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[未归类] Q的听写作业 [复制链接]

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发表于 2009-11-27 15:19:01 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-11-27 15:21 编辑

12月12号考试,从今天开始参加互改小组,每天交作业,立此存证:)
此帖为听写日志,用的材料是TOP听力。
红色为听错的,括号蓝色粗体为正确的,橙色粗体为听漏的,绿色粗体为听多的
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发表于 2009-11-27 15:20:20 |显示全部楼层

11月27日听写,TPO1-2

本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-11-27 15:22 编辑

11月27日作业:TPO1-2

OK, I'm going go begin this lecture by giving you your next assignment.Remember I said that at some point during this semester I wanted you toattend an
exhibited(exhibit at the)fairy street galary(Gallery) and then write about it? Well, the exhibit that I want you to attend is coming up. It's already started, infact(in fact), but it'll be at the galary(gallery) for the next month, which should give you plenty of time to complete this assignment.
The name of the artist
exhibithing(exhibiting)there is Rose Frantzen. Frantzen's work may be unfamiliar to you sinceshe is a relatively young artist, but she'sgot a very unusual stylecompared to some of the artist(artists) we've looked at this term. But anyway, Frantzen's style is what she herself called(calls),Realistic Impressionism. So you've probably studied both of thesemovements, separately, separate movements, Realism and Impressionism insome of our(your) history courses. So, who canjust sum these up?

Well, Impressionism, started in the late 19th
centery(century), uh, the basic Impressionist style was very different from earlier styles, it didn't paint(depict) scenes and models the exact way that(exactly as)they looked, uh, impressionist painters tended to apply paint really fickly(thickly), and in big brush strokes. So the texture of the canvas was rough.

Good, what else? What
was(were) the subjects?

Well, a lot of Impressionist
artist(artists) painted everyday scenes, like people on the streets, uh,(and in) cafes, a lot(lots) of nature scenes, especially landscapes.

Good, so when you go to the exhibit Ireally want you to take a closelook at a certain painting. It's a farm scene, and you'll see it rightas you enter the
galary(gallery).The reason I think this painting is so important is that it stressesthe impressionist aspect of Frantzen's style. It's an outdoor scene, aneveryday scene. It's kind of bleak, but you can really see those broadbrush strokes,and the blury line(blurry lines). The colors aren't quite realistic, the sky is kind of, well, on(in)anatural pinkish yellow, and the fence in the foreground is blue, butsomehow the overall scene gives an impression of a cold bleak winterday on a farm. So, that's the impressionist side of her work.
Oh, and speaking of farms, that reminds me, one interesting thing Iread about Frantzen is that when she first moved back to Iowa afterliving abroad, she often visited this place in her town called thesales barn. And the sales barn, it was basically this place where thelocal farmers bought and sold their cattle, their farm animals. And thereason Frantzen went there-and she later on would visit other placeslike dance halls, was to observe people and the ways they moved. Uh,she really found that this helped her work, that it gave her anunderstanding of body movements and actions, how humans move, and standstill, what their
pasters(postures) were like too.
So, what about Realism? What are the elements of Realism we should be looking for in Frantzen's work?

Uh, real honest depictions of subject matter, pretty
unidealize(unidealized) stuff, and pretty everyday subject matters, too.

Good, one other painting I really want you to look at is of ayoung woman surrounded by pumpkins. You'll notice the woman's face isso realistic looking, that it's almost like a photograph. The woman'snose is a little less than
perfict(perfect),and her hair is kind of massed up, this is Realism. But, then, thebackground of the painting, this woman with the pumpkins is wrapped ina blanket of broad thick brush strokes, and it's all kinds of zig-zaging(zigzagging) brush strokes andlines, kind of caotic(chaotic), almost, when you look at it close. And there were vibrant colors, there's lots of orange, with littlehints of an electric blue picking(peeking) out.
I find Frantzen to be a very accessible artist. I mean some artists, toappreciate them, you have to know their life story, but here's a littlebit about Rose Frantzen's life, anyway. She attended art school, butwas told by one of her instructors that she wasn't good atillustration, that she should to into advertising instead. So she tookadvertising classes, and fine arts classes, too, until she wasconvinced by the head of an advertising agency, that her work wasreally good, that she could be an artist. But of course it's not aseasy as that, and so Frantzen had to paint other people's portraits atplaces like art fairs, just to make money to buy paint for her moreserious artwork. No matter what, she never stopped painting, and now,Frantzen's doing extremely well, and her
works(work is)beingshown all over the country. So, I think most of us would be discouragedif we had to face challenges and difficulties like that, but what'simportant is, that you keep at it, that you don't give up, that'swhat's really important to remember.

貌似我的错误好多都是拼写。。。这样作文会吃亏的,改正中~

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发表于 2009-11-28 10:13:24 |显示全部楼层

11月28日听写,TPO1-5

本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-11-28 11:46 编辑

OK, we've been talking about early agreculture in the near east, so let's consentrate(concentrate) on one site, and see what we can learn from it. Let's look at Catalhoyuk, Umm, I'd better write that down. Catalhuyuk, that's about as closest(as close as) we get in English, it's Turkish, really. The site's in morndern day Turkey, and who knows what the original inhabitant(inhabitants) called it. Anyway, Catalhuyuk wasn't the first agricultural settalment in the near east, but it was pretty early, settled about 9000 years ago, in the Neolithic period. And the settlement, town, really, lasted about 1000 years, and grew to a size of about 8 or 10 thousands(thousand) of people. That certainly makes it one of the largest towns in the world at that time.

One of the things that make the settlement at(of) this size of impressive, is the time period. It's the Neolithic remember, the late stonage, so the people that lived there had only stone tools, no metals. So everything they accomplished, like building this town, they did with just stone, plus woods(wood), brikes(bricks), that sort of thing. But you've got to remember that it wasn't just any stones they had, they had obsidian. And, Uhm, obsidian is a black, vocanic(volcanic), well, almost like glass. It flakes very nicely and to(into) really sharp points, the sharpest tools of the entire stonage was made of obsidian, and the people of Catalhoyuk got theirs from further inland, from center Turkey, traded for it, probably(哈,这次拼对了).

Anyway, what I want to focus on is the way the town was built. The houses are all right-angular(rectangular), one story, made of sun dried brikes(bricks). But what's really interesting is that there are no spaces between them, no streets, in other words. And so, generally, no doors on the houses, either. People walked around on the roofs and enter(entered) the house through a hatchway(生词) on the roof, down a wooden ladder. You can still see the diagnal(diagonal) marks of the ladders on the plaster(生词) on the inside walls. Once you were in the house, there would be one main room, and a couple of small rooms for storage. The main room had the harth(hearths生词), for cooking and for heat, it would have been pretty cool(cold 晕,怎么想的) during the winters. And it also looks like they made their tools near the fire, there  tends to be a lot of obsidian flakes and chips in the harsh(hearth) ashes, but no chimny(chimney), the smoke just went out the same hatchway that people use(used) for going in and out themselves, so there would have been an open fire inside the house, with only one hole in the roof to let the smoke out, you and I would have found it a bit too smoky in there. You can see on the walls, which they plastered and decorated the(with) paintings, they ended up with a layer of black soot on them, and so did people's lungs. The bones found in the graves show a layer of soot in the inside of the rib(ribs).

And that's another unusual feature of Catahoyuk, the barrial(burial) site(sites). The graves have all been found under the houses, right under the floors, and it may be this barrial(burial) custom that exlains why the houses were packed in so tightly, without streets. I mean, you might think it was for protection or something, but there's been no evidance found yet of any violent attack, that would indicate that kind of danger, and(it) maybe they wanted to live as near as possible to their ancestors' graves, and be barried(buried) near them themselves. But it makes a good point.

Based on excavations, we can know the layout of the houses, and the location of the graves, but we are only guessing when we try(tried) to say why they did it that way. That's the way it is with Archaeology, you are dealing with the physical remains that people left behind. We have no sure access to what they thought and how they felt about things, I mean, it's interesting to speculate, and the physical artifacts(生词) can give us clues. But there's a lot we can(can't) really know. So for instance, their art. They painted on the plaster(platered) walls, and usually they painted hunting scenes, with wild animals in them. Now they did hunt, and they also raise cereal crops and kept sheep, but we don't know why so many of the paintings are of hunting scenes, was it supposed to have religous or magical significance? That's the kind of thing we can only guess at, base on clues. And hopefully, further excavation of Catahoyuk will yield more clues, but we'll probably never know for sure.

虽然蓝色的依然很多,但一些名词生词,不影响做题,估计我自己作文也用不着。
长句子里时态会注意不到。再就是短语、小词了,这些我觉得比较重要

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发表于 2009-11-29 10:14:01 |显示全部楼层

11月29日,听写 TPO1.6

本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-11-29 13:52 编辑

11月29日,听写 TPO1.6
这段有些细节很麻烦。

For today's discussion, we'll review the case study on how some animals have behavioraly(behaviorally 拼写) adapt(adapted) to the(their) environment(enviornments). Now you you had to read about two animal species, the Eastern Marmot, and the Olympic Marmot. Marmots are rodens(rodents 啮齿类动物), they are large ground skwirls(squirrels 没听出来是松鼠), about the size of an average house cat, and they live in a varioty(variety) of habitats. And, even though they spend the significant portion of the year hibernating, according to this case study, marmot are still considered excalent(excellent 竟然这个也不会拼,汗) subject(subjects) for animal behavioral studies, why is that?

Well, when they are not hibernating, you can find them in open areas, and they are pretty active during the day, which makes them easy to observe, right?

Uh-ha. So, first let's disscuss the Eastern Marmots. They authorize well(reside throughout 听了十遍也没听出来) the eastern region of north america, where there is a temperary(temperate) climate, where the growing season lasts for at least five months a(of the) year, which is when they do all their mating, playing, and eating.

Oh, I see, at first I wasn't sure what growing season meant, just from the reading, but now I get it, it's the amount time that(it) takes for them to grow, right? So it'd be... five months?

Uhm, oh, I'm sorry, but no, it has nothing to do with that. It's not about the time that it takes for Eastern Marmots to grow, it's when the food is avialable, that is, when it's not covered in snow, and there is no fruss(frost) cover in(covering) the grass, and Umm, vegetative parts of Uh,(a) plants, urbes(plant's herbs), and flower(the flowers) that(the) marmot(marmots) like to eat. So, growing season refers to the avialability(availability 又是一个极低级错误) of the food they eat, OK? So, now, how would you discribe(describe) the eastern marmot's social habits?

Well, they are really teritorial(territorial), and loners, and... just so agressive(aggressive), even with other eastern marmots, and their mating ritual is just so... inpersonal(impersonal).

Uh-ha, now when they imerge in the spring from hibernation, the mating process begins. Fow(For 呃,键盘操作也算问题) them, well, they come together to mate, and then they go their seperate(separate) ways, then about 6 or 8 weeks after birth, their offspring leave their mothers.

Really? Just six weeks? Is it possible for the offspring to make it on their own so young?

Well, it's not as if they aren't ready for the really(real) world, course(because), they are. Remember, they mature quickly, and the weather is nice. Also they live in open fields, where there is lots of egible(edible 可食用的) vegetation. So, roughly six weeks after birth, eastern marmots are just old enough to take their chances of surviving in the tempered invironment(temperate environment). So, how does this relate to their behavior?

Oh, I get it, since the climate is not too bad, eastern marmots don't have to rely on each other too much, and they really don't need to stay together as a family to survive, either.

Uh-ha, and in contrase(contrast), the Olympic Marmots, what about them?

Well, they live together as a family, and take care of their young until they are at least two years old. They are really friendly with each other, and what I really like is that they even have greeting ceremonies, and they are not at all agressive(aggressive) in teritorial(territorial) like the Eastern Marmots. So, Umm, their social behaviors(behavior is) so different from Eastern Marmots, because of the climate where they live? that seem(seems) so bizzar(bizarre).

Well, the Olympic Marmots in heavy(inhabit 这个词,见到了认识,但听到了就反应不过来,用就更不会了) meadows in high in the Olympic mountains, where the weather condition is(conditions are) much harsher, so there are(is) a lot more wind and snow, the growing season only lasts about 2 to 3 months. So in that much shorter period of time, all the Olympic Martots, male and female, eat, work, play,(play, work) and nurcher(nurture 养育) the young together, because the climate is so harsh, cooreration(cooperation) increases the survival rate of the Olympic Marmots. They keep their young at home until they are physically able to survive on their own, this could explain why the social behavior of the Olympic Marmots is so unlike that of the Eastern Marmots.

这段错得真多,改死我了。核对听写很浪费时间哪~~

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发表于 2009-11-30 16:58:58 |显示全部楼层
11月30日听写,TPO3.1

核对太费时间了,决定把颜色什么的形式弄简单一点。
Listen to a conversation between a student and a receptionest[receptionist] at the registral[registrar's] office on the first day of a semester.
Excuse me, I'm supposed to be having my physics class in the sciencebuilding, but no one is in the classroom. Could you tell me where theclass is? Physics 403, has it been moved?
Well, there is a room assignment sheet on the bullion[bulletin] board outside this office.
Yeah, I know, but my class isn't listed there, there must be some kind of mistake or something. Could you look it up, please?
Hmm, OK, let me check on the computer. It's physics, right? Wait, did you say physics 403?
Yeah.
Well, I'm sorry, but it says here that it was canceled[cancelled]. You should have got a[note] letter from the registral[registrar's] office about this.
What? I[I've] never got it.
Are you sure? Cause it says on this computer that the letter was sent out to students a week ago.
Really? I should've got it by now. I wonder if I threw it away with all the junk mail by mistake.
Well, it does happen. Uh, let me check something, what's your name?
Woodhouse, Laura Woodhouse.
Ok, Umm, Woodhouse, let me see. All right[Ah], it says here we sent it to your appartment on Center Street.
Oh, that's my old appartment, I moved out of there a little while ago.
Well, and I suppose you havn't changed your mailling adress at the administration office? Well, that would explain it.
Yeah, I guess that's it. But how can they cancel a[the] class after offering it? If I'd known this was gonna happen, I'd have taken it last semester.
I know, it's really inconveniont[inconvenient]for you, I understand that, but if we don't have enough students signup for the course, the college can't offer it, you know, it's pracical[practical] issue, like we can't have an instructor when there are only a few student in the class. You see what I mean?
I guess, but now I don't know what course I should take instead.
OK, let's see, do you have any courses you were[are] gonna take, say next semester? If you do, you might wanna take them now, and sign up for physics 403 next semester.
Yeah, I guess I could do that, I just hope it won't be canceled[cancelled] again. Do you know how many people have to be enrolled in order to keep a course[class] from being canceled?
Well, it depends on the class, but for that class, you have to have,Ahh, let's see, usually it'd be at least ten people, but since it wascanceled[cancelled] this semester, they might even do it with less. But do you know what you should do? Give the physics department a call a couple of weeks before the semester start[starts], they'll be able to tell you if they are planning to go through with it, it's their dicession[decision], actually.
Oh, OK, I'll do that. Thanks for the info.
No problem, sorry about the class, Oh, why don't you go change your mail adress now? It'll only take a minute.
Oh, sure, I'll do that right away.

内容比较简单,但错了好多低级拼写。。。
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-1 11:49:47 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-12-1 18:35 编辑

今天这段好痛苦~连读多,音频结尾缺一段,貌似scripts也有几处错的地方。。。
Listen to part of a lecture in an environmental science class.

Now we've been talking about the laws[loss]of animals habitat from housing developments, Umm, growing cities,small habitat losses, but today I wanna begin talking about whathappens when habitat is reduced across a large area. There are ofcourse animal species that require large areas of habitat, and somemigrate over very long distances. So what's the impact of habitat losson those animals, animals that need large areas of habitat?
Well, I'll use the humming birds as an example. Now you know a hummingbird is amazingly small, but even though it's really tiny, it migratesover very long distances, travels up and down the western hamesphere,the america's, back and forth between where breeze[it breeds] in the summer and the warmer climates where it spends the winter.
So we would say that this whole area over which it migrates is itshabitat, because on this long distance journey, it needs to come downto feed and sleep every so often, right? Well, the humming bird's beatsof swing[bird beats its wings],get this, about three thousand times per minute, so you'll think "Wow,it must need a lot of energy and a lot of food", right? Well, it does,it drinks a lot of nector[nectar花蜜] fromflowers and feeds on some insects, but it's energy-efficient, too, youcan't say it isn't, I mean as it flys all the way across the gulf ofMexco, it uses upalmost none of its body fat. But that doesn't mean it doesn't need toeat. So humming birds have to rely on plants in their natural habitat,and it goes without saying, but, well, the opposite is true as well,plants depend on humming birds, too. There are some flowers that canonly be polenated[pollenated] by the humming bird, without it stopping to feed and spreading polen[pollen花粉] from flower to flower, these plants would seeze[cease停止]to exist. But the problem, well, as natural habitat along thesemigration routes is developed by humans for housing or agriculture orcleared for raising cattle, for instance, there is less food availablefor migrating humming birds, there nesting sites are affected, too, thesame... by the same sorts of human activities, and all of theseactivities pose of[a] real threat to the humming bird population.
So, to help them survive, we need to preserve their habitat, and one ofthe concrete ways people have been doing this is by cleaning up poluted[polluted]habitat areas, and then replanting flower, replanting native flowersthat humming birds feed on. Promoting ecological tourism is another wayto help save their habitat, as the number of visitors-ecotours[eco-tourists],who come to humming birds habitat to watch the birds, the more thenumber of visitors grows, the more local business profit, so ecologicaltourism can bring financial rewards, all them[the] more reason to value these beautiful creatures and[on]their habitat, right? But to understand more about how to protect andsuport humming birds the best we can, we've gotta learn more abouttheir breeding, nesting sites and migration route, and also about thenatural habitats we find there, that just help us determine how toprevent for the[further] decline of the population.
A good research method, a good way to learn more is by, Umm, running abanding study. Banding the birds allows us to track them over theirlife time, it's a practise's[practice that's] been used by researchers for years. In fact most of what we know[we've known]about hmming birds comes from banding studies, where we capture ahumming bird, and make sure all the information about it, like itsweight, and age and length, are all recorded, put into internationalinformation database, and then we place an extremely light weight bandarond one of its legs, well, what looks like a leg, althoughtechniquely it's considered part of the bird's foot, anyway, thesebands are perfectly safe, and some humming birds have worn them foryears, with no evidence of any problems. The band is labled with atracking number. Oh and, there is a phone number on the band for peopleto call, for free. To report a banded bird they found or recapture[recaptured].So when a banded bird is recaptured and reported, we learn about itsmigration route, its growth, and how long it's been alive, its life spend[lifespan]. One recapured bird is[was]banded almost twelve years earlier, she is one of the oldest hummingbirds on record. Another interesting thing we've learnt is that somehumming birds Umm, they no longer use a certain route, they travel by adifferent route to reach their destination, and findings like thesehave been of interest to biologists and environmental scientists in anumber of countries, who are trying to understand the complexities ofhow changes in a habitat, affect the species in it, species like thehumming birds.
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-2 17:43:38 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-12-2 18:36 编辑

12月2日听写,TPO3 Lecture2
怎么好像越来越难的样子~~呃

Listen to part of a lecture in a film history class.

Ok, we've been discussing film
in the 1920's and 30', and how back then film catigories as we know them today had not yet been established. We said that by today's standards, many of the films ofthe 20's and 30's would be considered hybrates[hybrids合成物], that is a mixure[mixture] of styles that whouldn't exactly fit into any of today's catigories. And in that context, today we're going to talk about a film maker who began making very unique films in the late 1920's. He was Franch, andhis name was JP.

JP was borned[born,呃] in 1902. He made his first film in 1928. Now, in a way, P's films conform to norms ofthe 20's and 30's, that is they don't fit very neatly into the catigories we use to classify films today. That's said, even by the standards of the 20's and 30's, P's films were unique, hybrate[hibrid of] styles. He had a special way of fusing, or some people might say confusing, science and fiction. His films begin with fact[facts], but then they become more and more fictional. They gradually add more and more fictional elements. In fact, P was known for saying that science is fiction.

P was a pioneer in underwater film making, and a lot of these short films focus on the aquatic animal work[world].He liked to show small underwater creatures, displaying what seemed like familiar human carictoristics, what we think of as unique to humans. He might take a clip of a mallus[mollusk] going up and down the waters and set it to music, you know to make it look as if the mallus[mollusk] were dancing to the music
like a human being, that sort of thing. But then, he suddenly changed the image showing diration[narration 叙事] to remind us how different the animals are, how unlike humans. He confuses[confused] his audience in the way he portrait[portrayed描绘] the animals he filmed, mixing up our notions of the categories, human and animal. The films make us a little uncomfortable at times, because we are uncertain about what we are seeing. It gives us his films in[an ]uncanny feature, the familiar made unfamiliar, the normal made suspicious. He liked twists, he liked the unusual. In fact one of his favorate sea animals was the seahorse, because with seahorses, it's the male that carries the eggs, and he thought that was great, his firstand most celebrated underwater film is about the seahorse. Susan, you have a question?

But underwater film-making wasn't that unusual, was it? I mean weren't there other people making movies underwater?

Well, actually it was pretty rare at that time, I mean we are talking about the early 1930's here.

But what about JC? Wasn't he like an inervator, you know with underwater photography too?

Ah, JC. Well, P and C did both film underwater, and they were both inervators, so you you know[so you are right in] that sense, but that's pretty much where the similarities end. First ofall, P was about 20 years ahead of C, and C's adventures were high-tech with lots of fancy equipment, whereas P kind of patched equipment together as he needed it. Ah, C used to film[usually filmed] large animals, usually in the open sea, whereas P generally film smaller animals, and he likes[liked] to film in shallow water. Ah, what else? Oh well, the main difference was that C simplly investigated and presented fact[the facts-] he didn't make scene[mix in] fiction, he was a strict documentary[documentarist],he set the standard, really, for the nature documentary. P on the other hand, as we said before, mix in elements of fiction, and his films are much more artistic in cooperating[incorporating] music as an important element. John, you have a question?

Well, maybe I shouldn't be asking this, but if P's films are so special, so good, why havn't we ever heard of them? I mean everyone'sheard of JC.

Well, that's a fair question. Ah, the short answer is, that P's style just never caught on with the general public, I mean it probably goes back at least in part to what we mentioned earlier that people didn't know what to make of his films, that they were confused by them. Whereas C's documentaries were very straight forward, met people's expectations more than P's films did, but your true film history bows[above's?????????] know about him and P's still highly respected in many circles.

这一段的scripts错了好几处,最后一句粉色字体那个地方,谁知道正确的词应该是什么????
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-4 08:30:00 |显示全部楼层
12月3日作业TPO 4C2
(发晚了,其实是昨天写的)
Hi, professor Archure, you know how in class last week you said that you were looking for students who are interested in volunteering for your archiology[archeology] project?

Of course, are you volunteering?

Yes I am. It sounds really interesting. But, umm, do I need to have any experience for this kind of project[these kinds of projects]?

No, not really. I assume that most students taking the introductary level
class will have little or no experience for the archilogycal[archeological] research, but that's ok.

Oh, good, that's releaf[a relief]. Actually, that's why I'm volunteering for the project, to get experience. What kind of work is it?

Well, as you know, we are studying the history of the campus thissemester, this used to be an agricultral area and we already know thatwhere the main lecture hall now stands there once were farm house andbarn that were erected in the late 1700s. We are excavating near thelecture hall to see what types of artifacts we find. You know, thingspeople used in the past that got buried when the campus wasconstructed. We've already begun find some very interesting items, likeold bottles and buttons, pieces of clay pottery.

Buttons and clay pottery? Did the old owners leave in such a hurry that they left their cloths and dishes behind?

That's just one of the questions we hope to answer with this project.

Wow, and it's all right here on campus?

That's right, no travelling involved. I wouldn't expect volunteers totravel to a site especially in the middle of the semester, we expectify[expect to find] many more things, but we do need more people to help.

So, how many student volunteers are you looking for?

I'm hoping to get five or six. I've asked for volunteers in all theclasses I teach, but no one's responded, you are the first person toexpress interest.

Well it sounds like it could be a lot of work, is there umm, is thereany way I can use the experience to get some extra credit in class, Imean, can I write a paper about it?

I think it'll depend on what type of work you do in the excavation, butI imagine we can arrange something. Actually I've been consideringoffering extra credit for class, because I've been having a tough timegetting volunteers, extra credit is always a good insentive[incentive] for students.

And how often would you want the volunteer to work?

We are asking for three or four hours per week, depending on your schedual[schedule]. A senior researcher, I think you know John Franklin, my assistant, is on site every day.

Sure, I know John. By the way, will there be some sort of training?

Yes, ah, I wanna wait till friday to see how many students volunteer,and then I'll schedual a trainning class next week at a time that'sconvenient for everyone.

Ok, I'll wait to hear from you. Thanks a lot for accepting me.
拼写啊拼写~
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-5 00:21:05 |显示全部楼层
汗!12月4日没完成任务。。
立此存照,一定补一定补。
今天被诸葛版主的方法刺激到了。全职工作,一天10小时弄英语,每篇都听写,每篇都脱稿跟读,牛人, they 牛 for a reason.
1月16号考试,我脱产弄托福的人,再不用功的话,不如找块豆腐撞死算了。
我不要杯具不要杯具~
不要考两位数不要两位数~
100+100+100+
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-6 09:44:54 |显示全部楼层
补上,12月4日的。每句限听三次。
TPO  L3 L3

Listen to part of a lecture in an art history class. The professor has been discussing the origins of art.

Some of the world's oldest preserved art is the cave art of Europe, most of it in Spain and France, and the earlest[earlist]cave paintings found today are those of the Chauvet cave in France,discovered in 1994. And you know I remember when I heard about theresults of the dating of the Chauvet paintings, I said to my wife, "Canyou believe these paintings are over 30,000 years old?" And my threeyear old daughter piped up and said: "Is that older than my greatgrandmother?" That was the oldest age she knew. And you know, come tothink of it, it's pretty hard for me to really understand how long30000 years is, too. I mean we tend to think that people who lived atthat time must have been pretty premertive[primitive], but I'm gonna show you some slides in a few minutes and I
think you'll agree with me that this art is anything but premertive[primitive], they are master pieces, and they look so real, so alive, that it's very hard to imagine that they are so very old.

Now, not everyone agrees on exactly how old, a number of the Chauvetpaintings have been dated by a lab to 30,000 or more years ago. Thatwould make them not just older than any other cave art, but about twiceas old as the art in the caves of[at]
Altamira or Lascaux, which you may have heard of. Some people find ithard to believe Chauvet is so much older than Altamira and Lascaux, andthey noted that only one lad did the dating for Chauvet, withoutindependant[independent] confirmation from any other lab. But be that as it may, whatever the exact date wheather[whether]it's 15000, 20000, or 30000 years ago, the Chauvet paintings are fromthe dawn of art. So they are a good place to start our discussion ofcave painting.

Now, one thing you've gotta remmember is the context of these paintings. Peilyalithic[paleolithic] human[humans], that's the period we are talking about here, the peilyalithic[paleolithic],the early stone age, not too long after humans first arrived in Europe,the climate was significantly colder then, and so rock shelters,shallow caves were valued as homes protected from the wind and rain.And in some cases at least, artists drew on the walls of their homes.But many of the truely great cave art site[sites],like Chauvet, were never inhabited. These paintings were made deepinside a dark cave, where no natural light can peniturate. There is noevidance of people ever live in[living] here. Cave bares[bears],yes, but not humans. You would have had to make a special trip into thecave to make the paintings, and a special trip to go see it, and eachtime you'd have to bring along torches to light your way. And peopledid go see the art. There is[are] charcal[charcoal]marks from their torches on the cave walls, clearly dating fromthousands of years after the paintings were made. So we can tell peoplewent there, they came, but they didn't stay. Deep inside a cave likethat is not really a place you'd want to stay, so why? What inspiredthe peilyalithic[paleolithic] artists to make such beautiful arts in such inaccessable[inaccessible] places? We'll never really know of course, though it's interesting to speculate.

But getting to the paintings themselves, virtually all peilyalithic[paleolithic]cave art represents animals, and Chauvet is no exception. The artistswere highly skilled at using, or even enhancing the natural shape ofthe cave walls to give deapth[depth] andperspective to their drawings, the sense of motion and vitality inthese animals, well, wait till I show you the slides. Anyway, mostpeilyalithic[paleolithic] cave art dipicts large herbourvords[herbivores]. Horses were[are]most common overall with deer and bison pretty common too. Probablyanimals they hunted. But earlier at Chauvet there is a significantinterest in large dangerous animals, lots of rinasors[rhinoceros], lions, mammonts[mammoth], bears. Remember that the arranges[ranges]of many animal spieces were different back then, so all these animalsactually lived in the region at that time. But the Chauvet artistsdidn't paint people. There is a half-man-half-bison creature, and thereis outlines of human hands, but no dipictions[depictions] of a full human.

So why these precise animals? Why not birds, fish, snakes? Was it fortheir religion, magic, or sheer beauty? We don't know. But whatever itwas, it was worthy[worth it] to them to spend hours deep inside a cave with just a torche[torch] between them and odder[utter] darkness. So, on that note, let's dim the lights, so we can see these slides and actually look at the techniques they used.
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-6 09:45:23 |显示全部楼层
12月5日 听写 TPO L3 Lecture4
每句限听三次。
Listen to part of a lecture in an Astronomy class.

Now Astronomy didn't really baloon[bloom]into the science it is today until the development of spectroscopy.Spectroscopy is basically the study of spectra and spectral lines oflight, and specifically for us, the light from stars. It makes itpossible to analyze the light iminited[emitted]from stars. When you analyze this light, you can figure out theirdistance from the earth, and identify what they are made of, determinetheir chemical composition.

Before we get into that though, it's probably a good thing to back up a bit. You all know how when you take a crystal prisum[prism] and pass a beam of sunlight through it, you get a spectrum, which looks like a continueas[continuous]band of rainbow colors. The light that we see with our human eyes as aband of rainbow color falls in the range of what's called VisableLight, and visible light spectroscopy is probably the most importantkind of spectroscopy. Anyone want to take a stab of the scientific termfor visible light? And I'm sure all of you know this, becaue you alldid the reading for today.

Optical radiation, but I thought being exposed to radiation isdangerous. Yes, and no. If you are talking about radiation like in theyellowment[element]Uranium, yeah, that's dangerous. But radiation as a general termactually refers to anything that spreads away from its source. Sooptical radiation is just visible light energy spreading out. Ok, sowe've got a spectrum of a beam of sunlight, and it looks like thecolors blead[bleed]
into each other. Er, there are no interuptions[interruptions], just the[a] band flowing from violet to green, to yellow, to...You get the idea. Well, what happens if the sunlight's spectrum is magnified? Maybe you all didn't do the reading, well here is what you should see.

I want you to notice that this spectrum is interupted[interrupted]by dark lines, called spectral lines. If you really magnify thespectrum of the sunlight, you could identify more than a hundredthousand of them. They may look kind of randomly placed, but theyactually form many distinct patterns, and if you were looking at thespectrum of some other star, the colors would be the same, but thespectral lines will[would] break it up atdifferent places, making different patterns. Each pattern stands for adistinct chemical element, and so different sets or patterns ofspectral lines mean that the star have[has] a different chemical composition.

So, how do we know which spectral patterns match up with which elements? Well, a kind of spectral scopic[spectroscopic] library veloments[of elements] was compiled using swing[flame]tests. A known element, Er..say a piece of iron for example, is heatedin a pure gas flame, the iron eventually heats to the point that itradiates light, this light is passed through a prisum[prism],which breaks it up into a spectrum, and a unique pattern, kind of likea chemical finger print of spectral lines for that element appears.This process was repeated over and over again for many differentelements, so we can figure out the chemical makeup of another star, bycomparing the spectral pattern it has to the pattern of the elements inthe library.

Oh, an interesting story about how one of these elements was discoveredthrough spectroscopy. There was a pretty extensive library of spectralline patterns of elements, even by the 1860s, a British astronomer wasanalyzing a spectral graph[spectrograph]of sunlight, and he noticed a paticular pattern of spectral lines thatdidn't match anything in the library. So he put two and two together,and decided there was an element in the sun that hadn't been discoveredhere on the earth yet. And he guesses about what that element is, it'sactually turned out to be pretty common, and I'm sure all of you knowit. OK, let's try something else. Any of you happen to be familiar witha Greek word for sun, by chance?

Something like Healious[Helius], or something like that. Oh, it must be Healium[Helium]. See you are saying that Healium[helium] was discovered on the sun first. Yes, and this is a good example of how important spectroscopy is in Astronomy.

拖延害死人呀~~一个晚上搞两篇。。。。。。还都是lecture
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-6 12:06:47 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-12-6 16:27 编辑

12月6日 听写 TPO L1 C1
蓝色为写错的。紫色斜体为需要学习的单词和词组。下划线为跟读暴露的薄弱环节。

Listen to part of a conversation between a student and a librarian.

Hi, I really hope you can help me.

That's why I'm here, what can I do for you?

I'm supposed to do a literiture[literature] review for my psychology course, but I'm having a hard time finding articles. I don't even know where to start looking.

You said this is for your psychology course, right? So your focus is on...

Dream Interpretation.

Well, you have a focus, so that's already a good start. Um, well there are a few things...Oh, wait, have you checked to see if your professor put any materials for you to look at on reserve?

Aha, That's one thing I did know to do. I just copied an article, but I still need three more on my topic from three different jourals.

Let's get you going on looking for those then. We have printed versions of 20 or so psychology journals in the reference section. These are the ones published within the last year. Now that I think about it, there is a journal name Sleep and Dreams...

Oh yeah, the artical I just copied is from that journal, so I've got to look at[in] other sources.

OK, actually most of our materials are avialable[available] electronically now. You can access psychology databases or electronic journals and articles through the library's computers, and if you wanted to search by title with the word "dream" for example, just type it in and all the articles with "dream" in the title will come up on the screen.

Cool, that's great! Too bad I can't do this from home.

But you can. All of the library's databases and electronic sources can be accessed through any computer connected to the university's network.

Really? I can't believe I didn't know that. It still sounds like it's gonna take a while though, you know, going through all of that information, all of those sources.

Maybe, but you already narrowed your search down to articles on dream interpretation, so it shouldn't be too bad. And you probably noticed[notice] that there is an abstract, or summary, at top of the first page of the article you copied. When you go into the databases and eletronic sources, you have the option to display the abstracts on the computer screen. Skimming those to decide whether or not you want to read the whole article should cut down some time.

Right, abstracts, they will definitely make the project more doable. I guess I should try out the electronic search while I'm still here then, you know, just in case.

Sure, that computer is free over there, and I'll be here till five this afternoon.

Thanks, I feel a lot better about this assignment now.
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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发表于 2009-12-6 12:34:29 |显示全部楼层
哈哈,我也等下准备听写了。。。我一天也听2--3篇这个光景,不过我是倒着听的,我是从TPO11开始往前听,留着12做最后效果测试,我发现我对enviroment sience巨头疼,我错的地方一般是冠词,多了少了a,the,that什么的,对了,还有时态,,咱们以后可以多讨论哦。。。。有点费时间,确实

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荣誉版主 寄托与我 IBT Zeal Sagittarius射手座

发表于 2009-12-6 12:53:05 |显示全部楼层
名字同学,我看好你!
俺在你帖子里踩一下,俺也立此为证同你一起练听抄!
我会慢慢追上你的。

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发表于 2009-12-6 16:22:31 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 名字是个词儿 于 2009-12-6 16:29 编辑

哈哈,多谢tian和03捧场!
我做的还差得远,一天搞一篇就不够时间了。诸葛还说,要练到能脱稿背诵。。。。每天一套。。。。所以说牛人自有他牛的道理。
大家一起加油啊~~~~~以九品芝麻官的精神,学习周星星三寸不烂之舌,磨死ETS!
不抛弃,不放弃,那些做到这六个字的人,抛弃了什么,又放弃了什么?
班长,我又想明白啦!
我不知道后面的路有多长,可我想坚持着跑完全程。

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