                 v. 狗吠n. ①树皮②三桅船
   barrack              v. 遏制,n. barracks 兵营
   barrage              n. ①弹幕②(指说话)倾泻而出
   barrow               n. ①古墓②手推车
   base                 n. 基础 adj. 卑鄙的
   bass                 n. 鲈鱼 adj. 低音的
   baste                v. ①(烤肉)润以脂油,②狠揍
   bat                  n. ①球棒,②蝙蝠v. 眨眼
   bay                  n. ①海湾②阻挡v. (狗)低吠
   beach                n. 海滨 v. 使(船)靠岸
   beam                 n. 胡须 v. 勇敢面对
   beat                 n. 心跳,节拍 adj. 非常疲乏的
   beef                 n. 牛肉 v. 发牢骚
   beetle               n. 甲虫 v. 迅速离去
   belie                v. ①掩饰,②证明为假
   bend                 v. ①弯曲,②专心于
   best                 v. 击败(某人)
   bid                  v. ①致意,吩咐 ②出价
   bind                 v. 捆绑,装订 n. 困境
   blind                v. 蒙蔽 n. 百叶窗
   block                n. 大块,街区 v. 阻止
   bluff                n. 陡峭的悬崖,v. 渲张声势
   bolt                 n. 螺栓 v. 惊慌而逃
   boot                 n. 皮靴 v. 解雇
   bore                 v. 钻孔 n. 使人讨厌的人
   boss                 n. ①浮雕 ②老板
   bottle               n. 瓶 v. 贮藏
   bounce               v. ①弹回,②(银行)退支票
   bound                v. 跳跃 adj. 被束缚的
   bouquet              n. ①花束 ②芳香
   bow                  v. 鞠躬 n. 船首
   brand                n. 商标 v. 打上烙印
   breast               n. 乳房 v. 奋勇抵抗
   breeze               n. 微风 v. 轻快地急走
   broach               v. ①开瓶 ②提出(问题)
   brood                n. 一窝(鸡雏) v. 沉思,闷想
   brook                v. 容忍 n. 小溪
   brush                n. ①画笔 ②小冲突
   buck                 n. ①雄鹿 ②美元  v. (马)跳跃
   bucket               n. 水桶 v. 倾泻
   buff                 n. 爱好者,v. (用软东西)擦亮
   build                v. 建造,n. 体格
   bumper               adj. 丰富的,n. 保险柜
   burden               n. ①重负;②要点,主题
   bust                 n. ①半身雕像 ②彻底失败 ③破裂的
   bypass               n. 小道,旁道 v. 回避
   cake                 n. 蛋糕 v. 厚厚地覆盖
   cant                 n. ①倾斜 ②隐语,假话
   capital              adj. 死罪的,n. 资本
   career               n. 事业,经历 v. 急驰,飞奔
   carp                 n. 鲤鱼 v. 挑剔
   carpet               n. 地毯 v. 训斥,责备
   cast                 n. 剧团 v. 投,掷,抛
   casual               adj. 偶然的,n. 临时工
   catholic             adj. ①普遍的,②天主教的
   cement               n. 水泥 v. 胶合
   chafe                v. ①擦痛 ②激怒
   chaff                n. 谷糠 v. 嘲弄
   champion             n. 冠军 v. 为…奋斗,拥护
   charter              n. 宪章 v. 包租(飞机,汽车等)
   chase                v. ①追捕,②雕镂
   cheek                n. ①面颊,②无礼,傲慢
   chicken              n. ①鸡 ②胆小鬼 adj. 胆小的
   chisel               n. 凿子 v. 骗取
   circumvent           v. ①智胜 ②回避
   class                v. 把…分类,分级
   clean                adj. 干净的,adv. 整个地,完全地
   click                v. ①卡嗒声 ②情投意合
   cloister             n. 修道院 v. 隐居
   closet               n. 壁橱 v. 关在私室中
   clot                 n. ①凝块,②笨蛋
   club                 n. 俱乐部,棍棒 v. 用棍棒打
   clump                n. ①草丛,树丛,②沉重的脚步声
   coach                n. 长途汽车 v. 训练,指导
   coast                n. 海岸 v. (靠惯性)滑行
   cod                  n. 鳕鱼 v. 哄骗
   collar               n. 衣领 v. 扭住,抓住
   collateral           adj. 并行的 n. 抵押品
   comb                 v. ①疏理,②彻底搜查
   commission           n. ①职务,②佣金,酬劳金
   commune              v. 交换思想,n. 公社
   compact              adj. 紧密的,n. 化妆盒
   compromise           v. ①让步,②危害(名誉)
   con                  n. 反对,v. 骗钱
   concern              n. ①关心,②公司
   constant             adj. ①不断的,②忠心的
   constituent          n. ①选举人 ②形成的
   content              n. ①满意 ②目录,含量
   converse             v. 谈话,adj. 相反的,颠倒的
   convertible          n. 敞篷车 adj. 可自由兑换的
   coordinate           n. 坐标,v. 使同等,使协调
   cordial              adj. 热诚的,n. 提神饮料
   corner               n. 拐角 v. 使走投无路
   cosmopolitan         adj. 全世界的 n. 见多识广之人
   couch                v. 表达 n. 长椅
   countenance          n. 面容,v. 支持,赞成
   counter              v. 反对,n. 柜台,伪造的硬币
   court                n. 法院,v. ①讨好,②招惹
   cow                  n. 母牛 v. 威胁,吓唬
   crack                v. ①发破裂声,破裂, ②解开(秘密)
   cram                 v. ①填塞,②仓促用功(为考试)
   crash                n. 撞坏,失败 adj. 紧急的,应急的
   credit               n. ①相信,②学历  ③(电影)片头字幕
   creep                v. 爬行,n. 拍马屁者
   crib                 n. 牛栏 v. 剽窃
   crown                n. 王冠 v. 完成,达成
   cuckoo               n. 布谷鸟 adj. 愚笨的
   cuff                 n. 袖口 v. 用手掌轻拍
   cypher               n. ①不重要的人,②密码
   dab                  n. ①比目鱼,②能手
   dainty               n. 美食 adj. 娇小的
   dare                 v. 敢于 n. 挑战
   darn                 v. 缝补 n. 咒骂
   dart                 n. 镖 v. 飞奔
   deed                 n. ①行为,②证书,契据
   defect               n. 过失 v. 变节,背叛
   deport               v. ①驱逐出境,②行为,行动方式
   deposit              n. ①存款,②沉淀
   die                  v. 死亡,n. 金属模子
   digest               n. 摘要,文摘,v. 消化
   discharge            v. ①流出,排出,②履行诺言
   discipline           n. ①纪律 ②学科
   dish                 n. 盘 v. 破坏,毁掉
   disorder             n. ①紊乱,②小病
   dispatch             v. ①派遣,②迅速办理
   dispose              v. 安排,disposed,愿意的
   ditch                n. 沟,v. 抛弃,逃避
   divine               adj. 神的,上帝的;v. 预测
   dock                 v. 扣除,n. 码头
   doctor               v. 修补,假造
   dog                  n. 狗,v. 追随
   dope                 n. ①麻醉药,②笨蛋
   down                 v. 击败,n. 柔毛,软毛
   dowse                v. ①浸入水中,②探测
   drift                v. 漂流 n. 沉积物,雪堆
   drone                n. 依赖他人生活的人 v. 嗡嗡声
   duck                 n. 鸭子,v. 迅速低头,躲避
   earmark              n. 标记,特征 v. 拨款
   eclipse              n. ①(日,月)食,②(名声等)失去,丧失
   effects              n. 私人财产
   elaborate            adj. 精制的,v. 详细阐述
   encapsulate          v. ①用胶囊包,②节略
   enormity             n. ①巨大,②穷凶极恶
   entrance             n. 入口 v. 使狂喜
   epic                 n. 史诗,adj. 英勇的
   essay                n. ①文章,②尝试
   exact                v. 强求,adj. 精确的
   explosive            adj. ①爆炸的,②激起感情的
   express              adj. 特别的,快速的,v. 表达
   fare                 v. 进展,成功,n. 车费,运费
   fast                 v. 禁食,绝食
   fathom               n. 英寻(=1?829米),v. 领会,理解
   fault                n. ①过错,②断层
   fell                 v. 砍伐,adj. 凶恶的
   fence                n. 篱笆,v. 击剑,闪避
   ferret               n. 雪貂,v. 搜寻,探出
   file                 n. 锉刀,档案,v. 排成纵队前进
   flag                 v. 衰退,n. ①旗帜,②石板
   flail                n. 连枷,v. 猛烈挥动
   flash                n. 闪光,adj. 吸引人的
   flaw                 n. 瑕疵,v. 生裂缝
   fleece               n. 羊毛,v. 诈取(金钱)
   fleet                n. 舰队,adj. 快速的
   flight               n. ①飞行,②逃走
   flush                v. ①冲冼,②脸红
   foil                 v. 阻挠,n. ①花剑,②金属薄片
   fold                 n. 畜栏,v. 折叠
   forearm              v. 预先武装,n. 前臂
   forge                n. 冶炼厂,v. 伪造,锻造, ②突然加速
   forte                n. 长处,adj. 强音的
   forward              adj. ①向前的,②热心的,v. 寄发
   fowl                 adj. 恶臭的,n. 犯规
   founder              n. 创办人 v. 沉没,失败
   frame                n. 框架,v. 陷害
   fret                 v. ①烦躁,②磨损;③用回纹装饰
   fry                  v. 油煎,n. 鱼苗
   fume                 v. ①冒烟,②发怒
   fuss                 n. ①大惊小怪,②过份关怀
   gall                 n. ①胆汁,②怨恨,v. 伤害,侮辱
   game                 v. 赌博,adj. ①勇敢的,②残废的
   gather               v. 集合,n. 衣褶
   ginger               n. ①生姜,②活力
   gloss                n. ①光泽,②注释
   gouge                n. 半圆凿,v. 敲诈
   grass                n. 草,v. 告密,告发
   graze                v. ①放牧,吃草,②擦伤,掠过
   grill                v. ①烤,烧,②严历盘问
   gripe                v. ①腹部绞痛,②抱怨,诉苦
   grit                 n. 粗砂石,v. 下定决心
   ground               n. 地面,v. 搁浅,降落
   grouse               n. 松鸡,v. 抱怨
   gull                 n. 海鸥,v. 欺骗
   gut                  n. 肠子,adj. 强烈的(感情)
   guy                  n. ①人,家伙,②牵索,支索
   hack                 v. 乱砍,n. 雇佣文人
   hail                 n. 雹子,v. 向…欢呼
   hallmank             n. ①(金银纯度的)检验印记, ②特点
   hamper               v. 妨碍,n. 有盖大篮
   hang                 on        ①(电话)别挂断,②专注,仔细听
   harbor               n. 港口,v. 隐匿,包庇
   hare                 n. 野兔,v. 飞跑
   hatch                n. 舱口盖,v. 孵化
   haunt                n. 常去的地方,v. 索绕心头
   hawk                 n. 鹰,v. 叫卖,兜售
   heavy                adj. 重的,n. 剧中反面角色
   hedge                n. 灌木树离,v. 避开问题
   hide                 v. 隐藏,n. 兽皮
   hiding               n. ①鞭打,②躲藏
   hip                  n. 臂部,adj. 时髦的,现代的
   hoard                n. 大量,贮藏物,v. 秘藏
   hold                 v. 握住,n. 货舱
   hound                n. 猎狗,v. 追逐,不断骚扰
   huff                 v. 喘气, n. 激怒
   hull                 n. 船体,皮壳,v. 去皮壳
   humor                n. 幽默,v. 纵容,姑息
   hump                 n. ①驼峰,②忧郁
   hunch                n. 直觉,v. 使(身体)隆起
   husband              n. 丈夫,v. 节俭地使用
   implication          n. ①牵连,②暗示
   incense              n. 香,v. 激怒
   inch                 n. 英寸, v. 慢慢移动
   intimate             v. 暗示,adj. 亲密的
   intrigue             v. 激起兴趣, n. 密谋
   invalid              n. 病人,adj. 无效的
   itch                 v. ①痒,②强烈渴望
   jag                  v. 切割成锯齿状,n. 兴奋期
   jaw                  n. 颚,n. 唠叨
   jibe                 n. 嘲笑,v. 与…相符合
   jockey               n. 职业骑师,v. 运用手段
   jolly                adj. 欢乐的,v. 怂恿
   junk                 n. 废物,n. 平底帆船
   kid                  n. 小山羊,v. 欺骗
   lark                 v. 玩乐,n. 云雀
   launder              v. 洗衣, n. 漏税
   lay                  adj. 世俗的,v. 放好
   lean                 v. 斜靠,adj. 瘦的
   lever                n. 杠杆,v. 撬
   list                 v. ①列举,②(船)倾斜
   loaf                 n. 面包,v. 游手好闲
   lock                 n. ①一绺卷发,②锁
   lobby                n. 门厅,v. 游说
   lounge               v. 懒洋洋地靠坐,n. 休息室
   lull                 v. 使入睡,n. 问题,暂停
   lumber               n. 木材,v. 缓慢地移动
   lump                 n. 块状,adj. 不分开的,v. 忍受
   malign               adj. 有害的,v. 诽谤
   manifest             adj. 显然的,n. 载货清单
   mass                 n. 弥撒曲,v. 聚集,集中
   mat                  n. 席子,v. 结缠成一团
   medium               n. 巫师,adj. 中等的
   mellow               adj. 老练的,v. 使成熟
   menial               adj. 不重要的,n. 仆人
   metal                n. 金属,v. 用碎石铺路
   mimic                n. 模仿的人,adj. 假装的
   mince                v. ①剁碎,②小步走路
   minute               adj. 缩小的,v. 做会议记录
   mob                  n. 暴民,v. 攻击
   mobile               adj. 可动的,n. 风铃
   mock                 v. 嘲笑,adj. 假的
   moderate             adj. 中等适度的 v. 减轻
   mole                 n. 田鼠,n. 海堤
   moor                 n. 旷野地 v. 使(船)停泊
   mount                v. 攀登 n. 山峰
   nag                  n. 马 v. 唠叨
   needle               n. 针,针叶 v. 激怒,刺激
   nip                  v. 夹,咬 n. 严寒       
   nose                 n. 鼻子 v. 小心向前移动
   operative            adj. 最重要的 n. 工人,技工
   out                  v. 出名,公布
   pace                 n. 速度 v. 慢慢地走
   paddy                n. ①水稻田 ②大怒
   painter              n. ①画家 ②船索
   pan                  n. 平底锅 v. 严厉批评
   parade               n. 列队行进 v. 夸耀
   passing              n. 结束,消失 adj. 短暂的
   pasty                n. 肉饼 adj. 苍白的
   pattern              n. 图案 v. 模仿
   pawn                 v. 典当 n. 受人利用的小人物
   peach                n. 桃子 v. 告密,出卖
   peer                 n. 同等的人 v. 凝视
   pen                  n. ①围栏 ②笔
   perch                v. 栖息 n. 鲈鱼
   piano                adj. 轻柔地 n. 钢琴
   pile                 v. 堆起 n. 细毛
   pilot                n. 飞行员 v. 领航
   pinch                v. 捏 n. 一撮
   pirate               n. 海盗 v. 非法翻印
   pitch                n. 沥青 n. 音调
   plain                n. 平原,旷野 adj. 清楚的,明白的
   pluck                v. 拨毛,n. 勇气
   plumb                n. 铅锤,v. 精确测定,完全地
   poach                v. ①水煮,②偷猎
   pool                 n. 水坑,v. 合并,共享
   pose                 v. 提出(问题),n. 装腔作势
   pound                v. 捣碎,n. (收留迷失牧畜的)兽栏
   prize                v. ①珍视,②撬开
   project              n. 计划,v. 扩散
   prompt               v. 促使,adj. 迅速的
   proof                adj. 有耐力的,n. 证明
   prop                 v. 支持,n. 道具
   prospect             n. 希望,v. 勘探
   pry                  v. 刺探,撬开
   punishing            adj. 累人的,n. 惨败
   purse                n. 钱包,v. 皱起
   quail                n. 鹌鹑,v. 畏惧
   quiver               n. 箭筒,v. 颤抖
   rabbit               n. 兔,v. 抱怨
   rack                 n. 行李架,v. 毁坏
   racket               n. ①球拍,②吵闹
   rag                  n. 破布,v. 愚弄,取笑
   rail                 v. 咒骂,n. 围栏
   rake                 n. 耙子,v. 倾斜
   rank                 adj. 恶臭的,n. 等级
   rat                  n. 鼠,v. 背叛,背信
   rave                 v. 胡说,n. 过分赞扬
   rap                  n. 轻毁,v. 严厉指责
   recess               n. 休息,v. 使凹进
   refrain              v. 抑制,n. 迭句
   refuse               v. 拒绝,n. 废物
   relay                n. 接力赛跑,v. 传播
   rent                 n. 租金,n. 裂缝
   repose               v. 休息,信赖
   retail               v. ①零售,②传播(消息)
   rib                  n. 肋骨,v. 开玩笑
   rig                  n. 船具,v. 舞弊
   ring                 n. 圆圈,v. 围起来
   rivet                n. 铆钉,v. 吸引
   rook                 n. 白嘴鸦,v. 诈骗
   row                  v. 划船,n. 吵架
   ruling               n. 裁决,adj. 统治的
   rumble               v. ①发出隆隆声,②看穿,识破
   sack                 n. 袋子,v. 被解雇
   sandwich             n. 三明治,v. 挤入
   scale                n. ①比例,刻度,②鱼鳞, v. ①攀登,②剥落
   scent                v. 察觉,n. 气味
   scoff                v. ①嘲笑,②狼吞虎咽
   scour                v. ①巡视,②擦亮
   scurvy               adj. 卑鄙,n. 坏血病
   second               n. 秒,v. 赞成,支持
   shark                n. ①鲨鱼,②高利货者
   sheer                adj. 纯的,陡峭的,v. 躲开,避开
   shore                n. 岸,v. 支撑,撑住
   slack                adj. 松驰的,玩忽职宁的
   slang                n. 俚语,v. 谩骂
   slate                n. 石板,v. 猛烈抨击
   slight               adj. 轻微的,v. 轻视
   smart                adj. 聪敏的,n. 剧痛
   space                n. 空间,v. 隔开
   spruce               n. 云彩,adj. 衣着漂亮的,v. 修饰
   stalk                v. (打猎时)潜随,n. 茎干
   staunch              v. 制止…流动,adj. 忠诚可靠的
   steep                adj. 陡峭的,过分的,v. 浸泡
   stem                 n. 茎,柄,v. 遏制
   stunt                v. 阻碍生长,n. 绝技,特技
   table                n. 桌子,v. 建议
   tack                 n. 平头钉,v. 钉住
   tackle               滑车,v. 解决(问题)
   tag                  n. 标签,v. 紧随
   tail                 n. 尾巴,v. 盯梢
   tally                n. 帐簿,v. 吻合
   tan                  v. 鞣革,狠狠鞭打
   tap                  v. 开发,轻拍
   tartar               n. 牙垢,脾气暴躁的人
   tear                 n. 眼泪,v. 斯裂
   telescope            n. 望远镜,v. 挤撞
   temper               n. 脾气,v. 冲淡
   tender               adj. 柔软的,n. 估价单
   tip                  n. 尖端,v. 弄歪,n. 窍门
   tough                adj. 强壮的,n. 无法无天的人
   train                n. 火车,v. 培植
   trigger              n. (枪的)板机,v. 引发
   trip                 v. 绊倒,n. 旅行
   tuck                 v. 隐藏或安置,n. (衣服的)褶
   twit                 v. 嘲笑,n. 傻瓜,笨蛋
   twig                 n. 小枝,v. 了解

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Economist 寄托与我

发表于 2004-4-15 07:09:37 |显示全部楼层

pp2词库 英版

abash                        embarrass
abate                        subside or moderate
abiding                        : ENDURING, CONTINUING
abiding                        1 : to wait for : AWAIT       
2 a : to endure without yielding : WITHSTAND  b : to bear patiently : TOLERATE *cannot abide such bigots
3 : to accept without objection *will abide your decision*
abrasion                1 a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction  b : IRRITATION
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane
abrogate                        abolish
absolute
abstract                        theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentationals representational
(of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
abstract                 elaborate
abstruse                        obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abuse                        diatribe
accede                        agree  
accessible                easy to approach; obtainable
accolade                award of merit; strong praise and approvals merit good quality
deserving praise; merits: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own merits; V: deserve; earns demerit fault; bad qualities earn gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
accretion        growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
acme                        peak; pinnacle; highest point
admonish                warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
adulate                        : to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly
advocate                speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
aesthetic status         3 : to make ineffective
affection                        : a moderate feeling or emotion
affinity                        feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her;
Ex. many affinities between two languages
albinism                        the condition of an albino
albino        an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation; especially: a human being or nonhuman mammal that is congenitally deficient in pigment
ambiguous        unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
amiss                        wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
analogy                        similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
anthology        a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or music
anodyne                        1 : serving to assuage pain
2 : not likely to offend or arouse tensions
antonym                        a word of opposite meaning *the usual antonym of good
apathy        lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
apex                        tip; summit; climax; highest point
aphorism                pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
apologist                one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
apoplectic                1 : of, relating to, or causing stroke       
2 : affected with, inclined to, or showing symptoms of stroke       
3 : of a kind to cause or apparently cause stroke
approbation                approval
archaic                antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
arid                                (of land) dry; barren; unproductive
arresting        1 a : to bring to a stop *sickness arrested his activities*  b : CHECK, SLOW  c : to make inactive *an arrested tumor*
2 : SEIZE, CAPTURE;  specifically   : to take or keep in custody by authority of law       
3 : to catch suddenly and engagingly
arresting                        catching the attention : STRIKING, IMPRESSIVE
assume        1 a : to take up or in : RECEIVE  b : to take into partnership, employment, or use       
2 a : to take to or upon oneself : UNDERTAKE  b : PUT ON, DON       
3 : to take control of       
4: to pretend to have or be : FEIGN *assumed an air of confidence in spite of her dismay*       
5 : to take as granted or true : SUPPOSE       
6 : to take over (the debts of another) as one's own
asunder                        into parts; apart; V. sunder
atone                        make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
auspicious                favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
authenticate                prove genuine
avarice                        greediness for wealth
aversion                        firm dislike
baleful        evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
balky        refusing or likely to refuse to proceed, act, or function as directed or expected
balm                        something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
banal                        hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality
baneful                        harmful; poisonous
base        contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
belie        contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
bemoan                        1 : to express deep grief or distress over       
2 : to regard with displeasure, disapproval, or regret
betray        be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
blandness        1 a : smooth and soothing in manner or quality *a bland smile*  b : exhibiting no personal concern or embarrassment : UNPERTURBED *a bland confession of guilt*       
2 a : not irritating, stimulating, or invigorating : SOOTHING  b : DULL, INSIPID
blatant        extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
blazon                        1 : to publish widely : PROCLAIM       
2 a : to describe (heraldic or armorial bearings) in technical terms  b : to represent (armorial bearings) in drawing or engraving
3 a : DISPLAY  b : DECK, ADORN
blurb                        a short publicity notice
boding                        : FOREBODING
brat        1 a : CHILD;  specifically   : an ill-mannered annoying child  b : an ill-mannered immature person       
2 : the son or daughter of a career military person
breezeway        a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings (as a house and garage) or halves of a building
brevity                         conciseness; shortness of duration       
bucolic                        rustic; pastoral
buoyant        able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
burgeon        grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry
burlesque                give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
byline                        1 : a secondary line : SIDELINE
2 : a line at the beginning of a news, story, magazine article, or book giving the writer's name
cacophonical
cacophonous                marked by cacophony : harsh-sounding
cacophony                unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
calibrated        to standardize (as a measuring instrument) by determining the deviation from a standard so as to ascertain the proper correction factors
callow                        youthful; immature; inexperienced
calm                        allay
calumniate                1 : to utter maliciously false statements, charges, or imputations about  
2 : to injure the reputation of by calumny
canonical                1: of, relating to, or forming a canon       
2 : conforming to a general rule or acceptable procedure : ORTHODOX        3 : of or relating to a clergyman who is a canon       
4 : reduced to the canonical form
cantankerous        ill-humored; irritable
canvass        determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N
canvass                   to examine in detail
canvass                        the act or an instance of canvassing
caprice                        whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
caricature                distortion; burlesque
categorical                ABSOLUTE, UNQUALIFIED
categorical        without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
cater        provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
catholic        (of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
cavil                        to raise trivial and frivolous objection
cavil                    quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cavort                        1 : PRANCE       
2 : to engage in extravagant behavior
check                        stop motion; curb or restrain
chiaroscuro        1 : pictorial representation in terms of light and shade without regard to color
2 a : the arrangement or treatment of light and dark parts in a pictorial work of art  b : the interplay or contrast of dissimilar qualities (as of mood or character)       
3 : a 16th century woodcut technique involving the use of several blocks to print different tones of the same color;  also   : a print made by this technique       
4 : the interplay of light and shadow on or as if on a surface       
5 : the quality of being veiled or partly in shadow
churlish                        boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
circumlocution        indirect or roundabout expression (by using an unnecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumlocutory        1 : the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
2 : evasion in speech
cistern                        reservoir or water tank
clandestine                secret
clement                        inclined to be merciful : LENIENT
clement                        inclined to be merciful ; MILD
collapse        1 : to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely : fall into a jumbled or flattened mass through the force of external pressure  
2 : to break down completely : DISINTEGRATE        
3 : to cave or fall in or give way       
4 : to suddenly lose force, significance, effectiveness, or worth
5 : to break down in vital energy, stamina, or self-control through exhaustion or disease;  especially   : to fall helpless or unconscious
6 : to fold down into a more compact shape
collusion                        conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
compendium                brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
complimentary        1 a : expressing or containing a compliment  b : FAVORABLE *the novel received complimentary reviews*
2 : given free as a courtesy or favor
compunctious        1 a : anxiety arising from awareness of guilt   b : distress of mind over an anticipated action or result       
2 : a twinge of misgiving
compunctious        : a twinge of misgiving : SCRUPLE *cheated without compunction
conciliate                reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)  
conciseness        1 : marked by brevity of expression or statement : free from all elaboration and superfluous detail
2 : cut short
conciseness                brevity
condign                        adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
conducive                helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conform                        be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule
congenial        pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
conjecture                surmise; guess
consign        send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment
conspicuous                notable
constrained        1 a : to force by imposed stricture, restriction, or limitation  b : to restrict the motion of (a mechanical body) to a particular mode
2 : COMPRESS;  also   : to clasp tightly       
3 : to secure by or as if by bonds : CONFINE;  broadly   : LIMIT
4 : to force or produce in an unnatural or strained manner *a constrained smile*       
5 : to hold back by or as if by force
contagion        infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
contagious                communicable by contact
contumacious        stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
convey        a : to bear from one place to another;  especially   : to move in a continuous stream or mass         
b : to impart or communicate by statement, suggestion, gesture, or appearance        
c (1) archaic: STEAL (2) obsolete: to carry away secretly         
d : to transfer or deliver to another especially by a sealed writing         
e : to cause to pass from one place or person to another
cow                                to destroy the resolve or courage of
craven                        cowardly
credibility  
crest                        top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
crouch        1 a : to lower the body stance especially by bending the legs b : to lie close to the ground with the legs bent
2 : to bend or bow servilely
crutch                        to support on crutches : prop up
crux        essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
culpable                        deserving blame; blameworthy
dabbler        one that dabbles: as  a : one not deeply engaged in or concerned with something
damp                        MOISTURE:  a : HUMIDITY, DAMPNESS  b archaic
dandy                        1 : a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance  
2 : something excellent in its class
daunt                        intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
debase        degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
debilitated                to impair the strength of : ENFEEBLE
decrepit        weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
dedication                1 : an act or rite of dedicating to a divine being or to a sacred use                                        2 : a devoting or setting aside for a particular purpose                               
3 : a name and often a message prefixed to a literary, musical, or artistic production in tribute to a person or cause
4 : self-sacrificing devotion
deference                respect and esteem due a superior or an elder
defile                        a narrow passage or gorge narrowness
defuse                1 : to remove the fuse from (as a mine or bomb)
2 : to make less harmful, potent, or tense *defuse the crisis*
deliberate                to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully
deliberate                consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
demoralize                1 : to corrupt the morals of  
2 a : to weaken the morale of :   b : to upset or destroy the normal functioning of  c : to throw into disorder
denounce                   condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
deplore        regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
deprecating        to express disapproval of        a : PLAY DOWN : make little of         b : BELITTLE, DISPARAGE
depreciate                to lower in estimation or esteem
depreciate                lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
depressed        1 : low in spirits : SAD;  especially   : affected by psychological depression
2 a : vertically flattened *a depressed cactus*  b : having the central part lower than the margin  c : lying flat or prostrate  d : dorsoventrally flattened
3 : suffering from economic depression;  especially   : UNDERPRIVILEGED       
4 : being below the standard
deracinate                UPROOT
derision                        ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. Derisory
derivative                unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style
despondent        without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
diaphanous                sheer; transparent
diatribe                        a bitter and abusive speech or writing;ironical or satirical criticism
diffidence                shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident:
diffident                        1 : hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence       
2 archaic   : DISTRUSTFUL       
3 : RESERVED, UNASSERTIVE
diluted                        1 : ATTENUATE       
2 : to make thinner or more liquid by admixture       
3 : to diminish the strength, flavor, or brilliance of by admixture       
4 : to decrease the per share value of (common stock) by increasing the total number of shares
diminish                        1 : to make less or cause to appear less       
2 : to lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of : BELITTLE       
3 : to cause to taper
din                                a loud continued noise;  especially   : a welter of discordant sounds
disaffected                disloyal; lacking loyalty; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
discommode                : to cause inconvenience to :   TROUBLE
discompose                disturb the composure of; confuse
disdain                        treat with scorn or contempt
disparate                basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
dispassionate        calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
disputed                        1 a : to make the subject of disputation         b : to call into question                                                2 a : to struggle against : OPPOSE  b : to contend over
distinct                        1 : distinguishable to the eye or mind as discrete : SEPARATE       
2 : presenting a clear unmistakable impression        
3 archaic   : notably decorated       
4 a : NOTABLE *a distinct contribution to scholarship*  b : readily and        unmistakably
doddering                shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
dour                        sullen; gloomy; stubborn
downpour                a pouring or streaming downward;  especially   : a heavy rain
draconian        extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco Athenian politician-
dryad                        wood nymph
dulcet                        sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
earsplitting                distressingly loud or shrill
efface                        rub out; remove the surface of
effervescence        inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete                        having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
elaborate                marked by complexity, fullness of detail, or ornateness *elaborate prose
elaborate                work out carefully; add more detail or information
elated          filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. Elation
elongate                        to extend the length of
elucidate                explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
emanative        1 a : the action of emanating  b : the origination of the world by a series of hierarchically descending radiations from the Godhead through intermediate stages to matter
2 a : something that emanates or is produced by emanation : EFFLUENCE
embolden                to instill with boldness or courage
embrace        hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
emulate                        imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
emulate        a : to strive to equal or excel  b : IMITATE;  especially   : to imitate by means of an emulator
encomium        glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise;  also   : an expression of this very high praise; eulogy
enduring                        lasting; surviving
energize                        invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
engage        attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
engross                        occupy fully; absorb
ennoble                        1 : to make noble : ELEVATE *seemed ennobled by suffering*       
2 : to raise to the rank of nobility
ennui        boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF.annoy
enslave                        enthrall
entrancing                1 : to carry away with delight, wonder, or rapture        2 : to put into a trance
ephemeral                short-lived; fleeting
equivocal        (of words or statements) ambiguous;     intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
erect        1 a : vertical in position;  also   : not spread out or decumbent b : standing up or out from the body c : characterized by firm or rigid straightness in bodily posture
2 archaic   : directed upward   
erode        eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
erosion                        1 a : the action or process of eroding  b : the state of being eroded
2 : an instance or product of erosive action
erratic                        odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
erudite                        (of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly
escalate                        to increase in extent, volume, number, amount, intensity, or scope
esoteric        hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
esteem                        respect; value; judge; N.       
estrange                        alienate (people in a family)
ethereal                        like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined;
Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
euphemism                mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
evanescent                fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
exaggeration                to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
execrate                        curse; express abhorrence for; detest
exemplary                serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior;
N. exemplar: typical example; model
exonerate                acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
expansive        (of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
exponent              1 : a symbol written above and to the right of a mathematical expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power       
2 a : one that expounds or interprets  b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies
exponent        1 : a symbol written above and to the right of a  mathematical expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power        2 a : one that  expounds or interprets  b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies
expose        1 : a formal statement of facts  
2 : an exposure of something discreditable
extinguish                douse
extol                        praise very highly; glorify
extraneous        not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
extravagant                costing or spending too much; wasteful; going beyond reasonable limits; excessive or unrestrained
fabricate        build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
ingenious                marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. Ingenuity
farce        broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
fastidious                difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
fathom        comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
fatuous                        smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity,
fatuousness
fawn                        to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner
fawn                        exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
fetter                        shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a
prisoner; CF. foot
filibuster        the use of extreme dilatory tactics in an attempt to delay or prevent action especially in a legislative assembly
flourish        grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
foment                        stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or                                         unpleasant)
foment                        to promote the growth or development of : ROUSE, INCITE
foolhardy                rash; reckless; foolishly daring
formidable        menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
forthright                        straightforward; direct; frank
fortified                        to make strong
fortify             to make strong: as  a : to strengthen and secure (as a town) by forts or batteries  b : to give physical strength, courage, or endurance to  c : to add mental or moral strength to : ENCOURAGE *fortified by prayer*  d : to add material to for strengthening or enriching
fraud                        deception; swindle
frigid                        intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
frugal                        practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
furtive        stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance      openly    imitating the works of other artists
garble        mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
garble                        mixed up; jumbled; distorted
genial                        displaying or marked by genius
genial                        cheerful and good-tempered
gesture                        1 archaic   : CARRIAGE, BEARING       
2 : a movement usually of the body or limbs that expresses or emphasizes an idea, sentiment, or attitude
3 : the use of motions of the limbs or body as a means of expression
4 : something said or done by way of formality or courtesy, as a symbol or token, or for its effect on the attitudes of others
glimmer                        shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication;
Ex. glimmer of hope
grammatical                1 : of or relating to grammar       
2 : conforming to the rules of grammar
grating                        raspy
gratuitous        given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
gratuitous        1 a : given unearned or without recompense  b : not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration  c : costing nothing : FREE
2 : not called for by the circumstances : UNWARRANTED
hackney                        commonplace; trite
hackneyed        a : to make common or frequent use of  b : to make trite, vulgar, or commonplace
hackneyed                commonplace; trite
hamstring                1 : to make ineffective or powerless : CRIPPLE *hamstrung by guilt*       
2 : to cripple by cutting the leg tendons
haphazard                desultory, random
harbor        give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind(thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N place of shelter; refuge
havoc                        widespread damage; disorder; chaos
hedge        1 a : a fence or boundary formed by a dense row of shrubs or low trees  b : BARRIER, LIMIT       
2 : a means of protection or defense (as against financial loss) 3 : a calculatedly noncommittal or evasive statement
hedge                        to try to avoid or lessen loss in (a bet, risk, etc.) by making counter
hideousness                1 : offensive to the senses and especially to sight : exceedingly ugly       
2 : morally offensive : SHOCKING
hoard                        : a supply or fund stored up and often hidden away
hoard                         stockpile; accumulate for future use; N supply stored for future use
hovel                        shack; small wretched house
husbandry                frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry
husky                        resembling, containing, or full of husks
imitation                        an act or instance of imitating
imitation                        mimicry
impeccable                faultless
imperious                domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
imperious                marked by arrogant assurance : DOMINEERING
imperious        violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
implode                        1 a : to burst inward  b : to undergo violent compression        
2 : to collapse inward as if from external pressure;  also   : to become greatly reduced as if from collapsing
implode                        burst inward; CF. vacuum tube
impression                 a characteristic trait or feature resulting from influence
inalienable             not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
inanimate        : not animate:  a : not endowed with life or spirit  b : lacking consciousness or power of motion
2 : not animated or lively : DULL inattention                failure
incommunicative        UNCOMMUNICATIVE
incongruent                not congruent
indecorous                not decorous
indigenous                native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
NONNATIVE
indolence                inclination to laziness : SLOTH
indolent                        lazy
indulgent                indulging or characterized by indulgence;  especially
inestimable                impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth
ingenious                marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
insouciant                without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
inspired        outstanding or brilliant in a way or to a degree suggestive of divine inspiration
instill                        inculcate
institute                        1 : to establish in a position or office       
2 a : to originate and get established : ORGANIZE *instituted reading clinics*  b : to set going
insubordinate        disobedient to authority
insubordination        disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
integral                        complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
integrity        honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
intemperate        not temperate *intemperate criticism*;  especially   : given to excessive use of intoxicating liquors
interim        meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
interlude                        1 : a usually short simple play or dramatic entertainment       
2 : an intervening or interruptive period, space, or event : INTERVAL
3 : a musical composition inserted between the parts of a longer composition, a drama, or a religious service
interminable        having or seeming to have no end;  especially   : wearisomely protracted
intransigent        1 a : refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude : UNCOMPROMISING  b : IRRECONCILABLE       
2 : characteristic of an intransigent person
intrepid        characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance
intrinsic                        belonging to the essential nature or constitution of a thing
invective                        abuse
investigate        to observe or study by close examination and systematic inquiry : to make a systematic examination;  especially   : to conduct an official inquiry
invigorate                to give life and energy to : ANIMATE;  also   : STIMULATE
invoice                        1 : an itemized list of goods shipped usually specifying the price and the                                 terms of sale : BILL       
2 : a consignment of merchandise
invulnerable                incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
irresolute        uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
jaundice        medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
jejune        1 : lacking nutritive value *jejune diets*       
2 : devoid of significance or interest : DULL *jejune lectures*       
3 : JUVENILE, PUERILE
jolt        1 : to cause to move with a sudden jerky motion       
2 : to give a knock or blow to;  specifically   : to jar with a quick or hard blow       
3 a : to disturb the composure of *crudely jolted out of that mood? Virginia Wolf*  b : to interfere with roughly, abruptly, and disconcertingly *determination to pursue his own course was jolted badly? F. L. Paxson*        intransitive senses   : to move with a sudden jerky motion
kindle                        ignite
labyrinth                        maze
landfill        a system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up
lane                                a narrow passageway between fences or hedges
languid                        lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
lapse                        a slight error typically due to forgetfulness or inattention
largesse        1 : liberal giving (as of money) to or as if to an inferior;  also   : something so given  
2 : GENEROSITY
lassitude                        languor; weariness; listlessness
latent                present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
latent                present and capable of becoming though not now visible, obvious, or active
lavish                liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; PROFUSE; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
lenient                        not severe in judgment or punishment
limerick                        a light or humorous verse
lithe                                flexible; supple; CF. Limber
lucid                        easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. Lucidity
luxurious                splendid;
malice                        desire to harm others; spite
malleable        (of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
martinet        strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
mathematical                1 expression to indicate the operation of raising to a power       
2 a : one that expounds or interprets  b : one that champions, practices, or exemplifies
mawkish        mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
mean                        stingy
meddlesome                interfering; V. meddle: interfere
mediocre                ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
meet        precisely adapted to a particular situation, need, or circumstance : very proper
meet                        unsuitable
meet        1 a : to come into the presence of : FIND  b : to come together with especially at a particular time or place *I'll meet you at the station*  c : to come into contact or conjunction with : JOIN  d : to appear to the perception of
2 : to encounter as antagonist or foe : OPPOSE
3 : to enter into conference, argument, or personal dealings with
4 : to conform to especially with exactitude and precision *a concept to meet all requirements*       
5 : to pay fully : SETTLE
6 : to cope with *was able to meet every social situation*       
7 : to provide for *enough money to meet our needs*       
8 : to become acquainted with       
9 : ENCOUNTER, EXPERIENCE       
10 : to receive or greet in an official capacity       
intransitive senses        1 a : to come face-to-face  b : to come together for a common purpose : ASSEMBLE  c : to come together as contestants, opponents, or enemies
membrane                thin soft pliable sheet or layer especially of animal or plant origin
merited                        to be worthy of or entitled or liable to
merited                        DESERVE
metrical                        metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. Metrical translation of Homer miff                                1 : a fit of ill humor  
2 : a trivial quarrel
minutia                        petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
mischievous                causing mischief; playfully troublesome
misdemeanor        minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
miser                        stingy man
miserly                        stingy; mean
mockery                        1 : insulting or contemptuous action or speech : DERISION       
2 : a subject of laughter, derision, or sport       
3 a : a counterfeit appearance : IMITATION  b : an insincere, contemptible, or impertinent imitation *makes a mockery of justice*       
4 : something ridiculously or impudently unsuitable
mordant                        biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
mordant                        1 : biting and caustic in thought, manner, or style
2 : acting as a mordant       
3 : BURNING, PUNGENT
mourn                        rue
natty                        neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
nebulous                vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous
nefarious                very wicked
nitpick                        to criticize by nit-picking
notwithstanding        DESPITE
novelty                        something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
obeisance                bow (to show respect and obedience)
obfuscate        confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
oblivious        inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
obsequiousness
occult        mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human.   bare
offbeat                        eccentric,  unconventional
offbeat                        the unaccented beat of a musical measure
offend                        violate; hurt the feelings of
offensive        attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense:
opacity                1 : the quality or state of a body that makes it impervious to the rays of light;  broadly   : the relative capacity of matter to obstruct the transmission of radiant energy       
2 a : obscurity of sense : UNINTELLIGIBLENESS  b : the quality or state of being mentally obtuse : DULLNESS       
3 : an opaque spot in a normally transparent structure
oppose                1 : to place opposite or against something       
2 : to place over against something so as to provide resistance, counterbalance, or contrast       
3 : to offer resistance to
opulent                        possessing great wealth; abundant
oration                        an elaborate discourse delivered in a formal and dignified manner
ostracism                banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
outgoing                        sociable; eager to mix socially with others
pacific                        mild of temper
palatial                        of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
palliate        ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
pallor                        deficiency of color especially of the face
panache        flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache
pander                        cater to (the low desires of others)
parity                        equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
parse        1 a : to resolve (as a sentence) into component parts of speech and describe them grammatically          b : to describe grammatically by stating the part of speech and explaining the inflection and syntactical relationships       
2 : to examine in a minute way : analyze critically *parses appellate court opinions*
        intransitive senses         
1 : to give a grammatical description of a word or a group of words       
2 : to admit of being parsed
parsimony                stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
passionate                1 a : easily aroused to anger  b : filled with anger : ANGRY
2 a : capable of, affected by, or expressing intense feeling  b : ENTHUSIASTIC, ARDENT       
3 : swayed by or affected with sexual desire
pastiche        1 : a literary, artistic, musical, or architectural work that imitates the style of previous work;  also   : such stylistic imitation  
2 a : a musical, literary, or artistic composition made up of selections from different works : POTPOURRI  b : HODGEPODGE
pastiche        imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
patent        obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone
paucity                        scarcity; dearth
pedestrian                ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot;
peeve                        make angry
pellucid                        transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
peremptory             1 a : putting an end to or precluding a right of action, debate, or delay b : admitting of no contradiction
2 : expressive of urgency or command
3 a : characterized by often imperious or arrogant self-assurance   b : indicative of a peremptory attitude or nature
peremptory                characterized by often imperious or arrogant self-assurance
peremptory                demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory                                                 decree/knock
perspicacious        of acute mental vision or discernment
pertinacious                holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
perturb                        1 : to disturb greatly in mind : DISQUIET       
2 : to throw into confusion : DISORDER       
3 : to cause to experience a perturbation
philanthropic                1 : of, relating to, or characterized by philanthropy : HUMANITARIAN
2 : dispensing or receiving aid from funds set aside for humanitarian purposes
pigment                        a substance that imparts black or white or a color to other materials
pigment                        coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
pinpoint        1 : something that is extremely small or insignificant       
2 : the point of a pin       
3 : an extremely small or sharp point
pitiless                        devoid of pity : MERCILESS
placate                        pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
plangent                        1 : having a loud reverberating sound
2 : having an expressive and especially plaintive quality
pliant                        flexible; easily influenced
plot                                to plan or contrive especially secretly
plumb        exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of   
politic                        wise,expedient :politic
poll        1 a : to cut off or cut short the hair or wool of : CROP, SHEAR  b : to cut off or cut short (as wool)       
2 a : to cut off or back the top of (as a tree);  specifically   : POLLARD  b : to cut off or cut short the horns of (cattle)       
3 a : to receive and record the votes of  b : to request each member of to declare a vote individually *poll the assembly*       
4 : to receive (as votes) in an election       
5 : to question or canvass in a poll       
6 : to test (as several computer terminals sharing a single line) in sequence for messages to be transmitted
pollster                        one that conducts a poll or compiles data obtained by a poll
pontificate                1 a : to officiate as a pontiff  b : to celebrate pontifical mass       
2 : to speak or express opinions in a pompous or dogmatic way
pore                        study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book
porous                        permeable
postulate        self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
prairie                        1 : land in or predominantly in grass  
2 : a tract of grassland
precipice                cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
precipitous                steep; overhasty; precipitate
preen        make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
prescriptive                1 : serving to prescribe  
2 : acquired by, founded on, or determined by prescription or by long-standing custom
privilege                        a right or immunity granted as a peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor
probe        explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
probe        : to search into and explore with great thoroughness : subject to a penetrating investigation exponent
probity                        uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
procure                        obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
prod        1 a : to thrust a pointed instrument into : PRICK  b : to incite to action :STIR     
2 : to poke or stir as if with a prod
prodigal                wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
prodigious                enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
profligate                wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute;
N: profligate person; N. profligacy
profusion                great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices;
prolix                        wordy; verbose; diffuse
propagate                increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread;
Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
propagate                transitive senses
1 : to cause to continue or increase by sexual or asexual reproduction        2 : to pass along to offspring       
3 a : to cause to spread out and affect a greater number or greater area : EXTEND          b : to foster growing knowledge of, familiarity with, or acceptance of (as an idea or belief) : PUBLICIZE        c : to transmit (as sound or light) through a medium       
intransitive senses       
1 : to multiply sexually or asexually       
2 : INCREASE, EXTEND       
3 : to travel through space or a material ? used of wave energy
proposal
prosaic        lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
prostrate                        1 : stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission;  
2 : completely overcome and lacking vitality, will, or power to rise        
3 : trailing on the ground
prostrate                        lying with the front downward
protract                        prolong; lengthen in time; draw out length
pry        inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
pulchritude                beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
pulchritude                physical comeliness
pundit                        authority on a subject; expert; learned person
purlieu                        an outlying or adjacent district; a frequently visited place
qualified                        limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
quash        crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
quell        suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ''Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper
quip                                taunt; clever sarcastic remark
rabid        of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
raffish        1 : marked by or suggestive of flashy vulgarity or crudeness       
2 : marked by a careless unconventionality : RAKISH
rancor        long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
rapport                        close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
rapprochement        establishment of or state of having cordial relations
ration                        fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
reactionary                strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress;                                         politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
recant        disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
reconnoiter                make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
redolent        odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
redoubtable                formidable; causing fear
refuse                        TRASH, GARBAGE
regimen        prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
relinquish        give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
remunerative                1 : serving to remunerate       
2 : providing remuneration : PROFITABLE
rend                        split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
reprobate        morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; misbehave  badly behave
resonant        (of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance sound
respite                        time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
restive        1 : stubbornly resisting control : BALKY  
2 : marked by impatience : FIDGETY
restrain                        moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
resurge                        rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence
retinue                        following; attendants
rider                        amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
rigid        hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
rigorous                1 : manifesting, exercising, or favoring rigor : very strict       
2 a : marked by extremes of temperature or climate  b : HARSH, SEVERE       
3 : scrupulously accurate
rouse                        to stir up
safeguard                a technical contrivance to prevent accident
sagacious                wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
salubrious                healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable;
Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
salutary        tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
sapient                        : possessing or expressing great sagacity
salvage        to rescue or save especially from wreckage or ruin
savory         pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
scintillating                sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life
scoff                        laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
score        number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
scorn                        an expression of contempt or derision
scrutable                capable of being deciphered : COMPREHENSIBLE
scuff        1 a : to walk without lifting the feet : SHUFFLE  b : to poke or shuffle a foot in exploration or embarrassment       
2 : to become scratched, chipped, or roughened by wear
sedulous                diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
seemly                        conventionally proper; suited to the occasion, purpose, or person
seemly                        (of behavior) proper; appropriate
sentiment                1 a : an attitude, thought, or judgment prompted by feeling :                                                 PREDILECTION  
b : a specific view or notion : OPINION       
2 a : EMOTION  
b : refined feeling : delicate sensibility especially as expressed in a work of art  
c : emotional idealism  
d : a romantic or nostalgic feeling verging on sentimentality       
3 a : an idea colored by emotion  
b : the emotional significance of a passage or expression as distinguished from its verbal context
shadow                        an inseparable companion or follower
shiftiness                a : given to deception, evasion, or fraud : TRICKY  
b : capable of evasive movement : ELUSIVE *a shifty boxer*
shirk                        avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
shy                                coy
simplicity                1 : the state of being simple, uncomplicated, or uncompounded       
2 a : lack of subtlety or penetration : INNOCENCE, NAIVET*  b : FOLLY, SILLINESS       
3 : freedom from pretense or guile : CANDOR       
4 a : directness of expression : CLARITY  b : restraint in ornamentation : AUSTERITY
siren                        apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
slacken                        slow up; loosen; make or become slack
slipshod                        slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work
sloven                         one who is habitually untidy or careless
smuggle        1 : to import or export secretly contrary to the law and especially without paying duties imposed by law       
2 : to convey or introduce surreptitiously
soak                        to lie immersed in liquid (as water)
solace                comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
solvent                        able to pay all depths; N. solvency
somnolence                the quality or state of being drowsy : SLEEPINESS
soporific                        sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
spartan        without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
sprightly                        marked by a gay lightness and vivacity : SPIRITED   
spurious                        false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
spurn                        reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
squalid                        dirty; sordid; morally repulsive;
stagnant        (of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
steepness                1 : LOFTY, HIGH ? used chiefly of a sea       
2 : making a large angle with the plane of the horizon       
3 a : mounting or falling precipitously *the stairs were very steep*  b : being or characterized by a rapid and intensive decline or increase       
4 : extremely or excessively high
stench                        strong foul odor; reek; stink
sterile                        incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
stickier                1 a : ADHESIVE  b (1) : VISCOUS, GLUEY (2) : coated with a sticky substance       
2 : HUMID, MUGGY;  also   : CLAMMY       
3 : tending to stick       
4 a : DISAGREEABLE, UNPLEASANT  b : AWKWARD, STIFF  c : DIFFICULT, PROBLEMATIC        5 : excessively sentimental : CLOYING
stickler                        perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
stodgy                        having a rich filling quality
subliminally                1 : inadequate to produce a sensation or a perception
2 : existing or functioning below the threshold of consciousness
submerge        place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
submerge                inundate
substantial        of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
substantiate                support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
succinct                        marked by compact precise expression without wasted words
suite                        RETINUE
sunder        to break apart or in two : separate by or as if by violence or by intervening time or space
sunder                        separate; part; CF. asunder
surrendered                1 a : to yield to the power, control, or possession of another upon compulsion or demand *surrendered the fort*  b : to give up completely or agree to forgo especially in favor of another       
2 a : to give (oneself) up into the power of another especially as a prisoner  b : to give (oneself) over to something (as an influence) intransitive senses   : to give oneself up into the power of another : YIELD
suspend        cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
svelte        1 a : SLENDER, LITHE  b : having clean lines : SLEEK       
2 : URBANE, SUAVE
swagger                to conduct oneself in an arrogant or superciliously pompous manner;  especially   : to walk with an air of overbearing
swagger                        walk or behave with an over-confident manner
swamp                        wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid       
sybarite                lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
sycophant                servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
taciturn                        habitually silent; talking little
tardy                        slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
tatty                                rather worn, frayed, or dilapidated : SHABBY
taut                                tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
tedious                        tiresome because of length or dullness : BORING
tedium                        boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious
teeter                        1 a : to move unsteadily : WOBBLE  
b : WAVER, VACILLATE
telling                        have noticeable effect; impressive
temperance                1 : moderation in action, thought, or feeling : RESTRAINT       
2 a : habitual moderation in the indulgence of the appetites or passions  b : moderation in or abstinence from the use of intoxicating drink
tenable                        capable of being held, maintained, or defended
tenacious        1 a : not easily pulled apart :  b : tending to adhere or cling especially to another substance       
2 a : persistent in maintaining or adhering to something valued or habitual   b : RETENTIVE
tenacious                holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
tepid                        1 : moderately warm : LUKEWARM *a tepid bath*       
2 a : lacking in passion, force, or zest *a tepid joke*  b : marked by an absence of enthusiasm or conviction
testy                        irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. Testiness
threadbare        worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
throng                        crowd (of people or things)
thwart                        block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
tightfisted                reluctant to part with money
timeworn                1 : worn or impaired by time *timeworn mansions*
2 a : AGE-OLD, ANCIENT *timeworn procedures*  b : HACKNEYED, STALE
timorous                        fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
tirade        long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
tonic        1 a : characterized by tonus *tonic contraction of muscle*;  also   : marked by prolonged muscular contraction *tonic convulsions*  b : producing or adapted to produce healthy muscular condition and reaction of organs (as muscles)       
2 a : increasing or restoring physical or mental tone : REFRESHING  b : yielding a tonic substance       
3 : relating to or based on the first tone of a scale *tonic harmony*       
4 of a syllable   : bearing a principal stress or accent       
5 : of or relating to speech tones or to languages using them to distinguish words otherwise identical
tractable                        docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded;
N. tractability
tractable                    1 : capable of being easily led, taught, or controlled :DOCILE
2 : easily handled, managed, or wrought
translucence                the quality or state of being translucent
treacherous        1 : characterized by or manifesting treachery : PERFIDIOUS
2 a : likely to betray trust : UNRELIABLE *a treacherous memory*  b : providing insecure footing or support *treacherous quicksand*  c : marked by hidden dangers, hazards, or perils
trenchant                1 : KEEN, SHARP       
2 : vigorously effective and articulate *a trenchant analysis*;  also   : CAUSTIC *trenchant remarks*
3 a : sharply perceptive
trenchant                cutting; incisive; keen
triumph        a : a victory or conquest by or as if by military force  b : a notable success
truncate                        cut the top off; shorten
turbid                        (of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
undistinguished        ordinary, common
unexceptionable        entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
unexceptional        not out of the ordinary
unflagging                not flagging : TIRELESS
unimpeachable        that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
unreflective                1 : do the opposite of : reverse (a specified action)
2 a : deprive of : remove (a specified thing) from   b : release from : free from c : remove from : extract from : bring out of  d : cause to cease to be
3 : completely
unrequited                not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
unscrupulous                not scrupulous
untenable        (of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained
vagrant                        : wandering about from place to place usually with no means of support
vague                        not clearly expressed
vapid                        lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force; dull
vehement        forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence
venerable                deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
venial                        (of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial
verdant        green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows
sterile
vex                                annoy; distress
vexation                        the act of harassing or vexing
vim                                : robust energy and enthusiasm
vindicate        clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof);exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator
virtual        in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space
virtuous                        1 : POTENT, EFFICACIOUS
2 a : having or exhibiting virtue  b : morally excellent : RIGHTEOUS
3 : CHASTE
vitiate                        1 : to make faulty or defective : IMPAIR
2 : to debase in moral or
vitiate                        spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
vivacious                lively or animated; sprightly
volatile        changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street         
voluptuous                full of delight or pleasure to the senses
voluptuous        sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
votary                        2 a : ENTHUSIAST, DEVOTEE  b : a devoted admirer
3 a : a devout or zealous worshiper  b : a staunch believer or advocate
warranted                justified; authorized
watershed                1 a : DIVIDE
2a  b : a region or area bounded peripherally by a divide and draining ultimately to a particular watercourse or body of water       
2 : a crucial dividing point, line, or factor
whimsical                capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange
winsome                        charming (in a childlike way); agreeable; gracious; engaging

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Aries白羊座 荣誉版主

发表于 2004-4-15 08:55:51 |显示全部楼层
thanks!
修路的

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发表于 2004-4-15 10:25:39 |显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主,很实用
Clarkson University
Environmental Engineering

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荣誉版主

发表于 2004-4-15 10:50:09 |显示全部楼层
楼主辛苦了。谢谢!
没有理由保持沉默!

起初他们追杀共产主义者,我不是共产主义者,我不说话;
接着他们追杀犹太人,我不是犹太人,我不说话;
后来他们追杀工会会员,我不是工会会员,我不说话;
此后他们追杀天主教徒,我不是天主教徒,我不说话;
最后,他们奔我而来,再也没有人站起来为我说话了。

                             ---美国波士顿犹太人大屠杀纪念碑 Martin Niemoller (德国新教牧师)

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Aquarius水瓶座 荣誉版主

发表于 2004-4-15 11:52:02 |显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主!
Ghost
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RE: 一些单词分类总结 重复确认 by imong [修改]
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