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发表于 2017-8-21 14:50:34 |显示全部楼层
预计考试时间:2018年3月-6月

目标: 100+, 能上110更好

目前基础:
昨天自测了一下TPO34, 听力20分,阅读20分,所以任重道远。

每天学英语的时间不多,所以找个地方来监督自己,顺便写写学习的感受。
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若如此 + 50 + 5 加油!

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2016 US-applicant

发表于 2017-8-22 08:50:16 |显示全部楼层
杀!

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发表于 2017-8-22 10:15:08 |显示全部楼层
这周的主要任务想了想还是规划:

1. 从现在到今年年底主攻听力和阅读。
2. 顺序是先阅读后听力,但是听力每天要做精听或者泛听
3. 单词跟着,单词一直是我的硬伤,所以这半年也突破一下。

8月21日打卡

这两天做的事情:
1. 背单词:
每天238个吧,用的小站的精简核心包,一共2602个,预计在8月31日前扫完。昨天和今天的任务已完成,来打个卡

2.听力:
每天早上出门前半精听TPO1的听力+泛听TED
说是半精听是因为并没有完全放在那里,还是在尽量集中注意力听,虽然经常会走神(因为要一边洗漱化妆什么的)。我不太清楚自己的听力现在是个什么情况,所以先试着适应一下。今天听TPO1的对话比昨天好很多。再适应几天,这周末做个听写吧。

今天听力打卡:
TPO 1的第一个对话听了4遍,第二篇文章听了2遍
TED 听了一篇

3.阅读:
本来阅读应该是我的强项的,但是周末做的实在很伤。所以所以要重新捡一下。
打算晚上回家的时候:做一下长难句然后再看看语法。

未完成

顺便想问问有没有推荐比较好的讲英语学习方法和语法的资料/书什么的啊~~~

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满1年在任版主 寄托兑换店纪念章 2015 US-applicant 寄托16周年纪念勋章

发表于 2017-8-23 09:20:40 |显示全部楼层
棉花糖落落 发表于 2017-8-22 10:15
这周的主要任务想了想还是规划:

1. 从现在到今年年底主攻听力和阅读。

建议减少泛听的时间, 增加精听的时间. ( 是找一段连续时间认真投入去听, 包括感情和理解)  泛听不是提升英语听力的途径, 尤其对于英语没有达到接近母语的水平.

你的问题很泛额. 各人基础不同可以自己去知乎看下适合自己的英语学习方法书

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满1年在任版主 寄托兑换店纪念章 2015 US-applicant 寄托16周年纪念勋章

发表于 2017-8-23 09:21:41 |显示全部楼层
才发现原来是前辈 好老资格

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发表于 2017-8-23 10:13:41 |显示全部楼层
若如此 发表于 2017-8-23 09:21
才发现原来是前辈 好老资格

嗯,好多年前在这里奋斗过。。。现在再来确实人已经老了~~~~
英语不用确实掉的很快,何况之前也没多好。。。
主要是我懒的重新注册号,于是被戳破了。。。
哎,惭愧,惭愧~~~

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发表于 2017-8-23 10:18:51 |显示全部楼层
若如此 发表于 2017-8-23 09:20
建议减少泛听的时间, 增加精听的时间. ( 是找一段连续时间认真投入去听, 包括感情和理解)  泛听不是提升英 ...

嗯嗯,谢谢斑竹建议。泛听确实不是提升英语的方法,我现在泛听是为了找一下感觉,练一下耳朵。加上现在能用的时间确实少~~周末打算用上次做的惨不忍睹的听力来做一下精听。

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发表于 2017-8-23 10:23:11 |显示全部楼层
8月22日打卡

单词任务:完成
又加了扇贝的100个单词。 实话说觉得扇贝的背单词比小站的还是好用,我觉得还是比较人性化的,利于背诵。小站的单词总有一种背着背着就开始记形的感觉。

听力:
TPO第一篇对话完成
TPO第二篇进行中

阅读:
在听阅读方法的音频。

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发表于 2017-8-24 09:42:42 |显示全部楼层
8月23日打卡

听力,完成TPO1第二篇对话,进行TPO1的第一篇lecture

阅读,一节网课

单词,完成

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2016 US-applicant

发表于 2017-8-25 11:07:56 |显示全部楼层
楼主加油!我打算2018的2月考,已经考过两次不理想,但不知道现在准备会不会太早。。因为看很多人都是只提前一两个月准备,把战线拉太长可能会疲惫

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发表于 2017-8-25 11:24:39 |显示全部楼层
Justthea 发表于 2017-8-25 11:07
楼主加油!我打算2018的2月考,已经考过两次不理想,但不知道现在准备会不会太早。。因为看很多人都是只提前 ...

1-2个月对我来说应该是不够的~~~年龄大了专注力和记忆力都不如前了,而且现在每天的学习时间其实都不算多。(有种倚老卖老的感觉怎么回事。。。。)

要补的东西还是有点多,而且我确实是希望能够通过这次托福考试能全面提升一下自己的英语。时间放长一点我反而有种安全感。主要怕自己坚持不下来,所以开个帖子,当作每天一项任务督促自己。

总之一起加油吧!!!

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发表于 2017-8-25 11:31:53 |显示全部楼层
8月24日打卡

单词完成了

听力听了TPO的第一篇lecture, 觉得lecture效果果然不如对话,有几个问题:
1. 有点容易走神。
2. 容易把注意力过多放在单词上,就忽略句子和段落的意思,所以再听的时候要先注意大方向
3. 遇到熟悉发音但不能反应出来意思的单词容易卡住 (由此可见单词渣)

目前思考的解决办法
1. 走神这个试着用精听练吧。。。
2. 先听大方向,把握意思,再逐句和逐词听
3. 背单词以及熟悉单词发音。。。
4. 跟读跟读跟读

先列一下,等我练习一段时间之后再反馈

欢迎讨论欢迎讨论。

阅读昨天没做,叹气。。。

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发表于 2017-8-26 12:47:20 |显示全部楼层
棉花糖落落 发表于 2017-8-25 11:31
8月24日打卡

单词完成了

8月25日打卡

单词完成, 扇贝+小站托福还是有点多,所以先暂停扇贝了, 小站的话到8月31日就结束了,再转扇贝吧。

阅读: 开始听句子的讲义。 听完之后开始长难句,不过估计也要几天。。。

听力: tpo的第一篇lecture 和 第二篇lecture

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发表于 2017-8-26 13:05:20 |显示全部楼层
8月26日听写
tpo34的最后一篇lecture
上周日做的时候错了两道题

今天找出来做了一下听写:
方法:
1)精听一遍记笔记,然后复述
2)听写
3)精听一遍
4)改正听写
5)精听+跟读
6)题目分析

第一步到第四步:

第一遍:

大概意思:

商业管理课,讨论了s曲线,老师先让一个女同学回忆了s曲线,就是新产品的开始,没什么人注意,然后慢慢增长,然后吸引了大量的市场和用户,然后到了右边,开始逐渐减退。这时老师说到了成熟期,这个时候就要选择是继续坚持这个old and safe的商业方案,还是冒险做一些改变。 然后说到这样的改变是很有风险的。这时候用了一个例子,老师问男同学是不是去干了什么忘记了但是跟爵士乐有关的,然后提到了milles davis(大概这么拼)的一个爵士乐专辑, kind of blue,然后说这是她也最喜欢的,提到了md这个人在1950年非常大胆的推出了这个专辑,男同学说这个专辑和md之前的曲风完全不一样,md曲风之前是比较复杂的,让人很难接近。但是kind of blue却很simple。说刚开始的时候人们对于这张专辑很失望甚至愤怒, 但是后来这个专辑却吸引了更多的人当爵士乐手。然后老师就说从这个例子能看出来什么。另一个女同学说这就是和s曲线相对应的,之前的爵士就是保守的老的,但是已经有一定市场。(大概是这样说的吧)md的kind of blue就是冒险然后以全新的方式进入了s曲线的新产品期,然后逐渐发展。

之后老师又提了一个问题,就是之前讲的是一个single performer的事情,但是男同学说并不是,爵士乐是一群人一起演奏的,还有钢琴什么的。然后老师说,好,那md是怎么把这些乐手结合起来的呢。男同学说,他首先跟每个人沟通他们的乐器,然后让他们自己发挥,但是把曲调固定在某一个调上(反正就是有个大方向),然后老师又详细解释了下这个。

另外男同学说爵士乐手之间是要相互配合的,比如有人进旋律进早了,其他人就会跟上调整,这样就听不出来错误了。老师说这就是business parellel什么的

后面两段听的不太好。

听写:

Last week we were talking about innovation in business.  Remember the graph I showed you?

The curve that looks(looked) sort of like the letter S?

Right Cafii(Cathy), let’s take another look.

Do you recall, Cathy, how this S curve represents the life circle of innovation?

Sure, starting on the left, the new innovation, eh, let’s say it is a new product, almost nobody has heard of it or at least nobody takes it seriously.

Then its populary(popularity) increase, slowly at first, till sales really start celerating (accelerating) quickly

There was (They are where) the line goes up steeply in the middle as more and more people(去掉) get excited about the product and they go out and buy it

But eventually moving over to the right side there, interest begins to fade and the growth of(and) sales levels off
At which point the market has matured for that product

We can still sell it, and even marginally improve it. but it’s not new anymore.

It no longer offers exciting growth of(去掉) opportunities

So a business leader might face a choice, either stick with this old safe proven idea or move on to the next big idea, a fresh innovation.

But innovations are risky.

They may succeed or they may not.

OK, a case study.

George. I have heard your Thursday night program on the campus radio station.  You like Jazz, right?

ah, yes,(Huh?! Uh…Yeah…) sure, but why….

OK, stay with me here.

On your program last week, I heard an old Miles Davis album. Tell us about that.

Uh, Miles Davis, champion(Trumpet), I  played the(a) CD of jazz class(classic) he recorded at 1950s, called kind of blue

It’s my all time favorite jazz recording

Mine too. Would you call that recording innovative for its time?

Absolutely, nothing at all like what he had recorded up till then.   I mean, before that Miles Davis played things so complex that… well… nobody could touch him. But this was something totally new.  Some his plays(playing) sounded so amazingly simple.

And how did people react to this new song of Milles Davis.

Well, some were disappointed, even angry, that he’d abandoned his old style. But soon most of his fans came around and this new style appealed to a whole new group of jazz listeners

I guess so

Kind of blue became the most commercially successful album in the history of Jazz

So is there a lesson here anyone?

Think of that S curve I showed you.

Oh, so his old style of jazz was actually a kind of product, one it(that) has been developed pretty thoroughly.

And he has(had) taken it about as far as he could

So he decided to take a big risk and tried something totally new.

Exactly, something completely fresh and cool, and people couldn’t get enough of it.

It was a brand new beginning that left lots of room for further development artistically.

And as a market analyst, you could say that with kind of blue, he was jumping to the beginning of a brand new S curve.  Without(With all) that potential for profitable development  still ahead of him.

But let me ask you something else.

This isn’t just the music for a single performer, is it George?

Partly(Hardly), more like a group of all stars. Along with Mille Davis on Trumppy(trumpet)?(跟上一个一样) , there is Bill Evans on piano and  John Taineron(Coltrane) on tenor saxophone.

Individually perhaps the best in the business.

But thinking of Milles Davis as the leader of this group, how did he organize and manage all these incredible talent.

Well, he’d lay out the general outline, the scene(theme), and then give each of these star performers ,one by one, the creative freedom to really show what they  could do with it on their own instrument, to improvise  and add something new, but always in(within) the same general scene(theme).

So Miles Davis gets credit for recruiting the best jazz talent anywhere, and  getting them to collaborate on a fantastic musical product

Everyone see the business parallels here?

And giving(give) each of these musicians credit for seeing(seizing) the (this) opportunity and creating great individual performances, but good jazz is more than just outstanding individuals performances,   isn’t  it

Definitely, Jazz musicians need to listen to each other and go with the flow.

Like, one time somebody grooved (goofe) in(去掉)and came into (in) a littler early, but everyone else adjusted it(and went) right along with it,  as there was(if) nothing were wrong.

And this mistake came out like just another unexpected creative potation(interpretation)

Thanks George, Great insights.   Once (ones) that I was (would) certainly apply to what we study in here.


蓝色: 不认识的单词或不熟悉的单词或单词形式问题,单词问题
绿色: 听出来的,但是其实不熟悉的单词,单词问题
红色: 下划线的是没听到的,其他是听错的,语音识别问题

讲md管理和组织乐队那段真是听的不太好,脑子里反应不过来意思。
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发表于 2017-8-27 12:07:04 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 棉花糖落落 于 2017-8-27 12:16 编辑



题目:
 1. What are the main topics that the class discusses?
  [Choose two answers]
  A) New and innovative ways to market jazz recordings
  B) The successful introduction of a major product change
  C) An organizational model for managers to consider
  D) Appropriate standards for evaluating a musical performance
   问全文主要结构

 2. What do the speakers indicate can be represented by the S-curve graph?
  A) The typical pattern of sales for a product
  B) The flow of a music composition
  C) The general popularity of jazz in the 1950s
  D) The recent increase in sales for a classic jazz album
问第一部分主要内容

 3. How did jazz fans react to Miles Davis’ album Kind of Blue?
  [Choose two answers]
  A) Most did not notice that his style had changed.
  B) Some were disappointed about how his style had changed.
  C) Many were inspired to try to become jazz musicians.
  D) Many bought the album, making it a huge commercial success.
具体细节: 问人们对kind of blue最初的印象

 4. Based on Miles Davis’ approach to recording Kind of Blue, what does the professor imply managers should do in running a business?
  A) Master the complexities of each task before asking anyone else to perform it
  B) Hire very capable people and give them the freedom to make their own decisions
  C) Try to sense what the public is comfortable with and then provide it
  D) Plan all details carefully and make sure that the plan is followed.
问第二部分结构内容

 5. What lesson can be learned from the example about a mistake during a musical performance?
  A) Performances of the highest quality require extensive practice.
  B) Making mistakes hurts not just the individual, but the entire group.
  C) When people work well together, mistakes can result in positive outcomes.
  D) Leaders need to ensure that group members do not make mistakes.
  Listen again to part of the lecture. Then answer the question.
问第三部分结构内容

 6. What is the professor encouraging the student to do when she says this?
  A) Continue the discussion with her after class
  B) Remain seated in the front of the classroom
  C) Wait patiently to see how the professor’s question relates to the lesson
  D) Remain open-minded while listening to another point of view
细节:问这句话的逻辑作用

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